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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Geta 

Augustus 198-212 

Geta was Caracalla's brother and son of Septimius Severus. He served as Caesar from 198 until his father's death in 211 at which point he became Augustus, sharing the top slot with Caracalla. Caracalla, in turn, wanted none of this and prepared to rid himself of his unwelcome sidekick. Tricking Geta into a feigned peace summit to be convened on the neutral grounds of their mother's residence, Geta was instead ambushed by a detachment of Caracalla's troops and cold-heartedly slain as he desperately sought refuge in his mother's arms. 

 
A bit scarcer than either Caracallas or Septimius Severuss coins, Getas own coins are still widely available in all grades from the $5 junk Denarii to the multi-thousand dollar Aureus and everything in between. 
 
As should be no surprise by now, the Denarius is by far the most well-represented denomination for this boy emperor. For some years now the bronzes have been getting much scarcer. By the early 200s a Sestertius is a rare coin although they will continue to be struck, along with the Dupondius and the As, for at least another half century. Likewise, any of these bronzes will be rare for Geta, especially in a high grade. 
 
Geta begins his appearance on coins as a young child and over the years matures into a young adult. By the time of his murder he is already shown as a young, bearded man.  


Busts: 

1) Bare head right 
2) Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust left 
3) Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right 
4) Bare-headed, draped bust left 
5) Bare-headed, draped bust right 
6) Laureate head right 
7) Radiate head right 

 

Obverses: 

 
1) GETA CAES PONT COS 
2) GETA CAES PONTIF 
3) GETA CAES PONTIF COS 
5) IMP CAE L SEPT GETA AVG COS II 
6) IMP CAES P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG 
7) L SEPT GETA CAES PONT 
8) L SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES 
9) P SEPT GETA CAES PONT 
10) P SEPT GETA CAES PONT COS 
11) P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT 
12) P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES 
13) P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAESAR 
14) P SEPTIMIVS GETA PIVS AVG BRIT 

 

Reverses: 

 
2) AEQVITATI PVBLICAE 
3) AETERNIT IMPERII 
5) CASTOR 
10) CONCORDIAE AVGG 
11) COS 
12) DI PATRII 
17) FELICITAS TEMPOR 
18) FID EXERC TR P III COS II 
19) FORT RED TR P III 
20) FORT RED TR P III COS II PP 
21) IMP ET CAESAR AVG FILI COS 
22) IOVI SOSPITATORI 
24) IVLIA PIA FELIX AVG 
25) LAETITIA PVBL 
27) LIB AVGG V ET VI 
30) LIBERALITAS AVGG IIII 
31) LIBERALITAS AVGG VI ET V 
36) MINERVA 
37) MINERVA PACIFERA 
39) NOBILITAS 
41) PIETAS 
44) PM TR P II COS II PP 
45) PONTIF COS 
46) PONTIF COS II 
47) PONTIF TR P COS II 
48) PONTIF TR P II COS II 
49) PONTIF TR P III COS II 
50) PONTIF TR P III COS II PP 
51) PONTIF TR P III PP 
52) PONTIFEX  
54) PRINC IVVENT 
55) PRINC IVVENT COS 
57) PRINC IVVENTVTIS 
58) PRINCIPI IVVENT COS 
64) SAECVLARIA SACRA 
65) SECVRIT IMPERII 
66) SEVER INVICTI AVG P II FIL 
67) SEVERI P II AVG FIL 
70) TR P III COS II PP 
71) TR P IIII COS II FORT RED 
72) TR P IIII COS II PP 
75) VICT BRIT TR P IIII COS II 
79) VICTORIAE BRITTANICAE 
83) No legend 

 

Types: 

