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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Trebonianus Gallus 

Augustus 251-253 

Gallus rose through the ranks in the army and received a high enough stature that when Trajan Decius died in battle the army chose him to be the next emperor. His popularity with the army and public waned inexorably ever more for the rest of his reign. His first mistake, and not one which he could have easily done much about, was to settle the same war that killed Decius by buying off the enemy. For right or wrong this was viewed as an act of cowardice bordering on treason. Then came a plague that decimated the population and even claimed Hostilian who was co-Augustus with Gallus. As both disease and the withering attacks of the barbarians eroded support for the emperor he had to face yet another blow. Aemilian rose to challenge for the purple following a series of successful battles with the barbarians that gave him and his army the confidence to attempt to overthrow the troubled ruler. Gallus went through the motions and approached to confront Aemilian in battle but his commanders had had enough and killed him along with his son Volusian just before the engagement. 

Despite a rather brief two-year reign, Trebonianus Gallus has plenty of coins left over. You can find his Antoniniani easily on the Internet and often for very little money. However, by now the Ants are heavily debased and the cheap metal alloys from which they were struck fared poorly after going into circulation and fared even worse once buried. 
 
Therefore, a gem Antoninianus will cost considerably more than your average condition coin. Still, $100 would buy a very nice coin indeed. Finding them is more of the real problem. 
 
Bronzes of assorted sizes also frequent the online auctions and these, too, often range from the eyesore to the barely collectible.    

Busts: 

 
1) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
2) Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
3) Trebonianus Gallus laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right facing Volusian laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left 

 

Obverses: 

 
1) GALLVS PIVS AVG 
2) IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS PF AVG 
3) IMP C GALLVS AVG 
4) IMP CAE C VIB TREB GALLVS AVG 


 

Reverses: 

 
6) APOLL SALVTARI 
7) APOLLO SALVTARI 
11) FELICITAS PVBL 
16) LIBERALITAS AVGG III 
23) PAX AVGG 
24) PAX AVGVS 
26) PM TR P IIII COS II 
27) PM TR P IIII COS II PP 
29) PRIN IVVENT 
34) ROMAE AETERNAE AVG 
35) ROMAE AETERNAE G AVG 
36) SAECVLLVM NOVVM 
38) SALVS AVGG 
39) SALVS AVGVS 
44) No legend 

 

Types: 

 
1) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia 
2) Aeternitas standing left, holding phoenix on globe and raising skirt 
3) Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia 
4) Annona standing right, stepping on galley prow, holding rudder and grain ears 
5) Apollo seated left, holding branch 
6) Apollo standing left, holding branch and lyre on rock 
7) Concordia seated left, holding patera and two cornucopiae
8) Concordia standing left, holding patera and two cornucopiae
9) Felicitas seated left, holding grain ears and scepter
10) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia 
11) Felicitas standing, facing, leaning on column, holding caduceus and cornucopia 
12) Felicitas standing, facing, leaning on column, holding caduceus and scepter
13) Juno seated left, holding grain ears and globe 
14) Juno seated left, holding grain ears and scepter 
15) Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopia
16) Libertas standing left, holding pileus and scepter
17) Libertas standing left, leaning on column and with legs crossed, holding pileus and scepter 
18) Mars advancing left, holding branch and spear. 
19) Mars advancing right, holding spear and shield 
20) Monetae (3) standing left, holding scale and cornucopia; piles of coins by feet. 
21) Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter 
22) Pietas standing left, raising hands over altar 
23) Pietas standing, facing, raising hands 
24) Providentia standing left, holding globe and scepter 
25) Providentia standing left, holding wand over globe and scepter 
26) Pudicitia seated left, raising hand and holding scepter 
27) Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear. 
28) Salus standing left, feeding snake on altar 
29) Salus standing right, holding and feeding snake 
30) Securitas standing right, leaning on column and with legs crossed, resting head on hand. 
31) Temple with (2) columns, Juno seated within, peacock by feet 
32) Temple with (4) columns, Juno seated within, peacock by feet 
33) Temple with (6) columns, Roma within 
34) Trebonianus Gallus and Volusian each riding horse right, led by Victory and soldier; soldier, standards in background. 
35) Trebonianus Gallus and Volusian riding oncoming quadriga, being crowned by Victory between them, one soldier to left, two more to right 
36) Trebonianus Gallus riding horse left, raising hand and holding scepter 
37) Trebonianus Gallus standing left, holding branch and scepter 
38) Trebonianus Gallus standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding scepter 
39) Uberitas standing left, holding purse and cornucopia
40) Uberitas standing left, leaning on column, holding purse and scepter
41) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm
42) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm
43) Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm
44) Victory standing right on globe, holding wreath and palm
45) Virtus standing left, resting hand on shield and holding spear. 
46) Virtus standing right, holding spear and resting hand on shield
47) Wreath, VOTIS / DECENNA / LIBVS within 

