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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Commodus 

Augustus 177-192 

Commodus vies with Caligula and Nero as Roman history's most perverse and sadistic of rulers. Like Caligula and Nero before, Commodus was an ordinary (by imperial standards) ruler who succeeded Marcus Aurelius, his father, upon his death. In his one major positive deed, Commodus called off the expedition against the Germans which his father had commenced on terms favorable to Rome. He sped off to Rome where he much preferred living the perks of an emperor to the dirty business of waging wars. While he whiled away his time pursuing a hedonistic lifestyle he was happy to delegate administrative responsibilities to others. 
Unfortunately, his appointees never seemed to last long on the job. Whether through incompetence, bad luck or corruption, one by one these fell and needed replacement. Commodus little by little began gaining a taste for power as the shuffling of his foremen took place and, finally, he decided to manage the empire himself. It is starting with this period that Commodus began to act increasingly unpredictably and cruel. A botched conspiracy against him, orchestrated by no less than his beloved sister Lucilla, was discovered and his surviving the episode turned him afterwards into a highly paranoid individual who had countless officials executed for disloyalty imagined or real.  
In his final year of life he shocked Romans of all classes by personally moonlighting as a gladiator. Of course, these fights were arranged so that he could invariably come out the victor. Because of this a record-breaking 700+ victories were scored in his name, each one ending in the deaths of one or more gladiators and/or wild beasts at the Colosseum. A successful conspiracy against him was finally hatched by one of his lovers who first tried poisoning him but he threw up and a wrestler was summoned who strangled him to death on the last day of the year 192.  
 
For the period, Commodusís coins are no different in terms of prices and availability compared to that of his immediate predecessors. However, it is somewhat surprising that few Denarii remain in mint state or even close to it. While the ever declining fineness of the silver content in the coins themselves is partly to blame one may wonder about the even baser Denarii of Caracalla or Elagabalus which are downright plentiful in truly gem condition. 
 
Because of the historical significance, coins featuring Commodusís portrait wearing a lionís head skin, the symbolism of which is associated with Hercules, are particularly prized.  

Busts: 

 
1) Bare head right 
2) Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust right 
3) Bare headed, draped bust right 
4) Head right, wearing lion skin 
5) Laureate bust left 
6) Laureate head left 
7) Laureate head right 
8) Laureate, cuirassed bust right 
9) Laureate, cuirassed torso right 
10) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left 
11) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
12) Laureate, draped bust right 
13) Radiate bust right, with lion skin and club 
14) Radiate head right 
15) Radiate, cuirassed bust right 
16) Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
17) Radiate, draped bust right 

 

Obverses: 

 
1) COMM ANT AVG P BRIT 
2) COMMODO CAES AVG FIL GERM 
3) COMMODO CAES AVG FIL GERM SARM 
4) COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG 
5) COMMODVS CAES AVG FIL 
6) COMMODVS CAES AVG FIL GERM SARM 
7) COMMODVS CAES AVG FIL GERM SARM COS 
10) IMP L AVREL COMMODVS AVG GERM SARM 
11) L AEL AVR COM AVG PF 
12) L AEL AVR COMM AVG P FEL 
13) L AEL AVREL COMM AVG P FEL 
14) L AVREL COMMODO CAES AVG FIL GERM 
15) L AVREL COMMODO CAES AVG FIL GERM SARM 
16) L AVREL COMMODVS AVG 
21) L AVREL COMMODVS CAES AVG FIL GERM 
22) L COMMODVS AVG 
23) M ANTONINVS COMMODVS AVG 
24) M COMM ANT AVG P BRIT FEL 
25) M COMM ANT AVG PIVS BRIT 
27) M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT P P 
28) M COMM ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT 
29) M COMM ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT P P 
30) M COMM ANT P PEL AVG BRIT 
31) M COMM ANTO AVG PIVS FEL 
32) M COMM ANTON AVG PIVS BRIT 
33) M COMM ANTON AVG PIVS FEL 
34) M COMM ANTONIN AVG BRIT 
35) M COMMOD ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT P P 
36) M COMMODVS ANT AVG P BRIT FELIX 
37) M COMMODVS ANT FELIX AVG P BRIT 
38) M COMMODVS ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT 
39) M COMMODVS ANTON AVG PIVS 
40) M COMMODVS ANTON AVG PIVS BRIT 
41) M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG 
44) M COMMODVS AVG PIVS BRIT 
45) M COMMODVS N AVG PIVS BRIT 

Reverses: 

