- The Collaborative Numismatics Project
  Explore Our Website And Find Joy In The History, Numismatics, Art, Mythology, And Geography Of Coins!!! NumisWiki Is An Enormous Unique Resource Including Hundreds Of Books And Thousands Of Articles Online!!! The Column On The Left Includes Our "Best of NumisWiki" Menu If You Are New To Collecting - Start With Ancient Coin Collecting 101 NumisWiki Includes The Encyclopedia of Roman Coins and Historia Nummorum If You Have Written A Numismatic Article - Please Add It To NumisWiki All Blue Text On The Website Is Linked - Keep Clicking To ENDLESSLY EXPLORE!!! Please Visit Our Shop And Find A Coin You Love Today!!!

× Resources Home
New Articles
Most Popular
Recent Changes
Current Projects
Admin Discussions
How to
Index Of All Titles


Aes Formatum
Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Armenian Numismatics Page
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
Julius Caesar - The Funeral Speech
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Militaria
Roman Mints
Roman Names
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
Serdi Celts
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Test Cut
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite

   View Menu


Please help us convert the Dictionary of Roman Coins from scans to text by typing the original text here. Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.

Lupa. - The she wolf suckling Romulus and Remus. On one of the coins (struck in each metal) of Antoninus Pius, we see the fabled cohabitation of Mars with Rhea Sylvia, the Vestal daughter of Numitor; and on another we see the fruits of that alleged connection in the birth of the twin brothers, and in their preservation by the popularly credited miracle of a savage animal performing the office of a mother to the exposed and deserted babes.

We see on a second brass of M. Aurelius the wolf in the cave on the banks of the Tiber, with the two sturdy infants imbibing nourishment at her pendent dugs - a representation consecrated on innumerable monuments, and held as a symbol indicating the origin of the Roman Commonwealth, especially of the Colonies: the whole is singularly illustrated by the following verses of Virgil:

Fecerat et viridi fetam Mavortis in antro
Procubuisse lupam : geminos huic ubera circum
Ludere pendentes pueros, et lambere matrem
Impavidos; illam tereti cervice reflexam
Mulcere alternos, et corpora fingere lingua.
viii. 630.

The illustration, taken from a large brass of Antoninus Pius, exhibits above the cave a bird,

which has been usually considered to be an eagle. It may be so; but Ovide describes the woodpecker as officiating at the nursing of the infants.
Besides those of Antoninus Pius, the well-known type of the Lupa cum puerulis, occurs on coins of that Emperor 's predecessors Tiberius, Vespasian, Titus, Domitian, Trajan, and Hadrian; and of his successors M. Aurelius, Commodus, Severus, Caracalla, Macrinus, Elagabalus, Alex. Severus, Gordianus Pius, Philippus, Trebonianus Gallus, Valerianus, Gallienus, Aurelianus, Probus, Carausius, Maxentius, and Constantine the Great. The last-named exhibits the wolf sucking the twins; and, on some, two stars appear above the wolf, an emblem under which Castor and Pollux are generally represented. With the mint-masters of the Roman colonies this is a frequently recurring type.

- See Deultum.

- On a coin of Maxentius quoted by Vaillant, the same type is united to a singular epigraph, viz., AETERNA FELICITAS.

- On a family coin of Sextus Pompeius (having the helmeted head of Rome on its obverse, and for the legend of its reverse SEX. POMP. POSTVLVS.) we see the wolf standing before the fig-tree quietly devoting her teats to the mouths of Romulus and Remus.

View whole page from the Dictionary Of Roman Coins
All coins are guaranteed for eternity