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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Helena

? - d.329


Mother of Constantine I. Helena was deeply involved with the early Christian church and canonized after her death.

Coins in her name were minted between 324 and 326 and then posthumously circa 340.

Over a dozen mints struck coins honoring Constantine’s mom over the length of several years. This ensured a healthy representation of coins in her name surviving to this day. However, the mints concentrated all their artistic efforts in relatively few reverse types.

As with other Roman empresses of the period, bronzes will be plentiful and affordable even in relatively high grades while the silver and gold pieces will be prohibitively rare and expensive.

Bust:

1) Diademed, draped bust right

Obverses:

1) FL HELENA AVGVSTA
2) FL IVL HELENAE AVG
3) FLAVIA HELENA AVGVSTA
4) HELENA N F

Reverses:

1) PAX PVBLICA
2) PIETAS AVGVSTES
3) SECVRITAS REIPVBLICE
4) No legend

Types:

1) Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter.
2) Securitas standing left, holding branch
3) Wreath, star within.

Mints:

1) Alexandria
2) Antioch
3) Arelate
4) Constantinopolis
5) Cyzicus
6) Heraclea
7) Londinium
8) Lugdunum
9) Nicomedia
10) Roma
11) Sirmium
12) Siscia
13) Thessalonica
14) Ticinum
15) Treveri

AU Solidus Reference(s)

1) B1, O1, R3, T2, M09 Exe: SMNΔ RIC 80 (VII, Nicomedia)
2) B1, O1, R3, T2, M13 Exe: SMTS RIC 149 (VII, Thessalonica)

AE3

3) B1, O1, R3, T2, M01 Exe: =/A/SMAL 327-328 RIC 48 (VII, Alexandria)
4) B1, O1, R3, T2, M01 Exe: =/II/SMAL 329-330 RIC 53 (VII, Alexandria)
5) B1, O1, R3, T2, M01 Exe: SMALB 325-326 RIC 38 (VII, Alexandria)
6) B1, O1, R3, T2, M02 Exe: •SMANTB 328-329 RIC 82 (VII, Antioch)
7) B1, O1, R3, T2, M02 Exe: •SMANTS 328-329 RIC 82 (VII, Antioch)
8) B1, O1, R3, T2, M02 Exe: SMANTB 327-328 RIC 80 (VII, Antioch)
9) B1, O1, R3, T2, M02 Exe: SMANTS 327-328 RIC 80 (VII, Antioch)
10) B1, O1, R3, T2, M02 Exe: ΔE/•SMANT
11) B1, O1, R3, T2, M03 Exe: T*AR 324-325 RIC 278 (VII, Arles)
12) B1, O1, R3, T2, M05 Exe: •SMKΓ• 326-327 RIC 49 (VII, Cyzicus)
13) B1, O1, R3, T2, M05 Exe: SMKB 324-325 RIC 28 (VII, Cyzicus)
14) B1, O1, R3, T2, M06 Exe: */SMH? RIC 109 (VII ,Heraclea)
15) B1, O1, R3, T2, M06 Exe: •SMHE RIC 95 (VII ,Heraclea)
16) B1, O1, R3, T2, M06 Exe: •SMHE• RIC 89 (VII ,Heraclea)
17) B1, O1, R3, T2, M06 Exe: SMH?• RIC 85 (VII ,Heraclea)
18) B1, O1, R3, T2, M06 Exe: SMHA 325-326 RIC 79 (VII ,Heraclea)
19) B1, O1, R3, T2, M06 Exe: SMHB 325-326 RIC 79 (VII ,Heraclea)
20) B1, O1, R3, T2, M06 Exe: SMHE 325-326 RIC 79 (VII ,Heraclea)
21) B1, O1, R3, T2, M06 Exe: SMHΔ 325-326 RIC 79 (VII ,Heraclea)
22) B1, O1, R3, T2, M08 Exe: ?LG RIC 234 (VII, Lyons)
23) B1, O1, R3, T2, M09 Exe: MNA 325-326 RIC 129 (VII ,Nicomedia)
24) B1, O1, R3, T2, M09 Exe: MNS 325-326 RIC 129 (VII ,Nicomedia)
25) B1, O1, R3, T2, M09 Exe: MNΔ 325-326 RIC 129 (VII ,Nicomedia)
26) B1, O1, R3, T2, M09 Exe: SMNE 324-325 RIC 95 (VII ,Nicomedia)
27) B1, O1, R3, T2, M09 Exe: SMNΓ 324-325 RIC 95 (VII ,Nicomedia)
28) B1, O1, R3, T2, M11 Exe: SIRM RIC 54 (VII ,Heraclea)
29) B1, O1, R3, T2, M12 Exe: ΓSIS§ 328-329 RIC 218 (VII, Siscia)
30) B1, O1, R3, T2, M13 Exe: SMTSA 326-328 RIC 159 (VII, Thessalonica)
31) B1, O1, R3, T2, M13 Exe: SMTSB 326-328 RIC 159 (VII, Thessalonica)
32) B1, O1, R3, T2, M13 Exe: SMTSE 326-328 RIC 159 (VII, Thessalonica)
33) B1, O1, R3, T2, M14 Exe: T©T 326 RIC 202 (VII, Ticinum)
34) B1, O1, R3, T2, M15 Exe: •PTRE 327-328 RIC 515 (VII, Trier)
35) B1, O1, R3, T2, M15 Exe: PTR¨ 326 RIC 481 (VII, Trier)
36) B1, O1, R3, T2, M15 Exe: STR¨ 326 RIC 481 (VII, Trier)
37) B1, O1, R3, T2, M15 Exe: STR` RIC 465 (VII, Trier)
38) B1, O4, R4, T3, M13 Exe: •TS•?• RIC 48 (VII, Thessalonica)
39) B1, O4, R4, T3, M13 RIC 50 (VII, Thessalonica)

AE4 (Posthumous)

40) B1, O2, R1, T1, M04 Exe: CONSE RIC 49 (VIII, Constantinople)
41) B1, O2, R1, T1, M04 Exe: CONSE• RIC 33 (VIII, Constantinople), L 1047
42) B1, O2, R1, T1, M10 Exe: R\P
43) B1, O2, R1, T1, M15 Exe: TRP• RIC 55 (VIII, Trier)

Helena Bust / Helena Types