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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


 

Tacitus 

Augustus 275-276 

After the assassination of Aurelian who had left no heir, the Praetorian Guard took the unusual step of asking the Senate to nominate their next leader. Several months passed without an Augustus and then they chose fellow Senator Tacitus who was advanced in age. He died soon after before making many headlines for himself. However, in his brief tenure he set in motion important events that were to follow for the next couple of years. First, he named his half-brother Florian Praetorian Prefect and next-in-line to Tacitus. He was then sent off to fight barbarian invaders. Secondly, he appointed another relative, Maximinus, to the post of Governor in Syria. Maximinus proved to be wildly unpopular and was murdered. There are two theories on as to what happened next. The first holds that those who murdered Maximinus arranged for Tacitus's own murder for fear of retaliation and the second, more plausible, that he simply died of old age. 
 
Despite the brief rule, Tacitusí coins are readily available in all grades. That is, so long as you donít expect anything more than Antoniniani. Coinage in other metals and denominations are considerably more difficult to find. 
But the Ants are common enough and even turn up in bulk lots of ďuncleanedĒ lots with some regularity. A cheap coin of this emperor, with at least readable legend, may cost less than $10 and while fully silvered gems are not exactly a dime a dozen a choice example may run $100-$200. 
The generally easy availability of coins of this emperor are due solely to the hyperactive mints during his reign which placed millions of Antoniniani in circulation during the mid to late 200ís. Tacitusí coins are straddled by the even more prolific coins of Aurelian preceding him and Probus succeeding.  

Busts: 

1) Laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield 
2) Laureate, cuirassed bust right 
3) Laureate, cuirassed torso left, holding spear and shield 
4) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
5) Laureate, draped bust right 
6) Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle and holding scepter with eagle on top 
7) Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle and holding scepter with eagle on top and mappa 
8) Radiate head right 
10) Radiate, cuirassed bust right 
11) Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left 
12) Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
13) Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, holding spear over left shoulder 
14) Radiate, draped bust right 

 

Obverses: 

 
1) IMP C CL TACITVS AVG 
2) IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG 
3) IMP C M CL TACITVS INVICT AVG 
4) IMP C M CL TACITVS P AVG 
5) IMP C M CL TACITVS PF AVG 
6) IMP C M CL TACITVS PF AVG VIRTVS 
7) IMP C M CLA TACITVS AVG 
8) IMP C M CLA TACITVS P AVG 
9) IMP C M TACITVS INVICTVS PF AVG 
10) IMP C TACITVS INVICTVS AVG 
11) IMP C TACITVS PF INVICTVS AVG 
12) IMP C TACTIVS AVG 
13) IMP CL TACITVS AVG 
14) IMP CL TACITVS PF AVG 
15) IMP TACITVS INVICTVS AVG 
16) M CL TACITVS P AVG 
17) M CL TACITVS PF AVG 

 

Reverses: 

 
11) FELIC TEM 
12) FELIC TEMP 
13) FELICIT TEM 
14) FELICIT TEMP 
18) FELICITAS TEMP 
19) FIDES MILIT 
20) FIDES MILITVM 
24) LAETITIAE FVND 
25) LETITIA TEMP 
27) MARS PACIF 
30) MARTI PACIF 
31) PAX AETERNA 
32) PAX AVG 
36) PM T B P VI COS II PP 
37) PM TR P CONSVL 
38) PM TR POT COS DES II 
40) PROVID DEOR 
41) PROVIDD AVG 
43) PROVIDEN AVG 
44) PROVIDEN DEOR 
46) PROVIDENT DEOR 
50) ROMAE AETER 
52) SALS PVBLI 
53) SALVS AVG 
54) SALVS PVBLI 
56) SECVRIT  PVBLICA 
57) SECVRIT PERP 
58) SECVRITAS  PR 
59) SPES AVG 
62) TRANQVILLITAS AVG 
72) VOTIS X ET X 

