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Macedonian Koinon

The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and was responsible for issuing coinage. The individual cities, as members of the Koinon, sent representatives to participate in popular assembly several times each year. The high point of the year was celebrations and matches in honor of Alexander and the Roman emperor held in Beroea (modern Verria) located about 75 km. west of Thessaloniki. This was the provincial center of the emperor cult, with the appropriate temple and privileges, first granted to the Koinon by Nerva. The title Neokoros, or "temple guardians" was highly prized and thus advertised on coins. Under Elagabalus, the Koinon received a second Neokorie, indicated by B (the Greek number two) or rarely ΔIC (double in Greek). The title was rescinded but later restored by Severus Alexander, probably in 231 A.D.

References

Burnett, A. & M. Amandry. Roman Provincial Coinage II: From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96). (London, 1999).
Head, B. British Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins, Macedonia, etc. (London, 1879), pp. 22 - 29.
Gaebler, H. Die antiken MŁnzen von Makedonia und Paionia, Die antiken MŁnzen Nord-Griechenlands Vol. III. (Berlin, 1935), pp. 94 - 188.
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quaryville, 1993).
Macdonald, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection, University of Glasgow. (Glascow, 1899).
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece, Volume IV, Numismatic Museum, Athens, The Petros Z. Saroglos Collection, Part 1: Macedonia. (Athens, 2005).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Vol. III: Thrace (from Perinthus to Trajanopolis), Chersonesos Thraciae, Insula Thraciae, Macedonia. (Bourgas, 2007).

Using AMNG III to Identify Coins of the Macedonian Koinon

Start by examining the reverse legend and inscriptions to determine if the coin is dated or an Olympia type and  the number of neokoroi. Legends are often abbreviated and partially ligate. Then look for the type in AMNG III using the guide below which provides the page numbers and catalog numbers for various bust types and other features.

I. Reverse Legends and Inscriptions
KOINON MAKEDONN or KOINON MAKEDONN OMONOIA (No Neokoros)

p. 94 - 97, 322 - 340 (Severus Alexander, 231 A.D.)

KOINON MAKEDONN NEKOPN - One Neokoros
p. 97 - 119, 341 - 458 (Severus Alexander, last issues, 231 - 235 A.D.)
     Diademed head with long hair hanging down, p. 97, 341 - 361
     Diademed head with hair flying, p. 101, 361a - 401
     Head left, p. 108, 402 - 404
     Draped bust left with shield, p. 109, 405 - 407
     Head with lion skin headdress (as Herakles), p. 109, 408 - 437
     Head with helmet, p. 115, 438 - 453
     1/2 unit coins, p. 118, 454 - 458

KOINON MAKEDONN B NEKOPN or KOINON MAKEDONN IC NEKOPN - Two Neokoroi

OLYMPIA (Olympia)
p. 177, 795 - 800 (Philip I the Arab, 244 - 249 A.D.)

OΛYMΠIA AΛEΞANPIA (Olympia Alexandria)
p. 178, 801 (Philip I the Arab, 244 - 249 A.D.)

EOC (Dated Year 275 = 244 A.D.)
p. 183, 827 - 855 (Philip I the Arab, 244 - 249 A.D.)

II. 2/3 Unit Coins

p. 179, 802 - 813 (Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D.)

III. 1/2 Unit Coins
p. 118, 454 - 458 (Severus Alexander, last issues, 231 - 235 A.D., one neokoros)
p. 124, 489 - 491 (Elagabalus, 218 - 222 A.D., two neokoroi)
p. 181, 814 - 825 (Philip I the Arab, 244 - 249 A.D., two neokoroi)
IV. Obverse Types

Diademed head with hair hanging down

p. 95 - 97, 326, 334, 338, 339 (Severus Alexander, 231 A.D., no neokoroi)

p. 97, 341 - 361 (Severus Alexander, last issues, 231 - 235 A.D., one neokoros)

p. 119, 459 - 461 (Elagabalus, 218 - 222 A.D., two neokoroi)
p. 125, 492 - 510a (Severus Alexander, early issues, 222 - 231 A.D., two neokoroi)
p. 132, 530 - 612 (Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., two neokoroi)
p. 188, 858 (Philip I the Arab, 246 A.D., two neokoroi)

p. 179, 802 - 813 (Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., two neokoroi, 2/3 unit coins)

Diademed head with hair flying

p. 94 - 97, 324 - 325,  327, 329, 335, 337 (Severus Alexander, 231 A.D., no neokoroi)

p. 101, 361a - 401 (Severus Alexander, last issues, 231 - 235 A.D., one neokoros)

p. 120, 463 - 472 (Elagabalus, 218 - 222 A.D., two neokoroi)
p. 128, 511 - 521 (Severus Alexander, early issues, 222 - 231 A.D., two neokoroi)
p. 146, 613 - 702 (Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., two neokoroi)

Head with lion skin headdress (as Herakles)

p. 94 - 96, 325, 330 - 332, 336 (Severus Alexander, 231 A.D., no neokoroi)

p. 109, 408 - 437 (Severus Alexander, last issues, 231 - 235 A.D., one neokoros)
p. 118, 454 - 456 (Severus Alexander, last issues, 231 - 235 A.D., one neokoros, 1/2 unit coins)

p. 123, 476 - 488 (Elagabalus, 218 - 222 A.D., two neokoroi)
p. 130, 522 - 525 (Severus Alexander, early issues, 222 - 231 A.D., two neokoroi)
p. 161, 710 - 759 (Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., two neokoroi)
p. 188, 859 (Philip I the Arab, 246 A.D., two neokoroi)

Head with ram's horn (horn of Ammon)

p. 131, 526 - 529a (Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., two neokoroi)

Helmeted Head

p. 94 - 97, 322, 333, 340 (Severus Alexander, 231 A.D., no neokoroi)

p. 115, 438 - 453 (Severus Alexander, last issues, 231 - 235 A.D., one neokoros)
p. 118, 457 - 458 (Severus Alexander, last issues, 231 - 235 A.D., one neokoros, 1/2 unit coins)

p. 124, 489 - 491 (half unit coins, Elagabalus, 218 - 222 A.D., two neokoroi)
p. 171, 764a - 794 (Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., two neokoroi)
p. 183, 826 (Philip I the Arab, 244 A.D., two neokoroi)
p. 188, 856 - 857 (Philip I the Arab, 246 A.D., two neokoroi)

Head left

p. 108, 402 - 404 (Severus Alexander, last issues, 231 - 235 A.D., one neokoros)

p. 122, 473 - 475a (Elagabalus, 218 - 222 A.D., two neokoroi)

Draped bust left with shield

p. 109, 405 - 407 (Severus Alexander, last issues, 231 - 235 A.D., one neokoros)

Half-length portrait right

p. 94 - 97, 322 - 340 (Severus Alexander, 231 A.D., no neokoroi)

p. 160, 703 - 709 (Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., two neokoroi)

Half-length portrait with lion skin headdress (as Herakles)

p. 94 - 97, 322 - 340 (Severus Alexander, 231 A.D., no neokoroi)

p. 123, 476 - 488 (Elagabalus, 218 - 222 A.D., two neokoroi)
p. 170, 760 - 764 (Gordian III, 238 - 244 A.D., two neokoroi)

BMC Macedonia - Bust Types Guide

Wearing lion scalp p. 22 - 23, 98 - 112
Diademed p. 24 - 26, 113 - 137
Helmeted p. 26 - 27, 118 - 144