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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Vespasian
Augustus 69-79


Vespasian was the son of a businessman and tax collector. By befriending people in high places, he gained a foothold in the Senate and eventually was appointed as Proconsul of Africa in the year 63. From there he became more of a VIP under Nero and was put in charge of suppressing certain revolts in Israel. During this period civil war broke out following the Nero's death and he took the opportunity to have himself named Emperor. He then took his troops towards Rome where he defeated Vitellius, the last of the pretenders to the throne and a former colleague and friend.
He spent the rest of his reign rebuilding the wreck that was left of Rome following the troubles of 69 and rebuilding the Roman economy. He also expanded the empire's borders within Britain and granted citizenship to the inhabitants of vast sections under Roman control.
 
The oldest imperial Denarii one can purchase at a truly affordable price will be those of Vespasian. Some of these can be had for as little as $20 or $30 for a well preserved specimen. Even mint state or near-mint state coins are readily available for comparatively reasonable prices.
 
The big bronzes are also easily found and those that are of higher grade are staple items of the ancient coin dealer. The prices for the several different denominations depend largely on their condition.
 
For Vespasianís reign those coins boasting of his triumph over the conquest of the jews are especially sought after.  

Busts:

1) Bare head left
2) Laureate head left
3) Laureate head right
4) Laureate, draped bust left.
5) Radiate head left
6) Radiate head right


a) Palm tree
b) Sol radiate, draped bust facing
c) Trophy
d) Vespasian riding elephant quadriga right, holding scepter and Victory
e) Vespasian riding quadriga right, holding branch and scepter
f) Winged caduceus inside two cross cornucopiae


Obverses:


1) CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG
2) DIVO VESPASIANO
3) DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS
4) DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIAN
5) DIVVS AVGVSTVS VESPASIANVS
6) MP CAE VESPASIAN AVG PM TR P PP COS III
7) IMP CAES AVG VESPAS COS II TR POT
8) IMP CAES VES AVG
9) IMP CAES VESP AVG CEN
10) IMP CAES VESP AVG CENS
11) IMP CAES VESP AVG COS VII
12) IMP CAES VESP AVG PM
13) IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII
14) IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII CE
15) IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS IIII CEN
16) IMP CAES VESP AVG PM COS V CENS
17) IMP CAES VESP AVG PM T P COS IIII CENS
18) IMP CAES VESP AVG PM T P COS V CENS
19) IMP CAES VESP AVG PM T P COS VI
20) IMP CAES VESP AVG PM T P COS VII
21) IMP CAES VESPAS AVG
22) IMP CAES VESPAS AVG PM COS IIII
23) IMP CAES VESPAS AVG PM TR P IIII PP COS IIII
24) IMP CAES VESPAS AVG PM TR P PP COS III
25) IMP CAES VESPAS AVG PM TR P PP COS VI
26) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG
27) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS II
28) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS III
29) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS IIII 
30) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS V
31) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS VIII PP
32) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS VIIII
33) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM T P COS IIII CENS
34) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM T P COS VIII PP
35) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM TR P PP COS II
36) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM TR P PP COS III
37) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM TR P PP COS IIII
38) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM TR P PP COS V CENS
39) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM TR P PP COS VI
40) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM TR P PP COS VII
41) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM TR P PP COS VIII
42) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM TR P PP COS VIIII
43) IMP CAES VESPASIAN COS IIII
44) IMP CAES VESPASIANVS AVG
45) IMP CAES VESPASIANVS AVG COS III
46) IMP CAES VESPASIANVS AVG PM TR P
47) IMP CAES VESPASIANVS COS VIII
48) IMP CAESAR
49) IMP CAESAR AVG VESPASIANVS
50) IMP CAESAR VESP AVG
51) IMP CAESAR VESP AVG CENS
52) IMP CAESAR VESP AVG CENSOR
53) IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS IIII
54) IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS V CENS
55) IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS VI
56) IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS VII
57) IMP CAESAR VESP AVG PM T P COS IIII CENS
58) IMP CAESAR VESP AVG PM TR P PP
59) IMP CAESAR VESP AVGVST
60) IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG
61) IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P PP
62) IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P PP
63) IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR P PP
64) IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG PM TR P PP COS IIII
65) IMP CAESAR VESPASIA AVG
66) IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG
67) IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG COS III
68) IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG COS IIII
69) IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG COS VIIII
70) IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG PM T P PP COS II D III
71) IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG TR POT PP COS III
72) IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVGVSTVS
73) IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN CONS VIII
74) IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN COS VIII
75) IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN COS VIIII
76) IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS
77) IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG
78) IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG COS II
79) IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG P
80) IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG PM T P PP COS II
81) IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG PM T P PP COS II DES III
82) IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG PM T P PP COS III
83) IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG PM TR P
84) IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG PM TR P PP COS III
85) IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG PM TR P PP COS III DES IIII
86) IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR P
87) IMP VESP AVG
88) IMP VESP AVG COS VIII
89) IMP VESP AVG PM T P
90) IMP VESPA CAESAR AVGVS
91) IMP VESPASIAN AVG
92) No legend


