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Agrippina, Senior

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  AGRIPPINA, senior - daughter of Marcus Agrippa and of Julie, grand daughter of Augustus, was born in the year of Rome 739 (B.C. 15).  Married to Germanicus, nephew of Augustus, she proved, by her conjugal fidelity, by her feminine modesty, and by her more than feminine intrepidity of mind, how signally deserving she was of that hero 's choice.  Beautiful as virtuous, a little too much haughtiness of temper and demeanour was the only reproach that the vindicatory and eulogistic pen of history attaches to her character.  In the year U. C. 770 (A.D. 17), she joined her husband in Syria, only to see him perish there by poison administered by the agents of Tiberius.  Her fortitude rose superior to this calamity, though it was the source of almost all those other afflictions, which at length overwhelmed her.  Accompanied by her child, she brought the ashes of Germanicus to Rome, at the gates of which they were received by the Senate, followed by the whole body of the population, and deposited in the tomb of Augustus, amidst the united lamentations of the army and the people.  Nevertheless, by the command of that cruel emperor, who was her chief calumniator and persecutor, she was sent in banishment to the island of Pandataria, where Tiberius suffered her, after three years ' privation and misery, to die of hunger, in 786 (A.D. 33).  Her son Caius (Caligula), at the commencement of his reign, brought back to Rome the ashes of his mother from the place of her exile; paid her the honours of the Circensis and Carpentum; caused the remains to be laid in the magnificent tomb of Augustus; and coins of fine fabric to be struck to her memory.  Those of Roman die are very rare in gold and silver; in large brass, common.  The portraits of this princess, in gold and silver, are on the reverse of Caligula 's coins, struck after her death, and of which the subjoined is an example.

  AGRIPPINA MATer Caii CAESaris AVGusti GERManici. - The head of Agrippina.
  C. CAESAR AVG. GERM. P. M. TR. POT.- The head of Calibula, laureated.
  The large brass coins, minted by a decree of the Senate, in honour of Agrippina, present her head on their obverse, and have on the reverse the carpentum, or car drawn by mules, indicating her apotheosis.  The legend is, S. P. Q. R. MEMORIAE AGRIPPINAE.  (The Senate and the Roman People to the memory of Agrippina.)
On the obverse she is styled AGRIPPINA M. F. MAT. C. CAESARIS AVGVSTI (Agrippina, daughter of Marcus, mother of Caius Caesar Augustus.)  Her titles on other medals are AGRIPPINA M. F. GERMANICI CAESARIS (by implication, uxor-meaning wife of Germanicus.)-See MEMORIAE AGRIPPINAE.

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