 
1) ADVENTVS AVG IMP IIII COS II P P 
3) ANN AVG 
4) ANN AVG P M TR P VIIII IMP VI COS IIII P P 
5) ANN AVG TR P VI IMP IIII COS III P P 
6) ANN AVG TR P VII IMP IIII COS III 
7) ANN AVG TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P 
8) ANN AVG TR P VIIII IMP VI COS IIII P P 
9) ANN P M TR P VIIII IMP VII COS IIII P P 
10) ANN P M TR P X IMP VII COS IIII P P 
11) ANNO AVG TR P VIIII IMP VII COS IIII P P 
13) APOL MONETAE P M TR P XV IMP VIII COS VI 
14) APOL MONETAE P M TR P XVI IMP VIII COS VI 
15) APOL PAL 
16) APOL PAL P M TR P XVI COS VI 
17) APOL PALAT P M TR P XVI COS VI 
18) APOLLINI PALATINO 
19) AVCT PIET P M TR P XII IMP VIII COS V P P 
20) AVCTOR PIETAT P M TR P XII IMP VIII COS V P P 
21) AVCTOR PIETAT P M TR P XIIII IMP VIII COS V P P 
22) BRITT P M TR P VIIII IMP VII COS IIII P P 
23) CONC COM P M TR P XVI COS VI 
24) CONC COMMODI 
25) CONC MIL 
26) CONC MIL P M TR P X IMP VII COS IIII P P 
27) CONC MIL P M TR P XI IMP VII COS IIII P P 
28) CONC MIL P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P 
29) CONCOR COMMODI 
30) CONCORDIAE COMMODI AVG 
32) COS P P 
33) COS VI P P 
34) COS VII P P 
35) D P R C 
37) DE SARMATIS 
38) FEL 
39) FEL AVG TR P VI IMP IIII COS III P P 
40) FEL PVBLICA 
41) FELIC COM P M TR P XVII COS VII P P 
42) FELIC PERPETVAE AVG 
43) FELIC PERPETVAE AVG COS VI  
44) FELICITATI CAES 
45) FID EXERC 
46) FID EXERC P M TR P X IMP VII COS IIII P P 
47) FID EXERCIT 
48) FIDEI COH P M TR P XII COS V 
49) FIDEI COH P M TR P XVI COS VI 
50) FIDEI COH P M TR P XVII COS VI 
51) FIDEI COHORTIVM AVG 
52) FOR FEL P M TR P XIIII COS V DES VI 
53) FOR RED 
54) FOR RED P M TR P X IMP VII COS IIII P P 
55) FOR RED P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P 
56) FOR RED P M TR P XIII IMP VIII COS V P P 
57) FORT FEL P M TR P XIIII COS V P P 
58) FORT FELI P M TR P XIIII IMP VIII COS V DES VI 
59) FORT FELI P M TR P XIIII IMP VIII COS V P P 
60) FORT MANENT P M TR P XIIII COS V P P 
61) FORT RED 
63) GEN AVG FELIC COS VI 
64) HER ROM COND COS VII P P 
65) HERC COM P M TR P XVI COS VI 
66) HERC COMMODIANO 
67) HERC COMMODIANO P M TR P XVI COS VI 
68) HERC ROM CONDITORI COS VII P P 
69) HERC ROM CONDITORI P M TR P XVII IMP VIII COS VII P P 
70) HERCVLI COMITI 
71) HERCVLI ROMANO AVG 
73) HILAR AVG 
74) HILARIT AVG 
75) HILARIT AVG P M TR P XII IMP VIII COS V P P 
76) HILARITAS 
77) HILARITAS AVG 
78) HILARITAS AVG TR P VIII IMP V COS III P P 
79) IMP II COS II P P 
80) IMP III COS II P P 
81) IOM SPONSOR SEC AVG 
82) IOM SPONSOR SEC AVG COS VI P P 
83) IOV EXSVP P M TR P XI IMP VIII 
84) IOV EXSVP P M TR P XII IMP VIII 
85) IOV IVVEN P M TR P XIIII COS V DES VI 
86) IOV IVVEN P M TR P XIIII COS V P P 
90) IOVI EXSVPER P M TR P XI IMP VIII COS V P P 
91) IOVI EXSVPER P M TR P XII IMP VIII COS V P P 
92) IOVI EXSVPER P M TR P XIIII IMP VIII COS V P P 
93) IOVI IVVENI P M TR P XIIII IMP VIII COS V P P 
94) IOVI VICTORI IMP III COS II P P 
98) IVPPITER COSERVATOR TR P V IMP IIII COS II P P 
99) LAET AVG P M TR P XII IMP VIII COS V P P 
100) LAETITIA 
101) LAETITIAE AVG 
102) LIB AVG IIII 
103) LIB AVG IIII TR P VI IMP IIII COS III P P 
104) LIB AVG P M TR P XV COS VI 
105) LIB AVG P M TR P XVII COS VII P P 
106) LIB AVG TR P V IMP IIII COS II P P 
107) LIB AVG V TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P 
108) LIB AVG VI 
109) LIB AVG VI P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P 
110) LIB AVG VIII 
111) LIB AVG VIII P M TR P XVII COS VII P P 
112) LIB AVG VIIII 
113) LIBERAL AVG VI 
114) LIBERAL AVG VII 
115) LIBERAL V 
119) LIBERALITAS AVG TR P V IMP IIII COS II P P 
120) LIBERALITAS AVG VII 
121) LIBERT AVG 
122) LIBERT AVG P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P 