Reverses:


1) AEQVITAS AVGVST
2) AEQVITAS AVGVSTI
3) AETERNITAS
4) AETERNITAS P R
5) ANNONA AVG
6) AVG VESPAS LIBERI IMP
7) AVGVR PON MAX
8) AVGVR TRI POT
9) CAE DVM ET T CAES IMP VESPAS
10) CAES AVG F DES IMP AVG F COS DES IT
11) CAES AVG F DESIG IMP AVG F COS DESIG ITER
12) CAESAR AVG F COS CAESAR AVG F PR
13) CAESAR AVG F DES IMP AVG F COS DESIT
14) CAESARES VESP AVG
15) CAESARES VESP AVG FILI
16) CERES AVGVST
17) CONCOR AVG
18) CONCORD AVGVST
19) CONCORDIA AVG
20) CONCORDIA AVGVSTI
21) CONCORDIA SENATVI
22) CONSECRATIO
23) CONSEN EXERCIT
24) CONSENSVS EXERCIT
25) CONSENSVS EXERCITVVM
26) COS DESIG III TR POT
27) COS III
28) COS III FORT RED
29) COS III TR POT
30) COS ITER
31) COS ITER FORT RED
32) COS ITER TR POT
33) COS ITER TR POTESTATE
34) COS V
35) COS VI
36) COS VII
37) COS VIII
38) COS VIIII
39) DE IVDAEIS
40) DEVICTA IVDAEA
41) DIVA DOMITILLA AVGVSTA
42) FELICITAS PVBLICA
43) FELICITAS REDVCI
44) FIDES EXERCITVVM
45) FIDES FORTVNA
46) FIDES PVBL
47) FIDES PVBLICA
48) FORTVNA AVGVST
49) FORTVNA AVGVSTI
50) FORTVNAE REDVCI
51) GENIVM P R
52) HISPANIA
53) HONOS ET VIRTVS
54) IMP
55) IMP CAES VESP AVG P TRI P COS II
56) IMP CAES VESP AVG P TRI P II COS
57) IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM TR P PP COS II
58) IMP T CAESAR DIVI VESP AVG PM TR P PP COS VIII
59) IMP T FLAVIVS CAESAR AVG F
60) IMP V PP COS II DESIG III
61) IMP XIIII
62) IMP XIX
63) IMPERATOR CAESAR
64) IOVIS CVSTOS
65) IVD CAP
66) IVDAEA
67) IVDAEA CAPTA
68) IVDAEA DEVICTA
69) IVDEA CAPTA
70) LIBERI IMP AVG VESPAS
71) LIBERTAS AVGVSTI
72) LIBERTAS PVBLICA
73) LIBERTAS RESTITVTA
74) MARS CONSERVAT
75) MARS VICTOR
76) MARS VLTOR
77) NEP RED
78) PACI AVGVSTAE
79) PACI AVGVSTI
80) PACI ORB TERR AVG
81) PACIS EVENT
82) PACIS EVENTVM
83) PAX
84) PAX AVG
85) PAX AVGVST
86) PAX AVGVSTI
87) PAX P ROMANI
88) PM T P PP COS IIII
89) PM TR P PP COS III
90) PM TR P PP COS VI
91) PM TR P PP COS VII
92) PM TRIB P COS IIII
93) PON M TR P PP COS III
94) PON MAX TR P COS II
95) PON MAX TR P COS V
96) PON MAX TR P COS VI
97) PON MAX TR P COS VII
98) PON MAX TR POT PP COS V CENS
99) PONT MAX
100) PONT MAX TR P COS II DESIG III
101) PONT MAX TR POT PP COS VIII CENS
102) PONT MAX TRIB POT
103) PONTIF MAXIM
104) PONTIF TR P COS IIII
105) PRINCEPS IVVENTVT
106) PRINCIP IVVENT
107) PROVIDEN
108) ROMA
109) ROMA ET AVGVSTVS COS ITERVM TRIBVN POT
110) ROMA PERPETVA
111) ROMA RESVRGENS
112) ROMA RESVRGES
113) ROMA VICTRIX
114) SALVS AVG
115) SALVS AVGVSTA
116) SALVS AVGVSTI
117) SECVRITAS AVGVST
118) SECVRITAS AVGVSTI
119) SECVRITAS P R
120) SECVRITAS P ROMANI
121) SECVRITAS POPVLI ROMANI
122) SIGNIS RECEPTIS
123) SPES AVGVSTA
124) SPQR / OB / C S
125) T CAESAR
126) T ET DOM C EX
127) T ET DOMIT CAESARES PRIN IVVEN
128) T ET DOMIT CAESARES PRINC IVVEN
129) T FLAVI VESPASIANVS CAESAR
130) T IMP CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVG F COS DESG II
131) TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IV
132) TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAES PRIN IVEN
133) TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVEN
134) TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVIN
135) TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVVEN
136) TITVS ET DOMITIANVS CAES PRIN IV
137) TITVS ET DOMITIANVS PRINC IVVEN
138) TR POT COS
139) TR POT X COS VIIII
140) TRI POT
141) TRI POT II COS III PP
142) TRIVMP AVG
143) TVTELA AVGVSTI
144) VESP AVG
145) VESPASIANVS
146) VESTA
147) VIC AVG
148) VICT AVG
149) VICTORIA AVG
150) VICTORIA AVGVST
151) VICTORIA AVGVSTI
152) VICTORIA IMP VESPASIANI
153) VICTORIA MP VESPASIANI
154) VICTORIA NAVALIS
155) VIRTVS AVGVST
156) No legend


 

Types:


1) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and palm.
2) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and scepter
3) Aeternitas standing left, holding heads of Sun and Moon over altar
4) Altar
5) Annona seated left, holding grain ears
6) Annona seated left, holding fruit basket with both hands.
7) Bull standing right
8) Caduceus, winged
9) Caduceus, winged, inside two crossed cornucopiae
10) Capricornus advancing left, globe below
11) Capricornus holding rudder on globe, cornucopia above.
12) Ceres seated left, holding grain ears and cornucopia
13) Ceres seated left, holding grain ears and torch
14) Ceres standing left, holding grain ears and scepter.
15) Ceres standing left, holding grain ears and torch
16) Chair
17) Concordia seated left, holding patera and cornucopia.
18) Concordia seated left, sacrificing over altar and holding cornucopia.
19) Cow standing right
20) Domitilla draped bust right
21) Eagle perched on globe
22) Eagle standing left on cippus
23) Eagle standing right
24) Eagle standing right on cippus
25) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia.
26) Felicitas standing left, holding globe and cornucopia.
27) Felicitas standing left, holding patera and branch.
28) Fides standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
29) Fortuna standing left on altar, holding rudder and cornucopia
30) Fortuna standing left, holding branch and rudder on globe
31) Fortuna standing left, holding branch and rudder on globe with cornucopia.
32) Fortuna standing left, holding galley prow and cornucopia
33) Fortuna standing left, holding globe and caduceus
34) Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
35) Fortuna standing left, resting hand on galley prow and holding cornucopia
36) Funerary quadriga advancing left
37) Funerary quadriga advancing right
38) Galley prow right, star above
39) Genius standing left, holding patera and grain ears.
40) Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
41) Goat standing left, being milked by farmer seated to right
42) Hands, in handshake, grasping grain ears and caduceus
43) Hands, in handshake, holding caduceus and grain ears.
44) Hands, in handshake, holding caduceus and two palms.
45) Hispania standing left, holding two javelins with shield and grain ears.
46) Honos to left, holding scepter and cornucopia, facing Virtus to right, holding parazonium and spear.
47) Judaea seated left, resting head on hand; palm tree in center and bound, standing captive to right with weapons piled all around
48) Judaea seated right, hands bound; trophy to left.
49) Judaea seated right, resting head on hand; palm to left and weapons piled all around
50) Judaea seated right, resting head on hand; palm tree in center and bound, standing captive to left with weapons piled all around
51) Judaea seated right, resting head on hand; trophy to left.
52) Judaea standing left; palm tree to right
53) Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt.
54) Jupiter standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding scepter.
55) Legend SC
56) Libertas standing left, holding pileus and scepter.
57) Libertas standing left, holding wreath and scepter.
58) Mars advancing left, holding Victory and trophy.
59) Mars advancing right, holding spear and eagle
60) Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy.
61) Mars advancing right, holding spear.
62) Mars standing left, holding spear and trophy
63) Mars standing left, holding spear and trophy; corn ear growing to left
64) Mars standing, facing, holding spear and trophy; altar to right.
65) Minerva advancing right, holding palm and Victory; snake by feet.
66) Modius, grain ears inside
