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Caesarea, Cappadocia (now Kayseri, Turkey) is located at the foot of Mount Argaeus (now Mount Erciyes). The city has been continuously inhabited since c. 3000 B.C. with the establishment of a Hittite trading colony. The city was the center of a satrapy under Persian rule until it was conquered by Perdikkas, one of the generals of Alexander the Great when it became the seat of a transient satrapy by another of Alexander's former generals, Eumenes of Cardia. The city was subsequently passed to the Seleucid empire after the battle of Ipsus but became once again the center of an autonomous Cappadocian kingdom under Ariarathes III of Cappadocia c. 250 B.C. In the ensuing period, the city came under the sway of Hellenistic influence and was given the Greek name of Eusebia in honor of the Cappadocian king Ariarathes V Eusebes Philopator, 163 - 130 B.C. The name Caesarea was given to it by Archelaus, the last Cappadocian king. The city passed under formal Roman rule in 17 B.C. Caesarea was destroyed by the Sassanid king Shapur I after his victory over Valerian I in A.D. 260. At the time it was recorded to have around 400,000 inhabitants. The city gradually recovered. It was turned into a fortress by Justinian. Caesarea in the 9th century became a Byzantine administrative center as the capital of the Theme of Charsianon. Only a few traces of the ancient site survive today.
Ancient Coins from Cappadocia for Sale in the Forum Ancient Coins shop
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Bland, R. "The last Coinage of Caesarea in Cappadocia" in Studia Arslan.
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Cohen, E. Dated Coins of Antiquity: A comprehensive catalogue of the coins and how their numbers came about. (Lancaster, PA, 2011).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol III, Part 2. (London, 1926).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Anatolia, Pontos...Kappadokia...Fifth to First Centuries BC. HGC 7. (Lancaster, PA, 2012).
Houghton, A., C. Lorber & O. Hoover. Seleucid Coins: A Comprehensive Catalog. (Lancaster, 2002 - 2008).
Lindgren, H. & F. Kovacs. Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant. (San Mateo, 1985).
Lindgren, H. Lindgren III: Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Metcalf, W. The Silver Coinage of Cappadocia, Vespasian - Commodus. ANSNNM 166. (New York, 1996).
Mørkholm, O. "A Further Comment on the Coinages of Ariarathes VIII and Ariarathes IX" in Quaderni Ticinesi 4 (1975), pp. 109 - 138.
Mørkholm, O. "The Coinages of Ariarathes VI and Arirathes VII of Cappadocia" in SNR 57 (1978).
Mørkholm, O. "The Coinages of Ariarathes VIII and Arirathes IX of Cappadocia" in Essays Robinson (1968), pp. 241- 258, pl. 30 - 33.
RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 2: Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Simonetta, A. The coinage of the Cappadocian kings: a revision and a catalogue of the Simonetta Collection. Parthica 9. (Pisa-Rome, 2007).
Simonetta, B. The Coins of the Cappadocian Kings. Typos II. (Fribourg, 1977).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of Caesarea in Cappadocia, with supplement by A. Malloy. (New York, 1978).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 6: Phrygien - Kappadokien; Römische Provinzprägungen in Kleinasien. (Berlin, 1998).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 3: Pisidia, Lycaonia, Cilicia, Galatia, Cappadocia, Cyprus, [etc.]. (Berlin, 1964).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections, Part 7: Asia Minor: Lycia - Cappadocia. (London, 1967).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, Univ. of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain-Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Schweiz II. Münzen der Antike. Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum. (Bern, 1993).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Galatia, Cappadocia, and Syria. (London, 1899).
Also see: Cappadocia