123) LIBERT P M TR P XIII IMP VIIII COS V P P 
125) LIBERTAS AVG TR P VI IMP IIII COS III 
126) MART PAC 
127) MART PAC P M TR P XIIII COS V DES VI 
128) MART PAC P M TR P XIIII COS V P P 
129) MART PACAT P M TR P XIIII IMP VIII COS V P P 
133) MATRI DEV CONSERV AVG 
135) MAVRETANIA 
136) MIN AVG P M TR P XVI COS VI 
137) MIN VICT P M TR P XIIII COS V DES VI 
138) MINER AVG 
139) MINER AVG P M TR P XVI 
140) MINER PAC 
141) MINER VICT 
142) MINER VICT P M TR P XIIII IMP VIII COS V  
146) NOBILIT AVG P M TR P XII IMP VIII COS V P P 
147) NOBILITAS AVG 
149) PACI AETER P M TR P XIIII COS V P P 
150) PACI AETER P M TR P XIIII IMP VIII  
151) PACI AETERNAE COS V P P 
152) PACI AETERNAE CV P P 
153) PAT SENAT 
154) PATER SENAT P M TR P XII IMP VIII COS V P P 
156) PIET SENAT P M TR P XIIII COS V P P 
157) PIETAS AVG 
158) PIETATI AETERNAE COS V P P 
159) PIETATI SENATVS 
160) PIETATI SENATVS CV P P 
161) P M TR P VIII IMP VI COS IIII P P 
162) P M TR P VIIII IMP VI COS IIII P P 
163) P M TR P VIIII IMP VII COS IIII P P 
164) P M TR P X IMP VII COS IIII P P 
165) P M TR P XI IMP VII COS IIII P P 
166) P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P 
167) P M TR P XI IMP VIII COS V P P 
168) P M TR P XII IMP VII COS V P P 
169) P M TR P XII IMP VIII 
170) P M TR P XII IMP VIII COS V P P 
171) P M TR P XIII IMP VIII COS V P P 
172) P M TR P XIIII IMP VIII COS V P P
173) P M TR P XV IMP VIII COS VI 
174) P M TR P XVI COS VI 
175) P M TR P XVII IMP VIII COS VII P P 
176) P M TR P XVIII IMP VIII COS VII P P 
177) PONTIF 
180) PROV AVG TR P VIII IMP VI COS IIII P P 
181) PROV DEOR TR P VI IMP IIII COS III P P 
182) PROVID AVG 
183) PROVIDENTIAE AVG 
184) PVBLIC FEL P M TR P XII IMP VIII COS V P P 
185) PVBLICA FEL 
189) ROMAE FELICI 
190) ROMAE FELICI COS VI 
191) SAEC FEL P M TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P 
192) SAECVLI FELIC 
194) SAL GEN HVM COS VI P P 
195) SALVS AVG 
196) SALVS AVG TR P VII IMP V COS III P P 
197) SALVS AVG TR P VIII IMP V COS IIII P P 
198) SEC ORB P M TRP XIIII COS V DES VI 
199) SECVR ORB P M TR P XIIII 
200) SECVRIT ORB 
202) SECVRITAS PVBLICA TR P VI IMP III COS III P P 
205) SERAPIDI COSERV AVG COS VI P P 
207) TEMP FELI 
208) TEMP FELIC 
209) TEMP FELIC P M TR P XV IMP VIII COS VI 
210) TEMP FELIC P M TR P XV IMP VIIII COS VI 
211) TEMP FELIC P M TR P XVI COS VI 
214) TR P II COS P P 
215) TR P II COS P P DE GERM 
216) TR P II COS P P DE SARM 
217) TR P II IMP II COS 
218) TR P III IMP II COS P P 
219) TR P IIII IMP II COS P P 
220) TR P IIII IMP II COS II P P 
221) TR P IIII IMP III COS II P P 
222) TR P V IMP III COS II P P 
223) TR P V IMP IIII COS II P P 
224) TR P VI IMP IIII COS III P P 
225) TR P VII IMP III COS III P P 
226) TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P 
227) TR P VII IMP V COS III P P 
228) TR P VIII IMP  V COS IIII P P 
229) TR P VIII IMP  VI COS IIII P P 
230) TR P VIIII IMP VI COS IIII P P 
231) TR P VIIII IMP VII COS IIII P P 
232) TR P X IMP VII COS IIII P P 
233) TR P XI IMP VII COS V P P 
234) TR P XV IMP VIII COS VI 
235) TR P XVII IMP VIII COS VII P P 
236) TR POT COS 
237) TR POT II COS 
238) TR POT II COS DE GERM 
239) TR POT II COS P P 
241) VIRT AETER AVG 
242) VIRTVS AVG TR P V IMP III COS II P P 
243) VIRTVT AVG P M TR P XII IMP VIII COS V P P 
244) VIRTVTI AVGVSTI TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P 
245) VOT SOL DEC P M TR P XI IMP VIII 
246) VOT SOLV PRO SAL PR 
248) VOT SVSC DEC P M TR P VIIII IMP VII COS IIII P P 
249) VOT SVSC DEC P M TR P X IMP VII COS IIII P P 
251) VOTA DEC ANN SVSC TR P VI IMP IIII COS III P P 
252) VOTA
255) VOTA SOLV PRO SAL PR 
256) VOTA SVSCEP DECEN TR P VIIII IMP  VII 
257) No legend 

