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Vespasian founded Deultum, settled with veterans of Legio VIII Augusta, on the west coast of Lake Mandren between Anchialus and Apollonia.  SNG Deultum (SNG Bulgaria, volume I), notes, "The coinage of Deultum began under Trajan (AD 100) with the issue of a single small denomination coin type. Following a long interval, a second issue was produced during the sole reign of Caracalla (December 211 - 217). After this, the city struck coins of (two denominations only) continuously up to the reign of Philip I (244 - 249), under whom the coinage of Deultum came to an end."

Coins of ancient Deultum for sale in the Forum Ancient Coins shop.


Draganov, D. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum Bulgaria I, The Bobokov Bros. Collection, Vol. I, Thrace & Moesia Inferior, Pt. 1: Deultum. (Bulgaria, 2005).
Draganov, D. The Coinage of Deultum. (Sofia, 2007).
Jurukova, J. Die Münzprägung von Deultum. Griechisches Münzwerk. Schriften zur Geschichte und Kultur der Antike 8. (Berlin, 1973).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Moushmov, N. Ancient Coins of the Balkan Peninsula. (1912).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace (Parts 6 - 10). (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Grèce, Collection Réna H. Evelpidis, Pt. 1: Italie. Sicile - Thrace. (Athens, 1970).
Varbanov, I. Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values, Volume II: Thrace (from Abdera to Pautalia), (English Edition). (Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2005).

Dictionary of Roman Coins

Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.

DEULTIM (Thracia) Colonia, now Derkon, in Ramilia, European Turkey.   Ancient Deultum was situated on the Parysus, near the outflow of that river into the Euxine, between Mesembria and Apollonia.

According to Poybius, Thrace was colonised, not only by the Greeks, and this city is said to have been originally founded by Milesian emigrants.  Its name is spelled differently by different authors.  Ptolemy calls it Develtus; Ammianus, Debultus; and in the "Acta Conciliorum," it is Debeltus

Vaillant (in Coloniis) adopts the appellation given it by Pliny, Deultum; where a colony of veterans was planted by Vespasian.  This Roman settlement assumed his family name, Flavia; and on account of his remarkable tokens of devotion to the goddess of Peace (to whom that emperor built a temple at Rome); it was called Pacensis, or Pacifica

The place was once surrounded with strong walls, and still exhibits the remains of its ramparts. 

The coins of Deultum are Latin imperial, in small, middle, and first brass.  They commence 97 A.D. and end 249 A.D., and are inscribed with the initial letters C. F. P. D. or with the abbreviated words COL FL PAC DEVLT (Colonia Flavia Pacensis [or Pacifica] Deultum).

The emperors, Caesars, and empresses to whom this colony dedicated the products of her mint were -- Trajan, Macrinus, Diadumenian, Severus Alexander, Gordian III, Tranquillina, Philip I, Otacilia and Philip II

The deities worshipped at Deultum, and whose images with their respective attributes appear on her coins, are as follow:  Apollo (the tutelary god of the city), Aesculapius, Bacchus, Ceres, Cybele, Diana, Fortuna, Hygeia, Jupiter, Minerva, Nemesis, Silenus, and Serapis



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