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XXI

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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


 Septimius Severus 

Augustus 193-211 

Septimius Severus was the remaining emperor of a bloody shakeout period which saw the violent demise of no less than five emperors in less than two years. A Governor in a sleepy quarter of the Empire, Septimius saw a golden opportunity after the murder of Pertinax and with the pretense of avenging his murder he recruited an army and advanced towards Rome. The situation in Rome, meanwhile, was so chaotic that the Senate saw no way out of it but to save their skin by turning tail and declaring Septimius emperor in absentia. He would arrive a few days later to restore order to the city where he was welcomed as a savior. However, any love the Senate had for him quickly dissipated as he too, like Commodus before him (the last emperor of durable reign) was to systematically undermine and terrorize its members. Fortunately for them, Septimius would die a few years later during a campaign against the Scots in Britain. 
 
The collector who wishes to start off in silver Roman imperial coins will find those of Septimius Severus among the easiest to locate and afford… and usually very attractive as well. For example, a mint state (or nearly so) Denarius for this period may well cost less than $100. Think about it, an 1,800 year old coin that looks as though it was made a few days ago for the cost of a modern collectible coin! 
 
Bronze coins are now suddenly considerably scarcer. With Commodus’s death the mint in Rome suddenly finds itself with a lot less copper with which to make coins out of. Or, perhaps better put, the amount of copper it takes to make a Sestertius is now so expensive that the coin threatens to be worth more as bullion than as coin. The State cannot afford to strike coins which will be melted down immediately afterwards and sold at profit so its only choice is to either make them lighter or stop making them altogether. And that is exactly what happened although the change was very gradual and mint policies often reversed themselves, briefly and with hesitation, before abandoning big copper altogether by the mid-third century. Apart from the practical necessities of a still-vibrant economy, the Sestertius, Dupondius and As were an integral part of Roman culture for hundreds of years and there may well have been a wistful sense of loss in discontinuing these denominations. 
 
No matter what, a gold Aureus is always a big-ticket item. The fact that in antiquity they circulated so sparingly means that they’re typically found today with very little wear which only helps keep these beauties that much more expensive. Still, as with silver, those who can afford one will find that those of Septimius are among the most easily available. Depending largely on the selling venue, a problem-free Aureus of this age will cost anywhere from $1,000 to over $10,000 for even the most banal of designs. Even with this wide of a price swing the collector should expect to pay near the higher end of this range and should absolutely not be surprised to see an Aureus go for twenty or thirty-thousand dollars given an extraordinary design and/or exceptional craftsmanship.  

Busts: 

 
1) Bare head right 
2) Laureate head left 
3) Laureate head right 
4) Laureate bust right, wearing lion skin 
5) Laureate, cuirassed bust left 
6) Laureate, cuirassed bust right 
7) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
8) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right of Septimius Severus over Caracalla laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
9) Laureate, draped bust right 
10) Radiate head right 

 

Obverses: 

 
1) DIVO SEPTIMIO SEVERO PIO 
2) DIVO SEVERO 
3) DIVO SEVERO PIO 
5) IMP C L SEP SEVERVS AVG 
6) IMP C L SEP SEVERVS P AV 
7) IMP C L SEP SEVERVS P AVG 
8) IMP C L SEPTI SEVERVS PP AVG 
9) IMP CA L SE SEVER AG COS II 
10) IMP CA L SEP SEV PER AVG COS II 
11) IMP CA L SEP SEV PERT AVG OCS 
12) IMP CAE L SEP PERT AVG COS II 
13) IMP CAE L SEP SEV PER AVG COS II 
14) IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG 
15) IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG C II 
16) IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG C II C 
17) IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG CO II 
18) IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG CO III 
19) IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS I 
20) IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II 
21) IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II 
22) IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II C 
23) IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG II CO 
24) IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERTI AVG IIII 
25) IMP CAE L SEPT SEV PERT AVG 
26) IMP CAE L SEPT SEV PERT AVG N
27) IMP CAES L SEP SEVERVS PERT AVG 
28) IMP CAES L SEPT SEV PERT AVG 
29) IMP CAES SEVE PERTINAX AVG 
30) IMP L CAES SEPT SEV PERT AVG TR P VI 
31) IMPP INVICT PII AVGG 
32) L SEP SEVERVS PER AVG I M IMP XI 
33) L SEP SEVERVS PER AVG IMP XI 
34) L SEP SEVERVS PER AVG P V IMP XI PARP M 
35) L SEP SEVERVS PER AVG PM IMP XI 
36) L SEP SEVERVS PER AVG PM IMP XI PAR D N 
37) L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI 
38) L SEPT SEV AVG IMP XI PART MAX 
39) L SEPT SEV PERET AVG IMP
40) L SEPT SEV PERET AVG IMP II 
41) L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP 
42) L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP
43) L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP II 
44) L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP III 
45) L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP IIII 
46) L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP
47) L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VI 
48) L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VII 
49) L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII 
50) L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIIII 
51) L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP
52) L SEPT SEV PERTE AVG IMP 
53) L SEPT SEV PERTE AVG IMP II 
54) L SEPT SEV PRTE AVG IMP II 
55) L SEPT SEVER PERET IMP I 
56) L SEPT SEVER PERT AVG IMP VIII 
57) L SEPT SEVERVS AVG PART MAX PM TR P VIIII 
58) L SEPT SEVERVS PER AVG PIV IMP XI PART MAX 
59) L SEPT SEVERVS PER AVG PM IMP XI 
60) L SEPT SEVERVS PIVS AVG 
61) L SEPT SEVERVS PIVS AVG BRIT 
64) SEVER P AVG PM TR P X COS III 
65) SEVER P AVG PM TR P XI COS III 
66) SEVERVS AVG PART MAX 
67) SEVERVS AVG PART MAX PM TR P VIII 
68) SEVERVS AVG PART MAX PM TR P VIIII 
69) SEVERVS PIVS AVG 
70) SEVERVS PIVS AVG BRIT 
71) SEVERVS PIVS AVG PM TR P VIIII 
72) SEVERVS PIVS AVG PM TR P
73) SEVERVS PIVS AVG PM TR P XI 
74) SEVERVS PIVS AVG PM TR P XII 
75) SEVERVS PIVS AVGVSTVS 