 
 

Types: 

 
1) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia 
2) Aequitas standing left, holding scales over globe and cornucopia
3) Aesculapius standing left, holding hand of kneeling Salus to left and staff with snake coiled around. 
4) Altar 
5) Altar reading FORT REDVCI 
6) Annona standing left, holding Ceres over modius and cornucopia; galley prow to right, two people within. 
7) Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia
8) Apollo standing right, leaning on column and with legs crossed, resting head on hand. 
9) Apollo standing, facing, holding patera and lyre
10) Apollo standing, facing, holding plectrum and lyre on column. 
11) Archway, Janus within, holding scepter
12) Bow, club and quiver 
13) Bow, quiver, club with lion skin and trident. 
14) Britannia standing left, holding scythe and wreath 
15) Castor leading horse left, holding spear. 
16) Ceres standing left, stepping on galley prow, holding torch and cornucopia
17) Commodus bare head right. 
18) Commodus laureate head right 
19) Commodus leading oxen right 
20) Commodus riding horse right, holding spear, led by soldier and followed by three other soldiers. 
21) Commodus riding horse right, raising hand. 
22) Commodus riding horse right, spearing enemy. 
23) Commodus riding horse right, spearing lion
24) Commodus riding horse right, spearing panther
25) Commodus riding quadriga left, holding branch and scepter; Victory crowning him from behind. 
26) Commodus riding quadriga left, holding scepter with eagle atop 
27) Commodus riding quadriga left, holding scepter with eagle atop, Victory crowning him. 
28) Commodus riding quadriga right, holding scepter with eagle atop 
29) Commodus seated left on platform accompanied by Liberalitas, holding coin counter and cornucopia; citizen on steps to lower left. 
30) Commodus seated left on platform accompanied by lictor and Liberalitas, holding coin counter and cornucopia; citizen on steps to lower left. 
31) Commodus seated left, holding branch and scepter
32) Commodus seated left, holding globe, being crowned by hovering Victory from behind. 
33) Commodus seated left, holding globe. 
34) Commodus standing left on platform, raising hand and holding scepter, facing (3) soldiers below. 
35) Commodus standing left on platform, raising hand and holding scepter, facing (4) soldiers below. 
36) Commodus standing left on platform, raising hand and holding scepter, facing (5) soldiers below. 
37) Commodus standing left on platform, raising hand and holding scepter, facing (6) soldiers below. 
38) Commodus standing left on right, being crowned by Victory, shaking hands with Serapis and Isis to left; Isis holds sistrum
39) Commodus standing left on right, holding cornucopia, shaking hands with Felicitas to left, holding caduceus
40) Commodus standing left, holding branch and cradling scepter
41) Commodus standing left, holding branch and scepter; trophy to right with weapons at its base. 
42) Commodus standing left, holding globe and scepter; Jupiter behind him, standing left, touching his shoulder and holding thunderbolt. 
43) Commodus standing left, sacrificing over altar
44) Commodus standing left, sacrificing over altar; bull lying at altarís base. 
45) Commodus standing left, sacrificing over altar; child by altar, citizen slaying bull to left and musicians in background. 
46) Commodus standing left, sacrificing over altar; victimarius with bull to left. 
47) Commodus standing right on left, holding scepter, shaking hands with Senator to right, holding scepter
48) Commodus standing right on left, raising hands, facing Victory on column to right; star in field
49) Commodus standing to left, facing, holding branch and scepter, next to Jupiter to right, holding thunderbolt and scepter
50) Commodus standing, facing, holding spear and parazonium
51) Concordia standing left, holding patera and scepter
52) Concordia standing, facing, holding standard in each hand. 
53) Cornucopiae (2) crossed, caduceus within 
54) Cornucopiae (2) crossed, winged caduceus within 
55) Cybele riding lion right, holding drum and scepter
56) Eagle standing left on globe 
57) Eagle standing right 
58) Elephant standing right 
59) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia
60) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and cornucopia; modius to left. 
61) Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus and scepter
62) Felicitas standing left, holding patera and scepter
63) Felicitas standing left, holding Victory and winged caduceus
64) Fides standing left, holding globe and standard
65) Fides standing left, holding grain ears and standard
66) Fides standing left, holding scepter and cornucopia
67) Fides standing left, holding standard and cornucopia 
68) Fides standing right, holding grain ears and fruit basket 
69) Fides standing right, holding standard and cornucopia
70) Fortuna seated left, holding horse by bridle and cornucopia
71) Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia
72) Fortuna seated left, holding rudder and cornucopia; wheel under chair. 
73) Fortuna seated left, holding rudder on globe and cornucopia
74) Fortuna seated left, holding rudder on globe and cornucopia; wheel under chair. 
75) Fortuna seated left, holding thunderbolt and scepter
76) Fortuna standing left, stepping on galley prow, holding caduceus and cornucopia
77) Fortuna standing right, holding rudder on globe and cornucopia
78) Four Seasons frolicking 
79) Galley sailing left 
80) Galley sailing right 
81) Genius standing left, holding patera and grain ears. 
82) Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding grain ears. 
83) Genius standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding cornucopia
84) Hercules leading oxen left 
85) Hercules leading oxen left, holding club with lion skin. 
86) Hercules standing left on right, holding club and receiving grain ears from Africa to left, holding sistrum; lion by her feet. 
87) Hercules standing left on right, stepping on galley prow, holding club with lion skin and receiving grain ears from Africa to left, holding sistrum
88) Hercules standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding cornucopia; tree to left with lion skin. 