67) Nemesis advancing right, pulling dress and holding caduceus; snake to right.
68) Neptune standing left, stepping on galley prow, holding acrostolium and trident.
69) Neptune standing left, stepping on galley prow, holding dolphin and trident.
70) Neptune standing left, stepping on globe, holding acrostolium and scepter
71) Neptune standing left, stepping on globe, holding dolphin and trident
72) Orbis draped bust left
73) Orbis draped bust right
74) Oxen (2) advancing left.
75) Palm tree
76) Pax seated left, holding branch
77) Pax seated left, holding branch and caduceus
78) Pax seated left, holding branch and scepter
79) Pax seated right, holding branch and scepter
80) Pax standing left, holding branch and caduceus
81) Pax standing left, holding branch and cornucopia.
82) Pax standing left, holding branch.
83) Pax standing left, leaning on cippus with purse atop, holding branch and winged caduceus.
84) Pax standing left, leaning on cippus, holding winged caduceus and branch.
85) Pax standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding caduceus with branch.
86) Pax standing right, holding branch and setting fire to pile of weapons; statue of Minerva behind Pax.
87) Pegasus advancing right
88) Pig advancing left, three piglets following.
89) Sacrificial implements: simpulum, cruet, lituus, etc. (variously arranged)
90) Roma lying right on Romeís seven hills with wolf suckling Romulus and Remus in front, holding parazonium; Tiber to right.
91) Roma seated left, holding Victory and parazonium.
92) Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear.
93) Roma seated left, holding wreath and parazonium
94) Roma standing left, holding Victory and parazonium
95) Roma standing left, holding Victory and spear.
96) Roma standing right, stepping on galley prow, holding spear and parazonium.
97) Salus seated left, holding patera and scepter
98) Salus seated left, holding patera.
99) Salus standing right, leaning on column, holding and feeding snake.
100) Securitas seated left, resting head on hand.
101) Securitas seated left, resting head on hand; altar to left.
102) Securitas seated right, resting head on hand and holding scepter; altar to right.
103) Shield reading SC held by two capricornii; globe below.
104) Shield reading SC on cippus with urn atop, branch on either side.
105) Soldiers (2) standing, shaking hands
106) Spears (2), shield on either side.
107) Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt.
108) Standards (3)
109) Standards (3), each on a galley prow
110) Temple with (4) columns
111) Temple with (4) columns, statue of Vesta standing within, another statue on either side of temple.
112) Temple with (6) columns, statues within and atop
113) Titus (or Domitian?) riding horse left, holding spear.
114) Titus and Domitian each riding horse right, holding branch.
115) Titus and Domitian each riding horse right, led by soldier.
116) Titus and Domitian each riding horse right.
117) Titus and Domitian seated on platforms, facing each other, two senators standing in center.
118) Titus and Domitian seated right, each holding a branch.
119) Titus and Domitian standing, facing, each holding patera
120) Titus bare head right
121) Titus bare head right, facing Domitian bare head left
122) Titus riding quadriga right, holding branch and scepter
123) Titus standing left, holding branch and spear
124) Titus standing right, holding spear and parazonium, facing Domitian to right, holding spear.
125) Trees (2), COS V in between
126) Trophy
127) Tutela seated left, holding a baby in each arm.
128) Venus standing right, holding scepter and apples.
129) Vespasian riding horse right, raising hand.