 

Reverses: 

 
1) ADVENT AVGG 
2) ADVENTV AVG FELICISSIMO 
11) AEQVITAS PP 
12) AEQVITATI AVGG 
13) AEQVITATI PVBLICAE 
14) AETERNIT IMPERI 
16) AFRICA 
20) ANNONAE AVG 
21) ANNONAE AVG COS 
22) ANNONAE AVGG 
23) ANTONIN PIVS AVG PON TR P
24) ANTONINVS AVG PON TR P IIII 
25) ANTONINVS AVG PON TR P
26) ANTONINVS AVG PONT TR P IIII 
27) ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS 
28) ANTONINVS PIVS AVG 
30) AR AD TR P VI COS II PP 
32) ARAB ADIABENIC 
33) ARCVS AVGG 
35) BON EVENT 
36) BONA SEPS 
37) BONA SPEI 
38) BONA SPES 
40) BONI EVENT 
41) BONI EVENTV 
42) BONI EVENTVC 
44) BONI SPES 
45) CERER FRVG 
46) CERER FRVG II COS 
47) CERER FRVGIF COS 
48) CERER FRVGIFER 
49) CERERI FRVG 
50) CONCORDIA 
51) CONCORDIA / MILIT 
54) CONCORDIAE AVGG 
55) CONCORDIAE MILITVM 
57) COS II PP 
58) COS III 
60) COS III PP 
61) DI PATRII 
62) DIS AVSPICIB TR P II 
63) DIS AVSPICIBVS PM TR P III COS II PP 
64) DIVI M P II F PM TR P III COS II PP 
65) FEIICII TEMPOM 
66) FELICIT TEMPO 
67) FELICIT TEMPOR 
68) FELICITAS / SAECVLI 
71) FELICITAS TEMPO 
72) FELICITAS TEMPOR 
73) FELICITAS TEMPORVM II COS 
74) FIDEI LEG TR P COS 
75) FORETVN REDVC 
76) FORT RDEVC 
77) FORT RDVC 
78) FORT RED PM TR P XIX COS III PP 
79) FORT REDEVC 
80) FORT REDVCI COS II 
81) FORT REDVC 
82) FORTA REDVC 
83) FORTV REDV 
84) FORTV REDVC 
85) FORTVI REDVC 
86) FORTVN AVG 
87) FORTVN REDV 
89) FORTVNA REDVC 
91) FORTVNAE AVGG 
95) FVRTVNAE FELICI 
96) GENIVS PR 
97) HERCVLI DEFENS 
98) IIII LIBERALITAS AVGG 
102) INVICT IMP 
105) INVICTO IMP
106) INVICTO IMP TROPAE 
107) INVICTO IMP TROPAEA 
108) INVICTO IMP TROPAEA II 
109) INVICTO IMP TROPEI 
110) IOBI VICT 
112) IOVI INVICTO 
115) IOVI VICT 
116) IOVI VICT PM TR P XV COS III PP 
120) IVSTITIA 
121) L SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES 
122) LAETITIA / TEMPORVM 
123) LAETITIA AVGG 
124) LEG I ADIVT  
125) LEG I ITAL  
126) LEG I MIN  
127) LEG II ADIVT  
128) LEG II ITAL  
129) LEG III IT 
130) LEG III ITAL  
131) LEG IIII FL  
132) LEG V MAC  
133) LEG VII CL  
134) LEG VIII AVG  
135) LEG XI CL  
136) LEG XIII GEM  
137) LEG XIIII GEM M V 
138) LEG XXII  
139) LEG XXII PRI 
140) LEG XXX VL 
141) LEG XXX VLP  
142) LIB AVG III PM TR P X COS III PP 
143) LIBER AVG 
144) LIBERA AVG 
152) LIBERALITAS AVG VI 
153) LIBERALITAS AVGG IIII 
154) LIBERALITAS AVGG
156) LIBERT AVG 
157) LIBERTA AVG 
159) LIBERTAS AVGG 
160) LIR AVG 
161) MAREI VICT 
163) MARS PATER 
164) MART VICT 
165) MART VICTO 
166) MART VICTOR 
167) MART VICTORI 
169) MARTI PACIFERO PM TR P V COS II PP 
170) MARTI VICT 
171) MARTI VICTOR 
173) MINER VICT 
174) MINER VICT PM TR P XIIII IMP VIII COS E C 
175) MINER VICTRIC 
178) MONE AVG 
179) MONET AVG 
181) MONETA AVG 
182) MONETA AVG COS II PP 
184) MONETA II AVG 
185) MONETAE AVG 
186) MVNIFICENTIA AVG 
187) NOBILITAS 
188) ORT RDEVC 
189) P MAX TR P VIII COS II PP 
190) P SEPT GETA CAES PONT 
191) P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES 
193) PACI AET PM TR P VI 
196) PAR AR AD TR P VI 
198) PART MAX PM TR P VIIII 
199) PART MAX PM TR P
200) PART MAX PM TR P X COS III PP 
201) PART MAX PONT TR P IIII 
202) PART MAXIMVS COS II PP 
205) PIETAS 
206) PIETAT AVG 
207) PM TR IIII COS II PP 
208) PM TR P COS 
209) PM TR P II COS II 
210) PM TR P II COS II PP 
211) PM TR P III COS II PP 
212) PM TR P IIII COS II PP 
213) PM TR P V COS II PP 
214) PM TR P VI COS II PP 
215) PM TR P VII COS II PP 
216) PM TR P VIII COS II PP 
217) PM TR P VIIII COS II PP 
218) PM TR P X COS III PP 
219) PM TR P XI COS III PP 
220) PM TR P XII COS III PP 
221) PM TR P XIII COS III PP 
222) PM TR P XIIII COS III PP 
223) PM TR P XIX COS III PP 
224) PM TR P XIX COS III PP FORT RED 
225) PM TR P XIX COS III PP VICT BRIT 
226) PM TR P XV COS III PP 
227) PM TR P XVI  
228) PM TR P XVI COS III PP 
229) PM TR P XVII COS III PP 
230) PM TR P XVIII COS III PP 
231) PONT III COS II 
232) PONTIF COS II 
233) PONTIF TR P VII COS II 
235) PONTIF TR P VIIII COS II 
236) PONTIF TR P X COS II 
238) PONTIF TR P XI COS II 
239) PONTIF TR P XI COS III 
240) PONTIF TR P XII COS III 
241) PROFECT AVGG FEL 
243) PROVID AVG 
244) PROVID AVGG 
247) PVDICITIA 
251) ROI EVENTVS 
254) SACRA SAECVLARIA 
255) SAEC FELICIT 
256) SAEC FRVGIF COS 
257) SAECV FELICIT 
260) SAECVLI  FELICITA 
265) SAECVLL FELLCIT 
268) SALVTI AVG 
269) SALVTI AVG PM TR P VI COS II PP 
270) SALVTI AVGG 
272) SEVERI AVG P II FIL 
273) SOSPITATORI / IOVI 
274) SPQR OPTIMO PRINC 
277) TR P COS 
278) TR P III IMP V COS II 
279) TR P IMP III COS II PP 
280) TR P V IMP COS II PP 
281) TR P V IMP III COS II 
282) TR P VII COS II PP 
283) TR P XIX COS III PP FORT RED 
284) TR P XVIII COS III PP 
285) VENERI VIC 
287) VENV P VICT 
289) VIC AVG 
290) VIC AVG TR P COS 
291) VIC AVGG COS II PP 
292) VIC PAR MAX AVG 
294) VICT AETERNAE 
295) VICT AVG 
296) VICT AVG COS II PP 
297) VICT AVG PM TR P III COS II PP 
298) VICT AVG TR P COS 
299) VICT AVG TR P II COS II 
300) VICT AVG TR P II COS II PP 
301) VICT AVGG COS II PP 
302) VICT BRIT PM TR P XIX COS III PP 
303) VICT PART MAX 
304) VICT PARTHIC AVGG PM TR P 
VIIII 
305) VICT PARTHICAE 
307) VICTOR AVG 
308) VICTOR AVG TR P COS 
310) VICTOR IVST AVG II COS 
311) VICTOR SEVER AG 
313) VICTOR SEVER C AVG 
318) VICTORIAE 
323) VICTORIAE BRITTANNICAE 
324) VICTORIVS T AVG 
325) VIRT AVG P COS 
326) VIRT AVG TR P COS 
327) VIRT AVG TR P II COS II PP 
328) VIRT AVGG 
329) VIRTVS AVG 
337) VOT SVSC DEC PM TR P X COS III PP 
344) VRBI ROMAE 
345) No legend 
 

