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Aes Formatum
Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Armenian Numismatics Page
Augustus - Facing Portrait
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
Julius Caesar - The Funeral Speech
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Locks
Roman Militaria
Roman Mints
Roman Names
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
Serdi Celts
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Test Cut
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite

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Jim Phelps

James B. Phelps, 45, of Mesa passed away on March 27, 2013. He was born in Hammond, Indiana on January 15th, 1968 to Roy and Carolyn Phelps. Jim enjoyed ancient antiquities, Shao Lin Kung Fu, and genealogy and volunteered at Friends for Life. Jim had a strong commitment to organ donation, including the gift of a kidney for his father. Jim 's wishes were honored by providing further organ donation after his death. Jim is survived by his wife, Kimberly Phelps, parents Roy and Carolyn Phelps, sister Sherri Phelps, and many loving family members. Jim was preceded in death by his brother David, grandparents Harold and Cecelia Boggs, and Orville Alva and Gladys Beulah Johnson. Jim will be remembered with a Celebration of Life gathering on Saturday, April 13, 2013 at 2:00 PM, at First Methodist Church of Gilbert, 331 S Cooper, Gilbert, AZ.

Jim 's website, which was awarded the FORVM Award for Numismatic Excellence, has disappeared from the internet. We have copied parts of it archived by the Wayback Machine: http://web.archive.org/web/20131019200945/http://lunalucifera.com/index.html. We hope that Jim is happy to see an effort to preserve and share his work and memory.

Jim 's Virtual Coin Collection

Featured coins from the collection:
Antonia Minor (mother of Claudius)
Nero (54-68)
Trajan (98-117)
Elagabalus (218-222)
Valerian I (253-260)
Gallienus & Salonina (253-268)
Valerian II (256-258) & Saloninus (258-260)
Claudius II Gothicus (268-270)
Quintillus (270)
Aurelian & Severina (270-275)
Carus, Carinus & Numerian (282-285)
Maximian (285-310)
Carausius (287-293) & Allectus (293-296)
Constantius I (293-306)
Constantine I (306-337)
Crispus (317-326)
City Commemoratives (330-346)
Constantine II, Constantius II, Constans (316-361)
Magnentius & Decentius (350-353)
Theodosius (379-395)
Arcadius & Eudoxia (East:383-408)
Honorius (West:394-423)
Theodosius II (East:402-450)
Marcian (East:450-457)
Leo I & Verina (East:457-474)
Zeno (East:474-491)
Anastasius (East:491-518)
The coins featured in this section were chosen to
illustrate specific events or stories. They should
not be taken as representative for a series or ruler.
Coins in my collection, and related research:

The Zoo of Gallienus - The center point of this site, and the primary focus of my collection.

The Jupiter Goat/Elk Debate
The Centaur 's Burden - Trophy or Rudder?
The Liber Pater Coins

Other Coins

Bronze Coins of Julian the Philosopher
Dated Coins of Septimius Severus
The Most Beautiful Coin Type (one man 's opinion!) - The coins of Venus Victrix
Dual-bust Coins of Vabalathus of Palmyra
Juba II of Numidia and Cleopatra Selene of Mauretania

Reference material:

Caveat Emptor! - Modern Fakes Found in Uncleaned Lots!
Multiple examples of a Fake Hadrian Aegyptos Denarius
Some Descendants of Marc Antony - A genealogy chart
A Brief Chronology of the Roman Tetrarchies

A bronze coin of Ptolemy IX Soter II (116-80 BCE), minted in Cyprus.
Found in a group of uncleaned coins.

Ancient Coin Collector 's Guild
Preserving our freedom to collect

FORVM Award for
Numismatic Excellence

I 've collected coins since I was very young having been started by my grandmother giving me old coins, and a "penny book" of Jefferson nickels. Staying with the popular US coins I eventually started specializing in the Jefferson nickels, collecting proof and full-step uncirculated coins. After a few years I examined my collection and realized that, to the casual observer, the coins all looked the same. I was paying high prices for miniscule differences, like date and mintmark, yet the collection looked so insignificant as a whole.

About this time (10 or so years ago) the small local yearly coin show opened, and I went to visit with no intention of purchasing anything. One booth had a book of ancient coins in flips - I had no idea that ancient coins were available, and certainly not that any would actually be affordable! I came home with a small bronze coin of Constantine I in abysmal condition. A short time later I purchased a book (Van Meter 's "Handbook of Roman Imperial Coins", which I highly recommend!) and set out to learn all I could about these fascinating pieces.

Since they were hand struck, each coin is different from the next. Even if you found two struck from the same dies, the fact that they were done by hand assures that each will be at a different position on the flan, struck at a slightly different angle, with different force, etc.

I think these coins were fascinating. Who was the ruler? What attributes was he displaying? What is the significance of the reverse design? Since the coins were so ubiquitous, they were an excellent means of propaganda and were certainly used as such - exactly what was the ruler trying to say with this particular coin? Of course, these questions apply to modern coins too, but not to the same extent, or with as much variety.

This website originally started as a private area so that I could see my collection of Gallienus "Zoo" coins if I was away from home, to better keep a look out for varieties I didn 't yet have. Finding that this series was popular I decided to display this collection for others, and the other articles eventually appeared as my interests have expanded. This collection is a labor of love and a testament to the history that can be seen through each coin.

The following catalogue references are used for the coins throughout this website:
Van Meter - "The Handbook of Roman Imperial Coins" by David Van Meter (1991) - My favorite general reference.
Gbl MIR - "Moneta Imperii Romani 36, 43, 44 - Die Mnzprgung der Kaiser Valerianus I./Gallienus/Saloninus (253/268), Regalianus (260) und Macrianus/Quietus (260/262)" - by Robert Gbl (2000) - An excellent survey of coins of this period, from collections in European museums. Very complete with regards to representing each type, but probably not an absolute indicator of how common each type was, since the museums might have turned away multiple examples of common coins. Still, if you are interested in coins of this period, it 's invaluable.
RIC IV - "Roman Imperial Coinage" Volume IV - by Mattingly and Sydenham (1936)
RIC V - "Roman Imperial Coinage", Volume V, part 1 - by PH Webb, edited by H Mattingly & EA Sydenham (1927)
RSC III - "Roman Silver Coins" Part III - by H.A. Seaby and David R. Sear (1982)
RSC IV - "Roman Silver Coins" - Volume 4 - by H.A. Seaby (1982)
SRCV - "Roman Coins and Their Values" - by David Sear (1988)

Jim 's Virtual Coin Collection
last modified: 7 Mar 2006
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