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Some Beautiful Inscriptions from the Julio Claudian Period- Joe Geranio

I have some friends that are members of my web site that live in Europe and they attempt to take photos of the Julio Claudian period coins, sculptures , buildings and archaeology for me, even though sometimes my friends think Constantine is Augustus and so on.   But there is one wonderful part of history that tells us a different story.  I am speaking about epigraphy and inscriptions!!   I took Latin in Catholic school a bit, and got enough of the case endings down that I never really ever forgot them, and when I started loving Biblical Archaeology which I still love, my love for Roman history started!!    I believe most of us that collect coins also love the history?  I just wanted to show some amazing inscriptions from the best of all Roman periods, yes; the Julio Claudian period.

Dedication to  MARCUS AGRIPPA : Grosseto, piazza Baccarini, museo archeologico e d 'arte della Maremma: dedica ad Agrippa (marmo, 12 a.C.-2 d.C., Domus degli Augustales, Roselle) Photo by Xavier de Jaureguiberry 

EMPEROR CLAUDIUS (41-54 A.D. ) On this inscription it is of historical importance, see the emperor 's name which you can see because you read coin inscriptions, and it speaks to the victory over Britain! 

 Grosseto, piazza Baccarini, museo archeologico e d 'arte della Maremma: base di ex voto per la vittoria dell 'imperatore Claudio in Britannia (marmo bianco, 43-45 d.C., Domus degli Augustales, Roselle)

"ṿoto [s]uscepto / [p]ro salute et reditú et / victóriá Britanni / cá Ti(beri) Cláudi Caesa / ris Aug(usti) Germánici, / pont(ificis) max(imi), tr(ibunicia) pot(estate) 

(quintum), imp(eratoris) / (decimum), p(atris) p(atriae), co(n)s(ulis) des(ignati) (quartum), / 

A(ulus) Vicirius Proculus / flamen Aug(ustalis), tr(ibunus) mil(itum), / victóriae Britanni / caé vótum solvit (Inv. R 3088 a-g)   Photo by Xavier de Jaureguiberry 


Dedication to DRUSUS CAESAR- Grosseto, piazza Baccarini, museo archeologico e d 'arte della Maremma: dedica a Druso Cesare (marmo bianco, 23-29 d.C., Domus degli Augustales, Roselle)

"Druso Caesari / Germanici Caesaris / f(ilio), Ti(beri) Caesaris Aug(usti) n(epoti), / divi Aug(usti) pronepoti, / ex d(ecurionum) d(ecreto) p(ecunia) p(ublica)"

(Inv. R 3080)   Photo by Xavier de Jaureguiberry 

Fragmentary marble inscription- used under the Met 's guidelines www.metmuseum.org

Period: Julio-Claudian Date: mid-1st century A.D. Culture: Roman, Cypriot Medium: Marble, blue Dimensions: Overall: 8 5/8 x 7 in. (21.9 x 17.8 cm) Classification: Cesnola Inscriptions Credit Line: The Cesnola Collection, Purchased by subscription, 1874–76 Accession Number: 74.51.2396

This artwork is currently on display in Gallery 171 From Cyprus, said to be from Kition (modern Larnaka)

Probably part of an honorific inscription, but the incomplete nature of the surviving block does not allow for an exact restoration of the text. The presence of the name Clau[dius] at the end of line 3 gives an indication of the inscription 's date.

Tiberius Caesar inscription- 

 CIL 10, 01624 = ILS 00156 Thanks Amphipolis

Dedication to NERO- with damnatio effect.  Nero 's inscriptions are rare due to erasure of most monuments.


Dedication to grandson of Augustus, Lucius Caesar- Roman Forum- Photo by  Jeff Watson

CIL 06, 40307 = AE 1996, 00246

Imp(eratori) Caisari divi f(ilio) / Augusto / pontifici maximo co(n)s(uli) XI / tribunicia potestat(e) XI // Neroni Claudio divi / Claudii f(ilio) / Germanici Caisaris n(epoti) / Ti(beri) Caisaris Aug(usti) pron(epoti) / divi Augusti abn(epoti) / Caisari Aug(usto) Germanico pont(ifici) / max(imo) trib(unicia) potest(ate) II imp(eratori) co(n)s(uli) // Ti(berio) Claudio Drusi f(ilio) / Caisari Augusto / Germanico pontifici / maximo tribunicia pot(estate) / imp(eratori) co(n)s(uli) II // Iuliae Au[gustae] / Agri[ppinae] / Germanic[i Caesaris f(iliae)] / divi Cla[udi uxori] // Aenatores tubicines liticines cornicines Romani/ Romani

   Roman theatre, Lepcis Magna, Libya. Bilingual inscription in Latin (at the top) and Punic (at the bottom). The Latin reads from left to right, the Punic from right to left. It records that the building of the theatre was paid for, and dedicated by a local richman called Annobal Rufus in AD 1-2.

