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XXI

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Carus, early September 282 - c. July or August 283 A.D.


Ancient Roman coins of Carus for sale in the Forum Ancient Coins consignment shop
.

Carus was the Praetorian prefect during the reign of emperor Probus and came to power after the latter's assassination. He was killed by lightning outside Ctesiphon after a successful campaign against the Persian empire. His sons Carinus and Numerian succeeded him.

Also see: ERIC - CARUS


Obverse Legends

DEOETDOMINOCAROINVIC
DIVOCARO
DIVOCAROAVG
DIVOCAROPARTHICO
DIVOCAROPIO
DIVOCAROPERS
IMPCARVSPFAVG
IMPCMAVRCARVSAVG
IMPCMAVRCARVSPFAVG
IMPCMAVRKARVSPFAVG


References

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier par Aurélien à la mort de Carin (fin 274 - mi-285). Numismatique Romaine IX. (Wetteren, 1976).
Calicó, E.X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
Gricourt, D. Ripostiglio della Venèra, Nuovo Catalogo Illustrato, Volume IV: Caro - Diocleziano. (Verona, 2000).
King, C.E. Roman Quinarii from the Republic to Diocletian and the Tetrarchy. (Oxford, 2007).
Mattingly, H. Sydenham and Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part II, Probus to Amandus. (London, 1933).
Milani, L.A. Il ripositglio della Venèra, Monete romane della seconda meta del terzo secolo. (Rome, 1880).
Pink, K. "Der Aufbau der Römischen münzprägung in der Kaiserzeit: VI/2. Carus und Söhne" in Numismatische Zeitschrift 80 (1963).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume Three, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).


DICTIONARY OF ROMAN COINS




Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.



CARUS (Marcus Aurelius), born at Narbonne, in Illyricum ( or, as some authorities represent, at Milan), about the year of Rome 983 (AD230), of a family originally from Rome, in whose literature he was thoroughly versed. Having gone through various civil and military offices, he was created Praetorian Prefect by Probus, who held him in the highest respect for his talents and probity. And so much had he acquired the love of soldiers, that at the death of that prince (by the hands of his own troops), he alone was thought worthy of the empire, both by the army of Pannonia and by the Senate. He avenged the death of Probus; sent his son Carinus into Gaul; and having himself subdued the Sarmatians, he led his forces against Caranes II, King of Persia, whom having conquered AD283, he assumed the surname PERSicus, as his coins attest, some of which also bear the surname of PARTHicus.  Carus was the first among the emperors who aspired, during his life-time, to be called and worshipped by the name of God.  After a reign of scarcely more than two years, having besieged and taken Ctesiphon, a city of Assyria, he was killed by lightning, or died from a wound, or perished from disease, near that place (for writers differ on that point), the 20th December, AD282.---Of his wife Magnia Urbica, and his sons Numerian and Carinus, see the respective names.
The titles of Carus on his coins are IMP. C. M. CARVS. ---also IMP. CARVS (or KARVS) P.F. AVG. --- DEVS. ET DOMINVS CARVS.---Carus and his son Carinus are together called CARVS ET CARINVS AVGG. All the coins of Carus, gold, silver, and large brass, are rare; some of them most rare.  The third brass, with certain exceptions, are common.
The following are the rarest and most remarkable legends and typed minted during his short reign:---
GOLD--DEO ET DOMINO CARO. Head of Carus.--Rev.--VICTORIA AVG. Victory on globe (valued by Mionnet at 150 fr.)

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