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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Trajan Decius 

 Augustus 249-251 

Decius was a leading commander in the employ of the emperor Philip I. When several revolts broke out in different quarters of the empire Decius was selected to push back the Goths. Dutifully, he went on his way and did so effective a job of handling the invaders that the soldiers hailed him as their emperor on the spot. Philip was none too amused at this and gathered his army to meet the new usurper. A major battle was fought at their meeting point in Verona ending with Philip's defeat.  
On arrival to Rome he was well received by the people and the Senate. However, he hardly earned any brownie points when he became a rather energetic persecutor of Christians. Before long he was engaged in another bout of incursions from the Goths. This time luck was not on his side and a tactical error on his part led to the early death of his son and co-Augustus Herennius Etruscus. Trying to marshall the spirits of his men he is recorded as brushing off the loss with "The death of one soldier but hardly bothers me". Despite this bit of battlefield hubris his own death was to come moments later. Speculation of contemporary biographers look suspiciously on Trebonianus Gallus, who became emperor immediately afterwards. 
 
Despite a relatively short two year reign, Trajan Decius is not a hard emperor to find on coins. His Antoniniani are plentiful and rarely go for more than $40 or so for a nicely preserved sample. 
 
Perhaps the most interesting event of numismatic interest during his rule is the striking of a special series commemorating eleven of the most important and fondly remembered emperors up to that point. These emperors, all solemnly deified, span the range from Augustus through Severus Alexander and include, curiously, the hated tyrant Commodus. Regardless, the series is historically important not only because we get to see who contemporary Romans considered as their own best leaders but  also because they were issued in celebration of the 1,000th year of Romeís founding in 249.  

Busts:  

1) Laureate, cuirassed bust right 
2) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
3) Laureate, draped bust right 
4) Radiate, cuirassed bust right 
5) Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
6) Radiate, draped bust right 

 

Obverses: 

 
1) IMP C DECIVS AVG 
2) IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DEVIS AVG 
3) IMP CAE TRA DEC AVG 
4) IMP CAE TRA DECIVS AVG 
5) IMP CAES C MESS Q DECIO TRAI AVG 
6) IMP CAES C MESS TRAI Q DECIO AVG 
7) IMP TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG 

 

Reverses: 

 
6) DACIA 
8) EXERCITVS INLVRICVS 
11) GEN ILLVRICI 
13) GENIVS EXERCITVS ILLVRICIANI 
17) PANNONIAE 
30) No legend 

 

Types: 

 
1) Abundantia standing right, pouring out cornucopia
2) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia
3) Dacia standing left, holding staff with assís head atop. 
4) Dacia standing left, holding standard
5) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia 
6) Fides standing left, holding standard in each hand. 
7) Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
8) Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia; standard to right. 
9) Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding cornucopia
10) Goat standing left. 
11) Herennia Etruscilla diademed, draped bust right on crescent facing Herennius Etruscus over Hostilian radiate draped busts left. 
12) Herennia Etruscilla diademed, draped bust right on crescent. 
13) Herennius Etruscus bare headed, draped bust right facing Hostilian bare headed, draped bust left. 
14) Herennius Etruscus radiate, draped bust right facing Hostilian radiate, draped bust left. 
15) Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopia
16) Pannonia standing, facing, raising hand and holding standard 
17) Pannoniae (2) standing either side of a standard
18) Pannoniae (2) standing facing, each raising a hand; Pannonia on left has standard behind her, one on right is holding a standard
19) Pannoniae (2) standing, facing, each holding a standard
20) Pannoniae (2) standing, shaking hands; standard behind them. 
21) Pax advancing left, holding branch and scepter
22) Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter
23) Pudicitia seated left, pulling veil and holding scepter
24) Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear. 
25) Securitas standing left, holding purse and cornucopia
26) Trajan Decius riding horse left, raising hand and holding scepter
27) Trajan Decius seated left on platform accompanied by lictor and Liberalitas, facing citizen on steps to lower left. 
28) Uberitas standing left, holding purse and cornucopia 
29) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm
30) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm
31) Virtus seated left on cuirass, holding branch and spear. 
32) Virtus standing left, resting hand on shield and holding spear. 
33) Wreath, VOTIS DECENNALIBVS within 

 

Mints: 

 
1) Antioch 
2) Mediolanum 
3) Roma 

 
 
AU Aureus Reference(s) 
 
1) B1, O2, R01, T01 RIC IViii 10a, C 1 
2) B1, O2, R12, T08 RIC IViii 16a, C 48 
3) B1, O2, R17, T18 RIC IViii 21, C 85 
4) B1, O2, R26, T28 RIC IViii 28, C 104 
5) B2, O2, R02, T26 RIC IViii 11, C 3 
6) B2, O2, R06, T03  

 
 
7) B5, O2, R01, T01 RIC IViii 10b, C 2 
8) B5, O2, R02, T26 RIC IViii 11b, C 4 
9) B5, O2, R04, T02 RIC IViii 45c, C 9b  
10) B5, O2, R06, T03 RIC IViii 12b, C 16 
11) B5, O2, R06, T04 RIC IViii 13, C 27 
12) B5, O2, R12, T08 RIC IViii 16c, C 49 
13) B5, O2, R13, T08 RIC IViii 18, C 64 
14) B5, O2, R17, T18 RIC IViii 21b, C 86 
15) B5, O2, R17, T19  
16) B5, O2, R17, T20 RIC IViii 26, C 81 
17) B5, O2, R26, T28 RIC IViii 28b, C 105 
18) B5, O2, R27, T29 RIC IViii 29c 
19) B5, O3, R11, T07 RIC IViii 38a corrected, C 43 
20) B5, O3, R17, T20 RIC IViii 41a, C 82 
21) B5, O7, R02, T26 RIC IViii 1, C 6 
22) B5, O7, R11, T07 RIC IViii 9, C 45 
23) B5, O7, R13, T08 RIC IViii 4, C 63 
24) B5, O7, R27, T29 RIC IViii 7c, C 111 

 
AR Antoninianus Commemorative Series (listed separately under featured emperor) 
 
 
25) B4, O2, R10, T05 RIC IViii 115a, C 39 
26) B5, O2, R10, T05 RIC IViii 115c, C 40 
27) B5, O2, R27, T29  

 
 
28) B1, O2, R06, T03 RIC IViii 112a, C 18 
29) B1, O2, R07, T04 RIC IViii 114b, C 35 
30) B1, O2, R11, T07 RIC IViii 116a, C 47 
31) B1, O2, R11, T08 RIC IViii 119a, C 66 
32) B1, O2, R15, T27 RIC IViii 121 
33) B1, O2, R17, T18 RIC IViii 124a, C 87 
34) B1, O2, R27, T29 RIC IViii 126d, C 117  

  
 
35) B4, O2, R12, T08 RIC IViii 117d, C 55 
36) B4, O2, R15, T15 RIC IViii 120c, C 72  

 
AE As 
 
37) B1, O2, R15, T15 RIC IViii 120a, C 71  

 
 

Trajan Decius Busts 

Trajan Decius Types