89) Hercules standing left, touching trophy and holding club with lion skin. 
90) Hercules standing right, resting hand on club and holding bow. 
91) Hercules standing, facing, hand on hip and resting hand on club with lion skin. 
92) Hercules standing, facing, holding club and bow. 
93) Hercules standing, facing, holding patera and club. 
94) Hilaritas standing left, holding palm and cornucopia
95) Italia seated left on globe, holding cornucopia and scepter
96) Juno advancing right, aiming spear at snake to lower right and holding shield
97) Juno standing left, holding patera and scepter; peacock to left. 
98) Jupiter advancing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; seven stars in field
99) Jupiter seated left, holding branch and scepter 
100) Jupiter seated left, holding thunderbolt and scepter
101) Jupiter seated left, holding Victory and scepter
102) Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter
103) Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; eagle to left. 
104) Jupiter standing left, holding thunderbolt and scepter; small Commodus to left, holding trophy
105) Jupiter standing left, holding Victory and scepter; eagle to left. 
106) Jupiter standing left, holding Victory; eagle to left. 
107) Laetitia standing left, holding branch and palm
108) Laetitia standing left, holding grain ears and rudder on globe. 
109) Laetitia standing left, holding wreath and rudder. 
110) Liberalitas standing left, holding coin counter and cornucopia
111) Libertas standing left, holding pileus and scepter
112) Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy
113) Mars standing left, holding branch and spear. 
114) Mars standing left, holding branch and spear; weapons by feet. 
115) Mars standing left, stepping on cuirass, holding branch and spear. 
116) Mars standing right, holding spear and shield 
117) Mauretania standing in front of horse, holding its bridle and scepter
118) Minerva advancing right, aiming spear and holding shield
119) Minerva advancing right, aiming spear and holding shield; owl to right. 
120) Minerva advancing right, holding branch and shield
121) Minerva standing left, holding branch and spear with shield
122) Minerva standing left, holding Victory and spear; shield to left, trophy to right. 
123) Minerva standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding spear with shield
124) Modius with grain ears. 
125) Monetae (3) holding scale and cornucopia
126) Nobilitas standing right, holding scepter and Palladium 
127) Pax seated left, holding branch and cornucopia
128) Pax seated left, holding branch and scepter 
129) Pax standing left, holding branch and cornucopia
130) Pax standing left, holding branch and cornucopia; shield to left. 
131) Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter
132) Pax standing left, setting fire to weapons and holding scepter
133) Pietas seated left, raising hand and holding scepter
134) Pietas seated left, raising hand and holding scepter; child to left. 
135) Pietas standing left, holding scepter and hand of kneeling child. 
136) Pietas standing left, sacrificing over altar and holding incense box. 
137) Providentia standing left, holding wand over globe and scepter 
138) Roma seated left, holding Victory and cornucopia 
139) Roma seated left, holding Victory and parazonium 
140) Roma seated left, holding Victory and spear. 
141) Roma seated right, holding Victory and parazonium 
142) Roma standing left, holding spear. 
143) Roma standing left, holding Victory and spear. 
144) Romulus advancing right, holding spear and trophy
145) Sacrificial implements: simpulum, cruet, lituus, etc. (variously arranged) 
146) Salus seated left, feeding snake on altar
147) Salus seated left, holding branch over snake. 
148) Salus seated left, Sphinx under chair, feeding snake to left under tree and next to column with statue atop. 
149) Salus standing left, feeding snake on altar and holding scepter
150) Salus standing left, holding patera and scepter
151) Salus standing right, holding and feeding snake 
152) Securitas seated left, holding globe. 
153) Securitas seated left, holding scepter and resting head on hand. 
154) Securitas seated left, holding scepter
155) Securitas seated right, holding scepter
156) Serapis standing right, raising hand and holding scepter
157) Serapis standing, facing, holding branch and scepter
158) Shield, EQVESTER / ORDO / PRINCIPI / IVVENT within 
159) Sol radiate, draped bust right. 
160) Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt. 
161) Temple with (2) columns, Janus standing within, holding scepter
162) Trophy; seated captive on either side. 
163) Victory advancing left, holding opened wreath over shield on cippus
164) Victory advancing left, holding opened wreath over shield reading S C on cippus reading COS V P P 
165) Victory advancing left, holding opened wreath over two shields over base reading C V P P 
166) Victory advancing left, holding trophy with both hands
167) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm
168) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and trophy
169) Victory advancing right, holding trophy with both hands
170) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm 
171) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and trophy
172) Victory seated left, holding patera and palm
173) Victory seated right, holding shield 
174) Victory standing right, holding shield on palm
175) Victory standing right, holding shield on palm; seated captive to right of palm
176) Victory standing right, holding Victory on globe on column 
177) Victory standing right, stepping on globe, holding shield on palm reading VO / DE 
178) Virtus seated left, holding Victory and spear. 
179) Virtus seated right, holding spear and parazonium
180) Virtus standing left, holding Victory and spear with shield
181) Virtus standing right, holding spear and resting hand on shield
182) Weapons in a pile 
183) Wreath, club within; HER CVL / RO MAN / AV GV across fields 
185) Wreath, MAGN/IFICENT/IAE AVG / COS VII / P P within. 
186) Wreath, PRIMI / DECEN P M / TR P X IMP VII / COS IIII P P / S C within. 
187) Wreath, SPQR LAETITIAE CV within. 
188) Wreath, TEMPORVM FELICITAS within 
189) Wreath, VOT XX within 
190) Wreath, VOTIS XX COS VI within 

