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XXI

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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Zeno

Augustus 474-491

Zeno was an Eastern emperor during the waning days of the empire. His career was recorded through a series of endless plots against him which failed to oust him from power entirely. Indeed, he even served as emperor-in-exile during a revolt that briefly saw Basiliscus rise to the throne in 475. He eventually recaptured the throne himself to resume a rocky relationship with the Western half of the empire as well as frequent domestic problems of every sort. Following the favorable resolution of the Basiliscus affair he had ample time as well to watch the final collapse of the Western half of the empire. As he had no resources to contend with the Germanic tribesmen who were exerting ever more control over the former empire, he could do little more than accept the inevitable outcome. Although this made him nominally ruler of the entire Roman empire after the death of Julius Nepos in 480, in practice he held no sway at all in any of the former Roman provinces. In the end, one of his most remarkable feats was the very fact that he was able to survive for so long in this strife-ridden age.

Zeno continues the currency policies of his political ancestors. He will introduce no new denominations, designs or any sort of alterations beyond the ZENO on the legends where appropriate. As far as he was concerned, if it ain‟t broke, well, don‟t go breaking it.
 
As was the case with Leo and Marcian before him, the Solidus is easily available today for around $400-$600 each and Tremisses for about half that much. As was not the case with those two, however, bronzes have become rarer. Or, that is, rarer to find in a state that allows for positive identification. The one saving grace is that Zeno, too, had a monogram for use on his own AE4‟s which, thanks to their nature, make attribution considerably easier. You might as well forget about trying to get one that has readable legends though. Those are truly rare in that sort of condition and when offered for sale will easily rival the gold coins in cost.


Busts:


 
1) Diademed (pearls), draped and bearded bust left, holding mappa and scepter
2) Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust right
3) Helmeted, diademed, cuirassed bust facing, holding spear and shield
4) Helmeted, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
5) Laureate head right

 

Obverses:

 
1) DN ZENO ET LEO NOV CAES
2) DN ZENO ET LIEO NOV CAES
3) DN ZENO N PE AG
4) DN ZENO N PE VG
5) DN ZENO PEPR AVG
6) DN ZENO PER F AVG
7) DN ZENO PERP AVG
8) DN ZENO PERP F AV
9) DN ZENO PERP F AVG
10) DN ZENO PERPE AVG
11) DN ZENO PERPET AVG
12) DN ZENO PERT AVG
13) DN ZENO PF AV
14) IMP ZENO SEMPER AVG
15) INP ZEMP FELICISSIMO SEN AVG

 

Reverses:

 
1) CONCORDIA P
2) GLORIA ROMANORO
3) GLORORVS TERRAR
4) INVICTA ROMA
5) SALVS REIPVBLICE
6) VICTORIA AVGG
7) VICTORIA AVGGG
8) VICTORIA AVGVSTORIVM
9) VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM
10) VOT XX MVLT XX
11) No legend

 

Types:

 
1) Constantinopolis standing left, stepping on galley prow, holding scepter and cornucopia
2) Eagle perched on branch, cross above
3) Legend SE CN
4) Monogram I
5) Monogram II
6) Victory advancing forward, holding wreath and cross on globe.
7) Victory advancing left, holding labarum and dragging captive
8) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
9) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and trophy.
10) Victory seated right, holding shield reading VXX; cuirass to left
11) Victory seated right, holding shield reading XXXV; cuirass to left
12) Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm.
13) Victory standing left, holding cross.
14) Victory standing right, holding cross.
15) Wreath, Chi-Rho within
16) Wreath, cross within
17) Wreath, SE CN within.
18) Wreath, SRI / REI / RVL within
19) Wreath, TOV/VIMV/MTI within.
20) Wreath, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and dragging captive within. Type also features vestigial legend approximating DN LEON AVG
21) Wreath, VOT / VMTI / LTIS within
22) Zeno seated, facing, holding mappa and scepter with crossed tip.
23) Zeno standing right, holding cross and globe
24) Zeno standing right, stepping on captive, holding labarum and globe
25) Zeno standing, facing, holding labarum and cross on globe.
26) Zeno standing, facing, holding spear and resting hand on shield.

 

Mints:

 
1) Antioch
2) Constantinopolis
3) Cyzicus
4) Mediolanum
5) Nicomedia
6) Ravenna
7) Roma
8) Thessalonica

 
AU Solidus Reference(s)

 
1) B3, O07, R07, T13, M2 Exe: */CONOB  Officina at end of reverse legend RIC X 905
2) B3, O07, R07, T13 Exe: */COMOB : symbol at end of reverse legend RIC X 3205

 
AU Semissis

 
3) B2, O07, R06, T10, M2 Exe: *//CONOB  RIC X 913

 
AU Tremissis

 
4) B2, O07, R08, T06, M2 Exe: */CONOB
5) B2, O07, R09, T06, M2 Exe: */CONOB   RIC X 914

 
AR Siliqua

 
6) B5, O07, R11, T18, M2 Exe: CON   RIC X 944

 
AR Siliqua

 
7) B2, O07, R11, T01, M4 M D across fields RIC X 3616

 
AE1

 
8) B2, O14, R04, T09, M7 Exe: S/C/XL  Bust exe: IIII RIC X 3667

 
AE3

 
9) B2, O03, R11, T20 in left field
10) B2, O04, R11, T20 in left field RIC X 949
11) B2, O07, R01, T24, M2   RIC X 948
12) B4, O03, R11, T20 in left field RIC X 947

 
AE4

 
13) B2, O13, R11, T01, M4 M D across fields RIC X 3616
14) B2, O13, R11, T04  RIC X 973
15) B2, O13, R11, T05


 

Zeno Busts

Zeno Types