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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Galeria Valeria

? - d.315


Valeria was the daughter of Diocletian. To legitimize Diocletian's new scheme of dividing the empire into two halves, he had his daughter marry Galerius and move to the Eastern headquarters. Her marriage to Galerius was apparently an unhappy one and when he died his successor, Maximinus, attempted to marry her to cement his own power. Because this was evidently another marriage of convenience she refused and he exiled her to a remote village. He too died soon after and was succeeded by Licinius who, in turn, still bore her ill will over her spurning Maximinus. He had sent for her to have her executed but she had already vanished months before. She was eventually captured in Thessalonica where it was discovered she was seeking passage back to Italy in search of her father. She and her sister were unceremoniously beheaded and dumped in a river ending her unhappy life.

During the long reigns of Diocletian and Maximian neither emperor had coins struck for their respective wives even though both were known to be married and assumed the titles of Augustae. It was probably not so much as a snub as a change of the times.

Either way, some thirty years later when both emperors were safely tucked away in their tombs, Galerius revived this customary deference and had Folles struck in the name of Valeria until his own death. Either inadvertently or as formed policy there was however to be a new change in the way coins for empresses were made that would hold for the next two hundred years.

Each empress would now be associated only with one or two types for reverses and the only things that would change would be the mintmarks.

Her coins are among the easiest and cheapest to find for any empress of the Late Roman period. Not surprisingly these will be mostly the large Folles typical of the early Tetrarchical period. Condition and eye appeal will be the greatest factors in determining price with poor specimens hardly costing anything while top-notch pieces costing several hundred dollars. A nice however Follis should cost well under $100.

Busts:

1) Diademed, draped bust right
2) Diademed, draped bust right on crescent

Obverses:

1) GAL VALERIA AVG
2) GALER VALERIA AVG

Reverses:

1) VENERI VICTRICI
2) VENERI VICTRICI CMH
3) VENERI VICTRICI NKYSC

Type:

1) Venus standing left, holding apple and raising skirt.
2) Venus standing left, holding apple and raising skirt; altar to left

Mints:

1) Alexandria
2) Antioch
3) Cyzicus
4) Heraclea
5) Nicomedia
6) Serdica
7) Siscia
8) Thessalonica

AU Binio Reference(s)

1) B2, O1, R1, T1, M6 Exe: `/W/SMSD RIC 33 (VI, Serdica)
2) B2, O1, R1, T1, M6 Exe: W/SMSD RIC 34 (VI, Serdica)
3) B2, O1, R1, T1, M7 Exe: SIS RIC 196 (VI, Siscia)

Note: The W sign is technically not part of the mintmark. It is the Greek numeral representing the number 60 and is taken as a mark of value to indicate the coin is worth 1/60th of a Roman pound of gold.

AU Aureus

4) B1, O1, R1, T1, M5 Exe: SMN RIC 53 (VI, Nicomedia)

AE Follis

5) B1, O1, R1, T1, M1 Exe: ` ove K/` over P/ALE RIC 129 (VI, Alexandria)
6) B1, O1, R1, T1, M1 Exe: ` over X/K/ALE RIC 81 (VI, Alexandria)
7) B1, O1, R1, T1, M1 Exe: K over `/P/ALE RIC 110 (VI, Alexandria)
8) B1, O1, R1, T1, M1 Exe: K/` over P/ALE RIC 110 (VI, Alexandria)
9) B1, O1, R1, T1, M1 Exe: P/` over R/ALE RIC 74 (VI, Alexandria)
10) B1, O1, R1, T1, M1 Exe: X/` over X/ALE RIC 81 (VI, Alexandria)
11) B1, O1, R1, T1, M2 Exe: `/`/ANT RIC 107 (VI, Antioch)
12) B1, O1, R1, T1, M2 Exe: ` over `/ANT RIC 98 (VI, Antioch)
13) B1, O1, R1, T1, M2 Exe: `/ANT RIC 84 (VI, Antioch)
14) B1, O1, R1, T1, M2 Exe: O over `/ANT RIC 115 (VI, Antioch)
15) B1, O1, R1, T1, M3 Exe: `/*/MKV RIC 58 (VI, Cyzicus)
16) B1, O1, R1, T1, M3 Exe: `/MKV RIC 46 (VI, Cyzicus)
17) B1, O1, R1, T1, M3 Exe: MK` RIC 38 (VI, Cyzicus)
18) B1, O1, R1, T1, M4 Exe: */`/HT` RIC 63 (VI, Heraclea)
19) B1, O1, R1, T1, M4 Exe: */HTA May 310 May 311 RIC 50 (VI, Heraclea)
20) B1, O1, R1, T1, M4 Exe: */HTΔ May 310 May 311 RIC 50 (VI, Heraclea)
21) B1, O1, R1, T1, M4 Exe: HT` RIC 43 (VI, Heraclea)
22) B1, O1, R1, T1, M6 Exe: */`/SMSD RIC 41 (VI, Serdica)
23) B1, O1, R1, T1, M7 Exe: `/`/SIS RIC 211 (VI, Siscia)
24) B1, O1, R1, T1, M8 Exe: */`/SMTS RIC 36 (VI, Thessalonica)
25) B1, O1, R1, T2, M2 Exe: `/`/ANT RIC 151 (VI, Antioch)
26) B1, O1, R2, T1, M5 Exe: SMN` RIC 57 (VI, Nicomedia)

Galeria Valeria Busts