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XXI

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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Maximinus

    Augustus 235-238 

Maximinus rose to power via the army where he served as legion commander during a turbulent period of battles against the Germanic tribes. The soldiers under his command, displeased with the wishy-washy way of their current emperor (Severus Alexander), voted with their swords and proclaimed Maximinus emperor. Although he scored a number of successes against the barbarians his dealings in civilian matters were another story entirely. He terrorized the Senate and raised taxes drastically. His tyranical ways, which included a seething contempt for aristocracy, the arts and religion, soon became known throughout the empire. In desperation, the Senate brought the Balbinus-Pupienus duo to a joint emperorship while Maximinus was still approaching Rome. Pupienus's army was smaller than Maximinus's but they followed a scorched-earth policy in calculated retreats and guerilla strikes. This so wore down Maximinus's soldiers that they got fed up and killed him just three years into his reign. 
The reign of Maximinus also signals the first time during the imperial period that a man of barbarian birth assumed the throne (Caracalla's edict of extending Roman citizenship to the provincials made him, technically, a Roman). Of him it was said that he was taller than eight feet and could eat thirty to fourt pounds of meat and eight gallons of wine daily. Notwithstanding this likely exaggeration it still should give one pause as to his physical attributions. 
 
For the period, the coins of Maximinus are somewhat scarcer than those of his immediate predecessor (Severus Alexander) and those of his successor (Gordian III). But this was at a time when the mints were very active so his coins are nonetheless readily available.  
 
As with Severus Alexander, the Antoninianus continues to be suspended from production while the Denarius now looks very much like it; that is, struck on rather thin but broad flans with shallower relief. These Denarii will typically cost around $50 and up depending on concition and, to a lesser extent, the rarity of the reverse type. Actually, the greater part of the Denarii in circulation among dealers and collectors today is of relatively high grade with many of them being fully mint state  

Busts:  

1) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
2) Laureate, draped bust right 
3) Radiate, draped bust right 
4) Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right 

 

Obverses: 

 
1) IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG 

 

Reverses: 

 
8) MARTI PACIFERO 
9) PAX AVGG 
11) PM TR P COS PP 
12) PM TR P II COS PP 
13) PM TR P III COS PP 
14) PM TR P IIII COS PP 
15) PM TR P PP 
16) PM TR P VI COS II PP 
17) PM TR P VIII COS III PP 
26) No legend 

 

Types: 

 
1) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia 
2) Fides standing left, holding a standard in each hand. 
3) Indulgentia seated left, raising hand and holding scepter
4) Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopia 
5) Libertas standing left, holding pileus and scepter 
6) Mars standing left, stepping on helmet, holding branch and scepter
7) Maximinus and Maximus standing, facing each other, together holding Victory; soldier standing on either of their sides and two seated captives in center. 
8) Maximinus riding quadriga left, holding branch and scepter, being crowned by Victory
9) Maximinus seated left on platform accompanied by Liberalitas, holding scale and cornucopia
10) Maximinus seated left on platform accompanied by Liberalitas, holding scale and cornucopia; citizen on steps to lower left. 
11) Maximinus standing left, raising hand and holding spear; standard on either side 
12) Maximinus standing left, raising hand and holding spear; two standards on either side Exe: SC. 
13) Maximinus standing left, raising hand and holding spear; two standards to left and one to right. 
14) Maximinus standing left, raising hand, being crowned by Victory to right, holding palm 
15) Monetae (3) standing left, each holding a scale and cornucopia; coins piled by feet. 
16) Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter
17) Providentia standing left, holing wand over globe and cornucopia
18) Salus seated left, feeding snake on altar
19) Sol standing left, raising hand and holding whip 
20) Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt. 
21) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm
22) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm
23) Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm; seated captive to left. 
24) Wreath, VOTIS / DECENNA / LIBVS within. 

 

Mint: 

 
1) Roma 

 
AU Aureus Reference(s) 
 
1) B2, O1, R19, T18 RIC IVii 14, BMC 20, C 83 

 
 
2) B1, O1, R04, T02 RIC IVii 7a, C 7 
3) B1, O1, R10, T16 RIC IVii 12, C 31 
4) B1, O1, R12, T11 RIC IVii 3, C 55 
5) B1, O1, R12, T11 RIC IVii 4, C 56 
6) B1, O1, R15, T11 RIC IVii 1, C 46 
7) B1, O1, R17, T05 RIC IVii 100 
8) B1, O1, R18, T17 RIC IVii 13, C 77 
9) B1, O1, R19, T18 RIC IVii 14, C 85 
10) B1, O1, R22, T22 RIC IVii 16, C 99 
11) B1, O2, R04, T02 RIC IVii 18a, C 9 
12) B1, O2, R10, T16 RIC IVii 19, C 37 
13) B1, O2, R13, T11 RIC IVii 5, C 65 
14) B1, O2, R18, T17 RIC IVii 20, C 75 
15) B1, O2, R24, T23 RIC IVii 23, C 105 

 
 
16) B1, O1, R04, T02 RIC IVii 43, C 10 
17) B1, O1, R10, T16 RIC IVii 58, C 34 
18) B1, O1, R12, T13 RIC IVii 33, C 58 
19) B1, O1, R18, T17 RIC IVii 61, C 80 
20) B1, O1, R19, T18 Exe: SC RIC IVii 64, C 88 
21) B1, O1, R22, T22 RIC IVii 67, C 100 
22) B1, O2, R04, T02 RIC IVii 78, C 13 
23) B1, O2, R10, T16 RIC IVii 81, C 38 
24) B1, O2, R14, T13 RIC IVii 40, C 71 
25) B1, O2, R19, T18 RIC IVii 85, C 92 
26) B1, O2, R25, T14 Exe: SC RIC IVii 93 
27) B1, O2, R25, T23 Exe: SC RIC IVii 90, C 109 

 
 
28) B4, O1, R10, T16 RIC IVii 59, C 36 
29) B4, O1, R13, T13 RIC IVii 38, C 69 

 
 

Maximinus I Busts 

Maximinus I Types