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Aes Formatum
Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
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Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
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Anonymous Folles
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Antioch Officinae
Armenian Numismatics Page
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
Julius Caesar - The Funeral Speech
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
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Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
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The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
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Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
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Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Militaria
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The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
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Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
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Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
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Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.
JOVE, or JUPITER, the king of the Gods and men, was the son of Saturn and Rhea. The Greeks called him Zeus, as has was their principal deity as well as of the Romans. Fable has been more than usually whimsical and obscure in describing the circumstances alleged to have been connected with his birth and education. We find him, however, at length arrived at adolescence, and making no ceremony of dethroning and mutilating his very unnatural father; he then divided the world with his brothers; to Pluto he assigned the infernal regions, to Neptune the seas; for himself he reserved the whole of terra firma, with the air and the heaven. But before he was allowed to remain in peaceable possession of his new government, Jupiter, having already dispatched the Titans to Tartarus, had to encounter the Giants,

[Medallion of Antoninus Pius, in brass.]
his memorable victory over whom is represented on a great number of monuments. We see him on marbles, engraved gems, and medals, represented as throwing thunder at his gigantic foes.

Jupiter was worshipped in all states of Greece, and throughout the whole Roman empire. At Rome his principal temple was in the Capitol, along with those of Juno and Minerva; for which reason they are often called the three divinities of the Capitol.

On a brass medallion of Antonius Pius, in the French cabinet, Jupiter is represented with hasta and fulmen standing between Atlas and an altar surmounted by an eagle. The altar is ornamented with a bas-relief, the subject of which is Jupiter overcoming the Titans.
On a Medallion of Hadrian, Jupiter, full face, is seated between two female figures also seated; the one on the right, Minerva, wears a helmet and holds the hasta; the figure on his left, Juno, holds the patera and hasta.

Jupiter was venerated as the supreme deity, and received the name of OPTIMVS MAXIMVS. The attribute of his majestic power was the lightning. On coins he appears sometimes with naked head; on others crowned with laurel or olive; and often bound with a small band, his form and aspect being that of a venerable man in vigorous old age, with a handsome beard, and generally an eagle near him; when seated he is naked to the waist, and the lower half of his body clothed. On most Roman Imperial medals he holds a figure of Victory in his right hand.

The Greeks and Romans, but more particularly the former, gave Jupiter many surnames, taken or derived from some quality ascribed or some action performed, otherwise from some province, city, or temple where he was worshipped.

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