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XXI

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Nauheim Fibula

c. End 2nd century B.C. - 14 A.D.

Nauheim Fibula

Riha 1.1 (pl. 1, 1-8) from Riha, E. Die römischen Fibeln aus Augst und Kaiseraugst. (1979). PDF


Van Buchem 18 - 19, pl. 2, 4 - 5 from Van Buchem, H. De Fibulae Van Nijmegen. (Nijmegen, 1941). PDF

Typology: fibula, bow fibula, La Tène fibula, Celtic Fibula, One-piece construction

References: Riha 1.1 (pl. 1, 1-8); Van Buchem 18 - 19 (pl. 2, 4 - 5); Ettlinger 1, Genceva type I.

Culture: Celtic.

Geographic Distribution: Switzerland.

Date: c. End 2nd century B.C. - 14 A.D. Nauheim fibulae are understood as characteristic for the period La Tène D1 (Late Iron Age) and are therefore dated end 2nd - mid 1st century BC. However, Nauheim fibulae now occur so often at sites of the early Roman Principate that it is no longer convincing to explain all of them as old pieces or dislocated finds. Nauheim fibulae were sporadically still worn by the Celtic population in the second half of the 1st century BC and until the early Roman Principate.

Description: Celtic fibula, bow fibula, one-piece construction, spring with four turns, tendon (wire connecting two ends of the spring) below the spring (type B1). Early bow fibula were made from one piece of bronze. The entire fibula from the catch, to the bow, to the spring, to the tip of the pin was created by shaping and bending a single piece of bronze with great expertise and skill.

Lauteracher Fibula (Nauheim Fibula Variety)


Lauteracher fibula (Riha type 1.2) from Riha, E. Die römischen Fibeln aus Augst und Kaiseraugst. (1979). PDF

Typology: fibula, bow fibula, La Tène fibula, Celtic Fibula, One-piece construction, Nauheim fibula

References: Riha 1.2

Culture: Celtic. The Lauteracher fibula is related a Nauheim fibula, and most consider it a Nauheim variant. At least one authority suggests it is an independent type and perhaps a predecessor of the Nauheim fibula.

Geographic Distribution: A very narrow geographical area in Northern Switzerland in the area of Altenburg-Rheinau (district of Waldshut), Basel-Gasfabrik, and Augst. There is also another specimen from the Bern-Engel peninsula

Date: c. 1st century B.C. - 30 A.D.

Description: Celtic fibula, bow fibula, one-piece construction, spring with four turns, tendon (wire connecting two ends of the spring) below the spring (type B1). Early bow fibula were made from one piece of silver or bronze. The entire fibula from the catch, to the bow, to the spring, to the tip of the pin was created by shaping and bending a single piece of silver or bronze with great expertise and skill.

Comments: Very rare. One silver specimen from the 1st century B.C.

Augst Fibula (Nauheim Fibula Variety)



Fibel mit gratförmigem Bügel (Riha type 1.3) from Riha, E. Die römischen Fibeln aus Augst und Kaiseraugst. (1979). PDF

Typology: fibula, bow fibula, La Tène fibula, Celtic Fibula, One-piece construction, Nauheim fibula

References: Riha 1.3

Culture: Celtic. A Nauheim variety, Riha calls this type "Fibel mit gratförmigem Bügel."

Geographic Distribution: Found only around Augst, Switzerland.

Date: c. 1st century B.C. - 30 A.D.

Description: Celtic fibula, bow fibula, one-piece construction, bow triangular cross-section narrows to the foot, spring with four turns, tendon (wire connecting two ends of the spring) below the spring (type B1), open frame foot.

Comments: Rare.


References

Almgren, O. Studien über nordeuropäische Fibelformen. (Liepzig, 1923). PDF
Boelicke, U. Die Fibeln aus dem Areal der Colonia Ulpia Traiana. (Mainz, 2002). PDF
Ettlinger, E. Die römischen Fibeln in der Schweiz. (Bern, 1973).
Feugere, M. Les fibules en Gaule meridionale de la conquite a la fin du Ve sicle apres J.-C. (Paris, 1985). Available Online
Genceva, E. Les Fibules Romaines de Bulgarie de la fin du 1er s. av. J.-C. à la fin du VIe s. ap. J.-C. (Veliko Trnovo, 2004). PDF
Riha, E. Die römischen Fibeln aus Augst und Kaiseraugst. (1979). PDF
Van Buchem, H. De Fibulae Van Nijmegen. (Nijmegen, 1941). PDF