Latin text and  Photo S. Girault

Imp(eratore) Caesare divi f(ilio) Aug(usto) pont(ifice) max(imo) tr(ibunicia) pot(estate) XXIV
co(n)s(ule)XIII patre patriae 
Annobal ornator patriae amator concordiae 
flamen sufes praef(ectus) sacr(orum)
Himilchonis Tapapi f(ilius) Rufus 
d(e) s(ua) p(ecunia) fac(iundum) coer(avit) idemq(ue) dedicavit.

IRT 322.

English translation:

When the father of the fatherland, Caesar Augustus, son of the deified [Caesar], was pontifex maximus, vested with the tribunician power for the twenty-fourth time, being consul for the thirteenth time, Annobal Rufus, the adorner of his country and lover of concord, priest, suffete, prefect of the sacred objects, the son of Himilco Tapapius, took care to build this at his own expense, and dedicated it.

The Latin text begins with the names and titles of the emperor (in this case Augustus). None of these are given in the Punic text.

Part of an decree regulating sacrifices and offerings at a temple site. The name of the reigning emperor is lost but can be restored as Tiberius (r. A.D. 14-37), Gaius Caligula (r. A.D. 37-41), or Claudius (r. A.D. 41-54). The fragment also contains another Roman name, Quintus Sergius, and some scholars have tried to identify this man as the famous Roman governor of Cyprus, Sergius Paulus, who befriended St. Paul.

Fragment of an inscribed marble block
Period: Julio-Claudian Date: 1st half of 1st century A.D. Culture: Roman Medium: Marble, blue gray Dimensions: Overall: 5 1/2 x 9 1/4 x 3 in. (14 x 23.5 x 7.6 cm) Classification: Cesnola Inscriptions CreditLine: The Cesnola Collection, Purchased by subscription, 1874–76 Accession Number: 74.51.2425
This artwork is currently on display in Gallery 171

Used under Met Guidelines: www.metmuseum.org

Monument for Imperial Cult- Photo Romanus tu

Museo Nazionale Romano at the Baths of Diocletian - Marble base, near the north-eastern slope of the Palatine, for a shrine for the imperial cult, dedicated by the "aenatores" (musicians who played bronze instruments) - here, by the "tubicines" ("tuba", trumpet)

Dedication by Drusus to Jove-Son of Tiberius

Pedestal con inscripción imperial dedicada a Druso el Joven: «A Druso César, hijo de Tiberio Augusto, nieto del divino Augusto, biznieto del divino Julio, cónsul.» Siglo I adC, época Julio Claudia. Excavaciones del Cardenal Despuig. Castillo de Sagunto. Museo Arqueológico de Sagunto, nº 1.5.
CIL 02-14, 00309 = CIL 02, 03829 (p 967) = D 00167 = ELST 00014 = IRSAT 00023 = ILS 167 = ILER 1058
Date30 March 2008
SourceOwn work

probably from Augustus ' mausoleum, where her son Caligula had her ashes delivered (from Pandateria where she was exiled and starved herself to death in 33 CE) when he became emperor in 37 CE. Inscription: OSSA/AGRIPPINAE M[ARCI] AGRIPPAE/DIVI AVG[usti] NEPTIS VXORIS/GERMANICI CAESARIS/MATRIS C[AI] CAESARIS AVG[USTI]/ GERMANICI PRINCIPIS (CIL 6.886). A cavity (not visible) on top once held the urn with her ashes. Rome: Passaggio del Muro Romano (Museo Nuovo) of the Museo del Palazzo dei ConservatoriCredits: Ann Raia, 2007 photo Mr. Jennings

From a statue base from Aphrodisias- Honours for Gaius Caesar -Rien Bongers

Nero Dedication- VROMA.org

Photo - livius.org  n 40, the emperor Caligula visited Fectio when he was travelling to Lugdunum. The remains of a wine barrel from his personal vinyard have been found. Some thirty years later, the fortress was destroyed during the Batavian revolt and rebuilt as base of a cavalry squadron. The river Rhine had already started to silt up, and was later to change its course. Pottery from the kilns of the Twenty-second legion Primigenia at Xanten belongs to this period.

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