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Genceva

Genceva, E. Les Fibules Romaines de Bulgarie de la fin du 1er s. av. J.-C. la fin du VIe s. ap. J.-C. (Veliko Trnovo, 2004).

In French. The Roman fibulae of Bulgaria from the late 1st century BC to the end of the sixth century AD. 

PDF Available


Table of Contents

NOTE: PDF DOES NOT INCLUDE INTRODUCTION OR PARTS 1 - 3.

Introduction...7
1.
History of research on Roman fibulae...9
2. Typology of Roman fibulae from Bulgaria...14
3. Origin, development, and utilization of Roman fibulae from Bulgaria...82

Typologie of Roman fibulae from Bulgaria (Plate Coins)...92

I. Le Tene derived fibula (types 1 - 7c; pl. 1, 1 - pl. III, 12) [Groups B1 & B2]...91

II. Molded bow fibula with spring pin (types 8 - 12b; pl. 4, 1 - pl. VIII, 9) [Group B2]...96

III. Aucissa fibula and Aucissa derivative fibula (
types 13 - 15e; pl. IX, 1 - XIII, 11) [Group B5]...104

IV. Knee fibula (
types 16 - 17d; pl. XIV, 1 - pl. XV, 13) [Groups B3 - B6]...107

V. Fibula with a Folded Foot (
types 18 - 21b; pl. XVI, 1 - XVIII, 14) [Groups B1 & B2]...109

VI. Fibula with hinge of the Late Empire (
types 22 - 24f.; pl. XIX, 1 - XIV, 3) [Group B6]...113

VII. Plate fibula (
types 25 - 33; pl. XXV, 1 - XXVIII, 4) [Class C]...115

VIII. Penannular fibula (
types 34 - 36; pl. XXVIII, 5 - 6) [Class A]...122

IX. Exogenous types (
types 37 - 41; pl. XXVIII, 7 - XXIX, 9)...123

Bibliography...126

Plates...137


(Details/translations of groups and text will be erratically added below. Please contribute if possible.)

I. Le Tene derived fibula (types 1 - 7c; pl. 1, 1 - pl. III, 12) [Groups B1 & B2]...91

One-Piece Construction Fibula

1. Jezerine Fibula (pl. I, 1)
1a. Gorica Fibula (pl. I, 2)

2. Nauheim Fibula (pl. I, 3)

3. Fibula with a long spring bow (pl. I, 4)??????????

4. Soldier Fibula

4a. Soldier Fibula Hofheim IVb (pl. II, 1-4, 12)
4b. Soldier Fibula Almgren 15 (pl. II, 5-8)

5. Strongly arched fibula with rectangular section
5a. Cruciform widening on the bow (pl. II, 9)
5b. Strongly arched fibula with ribbon bow (pl. II, 10-11)

6. Unguiform "cup" Fibula (pl. III, 1-4)?????????????

7. Two-piece construction fibula
7a. Two-piece fibula made with hammered plate or wire (pl. III, 5-7)
7b. Two-piece fibula with cast bow (pl. III, 8-9)
7c. Viminatium Fibula pl. III, 10-12)

II. Molded bow spring fibula

(types 8 - 12b; pl. 4, 1 - pl. VIII, 9) [Group B2]...96

III. Aucissa fibula and Aucissa derivative fibula

(types 13 - 15e; pl. IX, 1 - XIII, 11) [Group B5]...104

IV. Knee fibula (types 16 - 17d; pl. XIV, 1 - pl. XV, 13) [Groups B3 - B6]...107

16. Knee fibula with pin spring
16a. Knee fibula with a hemispheric shaped head-plate (pl. XIV, 1-2)
16b. Small Knee fibula a small hemispheric shaped head-plate (pl. XIV, 3-11)
16c. Knee fibula with a cylindrical spring sleeve and parallel needle catch (pl. XIV, 12-13)
16d. Knee fibula with a cylindrical spring sleeve and perpendicular needle catch (pl. XV, 1)
16e. Knee fibula with a volute bow (pl. XV, 2)
16f. Knee fibula without head plate (pl. XV, 3)

17. Knee Fibula with Hing Pin

17a. Knee fibula with pin hing and parallel needle catch (pl. XV, 4-5)
17b. Knee fibula with pin hing and perpendicular needle catch (pl. XV, 6-10)
17c. Twin bow Knee fibula (pl. XV, 11)
17d. Knee fibula with very wide hing (pl. XV, 12-13)

