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Caligula's Provincial Coinage

By Joe Geranio

Also see JCIA's Flickr site for Provincial Coins of Caligula at:   https://www.flickr.com/photos/julio-claudians/sets/72157601915918633

UNDER CONSTRUCTION- MORE MINTS TO COME.  updated/ 11/27/14  131 issues thus far  - Some doubling up for now because of diff. portrait types/

We mostly know the Roman Imperial Coinage at first glance.  Lets take a look at some photos I have collected over the years of some of Gaius Caligula's wonderful Rhetoric/ Propaganda even in the provinces.  He 

wanted to show familial assimilation and dynastic continuation.  He also has some radiate attributions that are wonderful.  Lets start with some radiate attributions.  It has taken years to put some quality 

Caligulan provincials together.  Most are crude and not in very good shape.  


Note "T" in "ET" raised to make room for possible radiate crown?  Could Caligula have been first living Princeps to appear radiate on IMPERIAL coinage?

Caligula Radiate:  For possible Imperial Spikey Attribution see Levy's interpretation.   And my photos/ further study on this issue of consensvs dupondius

 https://www.forumancientcoins.com/numiswiki/view.asp?key=Caligulas%20Spikey%20Attribution-%20Joe%20Geranio


CALIGULA WITH RADIATE ATTRIBUTION







LYDIA, Magnesia ad SipylumGaius (Caligula), with Germanicus and Agrippina SeniorAD 37-41. � (22mm, 5.20 g, 12h). Radiate head of Gaius right / Germanicus, with toga drawn up over head (capite velato), standing facing on left, holding patera; to right, Agrippina Senior (as Demeter) standing left, holding grain ears and scepter. RPC 2454; SNG von Aulock 3001 var. (arrangement of rev. legend; same obv. die). cngcoins.com


IONIA, Smyrna. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 14mm (2.14 g, 12h). Radiate head right; eight-rayed star to right / Crab. RPC I 2474; Klose XXVII B (V7/R15); SNG Copenhagen 1347. cngcoins.com


PHRYGIA, Aezanis. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 19mm (5.23 g, 11h). Lollios Klassikos and Lollios Roufos, magistrates. Radiate head right / Zeus standing left, holding eagle and scepter; monogram to left. RPC I 3085. cngcoins.com



PHRYGIA, Aezanis. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (20mm, 5.21 g, 12h). Lollios Klassikos and Lollios Roufos, magistrates. Radiate head right / Zeus standing left, holding eagle and scepter; monogram to left. RPC II 3085; SNG Copenhagen 80


UNIQUE AND RARE STRIKE!   Ercavica (modern day Cuenca, Spain)  THREE SISTER SESTERTIUS rpc 467A.






This very interesting issue was found in 1992 in excavations at Ercavica (modern day Cuenca, Spain).  RPC SUPPLEMENT I 467a. See Coinage and identity in the Roman Provinces, page 178, edited by Christopher J. Howgego, Volkert Heuchert, and Andrew M. Burnett




SPANISH MINTS- moneyer's  tell us what princeps coin was struck under. 



Only Known pre-principate portrait of Gaius Caligula, struck under Tiberius.   

SPAIN, Carthago Nova. Tiberius, with Gaius (Caligula) as Caesar. AD 14-37. � As (29mm, 11.71 g, 3h). Struck AD 33-37. Laureate head of Tiberius left / Bare head of Gaius left. RPC 182; SNG Copenhagen 502. cngcoins.com

This is a very important issue, struck under Tiberius. It is the only accepted (because of the inscription) pre-accession issue we have of Gaius Caligula, there are no accepted portraits in the round or on any other numismatics. For problems with the dating of Tiberian Coinage see RPC and A. Banti and L. Simonetti, Corpus Nummorum Romanorum (XIII Florence: 1977 pp. 141-50 deal with dating to 34 A.D. (PolliniJWAG, note 28 for more explanation. Also: "Aspects of the Principate of Tiberius", Historical comments on the Colonial coinage issued outside Spain, Michael Grant- The American Numismatic Society - Numismatic Notes and Monographs(1950) There are some issues with inscriptions and dating in Banti Simonetti. Dated to 32-33 A.D.?   There are many candidates for a portrait of Caligula in the round, but no scholar will attest to the fact due to no inscribed base or inscription being found with sculpture.  Therefore, this coin is very important to portrait specialists.  It reminds me of the importance of numismatics in all portrait disciplines, unfortunately this issue is usually found with a crude type portrait for Caligula, and is of little help with hairstyle and physiognomy.      RPC 182; SNG Copenhagen 502.


SPAIN, Terraconensis. Carthago Nova. Tiberius, with Gaius (Caligula) as Caesar. AD 14-37. � 18mm (4.46 g). Laureate head of Tiberius left / Bare head of Gaius Caligula left. RPC I 184. cngcoins.com

RARE PRE-PRINCIPATE PORTRAIT OF GAIUS CALIGULA




SPAIN, AcciGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � Dupondius (32mm, 18.69 g, 6h). Bare head right / COL � IVL/ GEM � ACCI in two lines within wreath. ACIP 3009; RPC I 141. cngcoins.com
SPAIN, Carthago Nova. Gaius (Caligula), with Caesonia. AD 37-41. � 26mm (14.07 g, 4h). Laureate head of Gaius (Caligula) right / Draped bust of Caesonia(?), as Salus, right. RPC 185. cngcoins.com





SPAIN, Caesaraugusta. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � As (14.44 g, 6h). Licinianus and Germanus, duoviri. Laureate head left / Pontiff veiled in toga driving yoke of oxen right, plowing pomerium. RPC I 371 (same obv. die as illustration); SNG Copenhagen 562. cngcoins.com


TO ME THE COUNTER ARGUMENT FOR THESE ISSUES WITH AGRIPPA POINTING TO CALIGULA AND NOT TIBERIUS? STRIKE EVEN ON RIC ISSUES IS THE MONEYERS  Scipio and Montanus, duoviri.  (SPEAKING OF ISSUE RPC 381.)

FOR MORE ON AGRIPPA CALIGULA? TIBERIUS? RIC AES ISSUE SEE:   https://www.forumancientcoins.com/numiswiki/view.asp?key=The%20Agrippa%20Aes%20and%20The%20Marcus%20Agrippa%20Aes-%20Struck%20Under%20Caligula%20or%20Tiberius%20%20Joe%20Geranio



SPAIN, Terraconensis. Caesaraugusta. AgrippaDied AD 12. � 29mm (13.40 g). Scipio and Montanus, duoviri. Struck under Gaius Caligula, AD 37-41. Head left, wearing rostral crown / Priest plowing with yoked oxen right. RPC I 381. cngcoins.com

SPAIN, Caesaraugusta. AgrippaDied 12 BC. � As (30mm, 12.76 g, 7h). Scipio and Montanus, duoviri. Struck under Gaius Caligula, AD 37-41. Head left, wearing rostral crown / Priest plowing right with yoke of oxen. ACIP 3108a; RPC I 381. cngcoins.com


CAESARAUGUSTA. Spain. Sestetius. Cal�gula (37-41 d.C.). Head of  Cal�gula laureate Left. G CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS IMP PATER PATRIAE. Inscription- C C A. SCIPIONE ET MONTANOII VIR. AE 23,05 g. I-385. V- 154.1. RPC- 373. 

