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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


 

Maximian

Augustus 285-305, 306-308 & 310

One of the members of the Tetrarchy, Maximian had a convoluted reign that started when he and Diocletian began ruling as equals in 285. Maximian was in charge of the western portion of the empire along with Constantius I, his junior in command, while Diocletian and Galerius ruled the eastern half. After several years of putting down revolts and usurpers, both he and Diocletian abdicated to let their Caesars take their
place in 306. However, this peaceful arrangement would come to an end soon when Maximianus's son Maxentius initiated a revolt of his own. Seeing that it would lend an air of legitimacy to his claims, Maxentius requested his father to return to assume the high post along with him. Maximian, although possibly reluctant initially, took up his son's offer. He had abdicated less than voluntarily under Diocletian's scheme and now he was caught up in the fervor of Maxentius's drive to become sole ruler. In time, Maxentius met with failure after he lost several key battles to Constantine and Maximian found himself in the awkward position of being an emperor with no rightful claim nor army willing to proceed with his agenda. Increasingly isolated, Constantine cornered him and he was either executed or committed suicide.

As was mentioned under Diocletian, the style of the portraits on the coins has gradually become less lifelike. As soon as Diocletian makes Maximian coemperor the two look nearly identical because, in practice, the celators no longer made an effort to capture the unique look of each emperor.
When Diocletian’s coin reform takes effect in the early 290’s both emperors’ busts go from the slender profiles in vogue during the previous decade to a much wider, “tough guy” look evidently meant to convey a virile, no-nonsense military leader. This artistic style will remain in practice throughout the Tetrarchy years until Constantine I’s own coinage reforms.
Diocletian and Maximian have about an equal amount of coins extant. However, the bulk of coins coming into market nowadays are being found in the eastern European countries where Diocletian once presided. However, given the fact that each region had a predilection for striking coins for the resident emperor this makes it appear as though Diocletian’s coins are more easily available.
There are two main categories of coins to choose from. First and most common will be the pre-reform coins with radiate busts. Most common among these will be those of Maximian standing next to Jupiter and receiving from him the figure of Victory. They can often be found among “uncleaned” coins sold in bulk or for a few dollars each. Even particularly nice ones will not be very expensive.
The Folles are also widely available and will sometimes have partial or nearly full silvering remaining. These top-grade coins will command significant premiums over ordinary Folles but are not found often enough in this state to give an accurate estimate of their prices. For what it’s
worth, a $100 or $200 Follis is not unheard of. Minor denominations and unusual reverses will also cost more.

Busts:

1)     Bare head right
2)     Bust right, wearing lion skin
3)     Helmeted, cuirassed bust left
4)     Helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding globe
5)     Helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding scepter over shoulder and shield
6)     Helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding scepter over spear and shield
7)     Helmeted, cuirassed bust left, holding Victory on globe
8)     Helmeted, cuirassed bust right
9)     Helmeted, laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding scepter and shield
10)     Helmeted, laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield
11)     Helmeted, laureate, cuirassed bust right
12)     Helmeted, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield
13)     Helmeted, radiate bust left
14)     Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left
15)     Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
16)     Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust right
17)     Laureate bust left, holding club over shoulder and lion skin
18)     Laureate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding scepter with eagle atop
19)     Laureate head left
20)     Laureate head right
21)     Laureate torso right, wearing imperial mantle, holding branch and mappa
22)     Laureate, cuirassed bust left
23)     Laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding club over shoulder and lion skin
24)     Laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding globe
25)     Laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding scepter over shoulder
26)     Laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear and shield
27)     Laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield
28)     Laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding Victory on globe
29)     Laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding Victory on globe and scepter over shoulder
30)     Laureate, cuirassed bust right
31)     Laureate, cuirassed bust right of Maximian over Hercules, cuirassed bust right, holding club
32)     Laureate, cuirassed bust right, holding scepter and shield
33)     Laureate, cuirassed bust right, holding spear and shield
34)     Laureate, cuirassed bust right, holding spear over shoulder and shield
35)     Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left
36)     Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right
37)     Laureate, draped and cuirassed torso right, holding spear with shield and two javelins
38)     Laureate, draped bust left
39)     Laureate, draped bust left, holding scepter
40)     Laureate, draped bust right
41)     Radiate bust left, holding club and lion skin
42)     Radiate bust left, holding spear and shield
43)     Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle
44)     Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding club
45)     Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding globe
46)     Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding scepter over shoulder
47)     Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, holding scepter with eagle atop
48)     Radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle, raising hand
49)     Radiate bust right
50)     Radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear
51)     Radiate, cuirassed bust right
52)     Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right
53)     Radiate, draped bust left
54)     Radiate, draped bust right
55)     Veiled head right
56)     Veiled, laureate head right

