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Index Of All Titles


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AEQVITI
Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
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XXI

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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Procopius

Augustus 365-366

Some contemporary historians of Procopius claim that Julian II had meant for the general to succeed him instead of Jovian. Whether true or not, Jovian gained the throne and Procopius, an otherwise well-regarded general, dimmed in the background. Jovian soon died, however, and Valentinian became the next emperor. Procopius still had an itch for the position and began to make his moves. Biding his time carefully, he waited for Valentinian's brother and colleague, Valens, to leave on an expedition and with the help of a few key conspirators had himself proclaimed emperor. Because now Valens was away with the bulk of his troops there was nothing that could be immediately done about the insurrection and Procopius was able to hold on to Constantinopolis and a few adjacent provinces. 
By the time Valens had wrapped up with his initial conflict, Procopius had been unable to secure the loyalty of several leading generals and his power base dwindled as Valens approached. Seeing that all was lost he fled but was captured and executed.

Procopius is quite a bit tougher to find than either Julian II or Jovian who came just before his own rise to power. Part of the reason is that as usurper Procopius had access to fewer mints and, of course, he was in power only for a year.
 
But even with these two factors considered the fact is that Procopius struck far fewer coins than either of those emperors. Even for a one year reign this was a prolific age in the minting of coins, especially out of the central Constantinoplis mint. One might be tempted to suspect that upon Valens‟s retaking of the city in 366 much of the precious coinage in the name of Procopius might have been recalled, melted and reissued but even if this was the case no emperor would have bothered with the bronzes which are correspondingly scarce as well.
 
The AE3‟s feature a primary design with the emperor facing and holding a labarum and shield. Typically these are accompanied by a Christogram and an object on the floor that look like two stacked globes or similar shapes. While a tentative identification could be a helmet it is not a very convincing one. The design that includes this object is unique to his reign.
 
One of these bronzes, if not very attractive, can be found every now and then on eBay for $50-$100 with nicer grades going for twice or three times that much. Siliquae are rare and expensive although not prohibitively so.

Busts:

 
1) Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust left
2) Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right
3) Diademed, cuirassed bust right

 

Obverse:

 
1) DN PROCOPIVS PF AVG

 

Reverses:

 
1) REPARATIO FEL TEMP
2) No legend

 

Types:

 

1) Procopius standing, facing, holding labarum and resting hand on shield
2) Procopius standing, facing, holding labarum and resting hand on shield; Chi-Rho in upper right field
3) Procopius standing, facing, holding labarum and resting hand on shield; Chi-Rho in upper right field and object to lower left.
4) Procopius standing, facing, holding labarum and resting hand on shield; object to lower left.
5) Procopius standing, facing, holding spear and resting hand on shield.
6) Wreath, VOT / V within

 

Mints:

 
1) Constantinopolis
2) Cyzicus
3) Heraclea
4) Nicomedia

 
 
AU Solidus Reference(s)

 
1) B2, O1, R1, T1, M1 Exe: CONS RIC 2b (IX, Constantinopolis)

 
AR Siliqua

 
2) B2, O1, R2, T6, M1 Exe: .C.` RIC 13e.11 (IX, Constantinopolis)
3) B2, O1, R2, T6, M1 Exe: C.` RIC 13e.6 (IX, Constantinopolis)
4) B2, O1, R2, T6, M2 Exe: KV` RIC 3a (IX, Cyzicus)

 
AE3

 
5) B1, O1, R1, T2, M2 Exe: *SMH` RIC 7.8 (IX, Cyzicus)
6) B1, O1, R1, T2, M2 Exe: ./SMH` RIC 7.5 (IX, Cyzicus)
7) B1, O1, R1, T2, M2 Exe: ./SMN` RIC 10.3 (IX, Nicomedia)
8) B1, O1, R1, T3, M1 Exe: CONS`* RIC 17a (IX, Constantinopolis), L 2082
9) B1, O1, R1, T3, M2 Exe: *SMK` RIC 7 (IX, Cyzicus), L 2525
10) B2, O1, R1, T4, M1 Exe: CONS`
11) B2, O1, R1, T5, M1 Exe: CONS` RIC 19 (IX, Constantinopolis)

 

Procopius Busts

Procopius Types