SPAIN, Caesaraugusta. Divus AugustusDied AD 14. � Sestertius (35mm, 24.87 g, 3h). Sciprio and Montanus, duoviri. Struck under Caligula, . Head of Divus Augustus left / Winged thunderbolt. ACIP 3105; RPC I 376. cngcoins.com


RARE- STRUCK UNDER CALIGULA- Rare Agrippina with moneyers  SCIPIONE ET MONTANO  - AGRIPPINA (M. F. MAT. G. CAESARIS) AVGVSTI Rev.: C. C. A. SCIPIONE ET MONTANO II VIR. 11,80 grs. AB-394. COLONIA- CAESARAUGUSTA

CALIGULA- �s, Colonia Caesaraugusta (Hispania); Duumviri Licinianus und Germanus; 22,80 g. Kopf r. mit Lorbeerkranz//Legionsadler zwischen zwei Standarten. RPC 368. 

SPAIN, ErcavicaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � Semis (21mm, 2.98 g, 6h). C. Ter. Sura and L. Lic. Gracilis, duovirs. Laureate head right / MVN/ ERCAV in two lines. ACIP 3194; RPC I 467.  cngcoins.com


SPAIN, ErcavicaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � As (28mm, 16.76 g, 3h). C. Ter. Sura and L. Lic. Gracilis, duoviri. Laureate head right / Bull standing right, head facing; pediment above head. ACIP 3192a; RPC I 465. cngcoins.com

SPAIN, Terraconensis. ErcavicaGaius CaligulaAD 37-41. � 27mm (13.09 g). C. Ter. Sura and L. Lic. Cracilis, duoviri. Laureate head right; countermark: P / Bull standing right with pediment above head. RPC I 465. VF, dark green patina, minor roughness. cngcoins.com

The "P" countermark is found on coins of Osicerda (cf. RPC 468).


SPAIN, Julia TraductaTraducta Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. Semis (21mm, 7.17 g, 6h). Bare head right / Grape bunch. ACIP 3345a; RPC I 101b. VF, rough red-brown patina. Extremely rare. cngcoins.com


SPAIN, ErcavicaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � As (29mm, 14.17 g, 12h). C. Ter. Sura and L. Lic. Gracilis, duovirs. Laureate head left / Bull standing right, head facing. ACIP 3193; RPC I 466; SNG Copenhagen 594. cngcoins.com

CALIGULA- C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS IMP, laureate head right. [MVN] AVG BILBIL C CORN REFEC M HELV FRONT, II VIR within oak wreath. RPC 400. SNG Cop. 621.  wildwinds

SPAIN, Osca. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � As (28mm, 15.22 g, 5h). G. Tarracina and P. Priscus, duoviri. Laureate head right / Horseman right, holding spear. ACIP 3232; RPC I 302.  cngcoins.com


SPAIN, Segobriga. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � �As� (29mm, 11.84 g, 3h). C � CAESAR � AVG � GERMANICVS � IMP, laureate head left / SEGO/BRIGA in two lines within oak wreath. RPC I 476 (same obv. die as illustration); Vives 8 and pl. CXXXV, 9; NAH 1134; SNG Copenhagen 631. cngcoins.com


SPAIN, SegobrigaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � Semis (23mm, 5.36 g, 9h). Laureate head left / SEGO/BRIGA in two lines within oak wreath. ACIP 3247; RPC I 477.  cngcoins.com
Caligula Spain- ISLANDS off SPAIN. Ebusus. Gaius (Caligula). 37-41 AD. � 21mm (5.43 g). Bare head of Caligula right / Bes standing facing, holding hammer and snake. RPC I 480; Burgos 751.




CALIGULA STRUCK IN JUDAEA, SYRIA AND EGYPT 


CALIGULA AND AGRIPPINA TETRADRACHM- SYRIA, Seleucis and Pieria. Antioch. Gaius Caligula, with Agrippina Sr. 37-41 AD. AR Tetradrachm (14.51 gm, 12h). Dated RY 3 (38/9 AD). GAIOU KAI[SAROS SEBA] GERMA, laureate head of Caligula right / AGRIPPEI[NHS AN]TIO MHTRO, draped bust of Agrippina right; G/ET (date) in right field. Prieur 66; RPC I 4167; cngcoins.com

SYRIA, Seleucis and Pieria. Antioch. Gaius (Caligula), with Agrippina SeniorAD 37-41. AR Tetradrachm (14.87 g, 12h). Dated RY 1 (AD 37). Laureate head right / Draped bust of Agrippina Senior right; pellet to left, A above ET to right. RPC 4164; McAlee 222 (same obv. die); Prieur 63. cngcoins.com

Gaius Caligula and Agrippina I AR Tetradrachm of Antioch, Syria. Laureate head of Caligula right / Draped bust of Agrippina I right; pellet behind. RPC 4166 BMC 164.  cngcoins.com

JUDAEA, Herodians. Agrippa I, with Gaius (Caligula). 37-43 CE. � 23mm (11.53 g, 12h). Caesarea Paneas mint. Dated RY 5 (40/1 CE). laureate head of Gaius (Caligula) left, [G]A[I]W KAISARI SEBASTW [GERMANIKW], NOM[ISMA]/BASILE[WS]/AGRIPPA, Germanicus in triumphal quadriga right, holding eagle-tipped scepter; [car decorated with Nike standing right]; LE in exergue. RPC I 4976; Burnett, Coinage 4; Meshorer, p. 93-94 and 116M (same obv. die); SNG ANS 261 (Tiberias; same dies); Hendin 549. 
The grandson of Herod I, Agrippa I, so-named in honor of the victor of Actium, spent much of his youth in the Roman imperial court. Popular with the imperial family, including the emperor Tiberius, Agrippa passed much of his time in the home of Antonia Minor, the mother of Germanicus and the future emperor Claudius. There, the boys became great friends, and as an older man, Agrippa became attached to the future emperor Gaius, being appointed governor of the territories of Batanaea and Trachonitis upon Gaius� accession. Unfortunately contemporary politics placed a significant strain on the relationship between the king and Rome. In AD 39 Agrippa�s uncle, Antipas, was accused of plotting with the Parthians and was exiled. Agrippa�s loyalty gained him his uncle�s forfeited territories. In AD 40 renewed riots between Greeks and Jews broke out in Alexandria, and Gaius, clearly unhappy with his Jewish subjects, provocatively ordered the installation of a statue of himself within the Holy of Holies in Jerusalem. Agrippa, who had been unsuccessfully involved in trying to quell similar riots in Alexandria before, sought to emphasize his loyalty to local Roman officials by striking coinage which commemorated his long-standing friendship with Gaius and, especially, Germanicus. Based on the dupondii struck in honor of the emperor�s father Germanicus, this coin includes the great general riding in his triumphal car in honor of his recovery of the standards lost by Varus, rather than portraying Agrippa himself, an identification emphasized by the specific inclusion of the word NOMISMA in the legend. By avoiding self promotion, Agrippa hoped to successfully navigate the treacherous waters which might result in his own removal from power.   cngoins.com


JUDAEA, Caesaraea Paneas. Caesonia, with Julia Drusilla. Augusta, AD 39-41. � 20mm (6.15 g, 12h). Dated RY 5 (AD 40/1) of Agrippa I of Judaea. Draped bust of Caesonia left, wearing hair in long plait / Drusilla standing facing, head right, holding Nike and branch. RPC I 4977; Meshorer 117; SNG ANS -.cngcoins.com


JUDAEA, Herodians. Agrippa I. 37-43 CE. � (20mm, 6.82 g, 12h). Caesarea Maritima mint. Dated RY 7 (42/3 CE). Diademed head right / Tyche of Caesarea standing left, holding rudder and palm; L Z (date) to right. Meshorer 122; Hendin 1246; RPC I 4985. cngcoins.com

JUDAEA, Herodians. Herod III Antipas, with Gaius (Caligula), Roman Emperor. 4 BCE-39 CE. � (12.97 g, 12h). Dated RY 43 (39/40 CE). HRwDOU TE[TR]ARCOU, palm tree with date clusters; ETO/C MG (date) across field / GAIw/KAICAPI/GERMA/NIKw in four lines within wreath. Meshorer 91a; AJC II 17 var. (GAIW not GAIw); Hendin 524 var. (same); Bromberg 34 var.  cngoins.com


JUDAEA, Herodians. Agrippa I, with Caligula. 37-43 CE. � (25mm, 14.04 g, 12h). Caesarea Maritima mint. Dated RY 7 (42/3 CE). Laureate head of Caligula right / Two figures standing facing one another, each holding patera; below, figure kneeling left; behind, torso of figure; all within distyle temple with Z (date) in pediment. Meshorer 121; Hendin 1245; RPC I 4983. 