Types: 

 
1) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia
2) Africa lying left, holding scorpion and cornucopia; basket with grain ears within to left. 
3) Africa standing right, resting hand on hip and holding grain ears; lion to right 
4) Altar, lit 
5) Annona seated right, holding grain ears; child to right. 
6) Annona seated right, holding grain ears; modius to right 
7) Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia
8) Annona standing left, stepping on galley prow, holding grain ears and cornucopia
9) Annona standing right on left, holding cornucopia, facing Ceres seated to right, holding patera and torch; modius in center and galley in background. 
10) Apollo standing left, holding patera and lyre 
11) Basket; fruits and grains within 
12) Bridge, boat below 
13) Captive seated right; weapons in backround 
14) Captives (2) seated back to back on shields 
15) Caracalla bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right 
16) Caracalla laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, facing Geta bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust left 
17) Caracalla laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right. 
18) Caracalla laureate, draped bust right 
19) Caracalla laureate head right facing Geta bare head left 
20) Caracalla standing right on left, holding Victory together with Geta to right 
21) Ceres standing left, holding grain ears and torch 
22) Circus: bird’s eye view of façade and interior, gladiators within 
23) Concordia sacrificing left, holding two cornucopiae
24) Concordia seated left, holding patera and scepter 
25) Concordia standing left, holding patera and cornucopia
26) Concordia standing left, holding standard and scepter; two more standards to left and three to right 
27) Concordia standing left, holding standard in each hand 
28) Cornucopiae (2) crossed, corn ear in between. 
29) Crescent, seven stars above 
30) Dea Caelestis riding lion right over flowing water, holding drum and scepter 
31) Dea Caelestis riding lion right over flowing water, holding drum. 
32) Dea Caelestis riding lion right over flowing water, holding thunderbolt. 
33) Dea Caelestis riding lion right over flowing water, holding thunderbolt and scepter 
34) Eagle standing left on cippus, standard on either side
35) Eagle standing on globe, facing 
36) Eagle standing on thunderbolt, facing 
37) Eagle standing right 
38) Eagle standing right on altar 
39) Eagle standing, facing 
40) Elephant advancing right 
41) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia 
42) Felicitas standing left, pouring out cornucopia for two citizens, three more waiting their turn. 
43) Felicitas standing left, pulling on dress and holding cornucopia; six children to left. 
44) Fides standing left, holding fruit basket and grain ears. 
45) Fides standing left, holding Victory and standard 
46) Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia 
47) Fortuna seated left, holding rudder on globe and cornucopia; wheel under chair 
48) Fortuna standing left, holding branch and cornucopia 
49) Fortuna standing left, holding cornucopia in each hand 
50) Fortuna standing left, holding palm and cornucopia 
51) Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia 
52) Fortuna standing left, holding rudder on globe and cornucopia 
53) Fortuna standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding cornucopia 
54) Fortuna standing, facing, holding cornucopia and rudder; galley prow to left. 
55) Funeral pyre 
56) Galley sailing left 
57) Galley sailing left, animals below and four quadrigae above 
58) Genius standing left, holding fruit dish and grain ears 
59) Genius standing left, holding patera and two cornucopiae 
60) Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding cornucopia 
61) Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding grain ears. 
62) Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar
63) Geta bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right 
64) Geta bare headed, draped bust right 
65) Hercules standing left on left, resting hand on club and holding lion skin and Liber to right, pouring cup out over panther and holding thrysus. 
66) Hercules standing, facing, resting hand on club and holding bow with lion skin 
67) Indulgentia seated left, holding patera 
68) Italia seated left on globe, holding cornucopia and scepter 
69) Julia Domna draped bust facing in center with laureate, draped bust of Caracalla to left and bare headed, draped and cuirassed  bust of Geta to right 
70) Julia Domna draped bust right 
71) Juno seated left, holding flower and baby 
72) Jupiter advancing right, aiming thunderbolt and raising hand 
73) Jupiter riding quadriga right, aiming thunderbolt at two giants. 
74) Jupiter seated left, holding Victory and scepter
75) Jupiter seated left, holding Victory and scepter; eagle to left. 
76) Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; child on either side 
77) Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; eagle to left. 
78) Jupiter standing, facing, aiming thunderbolt and raising hand 
79) Justitia seated left, holding patera and scepter
80) Liber standing left, pouring cup over panther and holding thrysus. 
81) Liber standing right on left, holding cup over panther and thrysus, facing Hercules to right, resting hand on club and holding lion skin. 
82) Liber standing right, touching head and holding thrysus; panther to left 
83) Liberalitas seated left, holding coin counter and cornucopia 
84) Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopia 
85) Libertas standing left, holding pileus and scepter 
86) Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy 
87) Mars standing left, holding branch and spear 
88) Mars standing left, stepping on helmet, holding branch and spear 
89) Mars standing right, holding spear and resting hand on shield 
90) Mars standing right, resting hand on shield and holding spear. 
91) Mars standing right, resting hand on shield on captive and holding spear 
92) Medusa head, facing over aegis 
93) Minerva helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust right 
94) Minerva standing left, holding spear and shield
95) Minerva standing left, holding Victory and spear. 
96) Minerva standing left, resting hand on shield
97) Moneta seated left, holding scale and cornucopia
98) Moneta standing left, holding scale and cornucopia
99) Monetae (3) standing left, each holding a scale and cornucopia 
100) Monetae (3) standing left, each holding a scale and cornucopia; coin piles by their feet. 
101) Neptune standing left, stepping on rocks, resting hand on lap and holding trident. 
102) Neptune standing right, stepping on galley prow, holding trident and acrostolium 
103) Nobilitas standing right, holding scepter and Palladium
104) Pax seated left, holding branch and cornucopia
105) Pax seated left, holding branch and scepter
106) Providentia standing left, holding wand over globe and scepter
107) Pudicitia seated left, holding scepter in each hand 