Obverses:


1) AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
2) DIVO MAXIMIANO AVG
3) DIVO MAXIMIANO IVN AVG
4) DIVO MAXIMIANO OPT IMP
5) DIVO MAXIMIANO OPTIMO IMP
6) DIVO MAXIMIANO PATRI MAXENTIVS AVG
7) DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN
8) DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN AVG
9) DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN FORT IMP
10) DIVO MAXIMIANO SEN IMP
11) DIVO MAXIMIANO SOCERO MAXENTIVS AVG
12) DN MAXIMIANO B S AVG
13) DN MAXIMIANO BAEATIS
14) DN MAXIMIANO BAEATISS
15) DN MAXIMIANO BAEATISS SEN AVG
16) DN MAXIMIANO BAEATISSI
17) DN MAXIMIANO BAEATISSIM
18) DN MAXIMIANO BAEATISSIMO SEN AVG
19) DN MAXIMIANO BEATISSIMO SEN AVG
20) DN MAXIMIANO FELICIS
21) DN MAXIMIANO FELICISS
22) DN MAXIMIANO FELICISS SEN AVG
23) DN MAXIMIANO FELICISSI
24) DN MAXIMIANO FELICISSIM
25) DN MAXIMIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG
26) DN MAXIMIANO PF S AVG
27) DN MAXIMIANO SEN INV AVG
28) IMP C C VAL MAXIMIANVS P AVG
29) IMP C C VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
30) IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG
31) IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P AVG
32) IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
33) IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG
34) IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P AVG
35) IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
36) IMP C M AV MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
37) IMP C M AVR MAXIMIANVS AVG
38) IMP C M AVR MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
39) IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG
40) IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS P AVG
41) IMP C M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
42) IMP C M VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG
43) IMP C M VAL VAXIMIANVS PF AVG
44) IMP C MAXIMIANVS AVG
45) IMP C MAXIMIANVS P AVG
46) IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
47) IMP C MAXIMIANVS PI AVG
48) IMP C MAXIMIANVS PP AVG
49) IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG
50) IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS P AVG
51) IMP C VAL MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
52) IMP M AVR MAXIMIANVS AVG
53) IMP M AVR VAL MAXIMIANVS AVG
54) IMP MAXENTIVS DIVO MAXIMIANO PATRI
55) IMP MAXENTIVS DIVO MAXIMIANO SOCERO
56) IMP MAXIMIANO PF S AVG
57) IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG
58) IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG COS VII
59) IMP MAXIMIANVS P AVG
60) IMP MAXIMIANVS P FE AVG
61) IMP MAXIMIANVS P FEL AVG
62) IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
63) IMP MAXIMIANVS PF AVG COS VII
64) IMP MAXIMIANVS PI FE AVG
65) IMP MAXIMIANVS PIVS AVG
66) IMP MAXIMIANVS PIVS AVGVST
67) IMP MAXIMIANVS PIVS F AVG
68) IMP MAXIMIANVS PIVS FELIX AVG
69) IMP MAXIMIANVS SEN AVG
70) M AVR MAXIMIANVS SEN AVG
71) MAXIMIANVS AVG
72) MAXIMIANVS AVGVSTVS
73) MAXIMIANVS P AVG
74) MAXIMIANVS PF AVG
75) MAXIMIANVS SEN PF AVG
76) VIRTVS MAXIMIANI AVG

Reverses:

1) ABVNDAT AVGG
2) ADVENTVS AVGG
3) AEQVITAS AVGG
4) AETERNA MEMORIA
5) AETERNAE MEMORIAE
6) AETERNITAS AVGG
7) AVSPIC FEL
8) CLARITAS AVGG
9) CLEMENT TEMP
10) CLEMENTIA TEMP
11) COMES AVGG
12) COMITATVS AVGG
13) CONCORD MILIT FELIC ROMANOR
14) CONCORDIA AVGG
15) CONCORDIA AVGG ET CAESS
16) CONCORDIA AVGG ET CAESS NNNN
17) CONCORDIA FELIX DD NN
18) CONCORDIA MILITVM
19) CONCORDIA PERPET DD NN
20) CONCORDIAE AVGG
21) CONCORDIAE AVGG NN
22) CONCORDIAE MILITVM
23) CONSERV VRB SVAE
24) CONSERVATOR AFRICAE SVAE
25) CONSERVATOR AVGG
26) CONSERVATORES AVGG ET CAESS NN
27) CONSERVATORES KART SVAE
28) CONSERVATORES VRB SVAE
29) CONSVL III PP PRO COS
30) CONSVL IIII PP PRO COS
31) CONSVL PP PRO COS
32) CONSVL V PP PRO COS
33) CONSVL VI PP PRO COS
34) CONSVL VII PP PRO COS
35) CONSVL VIII PP PRO COS
36) COS II
37) COS III
38) F ADVENT AVGG NN
39) FATIS VICTRICIBVS
40) FEL ADVENT AVGG NN
41) FELICIT PERP
42) FELICIT PVBL
43) FELICITAS AVGG NOSTR
44) FELICITAS PVBLIC
45) FELICITAS SAEC
46) FELIX ADVENT AVGG NN
47) FELIX INGRESS SEN AVG
48) FELIX INGRESSVS SEN AVG
49) FIDES MILIT
50) FIDES MILITVM
51) FIDES MILITVM AVGG ET CAESS NN
52) FORTVNAE REDVCI AVGG ET CAESS NN
53) FORTVNAE REDVCI AVGG NN
54) GAVDETE ROMANI
55) GENIO POP ROM
56) GENIO POPVLI ROMANI
57) HERCVLI COM AVGG
58) HERCVLI COMITI AVGG NOSTR
59) HERCVLI COMITI AVGG ET CAES N
60) HERCVLI COMITI AVGG ET CAESS NN
61) HERCVLI CONSERVAT
62) HERCVLI CONSERVATORI
63) HERCVLI CONSERVATORI AVGG
64) HERCVLI CONSERVATORI AVGG ET CAESS NN
65) HERCVLI DEBELLAT
66) HERCVLI INMORTALI
67) HERCVLI INVICTO AVGG
68) HERCVLI PACIF
69) HERCVLI PACIFERO
70) HERCVLI VICTORI
71) IOV ET HERCV CONSER AVGG
72) IOVI AVGG
73) IOVI CONSER AVGG
74) IOVI CONSERVAT
75) IOVI CONSERVAT AVG
76) IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG
77) IOVI CONSERVAT AVGG ET CAESS
78) IOVI CONSERVATORI
79) IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG
80) IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN
81) IOVI CONSERVATORI NK
82) IOVI ET HERCVLI CONS AVGG
83) IOVI FVLGERATORI
84) IOVI PROPVGNAT
85) IOVI TVTATORI AVGG
86) M SACRA AVGG ET CAESS NN
87) MARS VICTOR
88) MARTI CONSERV AVGG ET CAES N
89) MARTI CONSERVATORI AVGG ET CAESS NN
90) MARTI PACIFERO
91) MARTI PATR SEMP VICTORI
92) MARTI PATRI PROPVGNATORI
93) MARTI PROPVGNATORI
94) MEM DIVI MAXIMIANI
95) MEMORIA E AETERNAE
96) MONETA AVGG ET CAESS NN
97) MONETA S AVGG ET CAESS NN
98) MONETA SACRA AVGG ET CAESS NN
99) ORIENS AVGG
100) PACATORES GENTIVM
101) PAX AETERN
102) PAX AVGG
103) PIETAS AVGG
104) PIETAS AVGG ET CAESS NN
105) PM TR P PP
106) PM TR P VIII COS IIII PP
107) PRIMIS X MVLTIS XX
108) PROVID DEORVM QVIES AVGG
109) PROVIDENT DEOR
110) PROVIDENTIA AVGG
111) PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG
112) QVIES AVGG
113) REQVIES OPTIMORVM MERITORVM
114) RESTITVTOR ROMAE
115) ROMA AETERNA
116) ROMAE AETER
117) S M VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN
118) SAC M VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN
119) SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN
120) SACR MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR
121) SACRA MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN
122) SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR
123) SACRA MONET VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN
124) SAECVLARES AVGG
125) SAECVLI FELICIT
126) SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS AVCTA KART
127) SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART
128) SALVS AVGG
129) SALVS AVGG ET CAESS NN
130) SECVRIT AVGG
131) SOLI INVICTO COMITI
132) SPQR OPTIMO PRINCIPI
133) TEMPOR FELICIT
134) TEMPORVM FELICITAS
135) VICTORIA AVGG
136) VICTORIA SARM
137) VICTORIA SARMA
138) VICTORIA SARMAT
139) VICTORIA SARMATICA
140) VICTORIAE SARMATICAE
141) VIRTVS AVGG
142) VIRTVS AVGG ET CAESS NN
143) VIRTVS AVGG NN
144) VIRTVS AVGVSTORVM
145) VIRTVS ILLVRICI
146) VIRTVS MILITVM
147) VIRTVTI AVGG
148) VIRTVTI ERCVLIS
149) VIRTVTI HERCVLIS
150) VNDIQVE VICTORES
151) VOTIS X
152) VTILITAS PVBLICA
153) No legend