 

Types: 

 
1) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia
2) Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia 
3) Clementia standing left, with legs crossed and leaning on column, holding scepter
4) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia
5) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and scepter 
6) Felicitas standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding caduceus 
7) Felicitas standing left, with legs crossed and leaning on column, holding caduceus
8) Fides standing left, holding a standard in each hand 
9) Fides standing left, holding scepter and standard 
10) Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter 
11) Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and anchor
12) Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and anchor on globe. 
13) Libertas standing left, holding pileus and cornucopia 
14) Mars advancing left, holding branch and spear with shield
15) Mars advancing left, holding branch and spear. 
16) Mars advancing right, holding spear and shield 
17) Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy
18) Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy; seated captive to right. 
19) Pax advancing left, holding branch and scepter
20) Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter
21) Pax standing left, leaning on column, holding branch and scepter
22) Providentia standing left, holding grain ears and cornucopia 
23) Providentia standing left, holding globe and scepter 
24) Providentia standing left, holding wand over globe and cornucopia
25) Providentia standing right on left, holding standard in each hand, facing Sol to right, raising hand and holding globe. 
26) Providentia standing right on left, holding standard, facing Sol to right, raising hand and holding globe. 
27) Roma seated left, holding globe and scepter
28) Roma seated left, holding Victory on globe and scepter
29) Roma seated left, holding Victory on globe and spear. 
30) Salus seated left, feeding snake on altar
31) Salus standing left, feeding snake on altar 
32) Salus standing right, holding and feeding snake. 
33) Securitas standing left, with legs crossed and leaning on column, holding scepter 
34) Securitas standing left, with legs crossed and leaning on column, touching head
35) Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt. 
36) Tacitus riding horse right, holding spear. 
37) Tacitus seated left on globe being crowned by Victory, holding shield
38) Tacitus seated left, holding globe and spear. 
39) Tacitus standing left on right, being crowned by Mars, facing Victory to left, seated right, holding shield reading VOTIS XX 
40) Tacitus standing left on right, holding scepter, receiving globe from Clementia to left, holding scepter
41) Tacitus standing left on right, holding spear, receiving wreath from Victory to left, holding palm
42) Tacitus standing right on left, holding spear and receiving globe from Jupiter to right, holding scepter
43) Tacitus standing right on left, holding standard and receiving globe from Jupiter to right, holding scepter
44) Tacitus standing right on left, shaking hands with Concordia to right. 
45) Tranquilitas standing left, holding dolphin and scepter
46) Uberitas standing left, holding purse and cornucopia 
47) Victory advancing left, holding opened wreath; shield on either side. 
48) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm; seated captive to right. 
49) Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm
50) Virtus standing left, holding spear and resting hand on shield
51) Virtus standing left, resting hand on shield and holding spear 

 

Mints: 

 
1) Antioch 
2) Gaul 
3) Roma 
4) Serdica 
5) Siscia 
6) Ticinum 

 
 
AU Binio Reference(s) 
 
1) B10 O02 R51 T28 
2) B10 O02 R71 T34 
3) B11 O02 R51 T27  

 
 
AU Aureus 
 
4) B4 O02 R36 T16  
5) B4 O02 R51 T27 RIC 75 
6) B4 O02 R51 T28  
7) B4 O04 R51 T27 C 112  
8) B5 O02 R32 T19  

 
AE Antoninianus Reference(s) 
 
