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Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
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Ancient Coin Collecting 101
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Dictionary of Roman Coins
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Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
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Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
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Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.

AVGVSTVS S C. - An eagle holds in his talons a wreath of oak leaves, behind him are two branches of laurel - on the reverse of an aureus of Augustus. The obverse of this coin has the bare head of Augustus and the legend CAESAR COS VII CIVIBVS SERVATIS.      Augustus having by his successes abroad, guaranteed the repose of the Empire, and having protected the lives of the citizens of Rome by the re-establishment of internal peace and tranquility, the Senate ordered that laurel trees should be planted in front of his house, with a view to recall his victories to remembrance; and that in the midst a crown of oak leaves should be placed, as a symbol of the preservation which the emperor had secured to the Roman people. - See Eagle for an engraving of this reverse.

AVGVSTVS S C. - An eagle with spread wings, resting on a crown of oak leaves, on each side is a laurel branch. - Engraved in Caylus' aurei of Augustus. - In Dio Cassius there is a passage which lucidly explains this reverse. A decree, says that historian, was made this year (27 B.C.) "that laurels should be planted in front of Augustus' house on the Palatine, and a crown of oak suspended from the top of thehouse, as though he had been the 'perpetual conqueror of the enemies (of Rome)' and 'the preserver of citizens' (Civium Servator)." The letters S and C observes Eckhel (vol. vi. p.88), were added on this gold coin to show that Caesar had, in the above mentioned year, been called Augustus by a decree of the Senate, and also that the oaken crown and the laurels were voted to him by the same authority. The expression of Pliny, likewise throws light on this legend and type, viz. that Augustus, after putting an end to the civil wars, accepted for himself a civic crown in recompense from the whole race of mankind - (genere humano) - See Eagle.


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