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A Lead Pipe From Caligula 's Pleasure Barge at Lake Nemi and Other Epigraphical Evidence of Caligula - Joe Geranio

The Romans produced suction force pumps in all types for all sea and land necessities. One of the archeological discoveries which most contributed to on/ knowledge of Roman metallurgy was the recovery of two ships of lake Nemi... These ships contained lead pipe (in the ship plumbing system), valves, pieces of equipment including a rotating table on ball bearings and several metallic objects made from various alloys of iron, copper and bronze which vary according to their intended use. The lead pipe conforms to the dimensions and norms set in Frontinus ' text... The inscriptions on the lead pipe found on the Nemi ships have done more to date the ships than the masonry trademarks... But the precise dating of the Nemi Ships based on the name of Caligula (37 to 41 A.D.) has been established by the for fstulae found three inside the first ship and the fourth nearby with their seal G. CAESARIS AVG GERMANIC all stamped with the same die (evidenced by the imperfect impression of the C on the various pieces of pipe)... The valve found on board is according to the standards a vicenaria in perfect working condition... The rotating platform found on the Nemi ship establishes that the Romans were acquainted with and used ball-bearings. Bronze bearings fixed in place by pins were positioned around the circumference of the platform at regular intervals to permit the rotary movement scythe load. (Photo by Nacleben)

Caligulan epigraphy is very rare on non-numismatic items. There are other piping systems in the House of Livia on the Palatine in Rome with AVG and Livia 's names. Caligula remains elusive.

Non coinage objects with Gaius Caligula 's nomen are very rare, I know of a lead pipe at the Nemi Museum (see above).

In 40, the emperor Caligula visited Fectio when he was travelling to Lugdunum. The remains of a wine barrel from his personal vinyard have been found. Some thirty years later, the fortress was destroyed during the Batavian revolt and rebuilt as base of a cavalry squadron. The river Rhine had already started to silt up, and was later to change its course. Pottery from the kilns of the Twenty-second legion Primigenia at Xanten belongs to this period.

Agrippina <a href='view.asp?key=epigraphy'>Epigraphy</a> by you.

probably from Augustus ' mausoleum, where her son Caligula had her ashes delivered (from Pandateria where she was exiled and starved herself to death in 33 CE) when he became emperor in 37 CE. Inscription: OSSA/AGRIPPINAE M[ARCI] AGRIPPAE/DIVI AVG[usti] NEPTIS VXORIS/GERMANICI CAESARIS/MATRIS C[AI] CAESARIS AVG[USTI]/ GERMANICI PRINCIPIS (CIL 6.886). A cavity (not visible) on top once held the urn with her ashes. Rome: Passaggio del Muro Romano (Museo Nuovo) of the Museo del Palazzo dei Conservatori. VROMA

Educational Use Only

Agrippinae M(arci) Agrippae [f(iliae)] / Divi Aug(usti) neptis uxoris / Germanici Caesaris / matris C(ai) Caesaris Aug(usti) / Germanici principis

"The bones of Agrippina, daughter of Marcus Agrippa, granddaughter of the Deified Augustus, wife of Germanicus Caesar, mother of Gaius Caesar Augustus, prince Germanicus [i.e. Emperor Caligula].

[ILS 180] 


Archaeological finds suggest two new legions were recruited, the Fifteenth and Twenty-Second Primigenia. The fifteenth legion was added to XIV Gemina (hence the number). Lucius Varius Sacco of Milan in northern Italy was one of the recruits (CIL XIII.11855). He died in Mainz after only one year of service, which almost certainly means that he was killed in action. He was twenty-five. Text from news.

From Caligulan period.




Here is a lead bar with the inscription of the princeps (emperor) Tiberius. Tiberius ruled from 14-37 A.D. and Caligula proceeded him in Roman rule. Can you make out the inscription that is similiar to coins?



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