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Eugenius



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EUGENIUS, a usurper during the reign of Theodosius I. Of obscure birth, Eugenius began by teaching grammer and rhetoric, afterwards rising to the position of master of the palace under Valentinian II. He was proclaimed Augustus at Vienne by the general Arbogastes, who murdered Valentinian II in A.D.392, but who kept the imperial authority in his own hands. Eugenius, acknowledged as emperor throughout Gaul and in other provinces of the West, allied himself with the Germans and the Franks. Attacked by Theodosius near Aquileia, in Cisalpine Gaul, he was defeated, taken prisoner, and executed (A.D.394). Arbogastes took his own life. Bearing the legend D N EVGENIVS P F AVG, his small bronze coins are of the highest rarity, silver rare, and gold, very rare.

MINTAGES OF EUGENIUS.

GOLD MEDALLIONS (Small size) - GLORIA ROMANORVM. Rome and Constantinople personified, seated together.

GOLD - VICTORIA AVGG. Two emperors, each nimbate, seated on one throne and together holding a globe. - VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM. Victory walking.

SILVER - VIRTVS ROMANORVM. Roma, seated facing left on cuirass, holding Victory on globe and spear.

THIRD BRASS - VICTORIA AVGGG. Victory, holding wreath and palm branch, advancing left. - Obverse: D N EVGENIVS P F AVG. Diademed bust - [At the time of writing this is unique. It formed part of Mr Rolfe's collection; was published for the first time by Mr Roach Smith in his "Antiquities of Richborough (Kent)"; and engraved by Mr Fairholt, among other coins discovered at that Roman fort.] - VIRTVS ROMANORVM. Same type as the preceding reverse. i.e. Victory advancing left.


Coin illustrated is from *Alex's Forvm gallery.


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