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Aes Formatum
Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
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Ancient Oil Lamps
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Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Armenian Numismatics Page
Augustus - Facing Portrait
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Holy Land Antiquities
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
Julius Caesar - The Funeral Speech
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
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The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
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Numismatic French
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Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Paleo-Hebrew Script Styles
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Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Locks
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Satyrs and Nymphs
Serdi Celts
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
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Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
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The abbreviations below are used in coin inscriptions, Forum 's catalog descriptions and in numismatic publications.

ab init. - ab initio (Latin) - from the beginning

A.D. - anno Domini (Latin) - in the year of our Lord

a.d. - ante diem (Latin) - before the day

ad fin. - ad finem (Latin) - at the end

ad init. - ad initium (Latin) - at the beginning

A.U.C. - anno urbis condit (Latin) - in [the year from] the building of the City (i.e., Rome), 753 B.C.

AVG. - augustus (Latin) - emperor

c. - circa (Latin) - about

CAES., CAE., C. - caesar (Latin) - junior emperor, son or heir of the emperor

cf. - confer (Latin) - compare

D.G. - Dei gratia (Latin) - by the grace of God

D.N. - Dominus noster (Latin) - our Lord

D.V. - Deo volente (Latin) - God willing

e.g. - exempli gratia (Latin) - for example

et al. - et alibi (Latin) - and elsewhere

et al. - et alii (aliae) (Latin) - and others

etc. (&c.) - et cetera (Latin) - and others, and so forth

et seq. - et sequentes (Latin) - and those that follow

h.a. - hoc anno (Latin) - in this year

h.e. - hoc (hic) est (Latin) - that (this) is

h.m. - hoc mense (Latin) - in this month

h.s. - hoc sensu (Latin) - in this sense

h.t. - hoc tempore (Latin) - at this time

ib. (ibid.) - ibidem (Latin) - in the same place

id. - idem (Latin) - the same

i.e. - id est (Latin) - that is

IMP. - imperator (Latin) - commander of military forces

in f. - in fine (Latin) - at the end

inf. - infra (Latin) - below

init. - initio (Latin) - in the beginning

in loc. - in loco (Latin) - in its place

in loc. cit. - in loco citato (Latin) - in the place cited

in pr. - in principio (Latin) - in the beginning

in trans. - in transitu (Latin) - on the way

i.q. - idem quod (Latin) - the same as

loc. cit. - loco citato (Latin) - in the place cited

l.s.c. - loco supra citato (Latin) - in the place above cited

m.m. - mutatis mutandis (Latin) - with the necessary changes

N. - Nepos (Latin) - grandson

N.B. - nota bene (Latin) - mark well

ni. pri. - nisi prius (Latin) - unless before

non seq. - non sequitur (Latin) - it does not follow logically

o.c. (op. cit.) - opere citato (Latin) - in the work cited

P. - (pater) papa (Latin) - father (pope)

P. - populus (Latin) - people

q.e. - quod est (Latin) - which is

R. - regina (Latin) - queen

s.a. - sine anno (Latin) - without date

S. C. - Senatus Consulto (Latin) - by the authority of the Senate

v.g. - verbi gratia (Latin) - for example

viz - videlicet (Latin) - namely

v.s. - vide supra (Latin) - see above


Dictionary of Roman Coins

Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.
ABBREVIATIONS.--The legends and inscriptions of Roman coins, as well as imperial as consular, present many particularities, in the shape of abbreviations, monograms, and isolated letters, open research, and susceptible of various explanations.  The ancients, indeed both Greeks and Romans, in order to bring their monetal inscriptions within the smallest space, adopted the use of siglae, monogrammatic and conjoined letters.  At first these were confined to proper names.  Subsequently, they were employed to signify titles of authority and dignity, and made to stand for certain words and for certain phrases.  It is this objectionable custom of employing abbreviations in writing, which renders the explanation of legends, for the most part, so unsatisfactory, and at the same time, gives rise to so many false interpretations. 

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