Agrippa had a close relationship with both Gaius (Caligula) and Claudius, in part helping to secure the rule of the latter in the uncertain days following his unexpected rise to the purple by counseling the understandably shaken Claudius and entreating the Senate to support him. Indeed, his relationship with Claudius was sufficiently close that Josephus (Ant. xix. 5.1) records that among the new emperor�s first acts was the publication of an edict guaranteeing Agrippa�s kingdom (with the title �great king�) and granting the territory of Chalcis to Agrippa�s elder brother Herod.


Burnett believed the scene on the reverse represented the consecration of this treaty in Rome, a treaty which is specifically mentioned by Josephus (He also made a league with this Agrippa, confirmed by oaths, in the middle of the Forum in the city of Rome. [Jospehus, Ant. xix.5.1]). Although Suetonius (Suetonius, Claud. 25.5) also places the rites of the treaty (or fetial ceremony), which included the sacrifice of a pig, in the Roman Forum, Burnett argued that they instead took place at the Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus. Following Burnett�s interesting argument, this rare Judaean bronze not only represents a religious ceremony before the holiest temple of Rome, but accurately depicts a victimarius (sacrificial assistant) about to kill a pig. cngcoins.com



EGYPT, Alexandria. Julio-Claudian period, perhaps under Gaius (Caligula). Circa mid-1st Century AD. � Dichalkon (16mm, 2.10 gm). Dated year 2, but precise date uncertain. Apis bull standing right; L B (date) above / Ibis standing left; palm before. K�ln 3444; RPC I 5112; Dattari 112; cf. Milne 5246-5248.  cngcoins.com


CALIGULA GREECE, MACEDON AND ASIA MINOR



MACEDON, Amphipolis. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (15mm, 4.15 g, 7h). Diademed and bearded head (of Zeus?) right / Emperor on horseback right, raising hand in salute. RPC I 1638; SNG ANS -.cngcoins.com
Two known to the authors of RPC, both in museum collections (British Museum and Staatliche M�nzsammlung, Munich).



MACEDON, Amphipolis. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (21mm, 6.19 g, 12h). Artemis Tauropolos right / Emperor on horseback right, raising hand in salute. RPC I 1637; SNG ANS 171. cngcoins.com





MACEDON, ThessalonicaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (22mm, 8.81 g, 6h). Laureate head of Caligula left / Veiled, diademed, and draped bust of Antonia left. Touratsoglou Em. II, Group A (V18/R-); RPC I 1573. cngcoins.com





MACEDON, ThessalonicaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (22mm, 7.92 g, 12h). Laureate head left / ΘЄΣΣAΛO/NIKE/ΩN in two lines within laurel wreath. Touratsoglou Em. II, Group B (V24/R?); RPC I 1576. cngcoins.com




MACEDON, ThessalonicaGaius (Caligula), with GermanicusAD 37-41. � (21mm, 7.12 g, 6h). Laureate head of Caligula left / Bare head of Germanicus left. RPC I 1572; Touratsoglou 1-2 (unlisted dies); SNG ANS 842. cngcoins.com


MACEDON, PhilippiGaius (Caligula)37-41 AD. � 16mm (4.17 g). Bare head right / Priests plowing right. Cf. RPC 1657 (Tiberius) dark green patina. Unpublished for Caligula.  

As there is no readable legend on the obverse of this coin, attribution as Caligula is conjectural and based strictly on the style of the portrait which clearly resembles Caligula. cngcoins.com
As we know there is only one pre-principate portrait of Caligula from Carthago Nova with Tiberian portrait.  I thought this portrait was Caligula years ago and at one time was said to have been Augustus in catalog.?




MACEDON, Cassandraea. Pseudo-autonomous issue. Time of Gaius (Caligula), AD 37-41(?). � 15mm (2.82 g, 7h). Horse prancing left; crescent above / Ethnic within laurel wreath. RPC Supp. 1, 1514 (this coin); AMNG 3.  cngcoins.com





LYDIA, Philadelphia. Gaius (Caligula). 37-41 AD. � 19mm (4.27 gm, 2h). Artemon, son of Hermogenos, moneyer. GAIOC KAICAP GEPMAN[IKOC]/NEOKAICAPEWN, laureate head right / AGRIPPI[N]AN AP[TEMW]N EPMOGENOVC, Agrippina Senior seated right on chair with ornate legs, holding sceptre and cornucopiae. RPC I 3032; Trillmich pg. 131 and Tafel 14, 15; BMC Lydia pg. 195, 55; SNG Copenhagen 372; SNG von Aulock -. 

It appears that the names of locals on the coins of Philadelphia do not represent magistrates in charge of a specific office, but rather citizens who may have sponsored the production of a certain series of coins. Artemon, in this case, may have dedicated a shrine to the emperor's mother, and celebrated the event with a coin issue.  cngcoins.com


LYDIA, PhiladelphiaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (14mm, 2.37 g, 12h). Kleandros, philokaisar. ΓAIOC KAICAP, bare head right; lituus to right / Winged thunderbolt; above, ΦIΛA/ΔЄΛΦЄωN in two lines; KΛЄANΔPOC below. Cf. RPC 3026 (for type) and 3028 (for magistrate); SNG Copenhagen -; BMC -. cngcoins.com


LYDIA, PhiladelphiaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (18mm, 4.28 g, 12h). Uncertain magistrate. Bare head of Caligula right / Jugate, laureate busts of the Dioscuri right. Cf. RPC I 3020-23.  cngcoins.com



LYDIA, PhiladelphiaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (17mm, 3.83 g, 12h). Epikrates, magistrate. Bare head of Caligula right / Jugate laureate busts of the Dioscuri right. RPC I 3022. cngcoins.com


LYDIA, PhiladelphiaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (29mm, 4.49 g, 12h). Gaios Ioulios Diodoros, magistrate. Bare head of Caligula right; [star] behind / Laureate, conjoined busts of the Dioskouroi right. RPC I 3020 var. (C�s in place of Σ�s on rev.). cngcoins.com


LYDIA, PhiladelphiaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 18mm (3.79 g). Gaios Ioulios Diodoros, magistrate. Bare head of Caligula right; star behind / Laureate, conjoined busts of the Dioscouri right. RPC I 3020. The present example clarifies the name of the magistrate, who in RPC is given as Gaios Ioulios Dio[...]o[...].. cngcoins.com


LYDIA, PhiladelphiaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (18mm, 4.54 g, 12h). Melanthos, priest of Germanicus. Bare head right; six-rayed star behind / Laureate and draped busts of the Dioscuri, jugate, right. RPC 3018; BMC 52; SNG von Aulock 3071. Good VF, brown patina. Very rare � only three cited in RPC, only one in CoinArchives (Lanz 150, lot 220). Perhaps the finest known.


