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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Pescennius Niger 

Augustus 193-194 

Niger was the governor of Syria at the time of Pertinax's murder. When he heard what had happened he decided he was the right man for the job. His soldiers quickly fell in line and off they went to Rome. A little kink in their plans cropped up when news reached them that the army of Septimius Severus had the same plans. Niger judiciously figured that his chances of defeating Severus in the open field were not good so he retreated at once back to Syria to await Severus on his own turf. Although this made things a bit more difficult for Severus, however, he was still able to defeat his rival in separate battles and then executed. 
 
As far as the collector is concerned, locating a coin of Pescennius Niger is not very difficult. However, they are fairly pricey. Regardless of condition, so long as the coin can be positively identified expect to pay a minimum of around $500. Due to imperial bronze coins being mostly issued from Rome itself during this period, there are no available Sestertii, Dupondii or Asses. Other than a few exceedingly rare Aurei this leaves only Denarii
 
If an abbreviated choice of denominations from which to choose is somewhat disappointing, the bewildering amount of variations from one Denarius to the next will make up for it. Given the nature of Nigerís rise to power coins had to be rushed into production from a provincial mint that did not have extensive familiarity with minting mainstream Denarii. The legends are often erratic and blundered and the rendition of the typical numismatic themes of the day seem odd, crude and carelessly executed. 
 
None of this takes away the charm of the coins themselves but it does make cataloguing the corpus of his series very challenging. It should therefore not be surprising to find new varieties.  

Busts: 

1) Laureate head right 
2) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
3) Laureate, draped bust right 

 

Obverses: 

 
1) IMP ACES C PESCE NIGER IVSTI AV 
2) IMP C NIGER IVS AVG COS II 
3) IMP C PESC NIGER AVG 
4) IMP C PESC NIGER IVS AVG COS II 
5) IMP C PESCE NIGER AVG 
6) IMP CAES C PES NIGER IVS A 
7) IMP CAES C PES NIGER IVS AV 
8) IMP CAES C PES NIGER IVS AVG COS II 
9) IMP CAES C PESC NGER 
10) IMP CAES C PESC NIGER  
11) IMP CAES C PESC NIGER AVG 
12) IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVS 
13) IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVS AV 
14) IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVS AVG COS II 
15) IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVS COS II 
16) IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVST
17) IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVST AV 
18) IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVST AVG 
19) IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVST AVG COS II 
20) IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVST COS II 
21) IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVSTI A 
22) IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVSTI AV 
23) IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVSTVS AVG 
24) IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVSTVS AVG COS II 
25) IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVT AV 
26) IMP CAES C PESCE NIGER ISTI A 
27) IMP CAES C PESCE NIGER ISTI AVG 
28) IMP CAES C PESCE NIGER IVS COS 
29) IMP CAES C PESCE NIGER IVST AVG 
30) IMP CAES C PESCE NIGER IVSTI AV 
31) IMP CAES C PESCEN NIGER IVST
32) IMP CAES C PESCEN NIGER IVST AV 
33) IMP CAES C PESCEN NIGER IVST AVG 
34) IMP CAES C PESCEN NIGER IVSTI A 
35) IMP CAES C PESCEN NIGER IVSTI AV 
36) IMP CAES C PESE NIGER AVG 
37) IMP CAES C PESE NIGER IV A 
38) IMP CAES C PISE NIGER AVG 
39) IMP CAES PESC NIGER IVS COS II 
40) IMP CAES PESC NIGER IVST AV 
41) IMP CAES PESC NIGER IVST AVG 
42) IMP CAES PESC NIGER IVT AV  
43) IMP CAES PESCE NIGER ISTI AVG 
44) IMP CAES PESCE NIGER IVST 

 

Reverses: 

 
3) BONAS SPEI 
5) CELERI FRVGIFER 
6) CERER FRVG 
7) CERERI FRVFER 
8) CERERI FRVGIF 
9) CERERI FRVGIFER 
10) CERERI FRVGIFERI 
11) CONCORDIA 
13) FELICIT TEMPOR 
14) FELICITAS TEMPOR 
16) FIDEI EXERCITVI 
17) FORTVNA PP 
18) FORTVNA RED 
19) FORTVNA REDVCI 
20) FORTVNAE RED 
21) FORTVNAE REDV 
22) FORTVNAE REDVC 
24) HILARITAS AVG 
25) IMVISTO IMPER 
26) INVIC IMP 
27) INVICT IMPERAT 
29) INVICTO IMP TA 
30) INVICTO IMP TROPAE 
31) INVICTO IMP TROPAEA 
32) INVICTO IMP TROPHAEA 
33) INVICTO MPERAI 
34) IOVI CAP PR VRB 
37) IOVI PRAE 
39) IVSTI AVG 
40) IVSTITIA AVG 
43) MARTI AVG 
45) MARTI INVICTO 
49) MINER VICTRIS 
50) MONET AVG 
52) MONETA COS 
53) MONETAE AVG 
54) MONETE AVG 
55) PIETATI AVG 
56) ROMAE AETERN 
57) ROMAE AETERNA 
59) ROMAE ATERAE 
61) SAECVLI FLICITAS 
63) SALVTI AVGVS 
64) SALVTI AVGVSTI 
65) VICTO IMP TROPAEA 
67) VICTOR IVSTI AV 
68) VICTOR IVSTI AVG 
70) VICTORIAE 
 