130) Vespasian riding horse right, spearing enemy.
131) Vespasian riding quadriga right, holding branch and scepter
132) Vespasian seated left, holding branch and scepter
133) Vespasian seated right, holding branch and scepter
134) Vespasian standing left on platform, receiving vexillum from Victory to upper left.
135) Vespasian standing left, holding scepter, receiving Palladium from Victory to upper left.
136) Vespasian standing left, raising hand and holding spear.
137) Vespasian standing left, sacrificing over altar in front of temple; Victory crowning him from behind.
138) Vespasian standing left on right, shaking hands with kneeling Roma
139) Vespasian standing left on right, shaking hands with kneeling Roma; Minerva standing in background, holding shield
140) Vespasian standing left on right, receiving Victory from Roma to left
141) Vespasian standing on rostral column, holding spear and parazonium
142) Vespasian standing right, stepping on globe, holding spear and parazonium, facing palm tree in center and Judaea seated to right, resting head on hand.
143) Vespasian, Titus and Domitian standing right, receiving flower from Spes to right.
144) Vesta seated left, holding Palladium and scepter.
145) Vesta seated left, holding simpulum
146) Vesta standing left, holding simpulum and scepter.
147) Vexillum
148) Victory advancing left, holding shield reading SPQR
149) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm
150) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm.
151) Victory seated left, holding wreath and palm
152) Victory standing left on cippus, holding wreath and palm; snake on either side.
153) Victory standing left on galley prow, holding wreath and palm
154) Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm
155) Victory standing left, holding shield on trophy; captive seated left in front of trophy, resting head on hand
156) Victory standing left, holding shield reading SPQR
157) Victory standing left, stepping on galley prow, holding wreath and palm.
158) Victory standing right on globe, crowning trophy and holding palm.
159) Victory standing right on globe, holding wreath and palm.
160) Victory standing right on galley prow, holding wreath and palm
161) Victory standing right, crowning standard and holding palm.
162) Victory standing right, holding shield on palm reading SPQR; captive seated in front of palm, resting head on hand.
163) Victory standing right, holding shield on palm; captive seated in front of palm, resting head on hand.
164) Victory standing right, holding shield reading VIC / AVG
165) Victory standing right, holding standard and palm.
166) Victory standing right, holding up shield with both hands.
167) Victory standing right, stepping on galley prow, holding wreath and palm.
168) Victory standing right, stepping on helmet, holding shield reading OB / CIV / SER on palm
169) Victory standing right, stepping on helmet, holding shield reading OB / CIV / SER on palm; Judaea seated right, resting head on hand.
170) Victory standing right, stepping on helmet, holding shield on palm; Judaea seated right, resting head on hand.
171) Virtus standing left, holding spear and parazonium
172) Virtus standing right, stepping on galley prow, holding spear and parazonium
173) Wolf standing left, suckling Romulus and Remus
174) Wreath, AVG within
175) Wreath, OB CIVES SERVATOS within 176) Wreath, SC within
177) Wreath, SPQR / ADSERTORI / LIBERTATIS / PVBLIC within
178) Wreath, SPQR / ADSERTORI / LIBERTATIS / PVBLICAE within
179) Wreath, SPQR / OB / CIVES / SERVATOS within
180) Wreath, SPQR / OB C S within
181) Wreath, SPQR / OB CIV / SER within
182) Wreath, SPQR / PP / OB CS within
183) Wreath, SPQR within