Tiberius & Germanicus Gemellus. AD 19-37/8 and 19-23/4, respectively. � Sestertius (36mm, 27.91 g, 12h). Rome mint. Struck under Tiberius, AD 22-23. Crossed cornucopias, each surmounted by bareheaded bust of a boy, vis-�-vis; winged caduceus between / DRVSVS CAESAR TI AVG F DIVI AVG N PONT TR POT II around large S C. RIC I 42 (Tiberius); BMCRE 95 (Tiberius). 


RPC (p. 492) notes: �A very large number of �magistrates� sign the coins (of Philadelphia) under Caligula: fifteen are certainly attested for his four-year reign. They give themselves various different descriptions and titles: priest of Germanicus, Olympic victorphilopatris, grammateus, and in a number of cases philokaisar. The impression created by this variety is that the persons are mentioned just as individuals rather than as holders of any specific magistracy; alternatively, one might think in terms of a board of some kind, as at Hierapolis.� cngcoins.com

Hermogenes, Victor in the Olympic Games

LYDIA, PhiladelphiaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (16mm, 3.96 g, 12h). Hermogenes, victor in the Olympic Games. ΓAIOΣ KAIΣAP, bare head of Caligula right / ΦIΛAΔEΛΦE[ΩN EPMOΓ]ENHΣ OΛVM/[ΠIO]NIKHΣ, jugate, laureat busts of the Dioscuri right; palm branch behind. RPC I 3023.


RPC (p. 492) notes: �A very large number of �magistrates� sign the coins (of Philadelphia) under Caligula: fifteen are certainly attested for his four-year reign. They give themselves various different descriptions and titles: priest of Germanicus, Olympic victorphilopatris, grammateus, and in a number of cases philokaisar. The impression created by this variety is that the persons are mentioned just as individuals rather than as holders of any specific magistracy; alternatively, one might think in terms of a board of some kind, as at Hierapolis.� cngcoins.com



LYDIA, PhiladelphiaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 18mm (3.88 g, 6h). Artemon Hermogenous, magistrate. Laureate head right / Agrippina I as goddess seated right, holding scepter and cornucopia. RPC II 3032; SNG Copenhagen 372. cng



LYDIA, PhiladelphiaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 15mm (3.98 g). Laureate head of Caligula right / Panther walking right, head turned left, thyrsus over shoulder. RPC I 3033.  cngcoins.com


LYDIA, PhiladelphiaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 18mm (5.12 g, 12h). Bare head of Gaius (Caligula) right / Capricorn left, bearing cornucopia on its back; monogram above. RPC I 3031/1 (this coin): SNG Copenhagen 370-371. cngcoins.com


CORINTHIA, Corinth. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � As (21mm, 7.41 g, 9h). P. Vipsanius Agrippaduovir. Struck AD 37/8. Bare head right / Pegasus flying right. RPC 1172; Amandry Em. XVII21, dies Db4/RIj10; BCD Corinth 402. cng



CORINTHIA, Corinth. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � As (19mm, 7.50 g, 7h). P. Vipsanius Agrippa and M. Bellius Proculus, duoviri. Struck AD 37-38. Bare head right / Pegasos flying right. RPC I 1173; Amandry XVII (Dd1/RIIh [unlisted combination]); BCD Corinth 405-6 cngcoins.com


CORINTHIA, Corinth. Agrippina Sr, mother of Gaius (Caligula). Died 33 AD. � 20mm (6.32 g). P. Vipsanius Agrippa and M. Bellius Proculus, duovirs. Struck under Caligula, 37-38 AD. Draped bust right / M BELLI[O PROCVLO IIVIR], NED in field, Confronted head of Nero and Drusus Caesars. RPC I 1175; Amandry XVII.  cngcoins.com


CILICIA, Epiphanea. Gaius (Caligula). 37-41 AD. � 22mm (9.02 gm). Dated year 107 (39/40 AD). Laureate head left / Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae. SNG Levante 1809 = RPC I 4068.3 (this coin); SNG France -; SNG von Aulock -. cngcoins.com

CORINTHIA, Corinth. Gaius-Caligula and Tiberius Gemellus, Caesars. Circa 32-33 AD. � 15mm - Semis (3.20 gm). COR, Pegasus flying left / CAES/GEM, bare heads of Gaius Caligula and Tiberius Gemellus confronted. RPC I 1171; Amandry XVI 66 Db RIIb2 (this coin): BMC 508; Vagi 479. cngcoins.com


CRETE, Koinon of Crete. Gaius (Caligula), with Divus Augustus. AD 37-41. AR Drachm (2.47 g, 6h). Bare-headed bust of Gaius (Caligula) right, slight drapery; scepter over shoulder / Radiate head of Divus Augustus left; three stars to left, two to right. RPC I 965; Svoronos, Numismatique 4. For more on Caligulan Numismatic Articles see:  Coins courtesy cngoins.com



CAPPADOCIA, Caesaraea-Eusebia. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. AR Drachm (19mm, 3.68 g). Bare head right / Simpulum and lituus. RPC I 3624; Sydenham 48; RSC 12. cngcoins.com


SINCE I FEEL AS WELL AS  RIC and Sydenham THESE DRACHM ISSUES WERE STRUCK UNDER CALIGULA WE WILL ADD THE DIFFERENT VARIANTS.  The date of this issue remains uncertain. RPC places it late in Tiberius' reign, circa 33/4 AD, while the traditional dating, adopted by RIC and Sydenham, place's it in the first year of Caligula's reign, 37/8 AD.


CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea. Germanicus, with Divus Augustus. Died 19 AD. AR Drachm (17mm, 3.55 gm). Struck under Tiberius, 33-34 AD. GERMANICVS CES TI AVGV COS II PM, bare head of Germanicus right / DIVVS AVGV-STVS, radiate head of Augustus left. RPC I 3623a; cf. Sydenham, Caesarea 50; RIC I 61; BMCRE 106. CNG


CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea-Eusebia. Germanicus, with Divus AugustusDied AD 19 and AD 14, respectively. AR Drachm (19mm, 3.61 g, 12h). Struck under Tiberius, AD 33-34. Bare head of Germanicus right / Radiate head of Divus Augustus left. SydenhamCaesarea 51; RPC I 3623c; RIC I (Gaius) 62.  CNG



CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea. Germanicus and Divus AugustusAR Drachm (3.73 gm). Bare head of Germanicus right / Radiate head of Augustus left. RPC I 3623b; SydenhamCaesarea 52; RIC I 62 (Caligula).  CNG


CAPPADOCIA, Caesarea-Eusebia. Germanicus, with Divus AugustusCaesar, 15 BC-AD 19. AR Drachm (18mm, 3.81 g, 12h). [GERMA]NICVS � CAES � TI � AVGVS COS II P M, bare head of Germanicus right / Radiate head of Divus Augustus left. RPC 3623 var. (obv. legend); SydenhamCaesarea 51-2 var.  CNG

Caligula Phrygia- RPC 3236


PAPHLAGONIA, Sinope. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 17mm (4.00 g, 6h). Bare head right / Two colonists plowing right. RPC 2129; RG 93. cngcoins.com



KINGS of THRACE. Rhoemetalces III, with Gaius (Caligula). Circa AD 38-46. � 29mm (22.69 g, 12h). Struck AD 38-41. GAIW KAISAR[I G]ERMANIKW [SE]BASTW, laureate head of Gaius (Caligula) left / BASILE US ROIMHTALKAS KOTUWS, Gaius seated left on curule chair, presenting diadem in right hand to Rhoemetalces, standing right, cradling spear in left arm and receiving diadem in right hand. RPC I 1722; Youroukova 212-3 = Mouchmov 5804; BMC 1-2; SNG Copenhagen -. courtesy cngoins.com

R�MISCHE M�NZEN (ROMAN COINS)M�NZEN DER R�MISCHEN KAISERZEIT Gaius Caligula, 37-41 und Aspurgus von Bosporus�s; 12.19 g. Kopf r.//Kopf r. mit Diadem. RPC 1904.



