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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


Claudius I

Augustus 41-54


After the murder of Caligula, the Praetorian Guard had to come up with a worthy successor and fast lest the Senate step in and revert back to the pre-Julius Caesar type of Republic. The only relative of Caligula they could find was Claudius who was Caligula's uncle. An otherwise unfit man to rule, Claudius was a recluse of whom little was known about by design. Because he suffered physical deformities he was kept out of the limelight to avoid embarrassment. At the age of 46 he was unveiled to the public by his uncle Caligula and he held a position as Suffect Consul or "replacement" consul. But don't get the wrong idea, this was done by Caligula entirely to spite the Senate and had nothing to do with any affection he had for Claudius himself. 
Nevertheless, by bringing him out in public Claudius gained a degree of acceptance. To augment this perception it was noted that he was highly educated and not inept as an administrator. In the turn of events that was to happen next this all played out in his favor. When the Praetorian Guard thus announced his candidacy to the seat of power the Senate had to oblige and ratify the decision. 
As a ruler, the only truly poor decision he made was to marry his niece. She turned out to be nothing but trouble for him and pursued an agenda of grooming her son as Claudius's replacement. She was skillful in this endeavor and easily manipulated Claudius himself to carry out her goals. When Nero's place as rightful heir was a sure thing she simply poisoned him and Nero took his place.
Busts:
 
Well, if you donít mind an atrocity that looks as though it was something scraped off the bottom of a shoe, you could pay $10 or $20 for a sorry copper coin. But why settle for something of this sort that you would be embarrassed to show your friends or spouse? Instead, $50-$100 will go a long way in getting a coin with more eye appeal. For this price range you shouldnít expect a coin worthy of a museum display case but at this point youíve reached that threshold where the Law of Diminishing Returns really kicks in. Those truly beautiful bronzes with gorgeous patinas will cost hundreds, and often thousands, of dollars.
 
The Denarius is still a rare sight under the reign of Claudius. When found they are usually pretty worn and invariably always expensive. Mint-state silver, as well as gold, is the kind of antiquity you have no reason to expect to be offered by an ordinary coin dealer.      

 
1) Bare head left
2) Bare head right
3) Laureate head left
4) Laureate head left of Claudius over Agrippina II
5) Laureate head right

 
a) Hand holding scales, P ēN ēR below
b) Modius with grain ears

 

Obverses:

 
1) DIVVS CLAVDIVS AVGVSTVS
2) TI CL CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP PP
3) TI CLAVD CAES AVG
4) TI CLAVD CAES AVG AGRIPP AVGVSTA
5) TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM PM TR P
6) TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG GERM PM TRIB POT PP
7) TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG PM TR P
8) TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG PM TR P III
9) TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG PM TR P IIII
10) TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG PM TR P VI IMP X
11) TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG PM TR P VI IMP XI
12) TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG PM TR P VIIII IMP XVI
13) TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG PM TR P VIIII IMP XVIII
14) TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG PM TR P X IMP PP
15) TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG PM TR P X PP IMP XVIII
16) TI CLAVD CAESAR AVG PM TR P XI IMP PP COS V
17) TI CLAVDIVS CAES AVG PM TR P IMP PP
18) TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG
19) TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERM PM TR P
20) TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP
21) TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG PM TR P IMP PP
 

Reverses:

 
1) AGRIPPINAE AVGVSTAE
2) CERES AVGVSTA
3) CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI
4) DIANA EPHESIA
5) IMP D CAES AVG REST 
6) IMP T VESP AVG REST 
7) IMP T VESP AVG RESTITVIT 
8) IMP T VESPASIAN AVG REST 
9) IMP TITVS VESP REST
10) LIBERTAS AVGVSTA
11) NERO CLAVD CAES DRVSVS GERM PRINC IVVENT
12) NERO CLAVDIVS DRVSVS GERMAN IMP
13) PACI AVGVSTAE
14) PON M TR P IMP COS DES IT
15) PON M TR P IMP COS II
16) PON M TR P IMP PP COS II
17) PONT MAX TR POT IMP
18) PONT MAXI TR POT IMP
19) PRAETOR RECEPT
20) SPES AVGVSTA
21) VICTORIA AVGVSTI
22) No legend

 

Types:

 
1) Agrippina II laureate, draped bust right.
2) Ceres seated left, holding grain ears and torch
3) Claudius riding quadriga left, holding scepter with eagle atop
4) Claudius standing right on left, shaking hands with soldier to right, holding legionary eagle.
5) Constantia seated left, raising hand
6) Constantia standing left, raising hand and holding spear.
7) Diana statue facing, holding modius above head
8) Fortification reading IMPER RECEPT; soldier with legionary eagle and secondary palisades within.
9) Funerary quadriga riding right.
10) Legend SC
11) Libertas standing, facing, holding pileus and raising hand.
12) Minerva advancing right, holding spear and shield.
13) Nemesis advancing right, holding caduceus and pulling veil; snake to right
14) Nero bare headed, draped bust left.
15) Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt.
16) Temple with (2) columns reading ROM ET AVG; Claudius within, holding scepter and being crowned by woman, holding cornucopia.
17) Temple with (4) columns, Diana within
18) Triumphal arch reading DE BRITANN; statue of Claudius riding horse left with trophy on either side above.
19) Triumphal arch reading DE GERMANIS; statue of Claudius riding horse left with trophy on either side above.
20) Triumphal arch; statue of Claudius riding horse right with trophy on either side above.
21) Victory advancing left, holding shield reading OB / CS
22) Victory seated right on globe, holding wreath with both hands.
23) Wreath, EX SC / OB / CIVES / SERVATOS within.
24) Wreath, EX SC / OB CIVES / SERVATOS within.
25) Wreath, EX SC / PP / OB CIVES / SERVATOS within.
26) Wreath, shield reading COS DES / PRINCI / IVVENT within
27) Wreath, SPQR / PP / OB CS within

 

Mints:

1) Caesarea Cappadociae
2) Ephesus
3) Lugdunum
4) Pergamum
5) Roma

 
 
AU Aureus Reference(s)

 
1) B5, O05, R03, T05 RIC I 13, BMC 16, C 5
2) B5, O05, R22, T24 RIC I 15, C 34
3) B5, O06, R01, T01 RIC I 80, BMC 72, C 3
4) B5, O07, R22, T08 RIC I 7, C 33
5) B5, O07, R22, T19 RIC I 3
6) B5, O07, R22, T24 RIC I 5, BMC 3, C 33
7) B5, O09, R13, T13 RIC I 27, C 55
8) B5, O09, R19, T04 RIC I 29, BMC 28
9) B5, O09, R22, T08 RIC I 25, BMC 23, C 43
10) B5, O11, R13, T13 RIC I 38, C 57
11) B5, O11, R22, T27 RIC I 40
12) B5, O12, R13, T13 RIC I 46, BMC 51, C 60

 
AU Quinarius 

 
 
13) B5, O07, R22, T21  - Joe Geranio Photo

 
AR Tetradrachm 

 
14) B1, O03, R22, T16 RIC I 120
15) B3, O01, R22, T17 RIC I 118, C 30
16) B4, O04, R04, T07 RIC I 119, C 1

 
AR Denarius

 
17) B5, O05, R03, T05 RIC I 14
18) B5, O05, R22, T24 RIC I 16
19) B5, O06, R01, T01 RIC I 81, C 4
20) B5, O06, R11, T14 RIC I 83, C 5
21) B5, O07, R13, T13 RIC I 10
22) B5, O09, R22, T08 RIC I 26
23) B5, O11, R03, T05 RIC I 32
24) B5, O11, R13, T13 RIC I 39
25) B5, O11, R22, T27 RIC I 41, C 87
26) B5, O12, R13, T13 RIC I 47
27) B5, O12, R22, T18 RIC I 45
28) B5, O13, R13, T13 RIC I 58, C 66a
29) B5, O13, R22, T27 RIC I 60, C 94
30) B5, O16, R13, T13 RIC I 62

 
AE Sestertius Reference(s)

 
31) B5, O20, R12, T20 RIC I 98, C 48
32) B5, O20, R20, T15 Exe: SC RIC I 115, C 85
33) B5, O20, R20, T15 Exe: SC RIC I 99, C 85
34) B5, O20, R22, T23 RIC I 96, C 39
35) B5, O21, R22, T25 RIC I 112, C 38

 
AE Setertius (Posthumous)

 
36) B3, O21, R06, T15 RIC 234 (II, Titus), C 103

 
AE Dupondius

 
37) B1, O20, R02, T02 RIC I 94 aneotal
38) B1, O21, R02, T02 RIC I 110, C 1

 
AE As

 
39) B1, O20, R02, T02 RIC I 94
40) B1, O20, R10, T11 RIC I 97
41) B1, O20, R22, T12 RIC I 100
42) B1, O21, R03, T06 RIC I 111
43) B1, O21, R03, T06 RIC I 95
44) B1, O21, R10, T11 RIC I 113
45) B1, O21, R22, T12 RIC I 116

 
AE Quadrans

 
46) Ba, O18, R14, T10 RIC I 84, C 70
47) Bb, O18, R16, T10 RIC I 90, C 72

 

Claudius I Busts

 


 

Claudius I Types

 


Portrait of Claudius- Joe Geranio