108) River God lying right, holding shell and rudder 
109) Roma helmeted bust right 
110) Roma seated left, holding Palladium and scepter; shield below 
111) Roma seated left, holding Victory and parazonium 
112) Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear 
113) Roma seated left, sacrificing over altar and holding spear. 
114) Roma seated right, holding Palladium and scepter; kneeling captive to right 
115) Roma seated, facing, holding Victory and globe resting on atlas; flying Victory crowning Roma
116) Roma standing left, holding parazonium and spear with shield 
117) Sacrificial procession attended by five veiled members; three of whom are sacrificing over altar and the other two musicians. 
118) Saeculum Frugiferum standing left, holding winged caduceus and trident 
119) Salus seated left, feeding snake on altar 
120) Salus seated left, sacrificing over altar and holding scepter
121) Securitas seated left, holding globe 
122) Septimius Severus and Caracalla seated right, lictor behind, soldier to right 
123) Septimius Severus laureate draped and cuirassed bust right, facing Caracalla, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left. 
124) Septimius Severus riding horse left, holding spear 
125) Septimius Severus riding horse left, raising hand and holding spear. 
126) Septimius Severus riding horse left, raising hand and holding spear; soldier to left leading the horse. 
127) Septimius Severus riding horse left, spearing enemy 
128) Septimius Severus riding horse right, holding spear 
129) Septimius Severus riding horse right, raising hand 
130) Septimius Severus riding horse right, raising hand, being led by soldier to right 
131) Septimius Severus riding horse right, spearing enemy 
132) Septimius Severus riding rearing horse right, holding spear 
133) Septimius Severus seated left on right, raising hand and holding scepter, facing Aequitas standing to left, holding a scale and cornucopia 
134) Septimius Severus seated left, holding globe and being crowned by Victory hovering to right 
135) Septimius Severus seated, facing, holding Victory and shield on kneeling captive, being crowned by Victory hovering to right 
136) Septimius Severus standing left on left, holding Victory and spear, being crowned by Roma to right, holding parazonium
137) Septimius Severus standing left on right, sacrificing over altar and holding scepter, facing Roma seated to left on shield, holding Palladium and spear. 
138) Septimius Severus standing left on right, sacrificing over altar with Caracalla standing to left; musicians behind and temple in background. 
139) Septimius Severus standing left, holding branch 
140) Septimius Severus standing left, holding globe and spear. 
141) Septimius Severus standing left, sacrificing over altar 
142) Septimius Severus standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding spear 
143) Septimius Severus standing right on left, holding spear, receiving globe from Jupiter to right, holding scepter
144) Septimius Severus standing right on left, sacrificing over altar in center facing Caracalla to right, also sacrificing; both being crowned by Victory 
145) Septimius Severus standing right on left, sacrificing over altar in center; Fortuna to right, seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia
146) Septimius Severus, Caracalla and Geta each riding horse left, raising hand. 
147) Septimius Severus, Caracalla and Geta each riding horse right 
148) Septimius Severus, Caracalla and Geta seated left on platform accompanied by lictor to right and Liberalitas to left; citizen to lower left 
149) Septimius Severus, Caracalla and Geta seated right on platform sccompanied by lector to right; citizen to lower right 
150) Septimius Severus, Caracalla and Geta standing right, addressing citizen to lower right; two more attendants in background. 
151) Septmius Severus standing left, sacrificing over altar and lictor to left and musician to right. 
152) Sol radiate, draped bust right 
153) Sol riding quadriga left upwards; river god lying on lower right, holding cornucopia
154) Sol standing left, raising hand and holding whip. 
155) Spes seated left, holding flower 
156) Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt 
157) Temple with (2) columns, Aesculapius within, snake on either side 
158) Temple with (2) columns, Jupiter standing within, holding patera and scepter 
159) Temple with (6) columns, Roma seated within 
160) Throne with wreath atop 
161) Triumphal arch 
162) Trophy with weapons at base 
163) Trophy; captive leaning on either side 
164) Trophy; captive seated right at base 
165) Trophy; seated captive on either side 
166) Trophy; seated captive to left and standing captive to right 
167) Venus standing right, leaning on column and with legs crossed, holding apple and palm 
168) Victories (2) standing, facing each other, holding shield on palm with seated captives on either side of its base 
169) Victory advancing left, holding opened wreath over shield  
170) Victory advancing left, holding opened wreath over shield reading SP / QR 
171) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm 
172) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm; seated captive to left. 
173) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and trophy
174) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and trophy; seated captive to left. 
175) Victory advancing right, dragging captive and holding trophy 
176) Victory advancing right, holding shield reading VIC / PAR 
177) Victory advancing right, holding trophy with both hands
178) Victory advancing right, holding trophy with both hands; seated captive to right. 
179) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm 
180) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and trophy
181) Victory riding biga right, holding whip 
182) Victory riding quadriga right 
183) Victory seated left, holding shield reading A / VG and palm 
184) Victory seated left, holding wreath and palm 
185) Victory seated right, holding palm and shield; trophy to right. 
186) Victory seated right, holding shield on palm
187) Victory seated right, holding shield; trophy to right. 
188) Victory standing left, holding shield on cippus and palm
189) Victory standing left, holding shield reading AVG on cippus and palm 
190) Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm 
191) Victory standing left, stepping on globe, holding shield with both hands
192) Victory standing right, holding vexillum with both hands; seated captive on either side
193) Victory standing right, stepping on globe, holding shield on palm 
194) Victory standing right, stepping on globe, holding shield reading SC on cippus and palm 
195) Victory standing, facing, holding palm and shield on palm 
196) Virtus seated left, holding Victory and parazonium; shield to side
197) Virtus standing left, holding Victory and spear 
198) Virtus standing left, holding Victory and spear with shield
199) Virtus standing right, holding spear and parazonium
200) Wreath, VOTIS / DECEN / NALI / BVS within 

