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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Decentius

Caesar 351-353

Brother of Magnentius, the ill-fated usurper who almost upset the Constantine dynasty. Decentius was made Caesar shortly after Magnentius had gained control of Italy in a clear signal that he meant to start an imperial dynasty of his own. Unfortunately, the war did not go well for Magnentius and, following a devastating defeat in battle, committed suicide rather than test the mercy of Constantius II. On hearing of Magnentius' suicide Decentius followed suit and hanged himself.
A bit harder to find than the coins of Magnentius but not significantly so. Most coins available will be bronzes that have been found in Spain. Due to the overall arid soil conditions in this region the coins will often sport attractive, sandy patinas that most  collectors choose to leave alone as it tends to enhance contrast.
 
While the coins are not generally hard to find, finding them in tip top shape is another matter. The greater part of the bronzes available, regardless of attractive patinas, will lack full, readable legends and often have significant porosity or flan defects.
 
For this reason prices overall are depressed. A well-preserved bronze is a rather rare sight and these coins are typically sold via the bigger auction houses and prices reach into the low hundreds even for common issues.
 
Silver and gold coins are very rare.

Busts:

 
1) Bare headed, cuirassed bust right
2) Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right

 

Obverses:

 
1) DECENTIVS FOR CAES
2) DN DECENTIVS CAESAR
3) DN DECENTIVS FORT CAES
4) DN DECENTIVS NOB CAES

 

Reverses:

 
1) AEQVITAS AVG NOSTRI
2) GLORIA ROMANORVM
3) MAG DECENTIVS N CS
4) MAG DECENTIVS NOB CAES
5) MAGNVS DECENTIVS NOB CAES
6) PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS
7) PRINCITI IVVENTVTIS
8) SALVS DD NN AVG ET CAES
9) VICT CAES LIB ROM ORB
10) VICT DD NN AVG ET CAES
11) VICTORIA AVG ET CAES
12) VICTORIA AVG LIB ROMANOR
13) VICTORIA CAES LIB ROMANOR
14) VICTORIA DD NN AVGG
15) VICTORIA DN CAES
16) VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAE
17) VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAES
18) VIRTVS EXERCITI
19) VIRTVS EXERCITVS

 

Types:

 
1) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia.
2) Decentius advancing right, holding spear and globe.
3) Decentius riding horse right, spearing barbarian; shield under horse.
4) Decentius standing left, holding globe and scepter
5) Decentius standing right, stepping on captive, holding labarum and spear.
6) Large Chi-Rho; A and ω across fields
7) Roma seated left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; shield to side.
8) Securitas standing, facing, leaning on column, resting head on hand.
9) Victories (2) standing, facing each other, holding together wreath reading VOT / V / MVL / X on column
10) Victories (2) standing, facing each other, holding together wreath reading VOT / V / MVLT / X on column.
11) Victories (2) standing, facing each other, holding together wreath reading VOT / V / MVLT / X
12) Victories (2) standing, facing each other, holding together wreath reading VOT / V / MVL / X
13) Victories (2) standing, facing each other, holding together wreath reading VOT / V / MVLT / X; Chi-Rho over wreath.
14) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm.
15) Victory standing right on left, holding trophy together with Libertas to right, holding scepter.

 

Mints:

 
1) Ambianum
2) Aquileia
3) Arelate
4) Lugdunum
5) Roma
6) Siscia
7) Treveri

 
 
AU Solidus Reference(s)

 
1) B2, O3, R13, T15, M7 Exe: TR RIC 294 (VIII, Trier), C 31

 
AE2 

 
2) B1, O4, R08, T06, M4 Exe: P`LG RIC 159 (VIII, Lyons), L 243
3) B1, O4, R16, T10, M1 Exe: AMB   A behind bust RIC 6 (VIII, Amiens), L 6
4) B1, O4, R16, T12, M4 Exe: over SV/R`LG
5) B1, O4, R16, T12, M4 Exe: * over SV/R`LG RIC 187 (VIII, Lyons)
6) B1, O4, R16, T12, M4 Exe: SP/R`LG RIC 137 (VIII, Lyons) 
7) B2, O2, R16, T12, M3 Exe: IS/`AR   A behind bust RIC 178 (VIII, Arles)
8) B2, O3, R08, T06, M7 Exe: TR` RIC 319 (VIII, Trier), L 63
9) B2, O3, R17, T11, M2 Exe: `AQ`   A behind bust RIC 171 (VIII, Aquileia), L 910
10) B2, O4, R16, T10, M4 Exe: R`LG RIC 122 (VIII, Lyons), L 218
11) B2, O4, R16, T10, M4 Exe: S/V/R`LG RIC 124 (VIII, Lyons)

 
AE3

 
12) B1, O4, R16, T11, M4 Exe: SP/R`LG RIC 137 (VIII, Lyons), L 228

 

Decentius Busts

Decentius Types