 

Mint: 

 
1) Roma 

 
AU Aureus Reference(s) 
 
1) B02, O03, R002, T021 RIC 604 (III, Marcus Aurelius), BMC 641, C 1 
2) B02, O03, R178, T041 Exe: PROVID AVG Calico 2316a 
3) B08, O26, R167, T079 
4) B08, O39, R162, T100 RIC III 69e, BMC 118 
5) B11, O12, R071, T089 RIC 254b, C 201 
6) B11, O16, R221, T112 RIC 659 (III, Marcus Aurelius), BMC 795, C 768 
7) B11, O27, R065, T088 RIC III 221, C 180 
8) B12, O10, R214, T182 Exe: DE GERM RIC 633 (III, Marcus Aurelius
9) B12, O13, R111, T110 RIC III 239a, BMC 311 
10) B12, O16, R218, T015 RIC 648 (III, Marcus Aurelius), C 760 
11) B12, O24, R164, T034 Exe: FID EXERC RIC III 110, C 139 
12) B12, O26, R169, T161 Exe: COS V P P  

 
 
13) B11, O27, R173, T170 RIC III 211, BMC 279, C 553 

AR Antoninianus (Posthumous) Reference(s) 
 
14) B14, O08, R031, T057 RIC 93 (IViii, Trajan Decius), C 1009 

 
 