 

Mints: 

 
2) Emesa 
3) Laodicea ad Mare 
4) Roma 

 
 
AU Aureus Reference(s) 
 
1) B02, O69, R152, T084 RIC IVi 278b, C 297 
2) B02, O69, R318, T181 
3) B03, O14, R134, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 11, BMC 13 
4) B03, O14, R137, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 14, C 271 
5) B03, O14, R326, T197 RIC IVi 24, BMC 32 
6) B03, O20, R145, T084 RIC IVi 400, BMC 372 
7) B03, O20, R252, T112 
8) B03, O43, R062, T065 Exe: COS II PP RIC IVi 25, BMC 58, C 113 
9) B03, O43, R299, T171 RIC IVi 29, BMC 61 
10) B03, O44, R210, T179 RIC IVi 36, C 382 
11) B03, O48, R064, T173 RIC IVi 66 
12) B03, O66, R014, T016 RIC IVi 155c, BMC 184 
13) B03, O66, R094, T139 RIC IVi 160, BMC 189 
14) B03, O66, R249, T141 RIC IVi 167b, BMC 201 
15) B03, O69, R051, T026 RIC IVi 256, BMC 313 
16) B03, O69, R122, T057 RIC IVi 274, C 254 
17) B03, O69, R148, T148 RIC IVi 279, BMC 352, C 300 
18) B03, O69, R152, T084 RIC IVi 278a 
19) B03, O69, R192, T134 
20) B03, O69, R192, T152 RIC IVi 282, BMC 353 
21) B03, O69, R221, T077 RIC IVi 196, BMC 469 
22) B03, O69, R221, T124 
23) B03, O69, R226, T093 RIC IVi 206 
24) B03, O69, R228, T185 RIC IVi 257, BMC 314, C 108 
25) B03, O69, R230, R175 RIC IVi 237 
26) B03, O69, R249, T110 RIC IVi 288, BMC 358, C 605 
27) B03, O69, R252, T110 RIC IVi 291 
28) B03, O69, R254, T084 RIC IVi 277, BMC 346, C 295 
29) B03, O69, R303, T171 RIC IVi 295, C 743 
30) B03, O69, R318, T181 RIC IVi 299, BMC 369 
31) B03, O69, R333, T146 RIC IVi 305, BMC 374, C 770 
32) B03, O71, R014, T016 RIC IVi 174, BMC 254 
33) B04, O66, R118, T070 RIC IVi 161b, BMC 192, C 1 
34) B07, O38, R012, T001 RIC IVi 122, C 20 
35) B07, O38, R055, T027 RIC IVi 502a, C 77 
36) B07, O38, R183, T097 RIC IVi 510b 
37) B07, O38, R305, T174 RIC IVi 142b 
38) B07, O51, R214, T154 
39) B07, O64, R014, T016 RIC IVi 178b 
40) B07, O64, R068, T069 RIC IVi 181a, BMC 379, C 5 
41) B07, O69, R101, T033 Exe: IN CARTH  
42) B07, O69, R137, T046 RIC IVi 189a, C 460 
43) B08, O31, R317, T171 RIC IVi 311, BMC 265, C 8 
44) B09, O66, R328, T198 RIC IVi 171b 

 
AR Tetradrachm Reference(s) 
 
45) B03, O06, R345, T034 AVGVS / TORVM across fields RIC IVi 528, C 55 

 
AR Tridrachm (~9 gm.) 
 
