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GLORIA ORBIS




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  GLORIA ORBIS. - On the exergue COS. V.  In a triumphal car, drawn by six horses abreast, the emperor Probus stands with his right hand extended, holding a volumen or a short baton, whilst victory crowns him from behind.  About the car are four figures on foot with palm branches.  Two soldiers, armed with spears, lead the outermost horses. - Obv. - INVICTVS PROBVS P.F. AVG.  Bust of Probus laureated and paludated, holding in his left hand a globe surmounted by a victoriola.
  Of this large silver medallion, both Khell and Buonarotti have given engravings.  The former (p. 206), justly characterises it, not only for weight and purity of metal, but also for superlative elegance of device, and vividness of historical interest, as one of the most valuable relics of mouetal antiquity.
  The legends and types appear to have immediate reference to that brilliant period of his brief career, between 1032 (A.D. 279) and 1034 (A.D. 281), when, after having driven the Franci and Alamanni out of Gaul; relieved the Illyrian and Thracian provinces from the brbaric hordes that infected them; concluded a treaty of peace on honourable termd, with the Persians; and lastly, caused no less than three competitors to pay the forfeit of their lives for their assumption of the purple, - this great prince and successful commander, at length enabled the empire to enjoy a general peace, and himself to celebratge a series of magnificent triumphs at Rome, for his victories gained over many nations.  This sudden lull, however, in the constant storm of invasions from without, and of interior conflicts, by which the State had alternately been assailed and lacerated - this abrupt transition for world-wide war to universal tranquility - proved fatal to "Unconquered Probus."  The legions, tired of planting vines in Hungary, rose mutinously against their brave sovereign;  whom, in their military licentiousness regarding him rather as their task-master than their general, they killed at Sirmium, in the year U.C. 1035 (A.D. 282), whilst he was preparing for another expedition against the Persians, and had proceeded consul for the fifth time, as is indicated on the lower part of the preceeding reverse. - Sic transivit Gloria ORBIS

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