 

Mints: 

 
1) Antioch 
2) Mediolanum 
3) Roma 

 
AU Binio Reference(s) 
 
1) B2, O4, R08, T08 RIC Iviii 6, C 28 
2) B2, O4, R38, T29 RIC Iviii 13, C 113 

 
AU Aureus  
 
3) B1, O4, R17, T16 RIC Iviii 9, C 62 

 
 
4) B2, O2, R01, T36 RIC IViii 79, C 1 
5) B2, O2, R03, T01 RIC IViii 80, C 6 
6) B2, O2, R09, T10  
7) B2, O2, R11, T09 
8) B2, O2, R11, T10 RIC IViii 82, C 34 
9) B2, O2, R13, T14 RIC IViii 83, C 47 
10) B2, O2, R18, T16  RIC IViii 70, C 68 
11) B2, O2, R19, T19 RIC IViii 84, C 70 
12) B2, O2, R20, T18 RIC IViii 85, C 72 
13) B2, O2, R22, T21  RIC IViii 71, C 76 
14) B2, O2, R24, T21 RIC IViii 86, C 80 
15) B2, O2, R25, T22 RIC IViii 72, C 88 
16) B2, O2, R34, T27 Exe: .... RIC IViii 89, C 107 
17) B2, O2, R35, T27 Exe: VII William Roth collection 
18) B2, O2, R36, T33 Exe: .. RIC IViii 91, C 111 
19) B2, O2, R36, T33 RIC IViii 90, C 110 
20) B2, O2, R41, T39 RIC IViii 92, C 125 
21) B2, O4, R04, T02 RIC IViii 30, C 13 
22) B2, O4, R05, T04 RIC IViii 31, C 17 
23) B2, O4, R06, T06 RIC IViii 32, C 20 
24) B2, O4, R12, T10 RIC IViii 33, C 37 
25) B2, O4, R17, T15 * in right field RIC IViii 38, C 63 
26) B2, O4, R17, T17 RIC IViii 39, C 67 
27) B2, O4, R18, T16 RIC IViii 50, C 69 
28) B2, O4, R23, T21 
29) B2, O4, R25, T23 * in right field RIC IViii 42, C 84 
30) B2, O4, R42, T43 RIC IViii 48a, C 128 

 
AE Sestertius Reference(s) 
 
31) B1, O5, R04, T02 RIC IViii 102 
32) B1, O5, R14, T13 Exe: SC RIC IViii 109 
33) B1, O5, R14, T31 RIC IViii 110a 
34) B1, O5, R17, T16 RIC IViii 114a, C 64 
35) B1, O5, R25, T22 RIC IViii 117 
36) B1, O5, R27, T38 RIC Iviii 100 
37) B1, O5, R38, T29 RIC IViii 121a 
38) B1, O5, R43, T45 RIC IViii 126, C 134 
39) B1, O5, R44, T47 Exe: SC RIC IViii 127, C 137 

 

Trebonianus Gallus Busts 

Trebonianus Gallus Types