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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Constantius Gallus

Caesar 351-354

Gallus was one of the few who escaped the family massacre initiated by Constantine's sons in order to weed out possible future contestants to the throne. When Constantius II was unable to deal with lesser rebellions out east because more pressing issues required his presence elsewhere, he decided it would be served best if a family member was given the task. So he summoned Gallus, made him Caesar and sent him on his mission. Although he was successful in dealing with the revolts, his methods were found to be so cruel that they would likely spawn new revolts. Word of his heavy-handed manners reached Constantius and he had him recalled. Being led to believe that he was going to be promoted to full Augustus, the happy Gallus arrived at court only to find out he was under arrest. He was then sent to an island, tried and executed.

Like most of the rest of the members of the Constantine clan, Constantius Gallus still has thousands of his coins lingering around in dusty museum bins and collectors‟ collections. Most of these, not surprisingly, will be the ever-popular Fel Temps that were produced by the millions, and probably hundreds of millions, during the 350’s for several emperors.
 
Silver Siliquae are also fairly frequent as are the odd Solidus or two.


Busts:


 
1) Bare head right
2) Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust left
3) Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right

 

Obverses:

 
1) CONSTANTIVS CAE
2) CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
3) DN CONSTANTIVS FORT CAES
4) DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C
5) DN CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB CAES
6) DN CONSTANTIVS NOB C
7) DN CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
8) DN CONSTANTIVS NOB CS
9) DN FL CL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES
10) FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES

 

Reverses:


 
1) CONCORDIA MILITVM
2) FEL TEMP REPARATIO
3) FELICITAS ROMANORVM
4) GLORIA EXERCITVS
5) GLORIA REIPVBLICAE
6) GLORIA ROMANORVM
7) HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS
8) VICT DD NN AVG ET CAES
9) VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM
10) VICTORIA CAESARIS
11) VICTORIA ROMANORVM
12) VICTORIAE DD NN AVGG
13) VIRTVS EXERCITVS
14) No legend

 

Types:

 
1) Constantinopolis seated left, stepping on galley prow, holding Victory on globe and scepter
2) Constantius Gallus advancing left, stepping on captive, holding Victory on globe and labarum.
3) Constantius Gallus and Constantius II standing under arch, each holding a spear.
4) Constantius Gallus standing left, holding labarum and spear, being crowned by Victory to right, holding palm.
5) Constantius Gallus standing left, holding Victory on globe and spear, being crowned by Victory to right, holding palm.
6) Constantius Gallus standing left on galley, holding Victory and labarum; Victory seated to right, steering galley.
7) Constantius Gallus standing under arch, holding spear and globe, next to Victory, holding wreath and palm.
8) Constantius Gallus standing, facing, holding a labarum in each hand.
9) Constantius Gallus standing, facing, holding a labarum in each hand; star above.
10) Constantius Gallus standing, facing, holding spear and resting hand on shield.
11) Phoenix standing on rock pile
12) Roma and Constantinopolis seated, facing, each holding Victory on globe and scepter
13) Roma, holding scepter, seated, facing and Constantinopolis, stepping on galley prow and holding scepter, seated left, together holding shield reading VO / TIS / V
14) Roma, holding scepter, seated, facing and Constantinopolis, stepping on galley prow and holding scepter, seated left, together holding shield reading VOT / V / MVLT / X
15) Roma standing left, holding Victory on globe and spear with shield.
16) Soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman.
17) Standards (3)
18) Standards (4)
19) Victory advancing left, holding palm and trophy
20) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm
21) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm; kneeling captive to left
22) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm; seated captive on either side.
23) Victory advancing left, holding wreath in each hand.
24) Victory seated right, holding shield reading VO / TIS/ V
25) Victory seated right, holding shield reading VOT / V / MVLT / X
26) Wreath, star within
27) Wreath, VOT / V / MVLT / X within.
28) Wreath, VOTIS / V/ MVLTIS / X within

 

Mints:

 
1) Alexandria
2) Ambianum
3) Antioch
4) Aquileia
5) Arelate
6) Constantinopolis
7) Cyzicus
8) Heraclea
9) Lugdunum
10) Nicomedia
11) Roma
12) Sirmium
13) Siscia
14) Thessalonica
15) Treveri

 
 
AU Medallion Reference(s)
 

1) B2, O07, R06, T01, M03 Exe: SMANT  Five Solidi weight RIC 71a (VIII, Antioch)

 
AU Solidus
 

2) B3, O07, R05, T14, M03 Exe: SMAN`• RIC 90 (VIII, Antioch)
3) B3, O07, R05, T14, M14 Exe: *TES* RIC 149 (VIII, Thessalonica)
4) B3, O09, R05, T13, M10 Exe: SMN RIC 75 (VIII, Nicomedia)