 
1) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia; coins piled by feet 
2) Caracalla radiate, draped and cuirassed bust left, raising hand 
3) Castor standing left, holding horse by rein and spear. 
4) Concordia standing left, holding standard and scepter; two standards to left and three to right. 
5) Diana standing left, holding torch and globe 
6) Elephant advancing right. 
7) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia 
8) Felicitas standing left, holding cornucopia and caduceus 
9) Fides standing left, holding standard in each hand; another standard to right. 
10) Fides standing left, holding standard; another standard to right. 
11) Fortuna lying right on wheel, holding cornucopia
12) Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia 
13) Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia; wheel under chair. 
14) Four Seasons frolicking 
15) Galley sailing left; circus animals below, two quadrigae above. 
16) Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding grain ears. 
17) Geta and Caracalla seated left on platform with Liberalitas to left, holding coin counter and cornucopia; citizen to lower left. 
18) Geta and Caracalla seated, facing each other; Septimius Severus standing in between them, facing forward. 
19) Geta and Caracalla seated, facing each other; Septimius Severus seated between them, facing forward. 
20) Geta and Caracalla standing left, each raising hand and holding a spear; three soldiers in background and seated captive to lower left. 
21) Geta and Caracalla standing, facing each other, each holding a spear, shaking hands; Liber, holding thrysus, crowning emperor on left and Hercules, holding club, crowning emperor on right 
22) Geta and Caracalla standing, facing each other, holding together globe; Victory between them over trophy with seated captive at its base. 
23) Geta and Caracalla standing, facing each other, sacrificing over altar; musician between them in background. 
24) Geta and Caracalla standing, facing each other, shaking hands over altar; Victory between them, crowning each. 
25) Geta and Caracalla standing, facing each other, shaking hands
26) Geta riding horse left, raising hand and holding scepter
27) Geta riding horse left, raising hand and holding spear; soldier leading in front, holding standard
28) Geta riding horse left, spearing enemy. 
29) Geta riding quadriga left, holding scepter with eagle atop 
30) Geta riding quadriga right, holding scepter with eagle atop. 
31) Geta riding quadriga right, raising hand 
32) Geta standing left on right, holding cornucopia, shaking hands with Felicitas to left, holding caduceus
33) Geta standing left, holding branch and spear. 
34) Geta standing left, holding branch and spear; trophy to right with shield at base. 
35) Geta standing left, holding globe and scepter
36) Geta standing left, holding scepter and spear; trophy to right. 
37) Geta standing left, sacrificing over altar
38) Geta standing left, sacrificing over altar; bull by altar
39) Geta, Caracalla and Septimius Severus, each riding a horse right 
40) Janus standing left, holding spear and thunderbolt. 
41) Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and rudder on globe. 
42) Liber standing right by leopard, holding cup and thrysus, facing Hercules to right, holding club and lion skin. 
43) Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopia 
44) Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopia; globe to lower left. 
45) Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy
46) Mars standing left, crowning trophy and holding spear with shield
47) Minerva advancing right, holding branch and spear with shield
48) Minerva helmeted head right 
49) Minerva seated left, feeding snake on tree and holding spear. 
50) Minerva seated left, feeding snake on tree and holding spear; owl on shield to right. 
51) Minerva standing left, resting hand on shield and holding spear. 
52) Monetae (3) standing left, each holding a scale and cornucopia
53) Nobilitas standing right, holding scepter and Palladium 
54) Pietas seated left, holding scepter and cornucopia; two children under chair. 
55) Pietas standing left, raising hand over altar and holding incense box. 
56) Pietas standing left, raising hands over altar 
57) Pietas standing right, holding scepter and pulling veil; two children to right. 
58) Providentia standing left, holding wand over globe and scepter
59) Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear. 
60) Sacrificial implements: simpulum, cruet, lituus, etc. (variously arranged) 
61) Securitas seated left, holding globe. 
62) Securitas seated left, resting head on hand and holding scepter; altar to left. 
63) Septimius Severus laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, facing Caracalla laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left. 
64) Sol radiate, draped bust right 
65) Sol standing left, raising hand and holding whip. 
66) Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt 
67) Temple with (2) columns; Aesculapius standing with, holding scepter with snake coiled around and snake on either side. 
68) Temple with (2) columns; Jupiter standing within, holding scepter
69) Temple with (6) columns; Roma seated within. 
70) Victories (2) standing, facing each other, together holding shield on palm tree with seated captives at its base. 
71) Victory advancing left, holding opened wreath over shield 
72) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm
73) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm
74) Victory riding biga right, holding whip 
75) Victory seated right, holding shield
76) Victory standing left, holding wreath and palm
77) Victory standing right, stepping on helmet, touching trophy; Britannia standing to right, facing, with captive by feet. 
78) Virtus seated left, holding Victory and parazonium
79) Virtus standing left, stepping on captive, holding parazonium and spear. 
80) Wreath, TEM / POR FELI / CITAS within. 

 

Mints: 

 
1) Laodicea ad Mare 
2) Roma 
 
 
AU Aureus Reference(s) 
 
1) B3, O01, R81, T37 RIC IVi 38a, BMC 441 
2) B3, O09, R15, T07 RIC IVi 9b, C 37 
3) B3, O12, R54, T39 Exe: COS RIC IVi 37a, C 161 
4) B5, O08, R67, T60 RIC IVi 3 
5) B5, O09, R66, T02 RIC IVi 21, BMC 244 

AR Denarius Reference(s) 
 