Mints:


1) Antioch
2) Asia, various localities
3) Illyricum, locality uncertain
4) Lugdunum
5) Roma
6) Tarraco?


AU Aureus Reference(s)
 
1) B02, O77, R034, T019 BMC 132
2) B03, O10, R146, T111 RIC II 69c, BMC 109, C 579
3) B03, O12, R055, T120 RIC II 357, C 1
4) B03, O12, R141, T077 RIC II 39, BMC 60, C 565
5) B03, O13, R077, T070 RIC II 46, BMC 273, C 273
6) B03, O13, R156, T131 RIC II 54, BMC 79
7) B03, O23, R079, T067 RIC II 302, BMC 403, C 284
8) B03, O77, R003, T003
9) B03, O77, R012, T121 RIC II 2, BMC 1
10) B03, O77, R031, T035
11) B03, O77, R036, T007 RIC II 96, BMC 176, C 117
12) B03, O77, R096, T152 RIC II 92, C 370
13) B03, O77, R156, T051 Exe: IVDAEA RIC II 15, BMC 31, C 225
14) B03, O86, R028, T033 RIC II 11, C 98
15) B03, O86, R032, T069 RIC II 279, BMC 374, C 92


AU Aureus (Posthumous)
 
16) B03, O03, R156, T104 RIC 62 (II, Titus), C 148


AU Quinarius
 
17) B03, O77, R150, T150 
18) B03, O78, R150, T150 


AR Antoninianus (Posthumous)
 
