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Chlamys

Chlamys is the Greek name for a short military cloak. The similar Romans paludamentum was longer and larger than the chlamys. It was put on over the cuirass and fastened by a fibula at the right shoulder, leaving the movement of the right arm perfectly free; and in fighting they wrapped the left arm in the folds of the chlamys, employing it as a defense for that part of the body. The Romans made it of coarse and thick wool for the common soldiers, and of finer wool for the officers. The emperors wore it of purple silk, ornamented with gold and precious stones.


DICTIONARY OF ROMAN COINS


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CHLAMYS, a short military cloak, as worn by the Greeks. Among the Romans, this was the same as the paludamentum. The latter was, in fact, a part of the military dress of the emperors, though sometimes worn by private individuals. Those who have undertaken to make a distinction between the two habiliments assert that the paludamentum was longer and larger than the chlamys. The Romans made it of coarse and thick wool for the common soldiers, and of finer wool for the officers. The emperors wore it of purple silk, ornamented with gold and precious stones. This great coat, or pelisse, was put on over the cuirass and fastened with a buckle on the right shoulder, so as to leave the movement of the arm perfectly free; and in fighting they wrapped the left arm in the folds of the chlamys, employing it as a defense to that part of the body.

See Paludamentum.


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