KINGS of BOSPOROS. Aspourgos. As king, AD 14/5-37/8. � 12 Units (24mm, 11.06 g, 12h). Bare head of Caligula right / Diademed head of Aspourgos right; monogram to left, IB (mark of value) to right. MacDonald 302; Anokhin 319; RPC I 1903. 

 

PONTUS, Amasia. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 20mm (10.34 g, 12h). Laureate head right / Veiled head of Tyche right, wearing mural crown; to left, uncertain object (lituus?); date in legend. RPC I 3571/3 (this coin); RG 6 (same rev. die); SNG Fitzwilliam 4031.cngoins.com


IONIA, Smyrna. Gaius (Caligula), with Germanicus and Agrippina SeniorAD 37-41. � (21mm, 6.42 g, 12h). Menophanes, magistrate, and Aviola, proconsul. Struck circa AD 37-38. Laureate head of Caligula right / Draped bust of Agrippina I right, facing bare head of Germanicus left. Klose Type XXIX; RPC I 2471; SNG von Aulock 2201. cngcoins.com


IONIA, Smyrna. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (17mm, 4.34 g, 12h). Menophanes, proconsul. Struck circa AD 37-38. Laureate head right / Drusilla as Persephone seated left, holding poppies, grain ears, and scepter. Klose XXVIII; RPC I 2472; SNG Copenhagen 1343.  cngcoins.com



IONIA, Smyrna. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 18mm (2.86 g, 12h). C. Calpurnius Aviola, proconsul; Menophanes, magistrate. Laureate head right / Nike advancing right, holding palm and wreath. Klose Type XXVIIA, 6 (V3/R6); RPC 2473. cngcoins.com


UNRECORDED DIE COMBINATION -  IONIA, Smyrna. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (16mm, 2.57 g, 12h). C. Calpurnius Aviola, proconsul; Menophanes, magistrate. Struck AD 37/8. Laureate head right / Victory advancing right, holding palm frond and wreath. Klose Type XXVII, Series A, � (V1/R3 [unrecorded die combination]); RPC 2473.  cngcoins.com




LESBOS, Mytilene. Julia LivillaAD 18-41/2. � (20mm, 6.81 g, 12h). Struck under Caligula. Draped bust left / Caligula standing left, with toga drawn up over head (capite velato), holding patera. RPC 2348; SNG Fitzwilliam 4387; Trillmich pl. 14, 1; Vagi 576. Very rare issue in the name of Livilla, and the only type where her portrait appears alone. Perhaps the 11th known, with the majority in museum collections.


The youngest child of Germanicus and Agrippina Senior, Julia Livilla was born on the island of Lesbos during her parents� tour of the eastern provinces. She is best known, like her sisters Agrippina Junior and Drusilla, for the alleged incestuous relationship she had with her brother, Caligula. Suetonius, the earliest historian to make this scandalous accusation, claims that the incest even took place during banquets (Gai xxiv), �when much company was present�, and that the emperor �placed each of them [his sisters] in turns below him, while his wife reclined above him.� It is telling that the tales of incest go unmentioned by historians such as Seneca and Philo, who actually lived during the reign of Caligula, and there is serious scholarly doubt if there is any truth to these claims. Nonetheless, the tales were often repeated by later chroniclers, and the incestuous relationship between Caligula and his sisters is fixed in popular imagination as one of great scandals of the Roman emperors. cngcoins.com


CILICIA, Aegeae. Pseudo-autonomous issue. temp. Caligula, AD 37-41. � (30mm, 18.98 g, 12h). Dated CY 86 (AD 39/40). Head of Dionysus right, wearing ivy wreath and head band; thyrsus over far shoulder / AIΓЄAIωN upward to left, ςΠ (date) to upper right, ANTIΓ[Ο] to lower right, draped bust of Poseidon right, wearing taenia; trident before. SNG Levante 1690 = SNG von Aulock 8665 = RPC I 4034.3 (this coin); cngcoins.com



PHRYGIA, Aezanis CALIGULA  RPC 3073, RPC 3074, RPC 3075, RPC 3077, RPC 3079, RPC 3080, RPC 3081, RPC 3082, RPC 3083, RPC 3085, and RPC 3086


PHRYGIA, Aezanis. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 19mm (6.45 g, 12h). Group I. Nannas, stephanophoros. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Zeus A�tophorus standing left. RPC 3073; SNG M�nchen 21-2; Copenhagen 81. cngcoins.com


Caligula Brass AE16 of Aezanis, Phrygia. Magistrate Praxime. G KAIC CEB GEPMANIKOC, laureate head right / AIZANITWN EPI PRAXIME, draped bust of Artemis right. BMC 71. RPC 3074. wildwinds.com text.


Caligula, AE of Aizanis, Phrygia. 37-41 AD. 5.23 g. GAIOS KAISAR, laureate head right / AIZANITWN EPI MHDHOU, Zeus standing left, holding eagle and sceptre. BMC 58; RPC 3075. wildwinds.com



PHRYGIA. Aezanis. Caligula (37-41). Ae. Straton Medeos, magistrate. Obv: ?AIO? KAI?AP.   Laureate head right.  Rev: AIZANIT?N E?I ?TPATWNO? MH?HOY. Zeus standing left with eagle and sceptreRPC 3076.

PHRYGIA, Aezanis. Germanicus, with Agrippina SeniorDied AD 19. � 16mm (3.68 g). Medeos, magistrate. Struck under Gaius (Caligula). Laureate head of Germanicus right / Draped bust of Agrippina right. RPC I 3077; SNG Copenhagen 75. 


