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C ANTONIVS M F PRO COS



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C ANTONIVS M F PRO COS - Bust of a woman with a broad shallow hat. Rev: PONTIFEX, the securis (or axe) and two simpuria (sacrificial vessels).

It has been made a matter of controversy as to which of the two Antonii this denarius is rightly assignable to. One of then is C Antonius, brother of Marcus. The other, the C Antonius who was Cicero's colleague in the consulship, and who was the Triumvir's cousin - german. Eckhel who places the coin in question amongst those of Mark Antony's, struck in the year U C 718 (42 BC) gives some apparently good reasons for adhering himself to the opinion more generally prevailing amongst numismatic antiquaries and which assigns the coin the brother of Mark Antony. This Caius Antonius fought against Catiline. On the death of Julius Caesar he was set as Pro-Consul into Macedonia, and was there defeated by Brutus, who took him prisoner, and put him to death 44 or 43 BC. The pileus on the woman'a head is doubtless the broad shallow hat worn by the Macedonians but whether is was meant to allude to Macedonia of which C Antonius had the government is not so certain. He is called ion this coin PONTIFEX a dignity which he seems to have obtained from Julius when that ruler augmented the priesthood.

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