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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Tiberius

    Augustus 14-37

Tiberius served as a general during several conquests under Augustus. Although Augustus was his step-father, the emperor intended for his successor to be his friend Agrippa. However, because Agrippa, and later his own adopted sons, died while Augustus was still in power he finally (and reluctantly) settled on Tiberius. Whether he felt like second fiddle or not is left to speculation but what is for certain is that, unlike Augustus, he retained an uneasy relationship with the Senate and one which would eventually see him "divorcing" himself from its day-to-day business by his self-imposed exile to the island of Capri.
In the beginning Tiberius ruled wisely and competently. He conferred with the Senate constantly and presented himself as a hardworking advocate of the people. But soon he became cynical after the flattery of Senators and rumors of betrayal. It was at this point that he quickly descended into a bitter and reclusive old man and then retired to Capri for the remainder of his life. While deathly ill and advanced in age, Caligula had him smothered with his own bed sheets... lest Tiberius decide to change his mind about naming him his successor.
 
The coins of Tiberius are rather boring in their unimaginative use of just a handful of types for almost two decades straight. The Denarii have become known worldwide as the ďtribute pennyĒ which is mentioned in the Bible. This is somewhat controversial considering the coin had probably not seen wide circulation throughout the middle east until after Jesusís crucifixion but it is at least plausible that they did to some extent along with the more established Denarii of Augustus and other silver coins of the region.
 
Whether appropriately called or not the Tribute Penny is easily available today starting at a bit over $100 for a shopworn specimen and climbing up to about $250-$300 for a nice one. The same type is also available as an Aureus for beaucoup bucks but, then again, they never were just a penny either.
 
Bronzes are much more varied when it comes to types and are again widely available though unfortunately a majority will not be prime examples. The typical coin will be moderately worn, porous and have only a part of its legends readable but need not cost more than around $100; of course, as overall coin appeal rises so will the numbers in the price tag.      

Busts:

 
1) Bare head left
2) Bare head right
3) Laureate head left
4) Laureate head right

 
a) Tiberius seated left, holding patera and scepter

 

Obverses:

 
1) CIVITATIBVS ASIA RESTITVTIS
2) TI CAES AVG PM TR P XXXIV
3) TI CAES AVG PM TR P XXXV
4) TI CAESAR AVGVST F IMPERAT V
5) TI CAESAR AVGVST F IMPERATOR V
6) TI CAESAR AVGVSTVS
7) TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVG PONT MAX
8) TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VII
9) TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST IMP VIII
10) TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS
11) TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS
12) TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS IMP VII
13) TI CAESAR DIVI AVGVST F IMPERAT V
14) TI CAESAR DIVI AVGVST F IMPERAT VII
15) TI CAESAR DIVI AVGVSTI F AVGVSTVS
16) TI CAESAR DIVI AVGVSTI F IMPERATOR V
17) TI DIVI F AVGVSTVS
18) No legend

 

Reverses:

 
1) CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST PM TR POT XXIIII
2) CLEMENTIAE
3) DIVOS AVGVST DIVI F
4) DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER
5) DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER PATRIAE
6) DRVSVS CAES TI AVG F COS II P IT
7) DRVSVS CAES TI AVG F COS II TR P
8) DRVSVS CAES TI AVG F COS TR P IT
9) IMP D CAES DIVI VESP AVG REST 
10) IMP T CAES DIVI VESP AVG REST 
11) IMP T CAES DIVI VESP F AVG PM 
12) IMP T CAES DIVI VESP F AVG REST 
13) IMP T CAES DIVI VESP F AVG RESTITVTIT 
14) IMP T CAES DIVI VESP F AVGVST 
15) MODERATIONI
16) MODERATIONIS
17) PONT MAXIM COS III IMP VII TR POT XXI
18) PONT MAXIM COS III IMP VII TR POT XXII
19) PONTIF AVGVST
20) PONTIF MAX TR POT XXXIIX
21) PONTIF MAX TR POT XXXVI
22) PONTIF MAX TR POT XXXVII
23) PONTIF MAXIM
24) PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XVII
25) PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXII
26) PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXIIII
27) PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXXVI
28) PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POTEST XXXVII
29) PONTIFEX TRIBVN POTESTATE XII
30) TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST PM TR POT XXXVI
31) TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F IMP VIII 
32) TR POT XVI
33) TR POT XX
34) TR POT XXII
35) TR POT XXIIII
36) TR POT XXV
37) TR POT XXVI
38) TR POT XXVII
39) TR POT XXVIII
40) TR POT XXVIIII
41) TR POT XXX
42) TR POT XXXI
43) TR POT XXXII
44) TR POT XXXIII
45) TR POT XXXIIII
46) TR POT XXXV
47) TR POT XXXVI
48) TR POT XXXVII
49) TR POT XXXVIII
50) No legend