Types:

1) Abundantia standing right, pouring out cornucopia
2) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia
3) Aeternitas standing left, holding phoenix on globe and raising skirt.
4) Africa standing, facing, holding standard and tusk; lion with captured bull to lower left.
5) Carthago standing, facing, holding fruits in both hands.
6) Cippus
7) City gate with (3) turrets
8) City gate with (4) turrets
9) City gate with (5) turrets
10) City gate with (7) turrets
11) Concordia seated left, holding patera and two cornucopiae.
12) Concordia standing left, holding a standard in each hand
13) Concordia standing right on left, raising hand and holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club.
14) Concordiae (2) standing, facing each other, shaking hands
15) Eagle standing left
16) Eagle standing right
17) Elephant advancing left (with rider)
18) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia.
19) Felicitas standing left, leaning on column and with legs crossed, holding caduceus.
20) Felicitas standing left, leaning on column, touching head.
21) Fides seated, facing, holding standard in each hand.
22) Fides standing left, holding standard in each hand.
23) Fortuna seated left, holding rudder on globe and cornucopia.
24) Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia.
25) Fortuna standing left, holding wand over globe and cornucopia.
26) Genius seated left, holding patera and cornucopia
27) Genius standing left, holding patera and cornucopia.
28) Genius standing left, pouring out patera and holding cornucopia.
29) Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding cornucopia.
30) Hercules advancing right, carrying boar over shoulders
31) Hercules advancing right, holding club and boar over shoulder
32) Hercules bust left, holding club over shoulder and lion skin.
33) Hercules bust right, wearing lion skin
34) Hercules advancing right, dragging Cerberus and holding club with lion skin.
35) Hercules seated, facing; club to left, bow to right
36) Hercules standing left, clubbing Hydra.
37) Hercules standing left, holding branch and club with lion skin
38) Hercules standing left, holding branch and resting hand on club with lion skin.
39) Hercules standing left, holding club.
40) Hercules standing left, holding Victory and resting hand on club.
41) Hercules standing left, holding Victory on globe and lion skin
42) Hercules standing left, resting hand on club and holding lion skin
43) Hercules standing right under tree with snake coiled around it, holding club and apple.
44) Hercules standing right, aiming bow.
45) Hercules standing right, being crowned by Victory hovering on right, wrestling lion; club to left.
46) Hercules standing right, being crowned by Victory standing on globe, resting hand on club
47) Hercules standing right, resting hand on hip and holding bow with lion skin
48) Hercules standing right, resting hand on hip and holding club with lion skin
49) Hercules standing right, wrestling deer.
50) Hercules standing right, wrestling lion; club to left.
51) Hercules standing, facing, holding branch and club with lion skin.
52) Hercules standing, facing, resting hand on club and holding apple with lion skin
53) Hercules standing, facing, resting hand on club and holding bow with lion skin
54) Hercules standing, facing, resting hand on club on globe and bow with lion skin
55) Jupiter advancing left, holding thunderbolt; eagle to left.
56) Jupiter seated left, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
57) Jupiter seated left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; eagle to left
58) Jupiter standing left, aiming thunderbolt at kneeling Titan
59) Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter
60) Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; eagle to left
61) Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; eagle to left and two standards to right
62) Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; globe by feet.
63) Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter.
64) Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; eagle to left
65) Jupiter standing right on left, holding globe, shaking hands with Hercules to right, holding club with lion skin.
66) Jupiter standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules, holding club with lion skin and together holding Victory.
67) Jupiter standing right on left, holding scepter, shaking hands with Hercules to right, holding club with lion skin.
68) Jupiter standing, facing, holding thunderbolt and scepter.
69) Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and caduceus; child by feet.
70) Lion advancing left
71) Lion advancing right, club above.
72) Lion advancing right.
73) Lion with thunderbolt in mouth advancing left
74) Mars advancing right, holding spear and shield.
75) Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy.
76) Mars helmeted, cuirassed bust right
77) Mars standing left, holding branch and scepter.
78) Mars standing right, holding spear and resting hand on shield.
79) Mars standing, facing, resting hand on shield and holding spear.
80) Maximian and Diocletian standing, facing each other, shaking hands.
81) Maximian and Diocletian each riding a horse right, raising hands; emperor in foreground holding spear.