46) B03, O06, R319, T170 RIC IVi 533 

 
 
47) B10, O02, R056, T004 RIC 96 (IViii, Trajan Decius), C 800 
48) B10, O02, R056, T037 RIC 95 (IViii, Trajan Decius), C 799 

 
 
49) B02, O20, R107, T162  
50) B02, O20, R324, T171  
51) B02, O38, R345, T200  
52) B03, O14, R043, T058 RIC IVi 347, C 66 
53) B03, O14, R073, T011 
54) B03, O14, R074, T045 RIC IVi 349, C 146 
55) B03, O14, R124, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 2 
56) B03, O14, R126, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 4, C 259 
57) B03, O14, R127, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 5 
58) B03, O14, R128, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 3, C 256 
59) B03, O14, R130, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 7 
60) B03, O14, R131, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 8 
61) B03, O14, R132, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 9 
62) B03, O14, R133, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 10 
63) B03, O14, R134, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 11 
64) B03, O14, R135, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 12 
65) B03, O14, R136, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 13 
66) B03, O14, R137, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 14 
67) B03, O14, R138, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 15 
68) B03, O14, R139, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 16 
69) B03, O14, R141, T034 Exe: TR P COS RIC IVi 17 
70) B03, O14, R146, T034 RIC IVi 18 
71) B03, O14, R285, T167  
72) B03, O14, R298, T171 RIC IVi 22, S 6369, C 682 
73) B03, O14, R326, T197 RIC IVi 24, S 6386 
74) B03, O19, R043, T058 C 68a 
75) B03, O19, R260, T029 
76) B03, O20, R037, T156 RIC IVi 365, C 60 
77) B03, O20, R038, T156 RIC IVi 364, S 6266, C 58 
78) B03, O20, R042, T058 
79) B03, O20, R043, T058 RIC IVi 369, C 68 
80) B03, O20, R045, T021 RIC IVi 370, C 60 
81) B03, O20, R058, T102 
82) B03, O20, R065, T028  
83) B03, O20, R067, T028 RIC IVi 373 
84) B03, O20, R072, T028 RIC IVi 374a 
85) B03, O20, R084, T050  
86) B03, O20, R088, T046 RIC IVi 379, C 173a 
87) B03, O20, R088, T050 RIC IVi 383 
88) B03, O20, R088, T051 RIC IVi 376b 
89) B03, O20, R104, T162 RIC IVi 389, S 6288, C 232 
90) B03, O20, R106, T162 RIC IVi 391, C 234 
91) B03, O20, R137, T034 RIC IVi 397 
92) B03, O20, R144, T084 RIC IVi 399 
93) B03, O20, R145, T084 RIC IVi 400d, C 283 
94) B03, O20, R171, T086 
95) B03, O20, R179, T098 RIC IVi 411a, S 6314, C 346 
96) B03, O20, R258, T029 RIC IVi 417, C 628a 
97) B03, O20, R278, T013 RIC IVi 433, C 659 
98) B03, O20, R278, T163 RIC IVi 435, C 658 
99) B03, O20, R295, T171 C 677 
100) B03, O20, R295, T171 RIC IVi 424, C 675 
101) B03, O20, R307, T171 RIC IVi 425, C 697 
102) B03, O20, R307, T179 RIC IVi 423a 
103) B03, O20, R307, T182 C 700b 
104) B03, O20, R312, T171 RIC IVi 428, C 749 
105) B03, O20, R318, T189 
106) B03, O20, R322, T177 
107) B03, O20, R334, T199 RIC IVi 431, C 771 
108) B03, O23, R039, T156 RIC IVi 366a 
109) B03, O35, R196, T165 Exe: COS II PP RIC IVi 494b 
110) B03, O35, R196, T171 RIC IVi 495, C 361 
111) B03, O35, R270, T119 RIC IVi 497, C 642 
112) B03, O35, R291, T171 RIC IVi 499, C 695 
113) B03, O38, R009, T001 RIC IVi 122c, C 21 
114) B03, O38, R012, T001 RIC IVi 500, S 6259, C 21 
115) B03, O38, R022, T008 RIC IVi 501 
116) B03, O38, R026, T019 
117) B03, O38, R055, T027 RIC IVi 502b 
118) B03, O38, R057, T171 RIC IVi 125a, C 96 
119) B03, O38, R060, T171 RIC IVi 504, C 100 
120) B03, O38, R091, T054 RIC IVi 126a, S 6280, C 195 
121) B03, O38, R111, T074 RIC IVi 130, C 238 
122) B03, O38, R114, T072 RIC IVi 131, S 6291 
123) B03, O38, R120, T079 RIC IVi 505, S 6295, C 251 
124) B03, O38, R121, T015 RIC IVi 506, C 4 
125) B03, O38, R159, T085 RIC IVi 133, S 6308, C 306 
126) B03, O38, R172, T091 RIC IVi 134, C 320 
127) B03, O38, R183, T098 RIC IVi 510a, C 342 
128) B03, O38, R189, T058 RIC IVi 511a, C 455a 
129) B03, O38, R215, T054 RIC IVi 136, S 6332, C 452 
130) B03, O38, R241, T132 RIC IVi 138 
131) B03, O38, R249, T142 RIC IVi 512a, C 600 
132) B03, O38, R301, T171 RIC IVi 141a, C 694a 
133) B03, O38, R305, T172 RIC IVi 142a, C 741 
134) B03, O38, R321, T169 RIC IVi 144b, S 6381, C 719 
135) B03, O38, R328, T198 RIC IVi 145a, C 762 
136) B03, O38, R329, T131 RIC IVi 146a, C 763 
137) B03, O38, R345, T200 RIC IVi 520a, C 798 
138) B03, O39, R102, T164 
139) B03, O40, R076, T053 
140) B03, O40, R079, T051 
141) B03, O40, R089, T049 
142) B03, O43, R155, T080 RIC IVi 27a 
143) B03, O44, R155, T080 RIC IVi 32, S 6307, C 301 
144) B03, O44, R195, T104 RIC IVi 37, S 6320 
145) B03, O44, R210, T074 RIC IVi 48, S 6325 
146) B03, O44, R210, T094 RIC IVi 49, S 6326, C 381 
147) B03, O45, R029, T010 RIC IVi 40, C 42 
148) B03, O45, R096, T060 RIC IVi 43, S 6283, C 209 
149) B03, O45, R155, T080 RIC IVi 44, C 302 
150) B03, O45, R162, T087 RIC IVi 45, C 309 
151) B03, O45, R163, T086 RIC IVi 46, C 311 
152) B03, O45, R211, T074 RIC IVi 53a 
153) B03, O45, R211, T086 RIC IVi 52 
154) B03, O45, R271, T121 RIC IVi 56, C 646 
155) B03, O46, R031, T173 RIC IVi 58, C 48 
156) B03, O46, R197, T164 Exe: COS II PP RIC IVi 62, S 6322, C 363 
