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Licinius I


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Licinicus I (Publius Flavius Claudius Galerius Valerius Licinianus) was born of an obscure family in Dacia, AD 263: distinguished himself against the Persians. Upon the death of Severus II, he was named Caesar and Augustus by Maximianus, who associated him in the empire, AD 307, and assigned Pannonia and Rhoetia to his government. Covetous, and of infamous habits, he cruelly perecuted the Christians. In AD 313 he espoused Constantia, the sister of Constantine the Great, and daughter of Constantius Chlorus. The same year he defeated Maximinus II Daia, and reigned with Constantine; caused the deaths of Galeria Valeria and Prisca; made war upon Constantine; was beaten at Cibalis in AD 314, and was offered terms by the victor; declared hs son Licinius II, Caesar; and again appealed to arms against Constantine, by whose generals he was defeated at Adianople, in AD 323, and at Chalcedon; shortly afterwards he surrendered himself at Thessalonica, where by order of Constantine, he was stangled AD 324.

The sytle of this prince on his coins (which are very rare in all metals except second brass and third brass) is IMP C GAL VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG. The coins published by Banduri, on which Licinius is styled Caesar only, when it would appear that Galerius had first given him that title alone, are regarded by Eckhel to be either false or to belong to Licinius II.

Licinius II (Fl. Val. Licinian) the younger, son of the elder Licinius I, by Constantia, was born AD 315, and declared Caesar AD 317; a prince of great promise; but the victim of Constantine's policy, he was stripped of his title on the death of his father in AD 323, and put to death in AD 326. His style is LICINIVS IVN NOB C, also FL VAL LICINIANVS LICINIVS NOB CAES. On the same coin with his father on it is DD NN IOVII LICINII INVICT AVG ET CAES. His gold and silver are very rare; brass medallions still rarer; third brass very common.

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