82) Maximian and Diocletian sacrificing over altar
83) Maximian and Diocletian seated left, each holding globe and scepter; Victory above them, crowning both
84) Maximian and Diocletian standing, facing each other; Victory between them, touching their shoulders.
85) Maximian riding horse right, raising hand.
86) Maximian riding horse right, spearing barbarian
87) Maximian riding horse right, spearing barbarian; galley above, sailing right.
88) Maximian riding horse right, spearing barbarian; second barbarian lying down.
89) Maximian riding oncoming quadriga, holding branch; soldier to right, leading quadriga
90) Maximian seated left, holding Victory on globe.
91) Maximian seated left, raising hand and holding scepter.
92) Maximian standing left, holding apples and resting hand on club.
93) Maximian standing left, holding globe and parazonium.
94) Maximian standing left, holding globe.
95) Maximian standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter.
96) Maximian standing left, raising hand and holding spear; four standards in background.
97) Maximian standing left, sacrificing over altar.
98) Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, facing Hercules on right, resting hand on club; both sacrificing over altar.
99) Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, receiving globe from Diocletian on right, holding scepter.
100) Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, receiving Victory on globe from Diocletian to right, holding scepter.
101) Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, receiving Victory on globe from Hercules to right, holding club
102) Maximian standing right on left, holding scepter, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter to right, holding scepter
103) Maximian standing right on left, holding spear, holding hands of kneeling Pietas on right, holding cornucopia.
104) Maximian standing right, stepping on captive, holding spear and parazonium.
105) Maximian standing, facing, holding globe and scepter.
106) Maximian standing, facing, holding globe.
107) Maximian standing, facing, holding spear and crowning trophy to left; seated captive on either side of trophy.
108) Minerva standing left, holding spear and resting hand on shield
109) Moneta standing left, holding scale and cornucopia
110) Pax advancing left, holding branch and scepter
111) Pax standing left, resting hand on shield and holding branch with spear
112) Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter.
113) Pax standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter.
114) Pietas standing right, holding baby; child on either side.
115) Pietas standing right, raising hands over altar.
116) Providentia seated left, holding wand over globe and scepter.
117) Providentia standing right on left, raising hand, facing Quies on right, holding branch and scepter.
118) Quies standing, facing, holding branch and scepter.
119) Roma seated left on shield, holding shield reading VOT / XXX and scepter
120) Salus standing right, holding and feeding snake.
121) Securitas standing left, leaning on column and with legs crossed, touching head.
122) Securitas standing left, leaning on column, holding scepter and touching head.
123) Securitas standing left, leaning on column, holding scepter.
124) Securitas standing left, leaning on column, touching head.
125) Sol standing left, raising hand and holding globe.
126) Sol standing left, raising hand and holding globe; seated captive by feet.
127) Sol standing left, raising hand and holding globe; seated captive on either side.
128) Temple with (2) columns; Mars within, holding spear and shield.
129) Temple with (4) columns; eagle atop.
130) Temple with (6) columns; eagle atop
131) Temple with (6) columns; Carthago within, holding fruits in each hand
132) Temple with (6) columns; Roma within, holding globe and scepter.
133) Tetrarchs sacrificing over altar in front of city gate.
134) Utilitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia
135) Utilitas standing, facing, holding her skirt.
136) Victories (2), facing each other, together holding shield reading VOT X on palm
137) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
138) Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm.
139) Victory standing right on left, holding wreath and palm, facing Jupiter on right, holding globe and scepter.
140) Victory standing right, holding shield reading VOT X on palm
141) Virtus standing left, holding branch and spear with shield
142) Virtus standing left, holding branch and spear.
143) Virtus standing left, resting hand on shield and holding spear.
144) Wreath, MVL / TIS / XX within
145) Wreath, PLVR / NATAL / FEL within
146) Wreath, SIC / X / SIC / XX within.
147) Wreath, VO / TIS / XXX within
148) Wreath, VOT / XX within
149) Wreath, VOT / XX / AVGG / NN within.
150) Wreath, VOT / XX / AVGG within.
151) Wreath, VOT / XX / SIC / XXX within
152) Wreath, VOT / XX ET / XXX / FELICIT within.
153) Wreath, VOT / XXX / AVGG / N within
154) Wreath, VOT / XXX / AVGG within
155) Wreath, VOT X M XX within
156) Wreath, X / MAXI / MIAN / I AVG within
157) Wreath, XC / VI within
158) Wreath, XCVI within
159) Wreath, XX / MAXI / MIAN / I AVG within