19) B06, O02, R022, T023 


AR Denarius
 
20) B02, O01, R005, T005 RIC II 131b, S 2280, C 30
21) B02, O01, R156, T088 Exe: IMP XIX RIC II 109, BMC 214
22) B02, O77, R037, T062 RIC II 103, C 126
23) B02, O77, R064, T054 RIC II 124b, C 223
24) B02, O77, R072, T056 RIC II 259b
25) B02, O77, R139, T141 RIC II 120, C 560
26) B02, O77, R152, T154 RIC II 268, C 630
27) B02, O77, R156, T022 RIC II 98b
28) B03, O01, R005, T005 RIC II 131a, C 29
29) B03, O01, R016, T014 RIC II 132, S 2283
30) B03, O03, R156, T104 RIC II 62, S 2568, C 149
31) B03, O09, R114, T098 RIC II 67, C 431
32) B03, O09, R156, T183 RIC II 66b, C 516
33) B03, O10, R103, T133 RIC II 65, S 2305, C 387
34) B03, O12, R007, T089 RIC II 29, S 2281, C 42
35) B03, O12, R008, T089 RIC II 30, S 2282, C 43
36) B03, O12, R141, T060 RIC II 38, C 564
37) B03, O12, R141, T077 RIC II 39, S 2313, C 566
38) B03, O12, R156, T131
39) B03, O12, R156, T145 PON MAX across fields RIC II 36, S 2298, C 358
40) B03, O12, R156, T145 TRI POT across fields RIC II 37, S 2312, C 561
41) B03, O13, R008, T089 RIC II 42, C 45
42) B03, O13, R020, T017 RIC II 43, C 74
43) B03, O13, R077, T070 RIC II 46, C 274
44) B03, O13, R103, T133 RIC II 48, C 388
45) B03, O13, R151, T161 RIC II 52, S 2317
46) B03, O13, R156, T131 RIC II 54, C 643
47) B03, O13, R156, T145 TRI POT across fields RIC II 49, C 563
48) B03, O13, R156, T146 RIC II 50, S 2316, C 574
49) B03, O15, R047, T043 RIC II 55, S 2291, C 164
50) B03, O15, R114, T098 RIC II 57, C 432
51) B03, O16, R151, T159 RIC II 78
52) B03, O21, R019, T012 Exe: Q The Q and W symbols indicate Ephesus as the mint city RIC II 312, C 65
53) B03, O21, R078, T149 Exe: Q RIC II 316, C 280
54) B03, O21, R156, T174 Exe: Q   RIC II 311, C 37
55) B03, O22, R077, T070 RIC II 361, C 274 56) B03, O22, R156, T131 RIC II 364
57) B03, O22, R156, T142 RIC II 363, C 645
58) B03, O50, R103, T133 RIC II 83, C 176
59) B03, O50, R156, T125 74 RIC II 72, C 110
60) B03, O61, R006, T121 Q to left of Titusís bust RIC II 321, C 1
61) B03, O61, R019, T012 Exe: Q RIC II 320, C 66a
62) B03, O61, R069, T119 Exe: Q RIC II 322
63) B03, O61, R078, T149 Exe: Q RIC II 323, C 278
64) B03, O62, R019, T012 Exe: ≤ RIC II 329, C 67
65) B03, O62, R078, T150 ≤ in right lower field RIC II 333, S 2270
66) B03, O62, R078, T150 Exe: ≤ RIC II 326, C 279
67) B03, O62, R080, T073 Exe: ≤ RIC II 334, C 293
68) B03, O62, R156, T174 ≤ in field RIC II 328, C 40
69) B03, O63, R019, T012 Exe: * RIC II 336, C 68
70) B03, O63, R078, T150 Exe: o in lower left field, * in lower right field RIC II 337, C 277
71) B03, O63, R156, T174 Exe: * RIC II 335, C 39
72) B03, O77, R012, T121 RIC II 2, S 2399
73) B03, O77, R030, T002
74) B03, O77, R031, T035 RIC II 4, C 84
75) B03, O77, R032, T002 RIC II 5, S 2284
76) B03, O77, R032, T060 RIC II 7, C 88
77) B03, O77, R032, T077 RIC II 10, S 2285
78) B03, O77, R032, T080 RIC II 9
79) B03, O77, R036, T007 RIC II 96, C 118
80) B03, O77, R036, T087 RIC II 375
81) B03, O77, R037, T038 RIC II 108, C 136
82) B03, O77, R037, T062 RIC II 104, S 2288
83) B03, O77, R064, T054 RIC II 124a, S 2295, C 222
84) B03, O77, R066, T051 RIC II 15, S 2296
85) B03, O77, R095, T008 RIC II 75, S 2299, C 362
86) B03, O77, R095, T133 RIC II 77, S 2300, C 364
87) B03, O77, R096, T076 RIC II 90, S 2301, C 366
88) B03, O77, R096, T152
89) B03, O77, R096, T153 RIC II 93, S 2303, C 368
90) B03, O77, R097, T008 RIC II 102, C 375
91) B03, O77, R097, T008 RIC II 377, S 2275
92) B03, O77, R103, T008 RIC II 84, C 390
93) B03, O77, R139, T010 RIC II 118, C 554
94) B03, O77, R139, T155 RIC II 114, C 552
95) B03, O77, R156, T024 RIC II 98a
96) B03, O77, R156, T024 RIC II 99a, S 2287
97) B03, O77, R156, T041 Exe: IMP XIX RIC II 113, C 550
98) B03, O77, R156, T066 IMP XIX across fields RIC II 110, S 2293, C 216
99) B03, O77, R156, T074 Exe: COS VIII RIC II 107, S 2289, C 133
100) B03, O77, R156, T131 Exe: IMP
101) B03, O86, R032, T069 RIC II 279, C 93
102) B03, O86, R068, T052 RIC II 289, S 2262, C 243


