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Müller, L. Numismatique d’Alexandre le Grand; Appendice les monnaies de Philippe II et III, et Lysimaque. (Copenhagen, 1855-58).
Naville Co. Monnaies grecques antiques S. Pozzi. Auction 1 (4 April 1921, Geneva).
Price, M.J. The Coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (Zurich - London, 1991).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sotheby & Co. Catalogue of the Paeonian Hoard being Coins in Gold and Silver of the Kings of Macedon and Silver of the Independent Kingdom of Paeonia. (London: 16 April 1969).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume V, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Part 4: Paeonia - Thessaly. (London. 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, The Collection of the ANS, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1997).
von Sallet, A. Beschreibung der antiken Münzen d. k. Museen zu Berlin, Bd. I. and II. (Berlin, 1888 and 1889). (Berlin Catalog)
The death of Perdiccas III, King of Macedon (B.C. 359), was followed by a period of confusion during which the Paeonians rose and shook off the yoke of the royal house of Macedon. The independent kings of Paeonia between this date and B.C. 286 are as follows:—
Lycceius. Circ. B.C. 359-340. Silver coins of debased Macedonian weight. Tetradrachms 214-188 grs.
|Head of Apollo.||ΛΥΚΠΕΙΟ or ΛΥΚΚΕΙΟΥ Herakles and lion (Fig. 148).|
|ΔΕΡΡΩΝΑΙ ΟΣ Young male head laureate with short hair.||ΛΥΚΚΕΙΟΥ Same type. [Rev. Num., 1897, Pl. III. 2]. |
AR Tetradrachm 197 grs.
|Head of Zeus. [Coll. de Hirsch.]||ΛΥΚΚΕΙΟΥ Same type.|
|Head of Apollo. [Berlin Catalog, II. Pl. I. 2.]||ΛΥΚΚΕΙΟΥ Lion.|
|Female head. [Berlin Catalog, II. Pl. I. 3.]||ΛΥΚΚ[ΕΙ]Ο Lion standing.|
A fragment of an inscription found some years ago at Athens (Hicks and Hill, Gk. Hist. Inscr., p. 255) mentions a treaty of alliance between the Athenians, on the one part, and Cetriporis of Thrace, Lyppeius of Paeonia, and Grabus of Illyris on the other. There can be no doubt about the identity of the Lyppeius of the inscription with the Lycpeius or Lycceius of the coins. The coin with the head of Apollo (?) accompanied by the inscr. ΔΕΡΡΩΝΑΙΟΣ seems to prove that the district in habited by the Derrones (see supra, p. 201) was included in the dominions of Lycceius.
Patraus. Circ. B.C. 340-315.
|Young male head with short hair, usually laureate.||ΠΑΤΡΑΟΥ Horseman spearing prostrate foe (Fig. 149).|
|Young male head, wearing taenia.||ΠΑΤΡΑΟΥ Forepart of boar.|
|Young male head, laureate.|
[Berlin Catalog, II. p. 4.]
|ΠΑΤ(?)... Eagle. |
Bastareus. An unknown king of some tribe bordering upon the Paeonian district. Two tetradrachms only known, found with coins of Patraus:—
|Large crested helmet r.; circle of dots.|
[Sotheby Sale Cat., May, 1904, Lot 232.]
|ΒΑΣΤΑΡΕΟΣ Bull butting r.; circle of dots. |
AR Tetradrachm 203 grs.
Audoleon. Circ. B.C. 315-286.
|Head of Athena, facing.||ΑΥΔΩΛΕΟΝΤΟΣ Free horse (Fig. 150) AR Tetradrachm|
|Head of Athena in Corinthian helmet to right, as on gold staters of Alexander the Great.|| „ Id. |
|Head of Athena, facing.|| „ Forepart of horse. |
|Head of young Dionysos.|| „ Id. |
There are also barbarous imitations of the tetradrachms of Philip of Macedon, obv. Head of Zeus, rev. Horseman, with the inscr. ΑΥΔΩΛΕΟΝΤΟΣ (Berlin Catalog, II. Pl. I. 9).
After circ. B.C. 306 Audoleon followed the example of the Diadochi, and adopted the title Βασιλευς. He then struck Attic tetradrachms, similar in type to the money of Alexander the Great, but with the inscription ΑΥΔΩΛΕΟΝΤΟΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ. Audoleon’s coins were frequently imitated by barbarians of the interior.
Dropion (?), after circ. B.C. 279. See J. P. Six, Annuaire de Numismatique, 1883, p. 5.
|Head of Zeus.||ΠΑΙΟΝΩΝ Fulmen, beneath which ΔΡ. |
In 1877 an inscription was discovered at Olympia, on the base of a statue, stating that it was set up by the community of the Paeonians in honor of their king and founder, Dropion, who probably reconstituted the country after the invasion of the Gauls. The monogram ΔΡ also occurs on tetradrachms of Lysimachus (Müller, No. 489). There is,
however, in the British Museum, a coin similar to that described above, except that it reads ΠΑΟΝΩΝ and has the monogram (Audoleon (?)). This casts some doubt upon the attribution to Dropion proposed by Six.
Nicarchus. An unknown dynast, probably contemporary with Patraus.
|Head of Apollo, r. laureate.|
[Bull. Corr. Hell., vi. 211.]
|ΝΙΚΑΡΧΟΥ Tripod. |
AR Tetradrachm 204 grs.