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Latin: Glory of the Romans.


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GLORIA ROMANORUM. - This legend was first used, as a new title of personal honour, under Constantine the Great, who certainly did perform so many remarkable achievements, that in his case, the emperor was the whole Glory of the Romans. The same epigraph also appears on coins, not only of his sons Constantine jun. Constans, and Constantius; but likewise of Nepotianus, Vetranio, Magnentius, Constantius Gallus, Julianus II, Valentinianus, Valens (see p. 424), Procopius, Gratianus, Valentinianus II, Theodosius the Great, Arcadius, Honorius, &c.

The types assigned to the epigraph of Gloria Romanorum are generally either Rome seated; or the emperor on horseback, javelin in hand, trampling on a kneeling or prostrate captive. Sometimes it is a woman turret-crowned, or an altar inscribed with votive numerals. On gold of Eugenius, Rome and Constantinople are personified seated together (as in Gloria Reipublicae of Constantius above engraved). On a gold medallion of Arcadius, that emperor nimbated, right hand held up, the left holding a globe, stands in a chariot drawn by six horses, full-faced; and in the field is the monogram of Christ. It is engraved in Vaillant, Impp. Rom. ii. 262.

There are, however, examples of types accompanying Gloria Romanorum showing that legend not always to identify itself with the person of the emperor on whose coin the legend appears. One of these is a gold medallion of Constantius the Second, the reverse of which exhibits a woman seated on a throne, holding in her right hand a globe surmounted by a victoriola, and in her left the hasta, or a sceptre with oval-formed top. Her right foot rests on the prow of a vessel. - When a highly-preserved specimen of this extra rare piece formed part of the Thomas cabinet, Mr. Akerman caused it to be engraved, for his Descriptive Catalogue of Roman Coins. See vol. ii. pl. G. and also a note on the subject by the same writer, who suggests that the female figure may, from her imperial robe and embroidered shoes, probably be a portrait of the empress Fausta (p. 271), he further remarks, that the symbol which she supports on her left hand resembles the thyrsus of Bacchus.

There is a gold medallion of Valens, with the same legend and a reverse similar to the one above described, but with Roma on the exergue, engraved in SteinbŁchel, p. 21, pl. i. No. 6, but not in so fine a state of preservation as the one above described.

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