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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


 

Numerian 

Augustus 283-284 

Son of Carus and brother of Carinus, Numerian's brief stint as emperor started when he along with his father set out for war against the Sassanians in Persia (Iran). Under mysterious circumstances Carus was incinerated in his tent just prior to the military encounter of the two armies. The official explanation was that the tent had been stricken by lightning but this has been interpreted as much too convenient. As the battle was called off and the army was returning Numerian, too, was found dead in his quarters. This time a hasty investigation was started and the Praetorian Prefect, a certain Aper, was killed on the spot by Diocletian. He then proclaimed himself emperor and renouncing Carinus. With the suspicious death of Numerian the report of Carus's death made for a more compelling story that the Prefect had had a hand in their deaths. It is likely that Diocletian had engineered a sophisticated conspiracy using Aper as the central pawn and then scapegoat. 
 
Numerianís Antoniniani are not very rare despite the short stay at the top. Condition more than anything will determine the going rate for the coins with fully-silvered pieces costing upwards of $100 each. There are a few other denominations, including the Aureus, but are all very rare and expensive.  

Busts:  

1) Helmeted, laureate, cuirassed bust right holding spear and shield 
2) Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield 
3) Laureate, cuirassed bust right 
4) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
5) Laureate, draped bust right 
7) Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield 
8) Radiate, cuirassed bust right 
9) Radiate, cuirassed bust right with spear 
10) Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
11) Radiate, draped bust right 
12) Radiate head right 

 

Obverses: 

 
1) DIVO NVMERIANO 
2) DIVO NVMERIANO AVG 
3) IMP C M AVR NVMERIANVS AVG 
4) IMP C M AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C 
5) IMP C M AVR NVMERIANVS PF AVG 
6) IMP C NVMERIANVS AVG 
7) IMP C NVMERIANVS PF AVG 
8) IMP NVMERIANVS AVG 
9) IMP NVMERIANVS PF AVG 
10) M AVR NVMERIANVS C 
11) M AVR NVMERIANVS CAES 
12) M AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C 
13) NVMAERIANVS NOB CAES 
14) NVMERIANVS NOB CAES 

 

Reverses: 

 
6) CONSERVAT AVGGG 
9) FIDES EXERCIT AVGG 
12) MARTI PACIFERO 
15) PAX AVG 
16) PAX AVGG 
19) PM TR P COS PP 
22) PROVIDENT AVGG 
24) ROMAE AETERN 
26) SALVS AVGG 
27) SECVRIT AVG 
28) SPES AVGG 
30) VENERI VICTRI 

 

Types: 

 
1) Abundantia standing left, pouring out cornucopia 
2) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia 
3) Altar 
4) Eagle standing, facing 
5) Felicitas standing left, leaning on column and with legs crossed, holding caduceus
6) Fides seated left, holding patera; two standards to left and one to right 
7) Hercules standing right, resting hand on hip and leaning on club with lion skin on rock 
8) Jupiter standing left, holding Victory and scepter; eagle to left 
9) Mars advancing left, holding branch and spear 
10) Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy 
11) Mercury standing left, holding purse and caduceus 
12) Numerian and Carinus riding horse right, hands raised. 
13) Numerian and Carinus standing, facing each other, sacrificing over altar; two standards in background 
14) Numerian and Carinus standing, facing each other, together holding Victory on globe who crowns both. 
15) Numerian standing left, being crowned by Victory to right; one standing and one kneeling captive to left 
16) Numerian standing left, holding branch and scepter 
17) Numerian standing left, holding globe and scepter 
18) Numerian standing left, holding globe and spear; seated captive to either side
19) Numerian standing left, holding spear; two standards on either side
20) Numerian standing left, holding standard and spear; two standards to right 
21) Numerian standing left, holding wand and globe 
22) Numerian standing left, holding wand and scepter 
23) Numerian standing left, holding wand and scepter; two standards to right 
24) Numerian standing right on left, holding scepter and receiving globe from Carus to right, holding scepter
25) Numerian standing right on left, holding scepter and receiving Victory on globe from Carus to right, holding scepter
26) Numerian standing right on left, holding scepter and receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter to right, holding scepter
27) Numerian standing right, spearing enemy 
28) Pax advancing left, holding branch and scepter 
29) Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter 
30) Pietas standing left, holding purse and caduceus 
31) Pietas standing right, raising hands over altar 
32) Providentia standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia 
33) Roma seated left on shield, holding patera and spear 
34) Roma seated left on shield, holding Victory and scepter 
35) Salus seated left, feeding snake on altar 
36) Securitas standing left, leaning on column and with legs crossed, touching head
37) Sol advancing left, raising hand and holding whip 
38) Sol radiate, draped bust right 
39) Sol standing left, raising hand and holding globe 
40) Sol standing right, raising hand and holding globe 
41) Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt 
42) Venus standing left, holding apple and raising skirt 
43) Venus standing left, holding Victory and apple
44) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm 
45) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm 
46) Victory riding chariot left 
47) Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm; two captives on either side
48) Victory standing right on globe, holding wreath and palm 
49) Virtus riding horse right, spearing enemy 
50) Virtus riding horse right, spearing two enemies 
51) Virtus standing left, holding Victory on globe and spear. 
52) Virtus standing left, resting hand on shield and holding spear. 
53) Virtus standing, facing, stepping on helmet, holding spear and parazonium