PHRYGIA, Aezanis. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 20mm (4.96 g, 11h). Aristarchos, magistrate. Laureate head right / Zeus standing left, holding eagle and scepter. RPC I 3079; SNG Copenhagen 76.  cngcoins.com


PHRYGIA, Aezanis. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 19mm (5.82 g). Lollios Klassikos magistrate. Laureate head of Caligula right / Zeus standing left with eagle and scepter. RPC I 3080; SNG Copenhagen 77.  cngcoins.com


PHRYGIA, Aezanis. Germanicus, with Agrippina SeniorCaesar, 15 BC-AD 19. � 17mm (3.97 g, 12h). Lollios Klassikos, magistrate. Struck under Gaius (Caligula), AD 37-41. Laureate head of Germanicus right / Draped bust of Agrippina Senior right. RPC 3081 cngcoins.com


PHRYGIA, Aezanis. Gaius (Caligula), with Agrippina SeniorAD 37-41. � 15mm (3.49 g, 12h). Lollios Klassikos, magistrate. Laureate head of Gaius (Caligula) right; star behind / Draped bust of Agrippina Senior right. RPC 3082; SNG von Aulock 3345; Weber 6997. cngcoins.com


PHRYGIA, Aezanis. Germanicus and Agrippina SeniorDied AD 19 and AD 33, respectively. � (17mm, 3.93 g, 1h). Lollios Klassikos, magistrate. Struck under Caligula. Radiate head of Germanicus right / Draped bust of Agrippina Senior right. RPC I 3083; BMC 68.  cngcoins.com  Joe Geranio-  Caligula Radiate, important attribution


PHRYGIA, Aezanis. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (20mm, 5.21 g, 12h). Lollios Klassikos and Lollios Roufos, magistrates. Radiate head right / Zeus standing left, holding eagle and scepter; monogram to left. RPC II 3085; SNG Copenhagen 80. cngcoins.com/   Joe Geranio-  Caligula Radiate, important attribution


Gaius Caligula Brass AE 20mm  RPC 3086 of Phrygia, Aezani. GAIOC KAICAP, radiate head right / AIZANTEIWN EPI KLACCIKOY KAI POYFOY, Zeus standing left, half draped, holding eagle & sceptre, monograms in left field. BMC 66. cngcoins.com.  Joe Geranio-  Caligula Radiate, important attribution




LYCIA, Balbura. Gaius (Caligula), with Divus AugustusAD 37-41. � (22mm, 5.12 g, 12h). Bare head of Gaius (Caligula) right / Radiate head of Divus Augustus right; six-rayed star to left and right. RPC 3355; SNG von Aulock �; SNG Copenhagen �; BMC �. cngcoins.com



TROAS, Ilium. Gaius (Caligula), with Divus AugustusAD 37-41. � (25mm, 11.41 g, 1h). Bare head of Gaius right vis-�-vis radiate head of Divus Augustus left / Draped bust of Roma right and draped bust of Synkletos (Senate) right, vis-�-vis; between, Athena, holding spear and shield, standing facing on low pedestal. RPC 2312; Bellinger T120; SNG Copenhagen 387. cngcoins.com  From wildwinds.com:  Caligula, AE24 of Ilion, Troas, 37-41 AD. 12.13 gr. GAIOC KAICAP QEOC AUTOKRATWR around, CEBACTOI below, confronted heads of Caligula, bare-headed, right, and Augustus, radiate, left, both on a low base / QEA RWMH to left, IEPA CYNKLHTOC to right, ILI below, confronted busts of Roma, draped, right with rolled hair and a two-pointed headdress, and the Senate left, unbearded. Between them, on a low base, stands a statuette of Athena wearing aegis, wielding spear and resting hand on shield. RPC 2312; Bellinger, Troy, T120 and T49; Fritze 43; SNG von Aulock 1530; BMC 37; SNG Munich 235; SNG Cop 387; Hunter 5; Lindgren III 312. JOE GERANIO:  On a personal note it was my privledge to spend time with Hank Lindgren at the San Francisco Ancient Numismatic Society in the mid 1980's to learn so much about the provincial coins of the Julio Claudians.    



PHRYGIA, Aezanis. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 19mm (6.45 g, 12h). Group I. Nannas, stephanophoros. Laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right / Zeus A�tophorus standing left. RPC 3073; SNG M�nchen 21-2; Copenhagen 81. cng



LYDIA, PhiladelphiaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 18mm (5.12 g, 12h). Bare head of Gaius (Caligula) right / Capricorn left, bearing cornucopia on its back; monogram above. RPC I 3031/1 (this coin): SNG Copenhagen 370-371. cngcoins.com


CILICIA, Aegeae. Civic issue. Time of Gaius (Caligula), 37-41 AD. � 28mm (13.26 gm). Dated year 87 (40/1 AD). Diademed and draped bust of Alexander the Great right / Bare head of Julius Caesar right; date and monogram behind. SNG Levante 1692 = RPC I 4036.1 (this coin); SNG France -; SNG von Aulock -.  cngcoins.com


CILICIA, Epiphanea. Gaius (Caligula). 37-41 AD. � 22mm (9.02 gm). Dated year 107 (39/40 AD). Laureate head left / Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae. SNG Levante 1809 = RPC I 4068.3 (this coin); SNG France -; SNG von Aulock -. cngcoins.com


CILICIA, Epiphanea. Civic issue. Time of Caligula, 37-41 AD. � 25mm (11.36 gm). Dated year 107 (39/40 AD). Bust of Dionysus right, wearing wreath of ivy, thyrsus over left shoulder / Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae. SNG Levante 1810 = RPC I 4069.1 (this coin); SNG France -; SNG von Aulock -.  cngcoins.com



MOESIA INFERIOR, Tomis. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (14mm, 1.55 g, 12h). Laureate head right / Winged caduceus. RPC I 1827; AMNG I 2579; Varbanov 4629. cngcoins.com


CRETE, Cnossus. Gaius (Caligula), with GermanicusAD 37-41. � (20mm, 5.36 g, 12h). Bare head of Gaius Caligula right / Bare head of Germanicus right. RPC I 999; SNG Copenhagen -. cngcoins.com


CRETE, Gortyna. Gaius (Caligula), with GermanicusAD 37-41. � (22mm, 3.15 g, 6h). Laureate head of Caligula left / Laureate head of Germanicus right. Svoronos,Numismatique 193; RPC I 1022. cngcoins.com


CRETE, Koinon of CreteGaius (Caligula), with Divus AugustusAD 37-41. AR Drachm (18mm, 1.92 g, 6h). Uncertain Cretan mint striking for the Koinon. Bareheaded bust of Caligula right, slight drapery, with scepter over shoulder / Radiate head of Divus Augustus left; four stars behind, three before. SvoronosNumismatique 4; RPC I 965. cngcoins.com


KINGS of THRACE. Rhoemetalces III, with Gaius (Caligula). AD 38-46. � (24mm, 14.09 g, 6h). Laureate head of Caligula left / Diademed and draped bust of Rhoemetalces right. RPC I 1724 = Youroukova 210. cngcoins.com



PHOENICIA, Tripolis. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (21mm, 9.68 g, 12h). Date CY 350 (AD 38/9). Laureate head left; [L NT] (date) below chin / The Dioscuri standing left, each holding wreath over pileus resting on ground and scepter. RPC I 4519; SNG Copenhagen -; BMC 38.  cngcoins.com


CILICIA, Mallus. Tiberius(?). AD 14-37. � (20mm, 4.07 g, 12h). Laureate head left / Nike advancing right, holding wreath; star above outstretched arm. RPC I 4019/2 = SNG Levante 1267 (this coin)  One of only two cited in RPC.

There is some disagreement as to which emperor this belongs to. SNG Levante assigns it to Tiberius, while the authors of RPC tentatively place it under Caligula. cngcoins.com



CILICIA, Mallus. Tiberius(?). AD 14-37. � (20mm, 4.07 g, 12h). Laureate head left / Nike advancing right, holding wreath; star above outstretched arm. RPC I 4019/2 = SNG Levante 1267 (this coin). VF, attractive green patina. One of only two cited in RPC.  cngcoins.com


There is some disagreement as to which emperor this belongs to. SNG Levante assigns it to Tiberius, while the authors of RPC tentatively place it under Caligula.


