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XXI

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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Pertinax 

Augustus 193 

A former grammar teacher, Pertinax dabbled in the army where he found great success and climbed the ranks eventually landing several high ranking army and civil posts. He was then nominated Augustus following the murder of Commodus by a Senate only too willing to put the Commodus legacy behind them.  
With prompt resolve, he immediately began deconstructing the corrupt machinery that had been operating under the former administration and restoring civil liberties, a liberalized economy and the dignity of the Senate. Loved then by both the public and the Senate, his key misfortune was securing the favor of the army entrusted to protect him. Financially incapable of providing a large donative as was by now customary upon the accession of a new emperor (Commodus had drained the imperial treasury to just a few hundred thousand Denarii) as well as the promise of restoring the traditionally strict discipline of the army (again, under Commodus the army, too, had become corrupted with all sorts of bribes and other ill-gotten wealth) all amounted to a deep dissatisfaction within the army. The hushed complaints broke out into an impromptu mob that then advanced towards the palace. Naive but ever the patriot Pertinax personally met the discontented to attempt to reason with them and instead wound up skewered before help could arrive. No sooner had his blood been spilled than the whole empire wept for the insensible loss of so bright a leader. His reign lasted all of 86 days and his death eventually precipitated a major civil war. 

Scoring a Pertinax takes a bit of patience and a lot of cash. Coins are ďavailableĒ in all three metals but all are very rare. Prices for a Denarius, the most abundant denomination, start in the low- to mid-hundreds of dollars for a barely recognizable coin and go up quickly from there based on condition. 
 
Septimius Severus honored Pertinax posthumously on a few coins. These, unfortunately, are also quite rare.  


Busts: 


1) Bare head right 
2) Bare headed, draped bust right 
3) Laureate head right 
4) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
5) Laureate, draped bust right 
6) Radiate head right 

 

Obverses: 

 
2) IMP CAES P HELV PERT AVG 
3) IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG 
4) IMP CAES P HELV PERTINAX AVG 

 

Reverses: 

 
6) LAETITIA TEMPOR COS II 
8) LIB AVG TR P COS II 
11) OPI DIVINAE TR P COS II 
13) PROVID DEOR COS II 
14) PROVIDEN DEORVM COS II 
15) PROVIDENTIAE DEORVM COS II 
19) No legend 

 

Types: 

 
1) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia
2) Caduceus with grain ears attached on either side
3) Eagle perched on globe 
4) Fortuna standing left, holding rudder on globe and cornucopia 
5) Funeral pyre, quadriga atop. 
6) Janus standing, facing, holding scepter and resting hand on hip. 
7) Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and scepter
8) Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopia
9) Libertas standing left, holding pileus and scepter 
10) Ops seated left, holding grain ears 
11) Pertinas seated left on platform, raising hand, facing citizen on steps to lower left; lictor and Liberalitas in background. 
12) Pertinax standing left, sacrificing over altar
13) Pietas standing, facing, sacrificing over altar and holding incense box; child to right. 
14) Providentia standing left, raising hands toward star
15) Roma seated left on shield, holding Victory and spear 
16) Wreath, PRIMI DENNALES COS II within. 

 

Mints: 

 
2) Roma 

 
 
AU Aureus Reference(s) 
 
1) B3, O3, R01, T01 RIC IVi 1, BMC 14, C 1 
2) B3, O3, R06, T07 RIC IVi 4, C 19 
3) B5, O3, R13, T14 RIC IVi 11, BMC 12, C 41 

 
 
4) B3, O3, R01, T01 RIC IVi 1, C 2 
5) B3, O3, R05, T06 RIC IVi 3, C 17 
6) B3, O3, R06, T07 RIC IVi 4, S 6041, C 20 
7) B3, O3, R10, T10 RIC IVi 8, S 6045, C 33 
8) B3, O3, R13, T14 RIC IVi 10, C 40 
9) B3, O3, R17, T02 RIC IVi 12 
10) B3, O3, R18, T12 RIC IVi 13 

 
 
11) B1, O1, R02, T03 RIC 24a (IVi, Septimius Severus

 
 
12) B3, O4, R15, T14 RIC IVi 21, C 49 
13) B3, O4, R18, T12 RIC IVi 24 

 
AE As 
 
14) B3, O3, R10, T10 RIC IVi 35 

 

Pertinax Busts 

Pertinax Types