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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez


 

Carus 

Augustus 282-283 

The short reign of this emperor is clouded with differing accounts of his life. Whether he instigated a successful revolt that ended with the death of Probus or that he was simply named emperor upon hearing of his death is unsure. Either way, his accession was ratified by the Senate. He promptly set out with his armies to counter recent tribal invasions along the empire's Germanic borders and from there led a successful campaign against the Persians. What happened next is also unsure but Carus died under suspicious conditions. Supposedly he was stricken by lightning but this sounds too convenient and it can be suspected that because of the timing an aspiring general may have played a role. 
 
Carus had a brief but active minting period while he was emperor. Still, his coins are somewhat undervalued for how often they turn up. These by and large will again be the familiar silver-washed Antoninianus and most are found in rather shabby condition. As is the case with other coins of this age a handful are breathtaking gems with intact silvering. Because of the condition more so than anything else you should expect to see such coins sell for several hundred dollars. 
 
For the rank and file Ants though, a $20 coin should at least be presentable enough and $100 should buy an outright beauty with the understanding that it may be quite some time before such a coin is available.  

Busts: 

1) Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield 
2) Helmeted, radiate, cuirassed bust right 
3) Helmeted, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
4) Laureate head right 
5) Laureate, cuirassed bust left, holding spear over shoulder and shield 
6) Laureate, cuirassed bust right 
7) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left 
8) Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
9) Laureate, draped bust right 
10) Radiate head right 
11) Radiate, cuirassed bust right 
12) Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right 
13) Radiate, draped bust right 

 
a) Sol radiate, draped bust right facing Carus radiate, cuirassed bust left 

 

Obverses: 

 
2) DEO ET DOMINO CARO INVIC AVG 
3) DIVO CARO 
4) DIVO CARO AVG 
5) DIVO CARO PARTHICO 
6) DIVO CARO PERS 
7) DIVO CARO PIO 
8) IMP C CARVS AVG 
9) IMP C CARVS PF AVG 
10) IMP C KARVS PF AVG 
11) IMP C M AVR CARVS AVG 
12) IMP C M AVR CARVS P AVG 
13) IMP C M AVR CARVS PF AVG 
14) IMP C M AVR KARVS AVG 
15) IMP C M AVR KARVS PF AVG 
16) IMP C M AVREL CARVS AVG 
17) IMP CAESAR M AVR CARVS AVG 
18) IMP CARVS AVG 
19) IMP CARVS P AVG 
20) IMP CARVS PF AVG 
21) IMP M AVR CARVS AVG 
22) IMP M AVR CARVS PF AVG 
23) VIRTVS CARI AVG 

 

Reverses: 

 
1) ABVNDANT AVG 
4) AETERNIT IMPERI 
8) CONSECRATIOAVG 
11) FIDE MILITVM 
12) FIDES MILIT 
13) FORTVNA AVG 
18) ORIENS CARI AVG 
19) PAX AETERNA 
20) PAX AVG 
21) PAX AVGG 
23) PAX AVGVSTORVM 
24) PAX EXERCITI 
25) PERPETVITATE AVG 
27) PROVIDE AVGG 
29) PROVIDENT AVGG 
32) RESTITVT ORBIS 

 

Types: 

