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Carus was the Praetorian prefect during the reign of emperor Probus and came to power after the latter's assassination. He was killed by lightning outside Ctesiphon after a successful campaign against the Persian empire. His sons Carinus and Numerian succeeded him.
Also see: ERIC - CARUS
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| Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.|
CARUS (Marcus Aurelius), born at Narbonne, in Illyricum ( or, as some authorities represent, at Milan), about the year of Rome 983 (AD230), of a family originally from Rome, in whose literature he was thoroughly versed. Having gone through various civil and military offices, he was created Praetorian Prefect by Probus, who held him in the highest respect for his talents and probity. And so much had he acquired the love of soldiers, that at the death of that prince (by the hands of his own troops), he alone was thought worthy of the empire, both by the army of Pannonia and by the Senate. He avenged the death of Probus; sent his son Carinus into Gaul; and having himself subdued the Sarmatians, he led his forces against Caranes II, King of Persia, whom having conquered AD283, he assumed the surname PERSicus, as his coins attest, some of which also bear the surname of PARTHicus. Carus was the first among the emperors who aspired, during his life-time, to be called and worshipped by the name of God. After a reign of scarcely more than two years, having besieged and taken Ctesiphon, a city of Assyria, he was killed by lightning, or died from a wound, or perished from disease, near that place (for writers differ on that point), the 20th December, AD282.---Of his wife Magnia Urbica, and his sons Numerian and Carinus, see the respective names.
The titles of Carus on his coins are IMP. C. M. CARVS. ---also IMP. CARVS (or KARVS) P.F. AVG. --- DEVS. ET DOMINVS CARVS.---Carus and his son Carinus are together called CARVS ET CARINVS AVGG. All the coins of Carus, gold, silver, and large brass, are rare; some of them most rare. The third brass, with certain exceptions, are common.
The following are the rarest and most remarkable legends and typed minted during his short reign:---
GOLD--DEO ET DOMINO CARO. Head of Carus.--Rev.--VICTORIA AVG. Victory on globe (valued by Mionnet at 150 fr.)