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Aediles Curules

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AEDILES CURULES. - Under the dictatorship of Furius Camillus (B. C. 368), the patricians obtained the nomination to the edileship of two of their own order, under the distinctive apellation of Aediles Curules; because they had the curule chair, the praetexta, or long white robe bordered with purple, the jus imaginis, or right of images, like the superior magistrates; privileges never attained by the plebeian ediles. To the curule ediles were entrusted the care of the sacred edifices (especially the temple of Jupiter), the tribunals of justice, the city walls, and the theatres; in short, all that was essential to the religion, defence, and embellishment of the city, came under their cognizance. - Pitiscus, Lex. Ant. Rom.
The symbols of the curule edileship, both in legend and in type, are found on denarii of the Livineia, Plaetoria, Plancia, Plautia, and other families. In some of these, the curule chair presents itself on one side, and the dignity of AED. CVR. is stamped on the other, as in the above coin of the Faria gens. Others present the figures of the two ediles, sitting between two measures filled with ears of corn, as in a denarius of the Papiria family. Also a modius, or measure, between two ears of corn, as in silver of L. Livineius Regulus, one of which on the obverse has the head of Ceres adorned with a crown of corn ears, accompanied with the epigraph of AED. CVR. (See Livineia gens.) Likewise on a denarius of the Flaminia family, a head of Ceres with the letters, designating the Curule Edileship, appears on one side, whilst on the other are figures of two men, clothed in the toga, sitting together, having each a corn ear beside him, and below is inscribed T. FLAMIN. T. F. L. FLAC. P. F. EX. S. C. meaning Titus Flaminius, Titi Filius, and L. Flaccus, Publii Filius, Ex Senatus Consulto. (See Havercamp in Morell - numi consulares.) The addition of EX. S. C. denotes that those Curule Ediles purchased wheat for the supply of the Roman population, with the public money, by authority of the Senate. This purpose is more explicitely referred to, in the epigraph of AD FRV EMV EX S C already given (p. 5).
Eckhel observes, that the curule edileship was not unfrequently attended with vast expense both to the state and to the individuals who held the office. That of M. Scaurus (which according to Pighius, took place in the year of Rome 696, B.C. 58) is reprobated by early Roman writers, for the excessive magnificence of the public shews, and the amount of largesses, almost beyond belief, which, with a prodigal ostentation of luxury and profusion, he lavished on his official year.

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