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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Philip II 

   Augustus 247-249 

Philip II was the son of Philip who named him co-Augustus just before he set out to fight the army of Trajan Decius. Philip was only about 10 years old and when news reached Rome of Decius's victory the boy could do little to stem the growing momentum against his father's killer. Briefly, he remained sole emperor but the troops in Rome were no match for the approaching army of Decius, especially considering that Philip's own captured troops were now fighting alongside him. As expected, rather than fight a losing battle, the Praetorian Guard just murdered the boy and avoided the confrontation. 
 
The coinage series for Philip junior closely mimics that of senior in quantity and substance so that the two are equally abundant despite his fatherís two-year-plus headstart.  


Busts:  

1) Bare-headed, draped bust right 
2) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
4) Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left 
5) Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right 

 

Obverses: 

 
1) M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES 
2) M IVL PHILIPPVS NOBIL CAES 
3) IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG 
4) IMP PHILIPPVS AVG 

 

Reverses: 

 
3) AETERNIT IMPERI 
6) AVG PATRI AVG MATRI 
9) FELICIT IMPP 
13) LIBERALITAS AVG IIII 
14) LIBERALITAS AVGG II 
15) LIBERALITAS AVGG III 
17) PAX AETERNA 
19) PIETAS AVGVSTORVM 
20) PM TR P IIII COS II PP 
21) PM TR P IIII COS PP 
22) PM TR P VI COS PP 
30) No legend 

 

Types: 

 
1) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia 
2) Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia 
3) Cippus, COS / II within 
4) Cippus, COS / III within 
5) Concordia seated left, holding patera and cornucopia
6) Elephant with rider advancing left 
7) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia 
8) Goat advancing left 
9) Jupiter standing, facing, holding thunderbolt and scepter
10) Lion (radiate) advancing left 
11) Lion (radiate) advancing left with thunderbolt in jaws. 
12) Lion (radiate) advancing right 
13) Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy
14) Monetae (3) standing left, holding scale and cornucopiae 
15) Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter
16) Philip I and Philip II seated left; emperor on left raising hand and the one on right holding scepter 
17) Philip I and Philip II seated left, facing citizen 
18) Philip I laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right facing Otacilia Severa diademed, draped bust left. 
19) Philip II standing left, holding globe and spear. 
20) Philip II standing left, holding globe and spear; seated captive to left. 
21) Philip II standing left, holding globe and standard
22) Philip II standing left, holding globe and standard; seated captive to left. 
23) Philip II standing left, holding standard and spear. 
24) Philip II standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding scepter 
25) Philip II standing right, holding spear and globe. 
26) Philip II standing right, holding spear and globe; Philip I standing to left. 
27) Sacrificial implements: simpulum, cruet, lituus, etc. (variously arranged) 
28) Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear 
29) Sol advancing left, raising hand and holding whip 
30) Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt. 
31) Standards (4) 
32) Temple with (6) columns, Roma within 
33) Wreath, FELICITAS IMPP within 
34) Wreath, VOTIS DECENNALIBVS within. 

 

Mints: 

 
1) Antioch 
2) Roma 

 
 
AU Aureus Reference(s) 
 
1) B1, O1, R23, T19 RIC 218a (IViii, Philip I), C 46 
2) B1, O1, R23, T25 RIC 216a (IViii, Philip I), C 52 
3) B2, O4, R26, T03 RIC 225 (IViii, Philip I), C 77 

 
 
4) B3, O3, R25, T28 RIC 243 (IViii, Philip I
5) B4, O3, R20, T07  
6) B5, O1, R11, T09 RIC 213 (IViii, Philip I), C 13 
7) B5, O1, R23, T19 RIC 218d (IViii, Philip I), C 48 
8) B5, O1, R23, T20 RIC 219 (IViii, Philip I), C 57 
9) B5, O1, R23, T25 RIC 216c (IViii, Philip I), C 54 
10) B5, O1, R26, T08 RIC 224 (IViii, Philip I), C 72 
11) B5, O3, R01, T01  
12) B5, O3, R02, T01 RIC 240a (IViii, Philip I
13) B5, O3, R03, T29 RIC 226 (IViii, Philip I), C 6 
14) B5, O3, R04, T06 RIC 246a (IViii, Philip I), C 5 
15) B5, O3, R07, T05 RIC 241 (IViii, Philip I
16) B5, O3, R17, T15 RIC 227 (IViii, Philip I
17) B5, O3, R20, T07 RIC 233 (IViii, Philip I), C 34 
18) B5, O3, R21, T07 RIC 232 (IViii, Philip I
19) B5, O3, R22, T07 RIC 235 (IViii, Philip I
20) B5, O3, R22, T11 
21) B5, O3, R22, T24 RIC 236 (IViii, Philip I
22) B5, O3, R26, T04  
23) B5, O3, R27, T32 RIC 244 (IViii, Philip I), C 8 
24) B5, O4, R15, T16 RIC 230 (IViii, Philip I), C 17 
25) B5, O4, R17, T15  RIC 231c (IViii, Philip I), C 23 

 
 
26) B1, O1, R23, T25 RIC 216b (IViii, Philip I), C 53 

 
 
27) B1, O1, R23, T19 RIC 256a (IViii, Philip I), C 49 
28) B1, O1, R23, T25 RIC 255a (IViii, Philip I), C 55 
29) B2, O3, R17, T15 RIC 268c (IViii, Philip I), C 25 


30) B2, O3, R26, T08 RIC 264a (IViii, Philip I), C 73 

 
AE As Reference(s) 
 
31) B1, O1, R24, T23 RIC 258a (IViii, Philip I), C 62 

 

Philip II Busts 

Philip II Types