 
1) Abundantia standing right, pouring out cornucopia 
2) Aequitas standing left, holding scale and cornucopia
3) Altar 
4) Annona standing left, holding grain ears over modius and cornucopia
5) Carus standing left on right, holding globe and scepter, facing Orbis to left, holding wreath
6) Carus standing left on right, holding globe and scepter, facing Victory to left, holding wreath 
7) Carus standing right on left, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter to right, holding scepter
8) Eagle perched on globe 
9) Eagle standing left 
10) Eagle standing right. 
11) Felicitas standing left, leaning on column, holding caduceus and scepter
12) Fides standing left, holding a standard in each hand. 
13) Fortuna standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia
14) Galley sailing left 
15) Hercules standing right, resting hand on hip and holding club with lion skin. 
16) Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter
17) Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; eagle to left. 
18) Mars advancing right, holding spear and shield
19) Mars advancing right, holding spear and trophy 
20) Monetae (3) standing left, each holding a scale and cornucopia; coins piled by their feet 
21) Pax advancing left, holding branch and scepter
22) Pax advancing left, holding wreath and scepter 
23) Pax standing left, holding branch and scepter
24) Pax standing left, holding branch and standard 
25) Providentia standing left, holding globe and scepter
26) Providentia standing left, holding wand over globe and scepter
27) Roma seated left, holding wreath and scepter 
28) Salus standing right, holding and feeding snake. 
29) Securitas standing left, leaning on column, holding globe and scepter 
30) Securitas standing left, leaning on column, holding scepter 
31) Sol advancing left, raising hand and holding whip 
32) Sol standing left, raising hand and holding whip 
33) Spes advancing left, holding flower and raising skirt 
34) Victory advancing left, holding wreath and palm 
35) Victory advancing left, holding opened wreath over shield on base 
36) Victory advancing right, holding wreath and palm 
37) Victory riding biga left, holding wreath and palm
38) Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm 
39) Victory standing left on globe, holding wreath and palm; seated captive on either side
40) Virtus standing left, resting hand on shield and holding spear 
41) Virtus standing right, holding spear and resting hand on shield 

 

Mints: 

 
1) Antioch 
2) Cyzicus 
4) Roma 
5) Siscia 
6) Ticinum 
7) Tripolis 

 
 
AU Aureus Reference(s) 
 
1) B05, O20, R13, T13 RIC Vii 1, C 33 
2) B06, O22, R35, T33 RIC Vii 64 
3) B07, O13, R37, T38 RIC Vii 95, C 86 
4) B08, O01, R37, T38 RIC Vii 96, C 86 
5) B08, O13, R16, T18  
6) B08, O13, R18, T32 Exe: © 
7) B08, O13, R30, T25 C 66 
8) B08, O13, R37, T37 Exe: ©  
9) B08, O13, R40, T35 RIC Vii 98 
10) B08, O13, R44, T15 Exe: K RIC Vii 117, C 118 

 
 
11) B05, O20, R13, T13 RIC Vii 1, C 33 

 
 
12) B06, O13, R17, T20 C 41 

 
 
13) B01, O23, R38, T39 A in left field RIC Vii 25 
14) B02, O11, R21, T23 D in left field RIC Vii 13 
15) B02, O11, R38, T39 A in left field RIC Vii 18, C 88 
16) B11, O11, R38, T39 A in left field RIC Vii 24f 
17) B11, O13, R04, T31 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 35f 
18) B11, O13, R05, T04 Exe: R` RIC Vii 37f, C 12 
19) B11, O13, R14, T17 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 38f, C 37 
20) B11, O13, R29, T26 Exe: `K RIC Vii 42f, C 69 
21) B11, O13, R31, T26  RIC Vii 43f 
22) B11, O13, R32, T05 Exe: * over II/XXI RIC Vii 106f, C 114 
23) B11, O13, R38, T36 Exe: KAA 
24) B11, O13, R42, T40 Exe: R` RIC Vii 45f, C 114 
25) B11, O20, R02, T01 Exe: TXXI  
26) B11, O20, R04, T31 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 36f 
27) B11, O20, R24, T24 Exe: `XXI RIC Vii 75f, C 56 
28) B11, O20, R24, T24 Exe: VIXXI RIC Vii 74f, C 58 
29) B11, O20, R35, T33 Exe: `XXI RIC Vii 82f, C 79 
30) B11, O20, R41, T40 Exe: `XXI RIC Vii 91f, C 106 
31) B11, O20, R42, T40 Exe: KA` RIC Vii 46f, C 110 
32) B12, O13, R42, T07 Exe: `/XXI RIC Vii 124c, C 116 
33) B12, O13, R43, T07 Exe: `/XXI RIC Vii 125c, C 117 
34) B13, O13, R37, T34 Exe: ` RIC Vii 120a, C 93 
35) Ba, O02, R10, T11 Exe: .X.I.I. RIC Vii 99, C 28 

 
AE Antoninianus (Posthumous) Reference(s) 
 
36) B10, O04, R07, T10 Exe: `/XXI RIC Vii 126k, C 16 
37) B10, O05, R08, T03 Exe: XXI` RIC Vii 110k, C 23 

 

Carus Busts 

Carus Types