 

Mints: 

 
1) Antioch 
2) Cyzicus 
4) Roma 
5) Siscia 
6) Ticinum 
7) Tripolis 

 
 
AU Aureus Reference(s) 
 
1) B03, O03, R13, T40 RIC Vii 381 
2) B03, O08, R32, T48 
3) B04, O04, R06, T39 Exe: SMA RIC Vii 373 
4) B04, O08, R30, T43 RIC Vii 405, C 93 
5) B04, O08, R36, T07 RIC Vii 408 

 
 
6) B07, O06, R16, T29 B in left field RIC Vii 394 
7) B07, O08, R16, T29 B in left field RIC Vii 395, C 49 
8) B08, O06, R11, T10 C in right field RIC Vii 388f, C 22 
9) B08, O06, R16, T29 B in left field RIC Vii 394 
10) B08, O06, R18, T31 Exe: C/LVG RIC Vii 396 
11) B08, O07, R09, T06 Exe: `/SMSXXI RIC Vii 460f, C 15 
12) B08, O07, R18, T11 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 414f, C 60 
13) B08, O08, R10, T08 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 410f, C 16 
14) B08, O08, R39, T18 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 423f 
15) B08, O09, R10, T08 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 409f, C 17 
16) B08, O09, R22, T32 Exe: VXXI RIC Vii 447f, C 81 
17) B08, O10, R36, T24 Exe: * over TR/XXI RIC Vii 380f, C 111 
18) B10, O03, R16, T29 B in right field RIC Vii 393c 
19) B10, O07, R04, T26 Exe: `/XXI RIC Vii 463c, C 8 
20) B10, O07, R09, T06 Exe: `/SMSXXI RIC Vii 460c, C 15 
21) B10, O07, R36, T25 Exe: `/XXI RIC Vii 467c, C 110 
22) B10, O07, R40, T13 Exe: SMSXXI` RIC Vii 461a, C 122 
23) B10, O08, R13, T37 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 195 
24) B10, O08, R18, T11 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 416f 
25) B10, O08, R39, T18 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 423c 
26) B10, O09, R21, T22 Exe: VIXXI RIC Vii 444c, C 79 
27) B10, O10, R18, T11 Exe: KA` 
28) B10, O10, R20, T17 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 360c, C 66 
29) B10, O10, R20, T22 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 362c, C 77 
30) B10, O10, R21, T22 Exe: VIXXI RIC Vii 366c, C 69 
31) B10, O12, R13, T38 C 40 
32) B10, O12, R21, T22 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 361c, C 76 
33) B11, O03, R16, T29 B in left field RIC Vii 393a 
34) B11, O07, R09, T06 Exe: `/SMSXXI RIC Vii 460a, C 15 
35) B11, O08, R13, T37 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 412a, C 37 
36) B11, O09, R22, T32 Exe: VXXI RIC Vii 447a, C 81 
37) B11, O10, R36, T25 Exe: `/XXI RIC Vii 377a, C 104 

 
 
38) B12, O01, R05, T04 Exe: KA®` RIC Vii 424, C 10 

 
 
39) B04, O08, R16, T28 Exe: ` RIC Vii 435, C 53 

 

Numerian Busts 

Numerian Types