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Nemausus


Nemausus, a celebrated city in Gallia Narbonensis so called from its founder of that during the reign of Augustus. It is now called Nismes, in Languedoc (France). A large noumber of its coins, gold, silver and brass, have been found at various times. - The autonomous medals of this colony, in secound and third brass, have the heard of Mars- or of Rome for their type, and are iscribed NEM. COL., Nemausus Colonia, within a crown of laurel. - The imperial medals struck at Nismes are of middle brass, and present on their obverse the heads of Augustus





and Agrippa placed back to back, with the iscription IMP. DIVI. F., Imperator Divi Filius; and, on the obverse a crocodile attached by a chain to a palm-tree, with the conquest of Egyipt, and its reduction into the form of a province.- Strabo speaks of privilegfes, among the rest taht of the jus Latii; and an ancient inscription found at Nismes calls it COLonia AVGusta. Thus derived and constituted the Nemausenses invariably struck the associated effigies of Agrippa with Augustus, and the image of the crocodile tied to a palm tree, on their coins as pointing to the origin and date of their colonial foundation. After Mark Antony's overthrow, a great many veterans from various Legions were as a matter of necessity, sent to defend different colonies, partly in Italy, partly in other provinces. And those who where passed over to Nismes, having perhaps been themselves present in the Alexandrine war, where pleased to commemorate that occurrence by stamping the coins also that symbol of vanquished Egyipt which has just been described.




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