V. Fibula with a Folded Foot (types 18 - 21b; pl. XVI, 1 - XVIII, 14) [Groups B1 & B2]...109

VI. Fibula with hinge of the Late Empire (
types 22 - 24f.; pl. XIX, 1 - XIV, 3) [Group B6]...113

VII. Plate fibulae (types 25 - 33; pl. XXV, 1 - XXVIII, 4) [Class C]...115

25. Geometric Plate Fibulae
25a. Rhomboid fibula (pl. XXV, 1-3)
25b. Round fibula (pl. XXV, 4)
25c. Crescent fibula (Lunar fibula) (pl. XXV, 5-8)
        Double crescent fibula (pl. XXV, 6)
        Crescent horns down surmounted by a human head (pl. XXV, 7-8)
25d. Wheel fibula (pl. XXV, 9-10)
25e. Round plate fibula with tiny dolphins(?) (pl. XXV, 11)

26. Tultulus Fibula (a conical design pressed into a bronze sheet)
26a. Tultulus fibula (conical) (pl. XXV, 12-13)
26b. Tultulus fibula (conical fibula) with enamel (pl. XXV, 14)

27. Skeuomorphic Plate Fibula (in Form of an Object)
27a. Shoe sole fibula (pl. XXV, 15)
27b. Cornucopia fibula (pl. XXV, 16)
27c. Double ax fibula (pl. XXV, 18)
27d. Ax fibula (pl. XXV, 17)
27e. Temple fibula (p. XXV, 19)

28. Openwork Plate Fibula
28a. Adorned central ornament (pl. XXVI, 1-3)
28b. Symmetrical plate fibula (pl. XXVI, 4-8)

29. Zoomorphic Plate Fibula
29a. Bird fibula (pl. XXVI, 9-11)
29b. Animal fibula (pl. XXVI, 12-pl. XVII, 4)
        Horse fibula (pl. XXVI, 12-16)
        Dog
/ Hound fibula (pl. XXVII, 1)
        Rabbit / Hare fibula (pl. XXVII, 2)
        Panther fibula (pl. XXVII, 3)
        Frog fibula (pl. XXVII, 4)

30. Enameled Geometric Plate Fibula
30a. Simple symmetrical fibula (pl. XVII, 5-8)
        Cruciform fibula (pl. XXVII, 5)
        Round fibula (pl. XXVII, 6)
        Rhomboid fibula (pl. XXVII, 7-8)
30b. Complex geometric, multi-color enamel (pl. XVII, 9-10)

31. Letter Plate Fibula (Includes Monograms)
31a. Letter fibula (pl. XXVII, 11)
        Letter S fibula
(pl. XXVII, 11)
31b. ROMA monogram fibula (pl. XXVII, 12-14)
31c. Pelta fibula (pl. XXVII, 15-16)

32. Swastika Plate Fibula
32a. Swastika fibula (pl. XXVIII, 1-2)
32b. Horse-head swastika fibula (pl. XXVIII, 3)

33. Other Plate Fibulae Brooches
      Iron Brooch with a stone in center (pl. XXVIII, 4)

VIII. Fibulae without Hinge or Spring Pin (types 34 - 36; pl. XXVIII, 5 - 6) [Class A]...122

34. Omega penannular fibula (pl. XXVIII, 5)

35. Ring penannular fibula (pl. XXVIII, 6)

36.
Zangenfilben fibula (claw fibula) (pl. XXVIII, 7-12)

IX. Exogenous types (types 37 - 41; pl. XXVIII, 7 - XXIX, 9)...123

37. Fibula with spring sleeve (pl. XXIX, 1)

38. Langton-Down fibula (pl. XXIX, 2-3)

39. Augen fibula (eye)
39a. Early Augen fibula (pl. XXIX, 4)
39b.  Late Augen fibula (pl. XXIX, 5)

40. Trumpet-head fibula (pl. XXIX, 6-8)

41. British trumpet fibula (pl. XXIX, 9)

Plates

I. Le Tene derived fibula...91
One-Piece Construction Fibula
1. Jezerine Fibula (pl. I, 1)
1a. Gorica Fibula (pl. I, 2)
2. Nauheim Fibula (pl. I, 3)
3. Fibula with a long spring bow (pl. I, 4)