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CAPIT RESTIT

Latin abbreviation: Capitolium Restituit - Capitol restored.


DICTIONARY OF ROMAN COINS





CAPIT. RESTIT. (Capitolium Restituit, or Restitutum). - This legend appears on the reverse of a silver medallion, struck under Domitian. It bears for type a temple of four columns.
Obv. - IMP. CAESAR DOMITIAN AVG. P. M. COS. VIII. Laureated head of Augustus.
The capitol, consumed by fire during the war of Vitellius, and afterwards restored by Vespasian, was again destroyed by the flames in the reign of Titus, A.U.C. 883 (A.D. 80). "That in that very year Titus took steps for its restoration, we learn (says Eckhel), from an inscription of the Frates Arvales, which has been illustrated in a treatise by Philippus-a-Turre



(Monum. vet. Antii.), and quoted by Muratori, p. 312; it informs us, that on the 7th of the ides of December, the priests assembled in the temple of Ops, to record their vows, AD. RESTITVTIONEM ET DEDICATIONEM CAPITOLI AB. IMP. T. CAESAR. VESPASIANO AVG. On the death of Titus, in the year following, the work was carried on by his brother Domitian, and completed by him, according to Suetonius (ch. 5), Silius Italieus, and other writers. - How great was the magnificence of this building, we have the abundant testimony of Plutarch (in Poplicola), who, after relating the fate of the capitol, thrice consumed and thrice restored, informs us, that on the gilding alone, Domitian expended twelve thousand talents; that the columns were of Pentelic marble, and that he had seen them himself at Athens, and admired their exquisite proportions; but that much of this beauty was diminished when they arrived at Rome, by the excess of polishing and chiselling which they there underwent. Historians have omitted to tell us the year in which the work was finished and dedicated; but this fine coin, by the 8th consulate of Domitian included in its obverse legend, assigns the year 835 (A.D. 82). The temple shown on coins of Vespasian, struck in the year 824 (A.D. 71), exhibits six columns in front, but on the coin before us there are four. Consequently, either Domitian entirely altered the whole structure, or the moneyers were incorrect in their representation of it.
"I have frequently remarked (adds the Author of Doctrina), that silver medallions, struck during the earlier imperial period, appear to have first seen the light at a distance from Rome. - This opinion is confirmed by the present coin, unless we are disposed to treat lightly the evidences which it affords. The legend, which accompanies the portrait, bears no certain marks of Roman die. And even that of the reverse is not inscribed circularly, as on all other coins of Domitian, but is divided into lines. It is, however, a matter of unvertainty what city gave birth to this remarkable coin." vi. 377.

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