Types: 

 
1) Apollo standing left, leaning on column, holding branch and resting hand on hip 
2) Capricorns (2) facing away from each other, hind quarters covered by shield; globe with stars within above and between them. 
3) Ceres standing left, holding grain ears and scepter 
4) Ceres standing left, holding torch in each hand 
5) Concordia standing left, raising hand and holding cornucopiae 
6) Cornucopiae (2), crossed 
7) Cornucopiae (2), crossed, grain ear in between 
8) Crescent with seven stars above 
9) Fides standing, facing, holding grain ears and fruit basket 
10) Fides standing, facing, holding fruit basket and grain ears. 
11) Fides standing, facing, holding wreath and grain ears. 
12) Fortuna seated left, holding branch and cornucopia 
13) Fortuna seated left, holding branch and wreath 
14) Fortuna seated left, holding caduceus and cornucopia
15) Fortuna seated left, holding patera and wreath 
16) Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia 
17) Fortuna seated left, holding scale and cornucopia 
18) Fortuna standing left, holding palm and cornucopia
19) Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
20) Jupiter seated left, holding eagle and scepter 
21) Jupiter seated left, holding Victory and scepter
22) Jupiter seated left, holding Victory and scepter; eagle to left. 
23) Justitia standing, facing, holding globe and scepter 
24) Justitia standing, facing, holding scale and cornucopia 
25) Justitia standing, facing, holding scale and scepter
26) Mars advancing left, holding spear and trophy 
27) Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy 
28) Mars standing left, holding trophy and spear 
29) Mars standing left, holding Victory and spear with shield
30) Mars standing left, resting hand on shield and holding spear. 
31) Minerva standing left, holding Victory and spear with shield
32) Modius, grain ears within 
33) Moneta standing left, holding scale and cornucopia
34) Moneta standing left, holding scale and raising skirt. 
35) Pescennius Niger standing left, sacrificing over altar 
36) Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear; shield to side
37) Roma standing left, holding Victory and spear 
38) Salus standing left, holding scale and cornucopia 
39) Salus standing right, holding and feeding snake; altar to lower right. 
40) Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt. 
41) Trophy 
42) Trophy with shields, spears, helmet, etc. (various positions, arrangements) 
43) Vexillae (3); center vexillum with shield reading VI / CAV / G 
44) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm
45) Victory standing left, holding cornucopia and resting hand on hip. 
46) Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm
47) Victory standing left, holding shield reading AVG on column and palm 
48) Victory standing left, holding shield reading AVG on trophy and palm
49) Victory standing right, holding wreath and palm 
50) Virtus advancing right, holding spear and shield 
51) Victory advancing right, holding wreath with both hands 
52) Virtus standing left, resting hand on shield and holding spear. 
53) Virtus standing, facing, holding spear and resting hand on shield 

 

Mints: 

 
1) Antioch 
2) Caesarea Capadociae 

  
 
AU Aureus Reference(s) 
 
1) B2, O18, R17, T19 
2) B2, O18, R34, T21 

 
AR Denarius  
 
3) B1, O11, R54, T34 RIC IVi 66b 
4) B1, O12, R49, T31  
5) B1, O13, R14, T06 
6) B1, O14, R48, T31 RIC IVi 59, C 53 
7) B1, O14, R53, T33 C 56e 
8) B1, O14, R66, T44  
9) B1, O17, R23, T19 RIC IVi 26c, C 28 
10) B1, O17, R40, T24 RIC IVi 45a, C 43 
11) B1, O18, R16, T43  
12) B1, O18, R23, T14 
13) B1, O18, R58, T37 
14) B1, O18, R60, T08 RIC IVi 73 
15) B1, O18, R62, T39 RIC IVi 75b, C 66a 
16) B1, O27, R21, T12 
17) B1, O27, R67, T44  
18) B1, O31, R23, T18 
19) B1, O33, R53, T33 RIC Ivi 64b 
20) B1, O41, R62, T39  
21) B1, O41, R64, T39 RIC Ivi 77, C 68 
22) B1, O41, R71, T47 
23) B1, O41, R73, T52 RIC Ivi 92b, C 80a 
24) B1, O42, R37, T21 

 

Pescennius Niger Busts 

Pescennius Niger Types