15) B01, O02, R116, T110 RIC 599 (III, Marcus Aurelius), C 291 
16) B01, O02, R178, T041 RIC 603 (III, Marcus Aurelius), C 608 
17) B03, O03, R036, T162 RIC 606 (III, Marcus Aurelius), S 5543, C 77a 
18) B03, O03, R178, T041 RIC 617 (III, Marcus Aurelius
19) B03, O03, R205, T161 RIC 622 (III, Marcus Aurelius), C 709 
20) B04, O13, R257, T183 RIC III 251d, C 190 
21) B07, O01, R231, T059 Exe: FEL RIC III 97 
22) B07, O01, R231, T100 RIC III 88, C 457 
23) B07, O01, R231, T124 RIC III 94, C 467 
24) B07, O01, R231, T138 Exe: ROM RIC III 98a, S 5689, C 660 
25) B07, O01, R231, T143 RIC III 90c, C 460 
26) B07, O01, R232, T006 Exe: ANN RIC III 106, C 18 
27) B07, O01, R232, T059 Exe: FEL RIC III 108, C 117 
28) B07, O01, R232, T100 RIC III 101, C 472 
29) B07, O01, R232, T138 Exe: ROM RIC III 112 
30) B07, O01, R232, T143 RIC III 102, C 476 
31) B07, O13, R042, T039 RIC III 249, C 120 
32) B07, O13, R071, T089 RIC III 254a, S 5646 
33) B07, O13, R081, T042 RIC III 255, S 5648, C 239 
34) B07, O13, R088, T098 RIC III 256, C 245 
35) B07, O13, R105, T111 RIC III 241, C 288 
36) B07, O13, R111, T110 RIC III 239, C 325 
37) B07, O13, R130, T180 RIC III 257, C 346 
38) B07, O13, R175, T016 RIC III 230, C 582 
39) B07, O13, R175, T067 * in left field RIC III 233, C 583 
40) B07, O13, R175, T067 RIC III 232, C 584 
41) B07, O13, R175, T076 * in left field RIC III 235, S 5685 
42) B07, O13, R175, T134 * in left field RIC III 236, S 5686, C 575 
43) B07, O13, R175, T167 * in left field RIC III 237, C 568 
44) B07, O13, R183, T087 RIC III 259, C 643 
45) B07, O13, R203, T157 RIC III 261, C 703 
46) B07, O13, R246, T043 RIC III 262, S 5725, C 984 
47) B07, O13, R257, T185 RIC III 248 
48) B07, O16, R220, T147 RIC 663 (III, Marcus Aurelius
49) B07, O16, R220, T168 RIC 664 (III, Marcus Aurelius), C 774 
50) B07, O16, R221, T173 RIC 666 (III, Marcus Aurelius), C 775 
51) B07, O23, R224, T007 RIC III 14b, C 811 
52) B07, O23, R224, T059 RIC III 15b, C 805 
53) B07, O23, R226, T007 RIC III 28, C 835 
54) B07, O23, R226, T061 RIC III 29a, C 831 
55) B07, O24, R168, T034 
56) B07, O25, R146, T126 RIC III 155, S 5663, C 385 
57) B07, O26, R019, T136 RIC III 146, S 5630, C 34 
58) B07, O26, R057, T076 RIC III 172, C 162 
59) B07, O26, R062, T070 Exe: C V P P RIC III 191a, S 5642 
60) B07, O26, R083, T098 Exe: COS VP P RIC III 138, C 241 
61) B07, O26, R084, T099 RIC III 152, C 242 
62) B07, O26, R086, T103 RIC III 173, S 5650, C 259 
63) B07, O26, R099, T107 RIC III 154, C 278 
64) B07, O26, R101, T108 RIC III 201, S 5653, C 279 
65) B07, O26, R122, T111 RIC III 135, C 340 
66) B07, O26, R128, T113 RIC III 175, S 5659, C 350 
67) B07, O26, R148, T102 Exe: C V P P RIC III 192, C 387 
68) B07, O26, R167, T061 RIC III 137, C 514 
69) B07, O26, R170, T059 RIC III 143, C 523 
70) B07, O26, R170, T111 RIC III 144, C 521 
71) B07, O26, R171, T001 RIC III 164d, C 537 
72) B07, O26, R171, T073 RIC III 166a, C 540 
73) B07, O26, R171, T081 RIC III 167, C 532 
74) B07, O26, R171, T082 RIC III 384, C 532 
75) B07, O26, R171, T111 RIC III 168, S 5681, C 542 
76) B07, O26, R171, T146 RIC III 169, S 5682 
77) B07, O26, R191, T177 RIC III 136, C 664 
78) B07, O26, R199, T152 Exe: COS V P P RIC III 179, C 697 
79) B07, O26, R233, T001 RIC III 120, C 499 
80) B07, O26, R233, T032 RIC III 125, C 505 
81) B07, O26, R233, T052 RIC III 126, C 53 
82) B07, O26, R233, T073 RIC III 131, C 150 
83) B07, O26, R233, T100 RIC III 117, C 486 
84) B07, O26, R233, T167 RIC III 122a, C 492 
85) B07, O26, R240, T165 RIC III 196, C 952 
86) B07, O26, R243, T180 RIC III 160, C 966 
87) B07, O26, R245, T044 RIC III 140, C 1000 
88) B07, O27, R012, T008 COS VI across fields RIC III 205, C 22 
89) B07, O27, R016, T010 RIC III 218, S 5629, C 24 
90) B07, O27, R023, T051 RIC III 219, S 5631 
91) B07, O27, R049, T065 RIC III 220, C 127 
92) B07, O27, R063, T083 RIC III 227, S 5643 
93) B07, O27, R085, T103 RIC III 187, C 260 
94) B07, O27, R104, T111 RIC III 208d, S 5654, C 282 
95) B07, O27, R120, T110 RIC III 202a, C 323 
96) B07, O27, R127, T113 RIC III 188, C 351 
97) B07, O27, R136, T120 RIC III 222, C 358 
98) B07, O27, R137, T122 RIC III 189, C 366 
99) B07, O27, R139, T120 RIC III 223a 
100) B07, O27, R173, T031 RIC III 212, S 5683 
101) B07, O27, R186, T140 RIC III 224, C 655 
102) B07, O27, R198, T152 RIC III 190, C 695 
103) B07, O27, R211, T053 RIC III 209, C 719 
104) B07, O32, R154, T040 RIC III 157, C 397 
105) B07, O32, R184, T062 RIC III 159, C 646 
106) B07, O32, R230, T181  
107) B07, O32, R231, T167 RIC III 93, S 5674, C 466 
108) B07, O39, R227, T137 RIC III 44, C 846 
109) B07, O39, R229, T112 RIC III 54 
110) B07, O39, R229, T118 RIC III 56 
111) B07, O39, R229, T129 RIC III 64 
112) B07, O39, R229, T143 RIC III 58, C 885 
113) B07, O39, R229, T149 RIC III 66, C 903 
114) B07, O39, R230, T060 RIC III 74, C 445 
115) B07, O39, R230, T068 RIC III 75, C 448 
116) B07, O39, R230, T081 RIC III 76, C 435 
117) B07, O39, R230, T119 RIC III 72, C 424 
118) B07, O39, R230, T124 RIC III 81, C 447 
119) B07, O39, R230, T130 RIC III 86, C 940 
120) B07, O39, R230, T181 RIC III 71, C 427 
121) B07, O41  R224, T007 RIC III 14a, C 812 
122) B07, O41, R103, T110 RIC III 22, C 307 
123) B07, O41, R106, T110 RIC III 10, C 302 
124) B07, O41, R107, T109 RIC III 133, C 316 
125) B07, O41, R107, T110 RIC III 36a, S 5655, C 311 
126) B07, O41, R223, T162 RIC III 9a, S 5706, C 791 
127) B07, O41, R224, T059 RIC III 15a, S 5711, C 805 
128) B07, O41, R224, T129 RIC III 17, C 806 
129) B07, O41, R224, T137 RIC III 19, C 804 
130) B07, O41, R224, T140 RIC III 12, S 5707, C 803 
131) B07, O41, R227, T112 RIC III 46, C 842 
132) B07, O41, R228, T143 RIC III 49, C 854 
133) B08, O09, R237, T149 RIC 626 (III, Marcus Aurelius
134) B08, O16, R222, T179  
135) B08, O39, R229, T129  
136) B11, O09, R237, T101 RIC 636 (III, Marcus Aurelius
137) B11, O09, R237, T149 RIC 641 (III, Marcus Aurelius), S 5698 
138) B11, O09, R237, T167 RIC 642 (III, Marcus Aurelius
139) B11, O16, R032, T144 RIC 651 (III, Marcus Aurelius), C 64 
140) B11, O16, R218, T144 RIC 650 (III, Marcus Aurelius), C 761 
141) B11, O16, R218, T146 RIC 649 (III, Marcus Aurelius), S 5702 
142) B11, O16, R222, T074 RIC III 2, C 779 
143) B11, O17, R218, T147 RIC 647 (III, Marcus Aurelius
144) B11, O22, R032, T148 RIC 654 (III, Marcus Aurelius), C 66 