Mints:

1) Alexandria
2) Antioch
3) Aquileia
4) Cyzicus
5) Heraclea
6) Karthago
7) Londinium
8) Lugdunum
9) Nicomedia
10) Ostia
11) Roma
12) Serdica
13) Siscia
14) Thessalonica
15) Ticinum
16) Treveri
17) Tripolis

AU Medallion Reference(s)

1) B02, O38, R059, T054, M11 Exe: `R Four Aurei weight RIC 170 (VI, Roma)
2) B02, O68, R064, T054, M16 Exe: `TR Eight Aurei weight

AU Aureus

3) B02, O39, R076, T059 RIC Vii 494
4) B18, O35, R063, T102, M02 Exe: `/SMA
5) B19, O72, R036, T085 RIC Vii 488
6) B20, O72, R021, T083 RIC Vii 601
7) B20, O72, R029, T094 RIC Vii 596
8) B20, O72, R036, T085 RIC Vii 598
9) B20, O72, R070, T042, M09 Exe: SMN RIC 3 (VI, Nicomedia)
10) B20, O72, R152, T159, M09 Exe: SMN RIC 14 (VI, Nicomedia)
11) B20, O74, R065, T036, M11 Exe: `ROM C 255
12) B20, O74, R070, T035, M11 Exe: `R C 305
13) B20, O74, R146, T009, M15 Exe: T RIC 8 (VI, Ticinum)
14) B30, O39, R076, T059
15) B30, O39, R076, T059 RIC Vii 495
16) B31, O35, R149, T048 Exe: SC RIC Vii 605d
17) B31, O39, R149, T048 Exe: SC RIC Vii 605b
18) B36, O30, R022, T012 Exe: SC* RIC Vii 603
19) B36, O35, R093, T074
20) B36, O41, R079, T059, M02 Exe: SMA C 369
21) B36, O41, R141, T050, M11 Exe: `R RIC Vii 499
22) B20, O74, R058, T037, M03 Exe: AQ RIC 3 (VI, Aquileia)
23) B20, O73, R062, T033, M16 Exe: TR RIC 47 (VI, Trier)
 