9) B08 O02 R05 T03 Exe: `/XXI 
10) B08 O02 R23 T11 Exe: XXI` RIC 89k 
11) B09 O05 R70 T49  RIC 67, C 171 
12) B10 O02 R01 T01 Exe: `/XXI RIC 180f 
13) B10 O02 R06 T44 Exe: ` RIC 130f, C 24 
14) B10 O02 R22 T12 Exe: ` 
15) B10 O02 R30 T14 Exe: ` RIC 145f, C 60 
16) B10 O02 R33 T20 Exe: P RIC 150f 
17) B10 O02 R42 T23 Exe: ` RIC 152f, C 90 
18) B10 O02 R54 T32 Exe: ` RIC 160f, C 126 
19) B10 O04 R48 T24 Exe: ` RIC 153f, C 105 
20) B10 O07 R01 T01 Exe: `  
21) B12 O01 R70 T49 
22) B12 O02 R01 T01 Exe: `/XXI RIC 82c, C 8 
23) B12 O02 R01 T01 Exe: XXI/` RIC 82c, C 8 
24) B12 O02 R04 T02 Exe: ` RIC 124c, C 13 
25) B12 O02 R05 T03 Exe: XXI RIC 84c, C 16 
26) B12 O02 R05 T03 Exe: XXI` RIC 84c, C 16 
27) B12 O02 R05 T14 Exe: /KA RIC 214c, C 20 
28) B12 O02 R05 T14 Exe: ` RIC 206c, C15 
29) B12 O02 R05 T40 Exe: ` RIC 126c, C 19 
30) B12 O02 R05 T40 Exe: `/XXI 
31) B12 O02 R08 T42 Exe: `/KA RIC 193c, C 25 
32) B12 O02 R10 T41 Exe: ` RIC 134c 
33) B12 O02 R14 T05 Exe: ` RIC 140c 
34) B12 O02 R15 T04 Exe: ` RIC 136c 
35) B12 O02 R23 T11 Exe: XXI` RIC 89c, C 52 
36) B12 O02 R33 T20 Exe: P RIC 150c, C 72 
37) B12 O02 R44 T25 Exe: /KA` RIC 195c 
38) B12 O02 R44 T25 Exe: KA` RIC 195c 
39) B12 O02 R47 T24 Exe: XXI` RIC 92c, C 100 
40) B12 O02 R48 T24 Exe: ` RIC 155c 
41) B12 O02 R53 T29 Exe: ` 
42) B12 O02 R53 T31 Exe: XXI` RIC 93c, C 123 
43) B12 O02 R57 T34 Exe: ` RIC 163c, C 121 
44) B12 O02 R60 T41 Exe: `/KA RIC 207c, C 140 
45) B12 O02 R67 T49 Exe: ` RIC 172c, C 157 
46) B12 O04 R44 T25 Exe: KA` 
47) B12 O05 R06 T44 Exe: XXI` C 21 
48) B12 O05 R17 T05 Exe: C in left field,  in right RIC 21 
49) B12 O05 R33 T19 Exe: /III RIC 43c, C 77 
50) B12 O05 R61 T04 Exe: /I  RIC 63 
51) B12 O07 R04 T02 Exe: ` RIC 125c, C 14 
52) B12 O05 R61 T04 Exe: Δ in left field,  in right RIC 63 
53) B12 O14 R31 T19 Exe: B in right field, in right RIC 34 
54) B12 O05 R44 T25 Exe: /KA` 
55) B12 O07 R17 T06 Exe: ` RIC 138c 
56) B12 O07 R22 T12 Exe: `  
57) B12 O07 R33 T20 Exe: ` RIC 151c, C 75 
58) B12 O13 R28 T18 B in right field, in right RIC 30c 
59) B12 O13 R35 T21 RIC 44c 
60) B12 O13 R55 T31 C in left field,  in right RIC 58c 
61) B12 O13 R61 T04 A in right field 
62) B12 O13 R61 T04 Δ in left field, A in right RIC 65c 
63) B14 O02 R20 T08 Exe: BA RIC 25a, C 46 
64) B14 O02 R20 T08 Exe: XXI` RIC 87a, C 45 
65) B14 O02 R60 T41 Exe: ` RIC 167a 
66) B14 O13 R20 T07 Exe: BA RIC 27a 

 
 

Tacitus Busts 

Tacitus Types