 
AR Siliqua

 
5) B1, O07, R14, T28, M12 Exe: •SIRM RIC 18 (VIII, Sirmium)
6) B3, O04, R10, T19, M13 Exe: SIS RIC 299 (VIII, Siscia)
7) B3, O07, R14, T26 RIC 237 (VIII, Constantinople)

 
AE2

 
8) B3, O04, R01, T09, M12 Exe: `SIRM   “Δ” behind bust RIC 34 (VIII, Sirmium)
9) B3, O04, R01, T16, M13 Exe: II/•`SIS•    “A” behind bust RIC 345 (VIII, Siscia), L 1215
10) B3, O04, R02, T06, M11 Exe: III/*/R`    “A” behind bust RIC 250 (VIII, Rome), L 661
11) B3, O04, R02, T16, M12 Exe: [/`SIRM  RIC 51 (VIII, Sirmium), L 1608
12) B3, O04, R02, T16, M12 Exe: •S•/`SIRM    “Δ” behind bust RIC 46 (VIII, Sirmium)
13) B3, O04, R02, T16, M12 Exe: `SIRM RIC 49 (VIII, Sirmium), L 1604
14) B3, O04, R02, T16, M12 Exe: A/`SIRM    “Δ” behind bust RIC 41 (VIII, Sirmium), L 1598
15) B3, O04, R02, T16, M13 Exe: I/`SIS•S•    “A” behind bust RIC 347 (VIII, Siscia), L 1217
16) B3, O07, R02, T02, M14 Exe: Γ/*/TS`•
17) B3, O07, R02, T16, M01 Exe: Γ/ALE` RIC 74 (VIII, Alexandria)
18) B3, O07, R02, T16, M03 Exe: Γ /AN` RIC 137 (VIII, Antioch)
19) B3, O09, R02, T16, M06 Exe: B•/CONS`    “Δ” behind bust RIC 113 (VIII, Constantinople), L 2034
20) B3, O09, R02, T16, M06 Exe: CONS` RIC 120 (VIII, Constantinople), L 2040
21) B3, O09, R02, T16, M06 Exe: Γ•/CONS` RIC 107 (VIII, Constantinople), L 2029
22) B3, O10, R01, T08, M14 Exe: Γ/*TS`* RIC 167 (VIII, Thessalonica), L 1667

 
AE3 Reference(s)

 
23) B3, O04, R01, T09, M13 Exe: `SIS• “A” behind bust RIC 308 (VIII, Siscia)
24) B3, O04, R02, T16, M04 Exe: LXXII/S/AQ` RIC 193 (VIII, Aquileia), L 924
25) B3, O04, R02, T16, M12 Exe: `SIRM    “Δ” behind bust RIC 36 (VIII, Sirmium)
26) B3, O04, R02, T16, M12 Exe: `SIRM• RIC 53 (VIII, Sirmium), L 1606
27) B3, O04, R02, T16, M13 Exe: `SIS RIC 351 (VIII, Siscia), L 1219
28) B3, O04, R02, T16, M13 Exe: `SIS- RIC 354 (VIII, Siscia)
29) B3, O04, R02, T16, M13 Exe: I/`SIS•S• “A” behind bust RIC 347 (VIII, Siscia)
30) B3, O04, R07, T04, M12 Exe: III/*SIRM    “A” behind bust RIC 24 (VIII, Sirmium)
31) B3, O04, R10, T20, M12 Exe: `SIRM
32) B3, O06, R02, T16, M08 Exe: SMH` RIC 91 (VIII, Sirmium)
33) B3, O07, R02, T16, M11 Exe: R`― RIC 284 (VIII, Rome)
34) B3, O07, R02, T16, M14 Exe: `/SMTS RIC 190 (VIII, Thessalonica), L 1682
35) B3, O08, R02, T16, M07 Exe: SMK` RIC 107 (VIII, Cyzicus)
36) B3, O09, R02, T16, M06 Exe: •/CONS` RIC 122 (VIII, Constantinople), L 2044
37) B3, O09, R02, T16, M06 Exe: •S•/*/CONS` RIC 117 (VIII, Constantinople), L 2038
38) B3, O09, R02, T16, M06 Exe: CONS` RIC 120 (VIII, Constantinople)
39) B3, O09, R02, T16, M06 Exe: X/ •/CONS` RIC 124 (VIII, Constantinople), L 2047
40) B3, O09, R02, T16, M07 Exe: SMK` RIC 99 (VIII, Cyzicus)
41) B3, O09, R02, T16, M07 Exe: Γ/SMK` RIC 94 (VIII, Sirmium)
42) B3, O09, R02, T16, M14 Exe: TS` RIC 181 (VIII, Thessalonica)

 

Constantius Gallus Busts

Constantius Gallus Types