157) B03, O46, R211, T086 RIC IVi 60, C 396 
158) B03, O46, R211, T094 RIC IVi 61, C 390 
159) B03, O48, R081, T046 RIC IVi 470, C 265 
160) B03, O48, R211, T052 RIC IVi 69, C 404 
161) B03, O48, R211, T086 RIC IVi 67, C 397 
162) B03, O48, R211, T094 RIC IVi 68, C 391 
163) B03, O49, R003, T129 RIC IVi 74, S 6256, C 6 
164) B03, O49, R076, T049 
165) B03, O49, R092, T047 RIC IVi 78a, S 6281 
166) B03, O49, R097, T066 RIC IVi 210, C 442 
167) B03, O49, R100, T067 RIC IVi 80, C 216 
168) B03, O49, R186, T040 RIC IVi 82, C 348 
169) B03, O49, R212, T104 RIC IVi 85, C 429 
170) B03, O49, R212, T171 RIC IVi 86, S 6328, C 419 
171) B03, O49, R213, T052 RIC IVi 84, C 424 
172) B03, O49, R213, T060 RIC IVi 87, C 436 
173) B03, O49, R213, T105 RIC IVi 88, C 444 
174) B03, O49, R246, T106 RIC IVi 92a, S 6356, C 592 
175) B03, O49, R271, T121 RIC IVi 93, C 647 
176) B03, O49, R338, T141 RIC IVi 96a, C 777 
177) B03, O50, R097, T066 RIC IVi 97, S 6284, C 512 
178) B03, O50, R155, T084 RIC IVi 99, C 304 
179) B03, O50, R213, T052 RIC IVi 104, C 442 
180) B03, O50, R213, T052 RIC IVi 493 
181) B03, O50, R213, T154 RIC IVi 101, S 6331, C 433 
182) B03, O50, R242, T128 RIC IVi 106, S 6353, C 580 
183) B03, O51, R022, T008 RIC IVi 107, C 37 
184) B03, O51, R055, T027 RIC IVi 108, C 76 
185) B03, O51, R111, T074 RIC IVi 111a, S 6289, C 236 
186) B03, O51, R168, T088 RIC IVi 113, S 6311, C 315 
187) B03, O51, R194, T105 RIC IVi 118, S 6319, C 357 
188) B03, O51, R214, T154 RIC IVi 117, C 449 
189) B03, O51, R301, T171 RIC IVi 120c, C 694 
190) B03, O53, R307, T194  
191) B03, O56, R081, T051 RIC IVi 477, C 164 
192) B03, O66, R022, T006 RIC IVi 156, C 41 
193) B03, O66, R027, T017 RIC IVi 157, C 2 
194) B03, O66, R094, T139 RIC IVi 160d, C 203 
195) B03, O66, R118, T070 RIC IVi 161a, C 2 
196) B03, O66, R216, T169 RIC IVi 150, C 454 
197) B03, O66, R244, T106 RIC IVi 166, S 6354, C 586 
198) B03, O66, R249, T142 RIC IVi 167a, S 6357 
199) B03, O66, R293, T169 RIC IVi 170, C 670 
200) B03, O66, R328, T198 RIC IVi 171, C 671 
201) B03, O69, R001, T126 RIC IVi 248 
202) B03, O69, R009, T133 
203) B03, O69, R014, T016 RIC IVi 251, C 6 
204) B03, O69, R014, T019 RIC IVi 252 
205) B03, O69, R014, T123 RIC IVi 250, C 1 
206) B03, O69, R016, T002 RIC IVi 254, C 31 
207) B03, O69, R016, T003 RIC IVi 253 
208) B03, O69, R059, T083 RIC IVi 257, C 109 
209) B03, O69, R060, T161 RIC IVi 259, C 104 
210) B03, O69, R060, T171 RIC IVi 526, C 201 
211) B03, O69, R068, T149 RIC IVi 263, C 134 
212) B03, O69, R069, T041 RIC IVi 261, C 135 
213) B03, O69, R090, T047 RIC IVi 264, S 6279, C 181 
214) B03, O69, R094, T139 RIC IVi 265, S 6282, C 205 
215) B03, O69, R098, T084 RIC IVi 276, C 293 
216) B03, O69, R101, T033 RIC IVi 266, S 6285, C 222 
217) B03, O69, R122, T057 RIC IVi 274 
218) B03, O69, R151, T084  
219) B03, O69, R152, T084 RIC IVi 278, C 298 
220) B03, O69, R154, T084 RIC IVi 277, C 296 
221) B03, O69, R192, T152 RIC IVi 282 
222) B03, O69, R198, T165 RIC IVi 176, C 370 
223) B03, O69, R200, T165 RIC IVi 185, S 6323, C 373 
224) B03, O69, R219, T047 RIC IVi 189b, S 6334, C 461 
225) B03, O69, R220, T061 RIC IVi 195, S 6335, C 464 
226) B03, O69, R221, T007 RIC IVi 198, C 472 
227) B03, O69, R221, T077 RIC IVi 196, S 6336, C 469 
228) B03, O69, R221, T197 RIC IVi 197, S 6337, C 470 
229) B03, O69, R222, T007 RIC IVi 200, S 6338, C 476 
230) B03, O69, R222, T061 RIC IVi 201, C 475 
231) B03, O69, R222, T132 RIC IVi 202, C 480 
232) B03, O69, R226, T003 RIC IVi 207a, C 493 
233) B03, O69, R226, T061 RIC IVi 209, C 487 
234) B03, O69, R226, T124 RIC IVi 213a, C 495 
235) B03, O69, R226, T166 RIC IVi 214, C 498 
236) B03, O69, R226, T186 RIC IVi 211, S 6340, C 489 
237) B03, O69, R228, T024 RIC IVi 218, C 514 
238) B03, O69, R228, T024 RIC IVi 221, C 517 
239) B03, O69, R228, T059 RIC IVi 219, C 504 
240) B03, O69, R228, T060 RIC IVi 220, C 505 
241) B03, O69, R228, T078 RIC IVi 216, C 501 
242) B03, O69, R228, T187 RIC IVi 224, C 510 
243) B03, O69, R229, T076 RIC IVi 226, C 525 
244) B03, O69, R229, T101 RIC IVi 228, S 6346 
245) B03, O69, R229, T108 RIC IVi 229 
246) B03, O69, R229, T119 RIC IVi 230, C 531 
247) B03, O69, R229, T155 RIC IVi 232, C 535 
248) B03, O69, R230, T076 RIC IVi 233, C 539 
249) B03, O69, R230, T101 RIC IVi 234, C 543 
250) B03, O69, R230, T119 RIC IVi 236, S 6348, C 548 
251) B03, O69, R245, T092 RIC IVi 286, C 592 
252) B03, O69, R249, T110 RIC IVi 288, S 6358, C 606b 
253) B03, O69, R273, T158 RIC IVi 271, C 245 
254) B03, O69, R303, T171 RIC IVi 295, S 6372, C 744 
255) B03, O69, R318, T182 RIC IVi 299, C 713a 
256) B03, O69, R320, T135 RIC IVi 301, BMC 371 
257) B03, O69, R337, T139 RIC IVi 186, C 786 
258) B03, O69, R342, T139 RIC IVi 308, S 6393 
259) B03, O69, R342, T144 RIC IVi 309 
260) B03, O70, R223, T076 RIC IVi 243, C 563 
261) B03, O70, R223, T101 RIC IVi 244, C 564 
262) B03, O70, R223, T119 RIC IVi 245, C 565 
263) B03, O70, R230, T076 RIC IVi 240, C 540 
264) B03, O70, R230, T101 RIC IVi 241, C 542 
265) B03, O70, R230, T119 RIC IVi 242, C 549 
266) B03, O70, R322, T179 RIC IVi 332, C 727 
267) B03, O70, R322, T195 RIC IVi 336, C 730 
268) B06, O49, R246, T106 RIC IVi 491b, C 593 