AR Argenteus

24) B20, O71, R138, T133 RIC 12b (VI, Ticinum)
25) B20, O71, R140, T008, M09 Exe: SMN` RIC 22b (VI, Nicomedia)
26) B20, O71, R140, T133 Exe: ` RIC 104b (VI, Trier)
27) B20, O71, R140, T133, M05 Exe: H` RIC 10b (VI, Heraclea)
28) B20, O71, R146, T007, M11 Exe: R` RIC 192 (VI, Roma)
29) B20, O71, R146, T007, M12 Exe: •SM•SD• RIC 1b (VI, Serdica)
30) B20, O71, R146, T133 Exe: D RIC 109b (VI, Roma)
31) B20, O71, R146, T133 RIC 18b (VI, Ticinum)
32) B20, O71, R153, T158, M03 Exe: AQ RIC 16b (VI, Aquileia)
33) B20, O71, R153, T158, M15 Exe: T RIC 20b (VI, Ticinum)

AE Antoninianus

34) B54, O38, R018, T102, M04 Exe: K`/• RIC 13 (VI, Cyzicus)

AE Antoninianus (reduced) Reference(s)

35) B16, O57, R147, T050 RIC Vii 456
36) B45, O57, R102, T113 Exe: B RIC Vii 399
37) B45, O57, R128, T120 Exe: C RIC Vii 422
38) B47, O57, R128, T120 Exe: T RIC Vii 422
39) B49, O35, R135, T100 Exe: `/XXI RIC Vii 585
40) B51, O32, R018, T102 Exe: `/XXI RIC Vii 621
41) B51, O34, R010, T102 Exe: `/XXI C 31
42) B51, O41, R018, T102, M02 Exe: © over `/ANT RIC 62b (VI, Antioch)
43) B51, O41, R071, T102 Exe: © over `/XXI RIC Vii 622
44) B51, O57, R044, T019 Exe: ` RIC Vii 361
45) B52, O32, R018, T102, M04 Exe: K` RIC 15b (VI, Cyzicus)
46) B52, O32, R018, T102, M05 Exe: H` RIC 14 (VI, Heraclea)
47) B52, O35, R025, T101 Exe: `/•XXI•ΛI• RIC Vii 580
48) B52, O35, R025, T101 Exe: XXI` RIC Vii 580
49) B52, O35, R025, T101 Exe: XXI`•BI• RIC Vii 580
50) B52, O35, R050, T100 Exe: `/XXI RIC Vii 583
51) B52, O42, R061, T053, M15 Exe: `XXIT RIC Vii 546
52) B52, O42, R074, T059, M15 Exe: `XXIT RIC Vii 559c
53) B52, O42, R074, T061, M15 Exe: `XXIT RIC Vii 560c
54) B52, O43, R061, T053, M15 Exe: `XXIT RIC Vii 549
55) B52, O43, R074, T061, M15 Exe: `XXIT RIC Vii 561c
56) B52, O46, R153, T149, M06 Exe: FK RIC 37b (VI, Carthago)
57) B52, O51, R069, T037 ` in left field RIC Vii 371
58) B52, O62, R076, T059 Exe: XXI` RIC Vii 506
59) B52, O62, R153, T148 Exe: `
60) B54, O30, R018, T102 Exe: `/XXI RIC Vii 607
61) B54, O30, R018, T102 Exe: `/XXI• RIC Vii 595
62) B51, O41, R079, T139 Exe: TR/XXI¯ RIC Vii 625