 

Types:

 
1) Altar; two Victories standing on columns on either side, facing each other.
2) Augustus bare head right, star above
3) Augustus laureate head right, star above.
4) Augustus radiate head left, star above.
5) Caduceus, winged
6) Cornucopiae (2), crossed over winged caduceus and two branches.
7) Drusus, bare head left.
8) Large SC
9) Legend TR P PP COS VIII RESTITVIT within outer legend.
10) Livia seated right, holding patera and scepter.
11) Livia seated right, holding scepter and branch
12) Pax seated right, holding spear and branch
13) Rudder on globe over large globe.
14) Tiberius bare headed, facing bust on shield decorated with doily-like lacework and outer wreath.
15) Tiberius laureate, facing bust within wreath on shield rimmed with dots and branches.
16) Tiberius riding quadriga right, holding branch and scepter with eagle atop.
17) Victory seated right on globe, holding wreath with both hands
18) Wreath, PONTIF / MAX within

 

Mints:

 
1) Caesarea Cappadociae
2) Commagene
3) Lugdunum
4) Roma

 
 
AU Aureus Reference(s)

 
1) B4, O11, R23, T11 RIC I 25, BMC 30, C 15 

AU Quinarius with ref.

 
Tiberius (14-37), Lugdunum, AD 18-19, Quinarius, AV, gr. 3,9, mm 15/16. TI DIVI F - AVGVSTVS, Laureated head r.. Rv. TR POT - XX, Victory seated r. on globe, holding wreath. RIC 6; BMCRE 14; C 50.   Joe Geranio- From old cngcoins.com photo. 

 
AR Denarius

 
2) B4, O11, R03, T03 
3) B4, O11, R23, T11 RIC I 28
4) B4, O11, R32, T16 Exe: IMP VII RIC I 2
5) B4, O11, R33, T16 Exe: IMP VII RIC I 4

 
AE Sestertius

 
6) B1, O15, R16, T01 Exe: ROM ET AVG RIC 240 (I, Augustus), C 28
7) B3, O15, R16, T01 Exe: ROM ET AVG RIC 241b (I, Augustus), C 30
8) B4, O13, R16, T01 Exe: ROM ET AVG RIC 246 (I, Augustus)
9) Ba, O01, R01, T08 RIC I 48, C 3

 
AE Dupondius
 
10) B4, O09, R17, T06 RIC I 90
11) B4, O13, R15, T01 Exe: ROM ET AVG RIC 236a (I, Augustus)

 
AE As
 
12) B1, O09, R12, T08 RIC 211 (II, Titus), C 73
13) B1, O09, R26, T08 RIC I 44
14) B1, O14, R24, T10 RIC I 34
15) B3, O09, R20, T13 RIC I 64
16) B3, O09, R28, T05 RIC I 59
17) B3, O09, R28, T05 RIC I 65, C 22

 

Tiberius Busts



Tiberius Types




Portrait of Tiberius Venice - Joe Geranio/David Emery