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ERIC Table of Contents


Title Page

Introduction

About Roman Coins

Denominations

Coins of Other Ancient Cultures

Identifying Roman Coins

How To Use This Book

Mintmarks

Mint Map

Pricing And Grading

Bibliography

Reference Catalogs Cited

Coin Terms Used

Glossary

Rarity Tables

Index of Rulers

Photography Credits

Additional Web Resources

Imperial Catalog:

AUGUSTUS
LIVA
AGRIPPA
NERO CLAUDIUS DRUSUS
GERMANICUS
AGRIPPINA I
TIBERIUS
DRUSUS
ANTONIA
CALIGULA
CLAUDIUS I
BRITANNICUS
AGRIPPINA II
NERO
GALBA
CLODIUS MACER
OTHO
VITELLIUS
VESPASIAN
DOMITILLA
TITUS
DOMITIAN
DOMITIA
JULIA TITI
NERVA
TRAJAN
PLOTINA
MARCIANA
MATIDIA
HADRIAN
SABINA
AELIUS
ANTONINUS PIUS
FAUSTINA I
MARCUS AURELIUS
FAUSTINA II
LUCIUS VERUS
LUCILLA
COMMODUS
CRISPINA
PERTINAX
DIDIUS JULIANUS
MANLIA SCANTILLA
DIDIA CLARA
PESCENNIUS NIGER
CLODIUS ALBINUS
SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS
JULIA DOMNA
CARACALLA
PLAUTILLA
GETA
MACRINUS
DIADUMENIAN
ELAGABALUS
JULIA MAESA
JULIA SOAEMIAS
JULIA PAULA
AQUILIA SEVERA
ANNIA FAUSTINA
SEVERUS ALEXANDER
JULIA MAMAEA
ORBIANA
MAXIMINUS I
PAULINA
MAXIMUS
GORDIAN I
GORDIAN II
BALBINUS
PUPIENUS
GORDIAN III
TRANQUILLINA
PHILIP I
OTACILIA SEVERA
PHILIP II
PACATIAN
JOTAPIAN
TRAJAN DECIUS
HERENNIA ETRUSCILLA
HERENNIUS ETRUSCUS
HOSTILIAN
TREBONIANUS GALLUS
VOLUSIAN
AEMILIAN
CORNELIA SUPERA
SILBANNACUS
URANIUS ANTONINUS
VALERIAN I
MARINIANA
VALERIAN II
GALLIENUS
SALONINA
SALONINUS
REGALIANUS
DRYANTILLA
POSTUMUS
LAELIANUS
MARIUS
VICTORINUS
DOMITIAN II
TETRICUS I
TETRICUS II
QUIETUS
MACRIANUS
CLAUDIUS II
QUINTILLUS
AURELIAN
SEVERINA
ZENOBIA
VABALATHUS
TACITUS
FLORIAN
PROBUS
SATURNINUS
CARUS
CARINUS
MAGNIA URBICA
NIGRIAN
NUMERIAN
JULIAN I
DIOCLETIAN
MAXIMIAN
CARAUSIUS
ALLECTUS
DOMITIUS DOMITIANUS
CONSTANTIUS I
THEODORA
GALERIUS
GALERIA VALERIA
SEVERUS II
MAXENTIUS
ROMULUS
CONSTANTINE I
HELENA
FAUSTA
ALEXANDER
LICINIUS I
CONSTANTIA
MAXIMINUS II
LICINIUS II
CRISPUS
VALERIUS VALENS
MARTINIAN
CONSTANTINE II
DELMATIUS
HANNIBALLIANUS
CONSTANS
CONSTANTIUS II
MAGNENTIUS
DECENTIUS
NEPOTIAN
VETRANO
CONSTANTIUS GALLUS
JULIAN II
JOVIAN
VALENTINIAN I
VALENS
PROCOPIUS
GRATIAN
VALENTINIAN II
THEODOSIUS I
AELIA FLACCILLA
MAGNUS MAXIMINUS
FLAVIUS VICTOR
EUGENIUS
HONORIUS
CONSTANTINE III
CONSTANS II
MAXIMINUS
PRISCUS ATTALUS
JOVINUS
SABASTIANUS
CONSTANTIUS III
GALLA PLACIDIA
JOHANNES
VALENTINIAN III
LICINIA EUDOXIA
HONORIA
PETRONIUS MAXIMINUS
AVITUS
MAJORIAN
LIBIUS SEVERUS
ANTHEMIUS
EUPHEMIA
ANICIUS OLYBRIUS
GLYCERIUS
JULIUS NEPOS
ROMULUS AUGUSTUS
ARCADIUS
EUDOXIA
PULCHERIA
THEODOSIUS II
EUDOCIA
MARCIAN
LEO I
VERINA
LEO II
ZENO
ARIADNE
BASILISCUS
ZENONIS
LEONTIUS I
ANASTASIUS I
ANONYMOUS COINAGE

ERIC The Encyclopedia of Roman Imperial Coins
by Rasiel Suarez



Anthemius

Augustus 467-472

Unlike at any other time in Roman history up until this point, following the death of Libius Severus there was no one to take his place in imperial succession. Ricimer was the powerful general in charge of the army and for over a year and a half he handled the administrative duties of the empire. Not that that changed anything. Ricimer had been the real power in the Western Empire for several years. Severus had just been his charade of an emperor placed there to appease the Senate and the rest of the Roman world which expected a Roman leader (Ricimer himself being of barbarian descent).
 