6) B1, O12, R46, T16 RIC IVi 59b 
7) B3, O08, R17, T32 
8) B3, O08, R68, T66 RIC IVi 96, C 192 
9) B3, O09, R41, T55 RIC IVi 99, S 7185, C 97 
10) B3, O09, R54, T33 RIC IVi 15b, C 159 
11) B3, O09, R65, T61 RIC IVi 20b, C 183a 
12) B3, O09, R73, T71 RIC IVi 101, C 206 
13) B3, O12, R35, T51  
14) B3, O12, R46, T35 RIC IVi 61b, C 117 
15) B3, O12, R54, T39 C 162a 
16) B5, O01, R14, T07 RIC IVi 29, C 35 
17) B5, O01, R36, T51 RIC IVi 30, C 78 
18) B5, O01, R81, T37 RIC IVi 38b, S 7207 
19) B5, O02, R36, T51 RIC IVi 25, C 79 
20) B5, O07, R83, T80 
21) B5, O08, R17, T07 RIC IVi 2, S 7174, C 44 
22) B5, O08, R67, T60 RIC IVi 3, C 188 
23) B5, O08, R69, T66 RIC IVi 4, S 7203, C 193 
24) B5, O09, R03, T63 RIC IVi 5, C 1a 
25) B5, O09, R05, T03 RIC IVi 6, C 12 
26) B5, O09, R14, T07 RIC IVi 8, C 36 
27) B5, O09, R15, T07 RIC IVi 9a, S 7173 
28) B5, O09, R32, T43 RIC IVi 11, S 7178 
29) B5, O09, R39, T53 RIC IVi 13a, S 7184 
30) B5, O09, R54, T33 RIC IVi 15a, C 159 
31) B5, O09, R57, T34 RIC IVi 18, S 7196 
32) B5, O09, R65, T61 RIC IVi 20a, S 7200, C 183 
33) B5, O09, R69, T66 RIC IVi 21a, C 195 
34) B5, O09, R73, T71 RIC IVi 23, S 7205 
35) B5, O09, R83, T80 
36) B5, O12, R11, T29 Exe: COS RIC IVi 28, C 28 
37) B5, O12, R29, T43 RIC IVi 44, C 69 
38) B5, O12, R33, T45 RIC IVi 103, C 76 
39) B5, O12, R35, T51 RIC IVi 45, S 7181, C 83 
40) B5, O12, R36, T51 RIC IVi 46, C 77 
41) B5, O12, R37, T47 Exe: COS RIC IVi 31, C 81 
42) B5, O12, R45, T51 RIC IVi 34b, S 7186 
43) B5, O12, R46, T16 RIC IVi 59a, S 7187, C 114 
44) B5, O12, R46, T35 RIC IVi 61a, S 7188, C 117 
45) B5, O12, R46, T37 RIC IVi 62b, C 119 
46) B5, O12, R52, T30 RIC IVi 66, C 103b 
47) B5, O12, R54, T39 RIC IVi 37b, C 162a 
48) B5, O12, R59, T58 RIC IVi 51, S 7197 
49) B5, O12, R61, T59 RIC IVi 52, C 172 
50) B5, O12, R67, T60 
51) B5, O12, R81, T37 RIC IVi 57, C 227 
52) B6, O06, R47, T16 RIC IVi 67, C 129 
53) B6, O06, R48, T08 RIC IVi 69a, C 137 
54) B6, O06, R48, T16 RIC IVi 70b, C 140 
55) B6, O11, R01, T26 RIC IVi 84 
56) B6, O11, R19, T11 C 62a 
57) B6, O11, R20, T11 RIC IVi 77, C 62 
58) B6, O11, R20, T12 RIC IVi 76d, C 59 
59) B6, O11, R28, T43 RIC IVi 88 
60) B6, O11, R28, T44 RIC IVi 89, C 68 
61) B6, O11, R48, T08 RIC IVi 69b, C 137 
62) B6, O11, R49, T08 RIC IVi 78a, S 7520 
63) B6, O11, R70, T05 RIC IVi 81, C 200 
64) B6, O11, R70, T08 RIC IVi 80, S 7523, C 198 
65) B6, O11, R70, T40 RIC IVi 79, C 197 
66) B6, O11, R78, T73 RIC IVi 91, C 220 
67) B6, O11, R78, T76 RIC IVi 92, C 219 

 
 
68) B1, O12, R39, T53 RIC IVi 49, C 93c 

 
 
69) B6, O06, R48, T20 Exe: SC RIC IVi 157b, C 146 
70) B6, O06, R48, T23 Exe: SC RIC IVi 156, C 145 
71) B6, O14, R10, T21 Exe: SC RIC IVi 184, C 25 
72) B6, O14, R20, T13 Exe: SC RIC IVi 168, C 52 
73) B6, O14, R31, T17 Exe: SC RIC IVi 185, C 71 
74) B6, O14, R74, T75 Exe: SC RIC IVi 172b, C 210 

 
 
75) B7, O14, R47, T57 RIC IVi 174a, C 153 

 
 
 
AE As Reference(s) 
 
76) B6, O06, R47, T46 Exe: SC RIC IVi 152 
77) B6, O06, R48, T57 RIC IVi 163, C 133 
78) B6, O14, R20, T13 Exe: SC RIC IVi 176, C 60 

 

Geta Busts 

Geta Types