AR Denarius (Posthumous) Reference(s)
 
103) B03, O03, R156, T036 Exe: EX SC RIC 60 (II, Titus), C 146
104) B03, O03, R156, T103 RIC 63 (II, Titus), S 2569, C 497
105) B03, O03, R156, T104 EX SC across fields RIC 62 (II, Titus), S 2568
106) B03, O03, R156, T155 EX SC across fields RIC 59a (II, Titus), S 2565, C 144


AE Sestertius  

107) B03, O36, R067, T050 Exe: SC RIC II 424, C 232
108) B03, O06, R067, T050 Exe: SC
109) B03, O36, R069, T050 Exe: SC RIC II 425, C 236
110) B03, O36, R067, T047 Exe: SC RIC II 426, C 238
111) B03, O36, R067, T142 Exe: SC RIC II 427, C 239
112) B03, O24, R085, T081 RIC II 435, C 313
113) B03, O36, R086, T081 RIC II 437, C 326
114) B03, O36, R108, T095 RIC II 443, C 419
115) B03, O36, R112, T139 RIC II 445
116) B03, O36, R156, T060 Exe: SC RIC II 447, C 440
117) B03, O36, R151, T170 Exe: SC RIC II 468, C 625
118) B02, O28, R069, T049 Exe: SC RIC II 490, C 247
119) B03, O40, R085, T078 Exe: SC RIC II 574, C 320
120) B03, O82, R063, T123


AE Sestertius (Posthumous)
 
121) Bd, O92, R058, T055 RIC 143 (II, Titus), C 205


AE Dupondius
 
122) B05, O17, R042, T025 RIC II 539b, C 151
123) B05, O18, R042, T025 RIC II 555, C 152
124) B06, O18, R042, T025 RIC II 554
125) B06, O19, R042, T025 RIC II 567
126) B06, O20, R042, T025 RIC II 578, S 2346
127) B06, O28, R156, T093 Exe: ROMA RIC II 476, C 411


128) B06, O29, R084, T085 
129) B06, O31, R047, T028 RIC II 753a, C 166


AE As Reference(s)
 
130) B02, O77, R098, T009 RIC II 798c, C 738
131) B03, O28, R067, T050 Exe: SC RIC II 490
132) B03, O28, R154, T160 RIC II 503a, C 607
133) B03, O28, R156, T004 Exe: PROVIDEN RIC II 494, C 397
134) B03, O28, R156, T021 RIC II 497, C 480
135) B03, O29, R067, T051 RIC II 489
136) B03, O54, R001, T002 RIC II 482, S 2352
137) B03, O54, R156, T107 RIC II 560b, S 2361
138) B03, O56, R001, T002 RIC II 580a, C 4
139) B03, O56, R156, T107 RIC II 583a


AE Semis
 
140) B03, O89, R156, T176 RIC II 795


AE Quadrans
 
141) Ba, O91, R089, T147 RIC II 504,C 343


Vespasian Busts
 

 
Vespasian Types