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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Julia Mamaea 

c.190 - 235 

Mother of Severus Alexander. Mamaea was made Augusta by Severus shortly after his accession and she shared his fatal fate on the night of the coup started by Maximinus. In fact, it was her constant meddling in the political affairs of the day and her intractable influence over Alexander that was one of the primary reasons the soldiers revolted against them both. 

 
Being a mamaís boy much the same way his cousin Elagabalus was a grandmaís boy means Ms. Mamaea will be prominently featured in the money minted during his reign. And sure enough, her coins today are hardly any scarcer than those of Severus Alexander. Even big copper, by now a seriously outmoded form of coin, has a brief resurgence and a Sestertius, Dupondius or As of hers may be available from time to time. 
 
As discussed under the section for Severus Alexander the Antoninianus has been temporarily shelved and this goes for her as well. The coppers, regardless of their resurgence, are still only bit players in the economy as are the way-rare gold issues. So this is all to say that better than 9 out of 10 coins of Mamaea to be found will be the venerable Denarius
 
And one can find a good Denarius of hers for $50 or less, even a gem of a coin can be had for not much more than a hundred dollars.  

Busts:

1) Diademed, draped bust left 
2) Diademed, draped bust right 
3) Diademed, draped bust right, holding cornucopia and torch; peacock wings to left 
4) Draped bust right 

 

Obverses: 

 
1) IVLIA MAMAEA AVG 
3) IVLIA MAMIAS AVG 
4) IVLIA MAMMAEA AVG 

 

Reverses: 

 
4) CONCOBDIA 
10) FELICITAS EXERCI 
13) FELICITAS TEM 
14) FELICITAS TEMP 
17) IVNO 
20) LIBERALITAS AVG IIII 
23) MATER AVG ET CASTRORVM 
26) PM TR P VI COS II PP 
27) PONTIF TR P III 
28) PVDICITIA 
35) VESTA 

 

Types: 

 
1) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia 
2) Annona standing left, holding cornucopia and grain ears. 
3) Annona standing, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia 
4) Concordia seated left, holding two cornucopiae 
5) Concordia standing left, holding two cornucopiae 
6) Concordia standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding two cornucopiae 
7) Fecunditas seated left, raising hand; child to left 
8) Fecunditas standing left, raising hand and holding cornucopia; child to left 
9) Felicitas seated left; two attendants standing to left and one standing to right, holding caduceus 
10) Felicitas seated left, holding caduceus and cornucopia 
11) Felicitas seated left, holding caduceus and cornucopia; eagle to left and standard to right. 
12) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia 
13) Felicitas standing left, holding patera and caduceus; altar to left 
14) Felicitas standing left, holding patera and scepter; woman standing to left, holding scepter and another standing to right, holding cornucopia 
15) Felicitas standing left, leaning on column and with legs crossed, holding caduceus
16) Fortuna standing left, holding scale and cornucopia 
17) Julia Mamaea seated left, holding cornucopia; Pietas standing to left, sacrificing over altar and holding incense box and two standards to right 
18) Julia Mamaea seated left, holding patera and scepter; woman standing to left, holding scepter and Felicitas standing to right, holding caduceus
19) Julia Mamaea seated left, holding scepter; two women standing to left, one holding globe and Felicitas standing to right, holding caduceus
20) Julia Mamaea seated left, two standards to left and attendant to right 
21) Juno seated left, holding flower and torch 
22) Juno standing left, holding patera and scepter 
23) Juno standing left, holding patera and scepter; peacock to left 
24) Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopia 
25) Libertas standing left, holding pileus and scepter 
26) Monetae (3) standing, holding scale and cornucopia 
27) Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter 
28) Pietas standing left by lit altar, raising hand and holding incense box. 
29) Pudicitia seated left, holding hand to lips with right hand and scepter with left 
30) Venus seated left, holding Cupid and scepter 
31) Venus standing left, holding helmet and scepter; Cupid to left 
32) Venus standing left, holding helmet and scepter; shield to left 
33) Venus standing left, holding scepter and Cupid 
34) Venus standing right, holding scepter and Cupid 
35) Venus standing, facing, holding scepter and Cupid 
36) Vesta seated left, holding Palladium and scepter 
37) Vesta standing left, holding Palladium and scepter 
38) Vesta standing left, holding patera and scepter 
39) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm 
40) Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm 

 

Mints: 

 
1) Antioch 
2) Roma 

 
 
AU Aureus Reference(s) 
 
1) B4, O1, R19, T23 RIC IVii 342, C 36 

 
 
2) B2, O1, R07, T07 RIC 332 (IVii, S. Alexander), S 8208, C 6 
3) B2, O1, R07, T08 RIC 331 (IVii, S. Alexander), S 8207, C 5 
4) B2, O1, R12, T10 RIC 338 (IVii, S. Alexander), S 8210, C 24 
5) B2, O1, R12, T15 RIC 335 (IVii, S. Alexander), S 8209, C 17 
6) B2, O1, R18, T21 RIC 341 (IVii, S. Alexander), S 8211, C 32 
7) B2, O1, R31, T35 RIC 351 (IVii, S. Alexander), C 60 
8) B2, O1, R33, T31 RIC 355 (IVii, S. Alexander), S 8215, C 72 
9) B2, O1, R34, T32 RIC 358 (IVii, S. Alexander), S 8216, C 76 
10) B2, O1, R35, T30 RIC 364 (IVii, S. Alexander) 
11) B2, O1, R35, T37 RIC 360 (IVii, S. Alexander), S 8217, C 81 
12) B2, O1, R35, T38 RIC 362 (IVii, S. Alexander), S 8218, C 85 
13) B4, O1, R19, T23 RIC 343 (IVii, S. Alexander), S 8212, C 35 

 
 
14) B3, O2, R11, T09  

 
 
15) B2, O2, R08, T08 RIC 668 (IVii, S. Alexander), C 8 
16) B2, O2, R09, T12 RIC 670 (IVii, S. Alexander), C 10 
17) B2, O2, R12, T10 Exe: SC RIC 679 (IVii, S. Alexander) 
18) B2, O2, R12, T15 RIC 676 (IVii, S. Alexander), C 21 
19) B2, O2, R31, T34 RIC 694 (IVii, S. Alexander), C 62 
20) B2, O2, R32, T30 Exe: SC RIC 701 (IVii, S. Alexander) 
21) B2, O2, R34, T32 RIC 705 (IVii, S. Alexander), C 78 
22) B2, O2, R35, T37 RIC 708 (IVii, S. Alexander), C 83 

 
 
23) B2, O2, R14, T12 RIC 682 (IVii, S. Alexander), C 29 
24) B2, O2, R35, T37 RIC 709 (IVii, S. Alexander), C 84 

 
AE As 
 
25) B2, O2, R08, T08 RIC 669 (IVii, S. Alexander), C 9 

 

 

Julia Mamaea Busts 

Julia Mamaea Types