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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Leo I

Augustus 457-474

Leo was a Thracian soldier who gained enough clout fighting for the armies of Marcian that upon his death he was able to secure the throne. Leo mounted only one major military campaign and it was against the Vandals in Northern Africa. The naval invasion fleet was decimated by the forces of Gaiseric and the unfavorable conclusion of this battle marks the final Roman attempt to recover this key region. The rest of Leo's career was taken up handling the blessing and vetoing of the many puppet emperors during the last years of the West as well as handling various other foreign and domestic matters. Much of Leo's reign was weakened if not outright dominated by several military leaders. He died in 474 of advanced age and was succeeded by his grandson Leo II.

With the exception of some pretty rare coins that fall into the AE3 and AE2 class of bronzes, Leo sees nothing wrong with continuing half a century of numismatic ennui and recycles the same portraits and the same old reverses of his political ancestors that would go on for another half century or more before finally running their courses.
 
The system is pretty straightforward. On the Solidus the portrait will be the emperor‟s facing bust dressed in the combat gear of the day along with his trusty diadem on the helmet. The smaller gold denominations along with the silver and bronzes will feature the more traditional profile bust.
 
Silver has by now long disappeared except on rare occasions. These will be invariably more expensive than the fairly common Solidi which usually go for around $500 a piece. A high-grade bronze will also fetch top dollar, especially if it‟s one of those rare AE3‟s or AE2‟s mentioned above. And the cheapest coins will be the low-grade but fairly common AE4‟s featuring one of the several different monograms designed for him. These can sometimes be found among uncleaned coins or by sale at around $20-$40 each.
 
Speaking of the monogram, these interesting designs are born from the need to identify the ruler at a glance since the small size of the coins they are struck on prevent easy identification. Their aim is to compress the ruler‟s name into a single symbol which includes all the letters in his name. Or at least try to. For Leo the celator obviously had a much less challenging task than, say, Basiliscus!

Busts:


 
1) Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust left
2) Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust right
3) Diademed (rosettes), draped and cuirassed bust right
4) Diademed, bust left, wearing consular robes, holding mappa and cross
5) Helmeted, diademed, cuirassed bust facing, holding spear over shoulder and shield

 

Obverses:

 
1) DN LEO
2) DN LEO PE AVG
3) DN LEO PER AVG
4) DN LEO PERPET
5) DN LEO PERPET AG
6) DN LEO PERPET AV
7) DN LEO PERPET AVG
8) DN LEO PERPETV AVG
9) DN LEO PERPETVVS AVG
10) DN LEO PF AVG
11) DN LEO PF AVGO
12) DN LEO PRPET AG
13) DN LEO PRTE AVG
14) DN LEON PERP AVG
15) DN LEON VG
16) DN LEONIS PF R AVG
17) DN LEONIS PP A AVG
18) DN LEONIS PP AVG
19) DN LEONS PF AVG
20) DN LEOS PF AVG
21) DN ΛEONS PF AVG

 

Reverses:

 
1) GLORIA ROMANORVM
2) GLORORVS TERRRAL
3) SALVS REIPVBLICAE
4) SALVS REIRVBLICAE C
5) SALVS RPVBLICA
6) SALVS RPVRLCA
7) VICTORIA AVGG
8) VICTORIA AVGGG
9) VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM
10) VICTORIA ROMANORVM
11) VIRTVS AVGVSTI
12) VIRTVS EXERCITI
13) VOT XXX MVLT XXXX
14) No legend

 

Types:

 
1) Leo I and Leo II seated, facing, with cross in between; star above each of them.
2) Leo I seated, facing, holding mappa and cross
3) Leo I standing right, stepping on captive, holding labarum and globe
4) Leo I standing, facing, holding cross and resting hand on kneeling captive.
5) Leo I standing, facing, holding cross on globe and labarum
6) Leo I standing, facing, holding spear and resting hand on shield.
7) Leo I standing, facing, raising hand and holding globe.
8) Leo I standing, facing, stepping on snake, holding cross and Victory on globe
9) Monogram I
10) Monogram II
11) Roma and Constantinopolis seated, facing, each holding Victory on globe and scepter; cross between them.
12) Verina standing, facing, holding cross on globe and scepter; b E across fields
13) Victory advancing forward, holding wreath and cross on globe
14) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
15) Victory seated right, holding shield reading XVXXX
16) Victory seated right, holding shield reading XXV
17) Victory seated right, holding shield reading XXXX
18) Victory standing left, holding cross
19) Wreath, Chi-Rho within
20) Wreath, cross within
21) Wreath, lion seated left within.
22) Wreath, lion seated left within; cross atop.
23) Wreath, lion standing left within; star above.
24) Wreath, lion standing right within; star above.
25) Wreath, SAL / REI / PVI within (letters usually very garbled)
26) Wreath, VOT / XXXV / MVLT / XXXX within

 

Mints:

 
1) Alexandria
2) Antioch
3) Constantinopolis
4) Cyzicus
5) Heraclea
6) Mediolanum
7) Nicomedia
8) Ravenna
9) Roma
10) Thessalonica

 
 
AU Solidus Reference(s)

 
1) B4, O07, R08, T02, M10 Exe: */THSOB RIC X 620
2) B5, O07, R04, T01, M03 Exe: CONOB RIC X 638
3) B5, O07, R08, T18, M03 Exe: */CONOB   Officina at end of reverse legend RIC X 605
4) B5, O07, R08, T18, M10 Exe: */*/TESOB RIC X 618

 
AU Tremissis

 
5) B2, O07, R09, T13, M03 Exe: */CONOB RIC X 611

 
AR Miliarense

 
6) B1, O07, R01, T07, M03 Exe: */CON RIC X 644
7) B2, O07, R01, T07, M03 Exe: */CON RIC X 641

 
AR Siliqua

 
8) B2, O07, R14, T25, M03 Exe: CONS* RIC X 648

 
AR Ĺ Siliqua

 
9) B2, O06, R14, T25, M03 Exe: CONS* RIC X 650

 
AE3

 
10) B2, O07, R05, T03, M03 Exe: CON RIC X 660
11) B2, O07, R06, T03, M03 Exe: CON RIC X 657

 
AE4

 
12) B2, O01, R14, T04, M03 Exe: */CN RIC X 703, L 2268
13) B2, O01, R14, T04, M03  RIC X 704, L 2269
14) B2, O01, R14, T10, M03 Exe: KOC RIC X 720, L 2270 
15) B2, O01, R14, T12, M03  RIC X 715, L 2272
16) B2, O01, R14, T21, M03 Exe: CON RIC X 676
17) B2, O04, R14, T09, M03  RIC X 680
18) B2, O04, R14, T12, M03  RIC X 718, L 2274
19) B2, O10, R14, T09, M03  RIC X 684
20) B2, O10, R14, T21, M03 Exe: CON RIC X 674, L 2260
21) B2, O21, R14, T09, M03  RIC X 686, L 2263

 
 

Leo I Busts

Leo I Types