 
AR Denarius (Posthumous) Reference(s) 
 
269) B01, O03, R056, T035 RIC 191c (IVi, Caracalla), C 84 
270) B01, O03, R056, T036 RIC 191b (IVi, Caracalla), C 82 
271) B01, O03, R056, T038 RIC 191d (IVi, Caracalla), C 86 
272) B01, O03, R056, T055 RIC 191f (IVi, Caracalla), C 89 
273) B01, O03, R056, T160 RIC 191e (IVi, Caracalla), C 87 

 
 
274) B03, O69, R060, T171 RIC IVi 258, C 103 

 
 
275) B06, O62, R297, T179 C 678 
276) B07, O62, R063, T065 

 
 
277) B02, O44, R182, T099 Exe: SC RIC IVi 670d, C 335 
278) B02, O49, R003, T130 Exe: SC RIC IVi 719, C 8 
279) B03, O44, R016, T003 RIC IVi 668, C 26 
280) B03, O45, R016, T003 RIC IVi 676, C 28 
281) B03, O48, R064, T136 Exe: SC RIC IVi 702, C 128 
282) B03, O49, R186, T040 Exe: SC RIC IVi 721, C 351 
283) B03, O60, R230, T168 Exe: SC C 547 
284) B03, O60, R232, T168 Exe: SC RIC IVi 818, C 732 
285) B07, O66, R304, T179 RIC IVi 754 

 
 
286) B10, O44, R016, T003 RIC IVi 680, C 30 
287) B10, O69, R230, T114 Exe: SC RIC IVi 802, C 550 

 
AE As 
 
288) B03, O69, R227, T012 Exe: COS III PP / SC RIC IVi 786a, C 523 
289) B03, O69, R230, T114 Exe: SC RIC IVi 804, C 552 
290) B03, O70, R302, T192 Exe: SC RIC IVi 812b, C 724 

 

Septimius Severus Busts 

Septimius Severus Types