 
AR Denarius (Posthumous) Reference(s) 
 
145) B07, O33, R031, T056 RIC 72a (IVi, Septimius Severus), C 61 

 
 
146) B12, O16, R032, T167 RIC 656 (III, Marcus Aurelius), C 65 

 
 
147) B09, O43, R150, T129 Exe: COS V P P  

 
 
148) B04, O13, R257, T184 RIC III 637, C 192 
149) B07, O12, R071, T089 Exe: S C RIC III 640, C 203 
150) B07, O12, R183, T087 Exe: S C RIC III 641, C 644 
151) B07, O13, R175, T059 RIC III 607 
152) B07, O13, R175, T176 * over S C in field RIC III 613, C 590 
153) B07, O38, R129, T114 RIC III 527, C 352 
154) B07, O38, R142, T123 RIC III 528, C 369 
155) B07, O38, R146, T127 RIC III 501 
156) B07, O38, R159, T047 Exe: COS V P P RIC III 549, C 410 
157) B07, O38, R166, T032 RIC III 463, C 506 
158) B07, O38, R166, T161 RIC III 460, C 489 
159) B07, O38, R171, T073 Exe: FOR RED RIC III 513, C 153 
160) B07, O40, R256, T043 Exe: COS IIII P P RIC III 441, C 988 
161) B07, O41, R181, T138 RIC III 312, C 627 
162) B07, O41, R224, T030 Exe: LIB AVG IIII RIC III 310, C 310 
163) B07, O41, R226, T006 RIC III 325 
164) B07, O41, R227, T006 RIC III 344 
165) B07, O41, R228, T106 RIC III 348, C 850 
166) B07, O41, R244, T023 Exe: S C RIC III 332a, C 972 
167) B07, O42, R180, T138 RIC III 379, C 620 
168) B07, O42, R229, T169 RIC III 374, C898 
169) B08, O18, R254, T046 Exe: S C RIC 1595 (III, Marcus Aurelius), C 979 
170) B11, O19, R079, T123 RIC 1602 (III, Marcus Aurelius

 
AE Dupondius Reference(s) 
 
171) B14, O20, R242, T179 RIC III 292a, C 961 
172) B14, O28, R171, T001  
173) B14, O41, R125, T112 RIC III 315, C 336 
174) B14, O42, R229, T119 RIC III 368b, C 881 

 
AE As  
 
175) B02, O07, R206, T161 RIC 1545 (III, Marcus Aurelius
176) B03, O07, R076, T094 RIC 1547 (III, Marcus Aurelius), C 218 
177) B04, O13, R257, T183 Exe: S C RIC III 644, C 193 
178) B07, O28, R171, T001 RIC III 517 

 
 

Commodus Busts 

Commodus Types