AE Follis

63) B10, O46, R051, T022, M03 Exe: AQ` RIC 61b (VI, Aquileia)
64) B10, O46, R142, T088, M03 Exe: AQ` RIC 81a (VI, Aquileia)
65) B20, O32, R056, T027, M11 Exe: R/` RIC 63 (VI, Roma)
66) B20, O32, R056, T027, M15 Exe: */`T RIC 31b (VI, Ticinum)
67) B20, O32, R056, T028, M01 Exe: XX/` over I/ALE RIC 32b (VI, Alexandria)
68) B20, O32, R056, T028, M02 Exe: * over */© over `/ANT RIC 50b (VI, Antioch)
69) B20, O32, R056, T028, M02 Exe: K/` over V/ANT RIC 54b (VI, Antioch)
70) B20, O32, R056, T028, M05 Exe: H` RIC 12b (VI, Heraclea)
71) B20, O32, R056, T028, M05 Exe: HT` RIC 19b (VI, Heraclea)
72) B20, O32, R056, T028, M12 Exe: `/•SM•SD• RIC 3b (VI, Serdica)
73) B20, O32, R056, T028, M14 Exe: `/TS RIC 23b (VI, Thessalonica)
74) B20, O32, R056, T028, M14 Exe: TS` RIC 19b (VI, Thessalonica)
75) B20, O32, R070, T052, M01 Exe: ` over S/P/ALE RIC 38 (VI, Alexandria)
76) B20, O46, R056, T027, M13 Exe: `/*SIS RIC 85b (VI, Siscia)
77) B20, O46, R056, T028, M04 Exe: K` RIC 12b (VI, Cyzicus)
78) B20, O46, R122, T109, M15 Exe: */`T RIC 47b (VI, Ticinum)
79) B20, O46, R122, T109, M15 Exe: `T• RIC 45b (VI, Ticinum)
80) B20, O62, R056, T027, M03 Exe: AQ` RIC 23b (VI, Aquileia)
81) B20, O62, R056, T027, M13 Exe: `/SIS RIC 108b (VI, Siscia)
82) B20, O62, R122, T109, M03 Exe: AQ` RIC 29b (VI, Aquileia)
83) B20, O62, R122, T109, M03 Exe: V/AQ` RIC 25b (VI, Londinium)
84) B20, O62, R122, T109, M03 Exe: VI/AQ` RIC 39b (VI, Alexandria)
85) B20, O62, R122, T109, M13 Exe: */`/*SIS RIC 136b (VI, Siscia)
86) B20, O62, R122, T109, M13 Exe: `/*SIS RIC 131b (VI, Siscia)
87) B21, O18, R111, T117 RIC 76b (VI, Londinium)
88) B21, O18, R111, T117, M11 Exe: S/F/R` RIC 116b (VI, Roma)
89) B21, O18, R112, T117, M12 Exe: `/•SM•SD• S F across fields RIC 15b (VI, Serdica)
90) B21, O18, R112, T117, M12 Exe: • over `/•SM•SD• S F across fields RIC 14b (VI, Serdica)
91) B21, O25, R111, T117, M04 Exe: •/`T RIC 57b (VI, Ticinum)
92) B21, O25, R111, T117, M04 Exe: K`/PTR S F across fields RIC 23b (VI, Cyzicus)
93) B22, O62, R056, T029, M08 Exe: */`LG RIC 187b (VI, Lugdunum)
94) B22, O62, R056, T029, M08 Exe: A/`LG RIC 94b (VI, Lugdunum)
95) B30, O26, R055, T027, M07 Exe: `LN RIC 85 (VI, Londinium)
96) B30, O46, R056, T027 RIC 6b (VI, London)
97) B30, O46, R056, T029, M08 Exe: B/`LG RIC 74b (VI, Lugdunum)
98) B30, O57, R056, T027, M16 Exe: S/F/`TR RIC 582b (VI, Trier)
99) B30, O57, R056, T029, M08 Exe: N/`LG RIC 582b (VI, Lugdunum)
100) B30, O59, R056, T027, M16 Exe: S/F/`TR RIC 644b (VI, Trier)
101) B33, O19, R056, T027, M14 Exe: `/•TS• RIC 25b (VI, Thessalonica)
102) B36, O26, R056, T027, M16 Exe: S/A/`TR RIC 722 (VI, Trier)
103) B20, O46, R121, T109, M11 Exe: `< RIC 98b (VI, Roma)
104) B36, O27, R050, T022, M03 Exe: AQ` RIC 105 (VI, Aquileia)

AE Follis (Posthumous)

105) B55, O06, R004, T130, M10 Exe: MOST` RIC 25 (VI, Ostia)
106) B55, O11, R004, T130, M10 Exe: MOST` RIC 30 (VI, Ostia)
107) B55, O54, R005, T129, M11 Exe: RE` RIC 244 (VI, Roma)
108) B55, O55, R004, T130, M10 Exe: MOST` RIC 31 (VI, Ostia)
109) B56, O09, R095, T072, M11 Exe: R` RIC 123 (VII, Roma)

Maximian Busts


Maximian Types