Caligula, AE of Balbura, Lycia. 3.58 g. GAIOS SEBASTOS, bare head right / BALBOUREWN, Herakles, naked, standing left, holding club and lionskin. RPC 3356; SNG von Aulock 4283. wildwinds.com



MACEDON, ThessalonicaGaius (Caligula), with GermanicusAD 37-41. � (21mm, 7.12 g, 6h). Laureate head of Caligula left / Bare head of Germanicus left. RPC I 1572; Touratsoglou 1-2 (unlisted dies); SNG ANS 842. cngcoins.com


KINGS of THRACE. Rhoemetalces III, with Gaius (Caligula). Circa AD 38-46. � (30mm, 19.56 g, 6h). Struck AD 38-41. Laureate head of Gaius (Caligula) left / Gaius seated left on curule chair, presenting diadem to Rhoemetalces standing right, cradling spear . RPC 1722; Youroukova 212-3. cngcoins.com


PHRYGIA, Amorium. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 20mm (6.47 g). Silvanos and Ioustos Vipsanios, magistrates. Bare head right / Eagle standing right on uncertain object; monogram above tail. RPC I 3235; BMC 25. cngcoins.com


CORINTHIA, Corinth. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � As (20mm, 6.70 g, 1h). P. Vipsanius Agrippa and M. Mellius Proculus, duoviri. Struck AD 37-38. Bare head left / Pegasos flying right. RPC I 1172; Amandry XVI18 (Dcc/RIi); BCD Corinth 404. cngcoins.com


BITHYNIA, Apamea. Agrippina Senior. Died AD 33. � 17mm (3.36 g, 12h). Struck under Caligula, AD 37-41. Draped bust right / Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopia; c/m: capricorn right within oval incuse. RPC I 2015; for c/m: Howgego 300. cngcoins.com


MOESIA INFERIOR, Tomis. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 14mm (3.96 g, 11h). Bare head right / Eagle standing right, head left, between caps of the Dioskouroi. Sutzu -; RPC I -; BMC -. cngcoins.com

PHRYGIA, Aezanis. Gaius (Caligula), with Agrippina SeniorAD 37-41. � 15mm (3.49 g, 12h). Lollios Klassikos, magistrate. Laureate head of Gaius (Caligula) right; star behind / Draped bust of Agrippina Senior right. RPC 3082; SNG von Aulock 3345; Weber 6997. cngcoins.com


THRACE, ByzantiumGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 20mm (4.18 g, 6h). Bare head left; c/m�s: laureate head right and dolphin / Prow left. RPC I 1781; for c/m: Howgego 53 cngcoins.com


CRETE, Hierapytna. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 22mm (7.52 g, 12h). Augurinus, magistrate. Laureate head right / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; palm tree to right. RPC 1024; Svoronos 49; SNG Copenhagen 468. cngcoins.com


CRETE, Gortyna. Gaius (Caligula), with GermanicusAD 37-41. � 21mm (5.71 g, 6h). Laureate head of Caligula left / Laureate head of Germanicus right. RPC I 1022; Svoronos 193; SNG Copenhagen 462. cngcoins.com


PHRYGIA, Acmoneia. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 17mm (4.46 g, 11h). Krates, magistrate. Bare head right / Artemis advancing right, holding bow and drawing arrow from quiver; small stag to right. RPC -; SNG Copenhagen -; SNG von Aulock -. 


LYDIA, PhiladelphiaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 20mm (5.92 g, 7h). Laureate head right / Agrippina I as goddess seated right, holding scepter and cornucopia. RPC I 3032.18 (this coin); SNG Copenhagen 372.cngcoins.com


CRETE, Knossos. Gaius Caligula and Germanicus37-41 AD. � 21mm (6.20 gm). Pulcher and Varius, duovirs. Bare head of Caligula right / Bare head of Germanicus right. RPC I 994; Svoronos 202 corr. cngcoins.com


CORINTHIA, Corinth. Agrippina Senior, mother of Gaius (Caligula). Died 33 AD. � 20mm (6.72 gm). P. Vipsanius Agrippa and M. Bellius Proculus, duoviri. Struck under Caligula, 37-38 AD. Draped bust right / Confronted head of Nero and Drusus Caesars. Amandry XVII68 (Da2/Rb2; RPC I 1174; BCD 411. cngcoins.com


KINGS of THRACE. Rhoemetalkes III, with Gaius (Caligula). Circa 38-46 AD(?). � 25mm (15.42 g). Laureate head of Gaius (Caligula) right / Diademed and draped bust of Rhoemetalkes III right. RPC I 1724; Youroukova 210. cngcoins.com


MACEDON, ThessalonicaGaius (Caligula)37-41 AD. � 21mm (8.12 g). Laureate head left / QESSLO/NIKEWN legend in two lines in wreath. Touratsoglou 25-46 (unlisted obverse die); RPC I 1576. cngcoins.com/  Seems like a Tiberian portrait to my eye?


MYSIA, Perperene. Gaius Caligula. 37-41 AD. � 17mm (3.14 g, 6h). Laureate and draped bust right (Hegemonia?) / Grape bunch on vine with leaf. RPC I 2352; SNG France 2316; SNG Copenhagen -.  cngcoins.com


SYRIA, Seleucis and Pieria, LaodiceaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 21mm (7.65 g). Laureate head right / Turreted and veiled bust of Tyche right; PA below. RPC I 4446. cngcoins.com


FOR SPAIN, SPAIN TERRACONENSIS ISSUES- WITH RPC 182 AS AND RPC 184 APPROX. 18MM

AS FAR AS I KNOW THE ONLY KNOWN AND ACCEPTED PORTRAIT ISSUE OF GAIUS CALIGULA PRE-PRINCIPATE OTHER THAN GRAND CAMEO YOUTH PORTRAIT?  JOE GERANIO
FOR MORE ON THIS SEE:  https://www.forumancientcoins.com/numiswiki/view.asp?key=The%20Importance%20of%20the%20Pre-Principate%20Portrait%20of%20Caligula%20Struck%20under%20Tiberius-%20Carthago%20Nova%20Issue-%20Joe%20Geranio

REGARDING RPC 182 ISSUE This is a very important issue, struck under Tiberius. It is the only accepted (because of the inscription) pre-accession issue we have of Gaius Caligula, there are no accepted portraits in the round or on any other numismatics. For problems with the dating of Tiberian Coinage see RPC and A. Banti and L. Simonetti, Corpus Nummorum Romanorum (XIII Florence: 1977 pp. 141-50 deal with dating to 34 A.D. (PolliniJWAG, note 28 for more explanation. Also: "Aspects of the Principate of Tiberius", Historical comments on the Colonial coinage issued outside Spain, Michael Grant- The American Numismatic Society - Numismatic Notes and Monographs(1950) There are some issues with inscriptions and dating in Banti Simonetti. Dated to 32-33 A.D.?   There are many candidates for a portrait of Caligula in the round, but no scholar will attest to the fact due to no inscribed base or inscription being found with sculpture.  Therefore, this coin is very important to portrait specialists.  It reminds me of the importance of numismatics in all portrait disciplines, unfortunately this issue is usually found with a crude type portrait for Caligula, and is of little help with hairstyle and physiognomy.      RPC 182; SNG Copenhagen 502.


SPAIN, Terraconensis. Carthago NovaTiberius, with Gaius (Caligula) as CaesarAD 14-37. � 29mm (12.97 g). Laureate head of Tiberius left / Bare head of Gaius Caligula left. RPC I 182.  cngcoins.com


SPAIN, Terraconensis. Carthago NovaTiberius, with Gaius (Caligula) as CaesarAD 14-37. � 18mm (4.46 g). Laureate head of Tiberius left / Bare head of Gaius Caligula left. RPC I 184.  cngcoins.com


SPAIN, Terraconensis. Carthago NovaTiberius, with Gaius (Caligula) as CaesarAD 14-37. � 32mm (15.71 g). Laureate head of Tiberius left / Bare head of Gaius Caligula left. RPC I 182. 