However, Ricimer had no one else in mind as window dressing after Severus' passing. Still, appearances or no an emperor had to be formally named sooner or later. In the camp of Ricimer a Roman of barbarian sympathies, Olybrius, had been proposed and it seemed as though he would be elevated. But out east Leo I had had ample time to hear of the developments in Rome. Being far more powerful politically and militarily, he decided to appoint a puppet of his own, Anthemius, to head the Western court. Deciding not to risk a civil war he could definitely not win, Ricimer stepped aside and welcomed Anthemius.
 
But Anthemius was no idle pretender. He had served Leo faithfully as a general and had won several key battles on his behalf. In fact, he was so popular over there that he was expected to be the one to succeed Marcian. So Leo in effect rid himself of a future potential problem by both promoting Anthemius and removing him from the spotlight.
 
But the new emperor was like a fish out of water. He lacked the resources to mount an effective campaign to regain Gaul or Spain and the whole of Africa had now been decidedly lost to the Romans following the fiasco of the expedition led by Basiliscus. He ruled for five uneasy years with Ricimer until tensions strained past the breaking point. Ricimer marched towards Rome at the head of a large army and laid siege to a weakened Rome. As expected, the meager forces of Anthemius gave way and the emperor was captured and executed.

Among the various Rome-based emperors left after the fall of Valentinian III, Anthemius will be the easiest for whom to find a coin. But don't rush to your corner coin shop just yet. He comes in a really long distant second after Valentinian III and will be an invariably rare offering today. Among these the most common will be the Solidus and Tremissis which will easily cost over a thousand dollars a piece when available. 
 
To make things a bit more interesting the official mints are now making gold coins of an artistic style so crude that they often get confused with imitative contemporary coins known to be made by the various tribes at the edges of the empire like the Vandals and Ostrogoths. These apparently co-mingled with the official strikes back then as long as they were of appropriate weight and purity and today sell for neither a premium nor a penalty on the market but simply make attribution a bit more difficult.
 
Bronzes exist in an almost theoretical planeÖ such as catalog listings like in this book! The real-life chances of finding an honest-to-goodness, fully identifiable Anthemius copper coin is about on a par with finding a Van Gogh at a yard sale.
 

Busts:


 
1) Diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust right
2) Diademed (rosettes), draped and cuirassed bust right
3) Helmeted, diademed (pearls), cuirassed bust facing, holding spear over shoulder and shield
4) Helmeted, diademed (pearls), draped and cuirassed bust facing, holding spear over shoulder

 

Obverses:

 
1) DN ANTHEMIVS PE AVG
2) DN ANTHEMIVS PERP AVG
3) DN ANTHEMIVS PERPE AVG
4) DN ANTHEMIVS PERPET AV
5) DN ANTHEMIVS PERPET AVG
6) DN ANTHEMIVS PERPETV AG
7) DN ANTHEMIVS PERPETV AVG
8) DN ANTHEMIVS PF AG
9) DN ANTHEMIVS PF AVG
10) DN PROC ANTHEMIVS PF AVG

 

Reverses:

 
1) GLORIA REIPVBLICAE
2) SALVS REIPVBLICAE
3) VICTORIA AVGGG
4) VRBIS ROMA
5) No legend

 

Types:

 
1) Anthemius and Leo I seated, facing, each holding mappa and scepter with crossed tip.
2) Anthemius and Leo I standing, facing each other, holding together cross and each a globe.
3) Anthemius and Leo I standing, facing, together holding cross and each a spear
4) Anthemius and Leo I standing, facing, together holding cross on globe and each a spear.
5) Anthemius and Leo I standing, facing, together holding cross on globe reading PAX; emperor on right hold Victory on globe.
6) Roma seated left, holding Victory on globe and spear.
7) Victory standing left, holding cross.
8) Wreath, Chi-Rho within.
9) Wreath, cross within
10) Wreath, cross within with pellets at each tip
11) Wreath, monogram within


Mints:

 
1) Mediolanum
2) Ravenna
3) Roma

 
 
AU Solidus Reference(s)

 
1) B2, O10, R2, T03, M2 Exe: RV/COMOB RIC X 2866
2) B3, O05, R2, T04, M1 Exe: MD/COMOB RIC X 2890
3) B3, O08, R2, T04, M1 Exe: MD/COMOB RIC X 2889
4) B3, O08, R2, T04, M2 Exe: `/COMOB RIC X 2816
5) B3, O08, R2, T04, M3 Exe: `/CORMOB 
6) B3, O08, R2, T05, M2 Exe: R/V/COMOB RIC X 2872
7) B3, O10, R2, T03, M2 Exe: RV/COMOB RIC X 2868
8) B4, O08, R2, T04, M3 Exe: RM over ē/COMOB RIC X 2831

 
AU Semissis

 
9) B2, O08, R2, T08 Exe: COMOB RIC X 2837

 
AU Tremissis

 
10) B1, O08, R5, T09 Exe: COMOB RIC X 2847
11) B1, O08, R5, T10 Exe: COMOB RIC X 2852
12) B2, O08, R5, T09 Exe: COMOB RIC X 2842

 
AE4

 
13) B1, O08, R5, T11  RIC X 2859

 

Anthemius Busts

Anthemius Types