LYDIA, PhiladelphiaGaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 15mm (3.98 g). Laureate head of Caligula right / Panther walking right, head turned left, thyrsus over shoulder. RPC I 3033.  cngcoins.com



CRETE, Koinon of CreteGaius (Caligula), with Divus AugustusAD 37-41. AR Drachm (2.47 g, 6h). Bare-headed bust of Gaius (Caligula) right, slight drapery; scepter over shoulder / Radiate head of Divus Augustus left; three stars to left, two to right. RPC I 965; SvoronosNumismatique 4.  cngcoins.com


Caligula RPC 964  more to come.


Caligula and Germanicus/ RPC 996.  Moneyers Pulcher and Varius.  fl  more to come  CRETE


Caligula and Germanicus/ RPC 993 variant.  Moneyers Pulcher and Dossenus.    more to come  CRETE


Caligula bare head and Germanicus/ RPC 991 . Moneyers Pulcher and Dossenus.    more to come  CRETE


Caligula bare head and Germanicus/ RPC 995 . Moneyers Pulcher and Varius.    more to come  CRETE


Caligula, AE20 of Sestos, Thrace. GAIOC KAICAP, bare head right / CHCTIWN, lyre. Varbanov 2970; Sear GIC 383; RPC 1742. wildwinds.com


CILICIA, Aegeae. Pseudo-autonomous issue. temp. Caligula, AD 37-41. � (30mm, 18.98 g, 12h). Dated CY 86 (AD 39/40). Head of Dionysus right, wearing ivy wreath and head band; thyrsus over far shoulder / AIΓЄAIωN upward to left, ςΠ (date) to upper right, ANTIΓ[Ο] to lower right, draped bust of Poseidon right, wearing taenia; trident before. SNG Levante 1690 = SNG von Aulock 8665 = RPC I 4034.3 (this coin); SNG France �cngcoins.com


MOESIA INFERIOR, Tomis. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � (14mm, 1.55 g, 12h). Laureate head right / Winged caduceus. RPC I 1827; AMNG I 2579; Varbanov 4629.  cngcoins.com



MOESIA INFERIOR, Tomis. Gaius (Caligula). AD 37-41. � 14mm (3.96 g, 11h). Bare head right / Eagle standing right, head left, between caps of the Dioskouroi. Sutzu -; RPC I -; BMC -. Caligula, AE14 of AD 37-41, 3.96 g. GAIOC KAISAR, Bare head right. (TOMI)TWN, Eagle standing right, head left, between caps of the Dioskouroi. RPC-; Varbanov-; AMNG-; Mionnet-. Poss. Unpublished.  wildwinds.com.  Joe Geranio- I believe this issue is unpublished? 


This is the only coin struck in which the portrait of Drusilla appears alone.  Caligula, AE20 of Miletos, Ionia. 37-41 AD. 5.98 g. GAIOS KAISAR GERMANIKOS SEBASTOS, laureate head of Gaius Caligula right; star before / (from top left) MILHSIWN QEA DROUSILLA, draped bust of Drusilla right, wearing stephane. RPC 2704. BMC 144. Vagi 475. wildwinds.com
Caligula AE20 of Phrygia, Kolossae. RPC 2891 37-41 AD. GAIW KAISARI, laureate head left / KOLOSHNWN, Nike afvancing right, holding wreath and palm. Von Aulock, Phrygiens II 545; Waddington 5872. wildwinds.com


LYCIA, Balbura. Gaius (Caligula), with Divus AugustusAD 37-41. � (22mm, 5.12 g, 12h). Bare head of Gaius (Caligula) right / Radiate head of Divus Augustus right; six-rayed star to left and right. RPC 3355; SNG von Aulock �; SNG Copenhagen �; BMC �. cngcoins.com


Caligula, AE, 7.00 gr. of Briula, LydiaSEBASTOS, laureate head right, slight drapery on left shoulder / BRIOULEITWN, Kybele standing facing between two lions; NC in left field; M on H in right field; oval wreath in exergue. RPC I Supp. 5444/1 (in RPC originally as uncertain mint). wildwinds.com

Caligula AE21 of Sidon, Phoenicia. Laureate head right, star before / SIDWNOS, Europa riding bull left, holding his horn. BMC 208. RPC 4612/ wildwinds.com

Gaius Caligula AE 20mm.of Gabala, Syria. Q EP, laureate head right; A below / GABALEON, eagle standing left. RPC 4453 wildwind via cngcoins.com

Gaius Caligula. AE 23mm of Syria, Laodikeia ad Mare. Laureate head right / Turreted and veiled head of Tyche right; DI below. SNG Cop 339. RPC 4445. cngoins.com


Caligula AE 23mm of Laodicea ad Mare, SyriaGAIOY KAISAPOS SEBASTOGEPM, laureate head right / IOYLIEWN TWN KAI LAODIKEWN, veiled & turreted head of Tyche right, PA below. RPC 4446 VIA cngcoins.com

Caligula AE 22mm of Cilicia, Epiphanea. Dated year 107 (39/40 AD). Laureate head left / Tyche standing left, holding rudder and cornucopiae. SNG Levante 1809.  RPC 4068/ wildwinds.com



COIN MINTS- LYDIA

First coinage- The beginnings of the Lydian Mint.  

Early 6th-century BC one-third stater coin

According to Herodotus, the Lydians were the first people to use gold and silver coins and the first to establish retail shops in permanent locations.[12] It is not known, however, whether Herodotus meant that the Lydians were the first to use coins of pure gold and pure silver or the first precious metal coins in general. Despite this ambiguity, this statement of Herodotus is one of the pieces of evidence often cited in behalf of the argument that Lydians invented coinage, at least in the West, even though the first coins were neither gold nor silver but an alloy of the two

The dating of these first stamped coins is one of the most frequently debated topics of ancient numismatics,with dates ranging from 700 BC to 550 BC, but the most common opinion is that they were minted at or near the beginning of the reign of King Alyattes (sometimes referred to incorrectly as Alyattes II), who ruled Lydia c. 610-550 BC.[15] The first coins were made ofelectrum, an alloy of gold and silver that occurs naturally but that was further debased by the Lydians with added silver and copper

The largest of these coins are commonly referred to as a 1/3 stater (trite) denomination, weighing around 4.7 grams, though no full staters of this type have ever been found, and the 1/3 stater probably should be referred to more correctly as a stater, after a type of a transversely held scale, the weights used in such a scale (from ancient Greek ίστημι=to stand), which also means "standard." These coins were stamped with a lion's head adorned with what is likely a sunburst, which was the king's symbol.[18] To complement the largest denomination, fractions were made, including a hekte (sixth), hemihekte (twelfth), and so forth down to a 96th, with the 1/96 stater weighing only about 0.15 grams. There is disagreement, however, over whether the fractions below the twelfth are actually Lydian

Alyattes' son was Croesus, who became associated with great wealth. Sardis was renowned as a beautiful city. Around 550 BC, near the beginning of his reign, Croesus paid for the construction of the temple of Artemis atEphesus, which became one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. Croesus was defeated in battle by Cyrus II of Persia in 546 BC, with the Lydian kingdom losing its autonomy and becoming a Persian satrapy. Wikipedia